Images by Anurag N. Sharma


baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists … Dave’s Botanary
feen-ih-KEE-uh — referring to the genus Phoenix, or the color purple … Dave’s Botanary 


Here I attached the two images of a Bauhinia species found in evergreen forests, especially seen near the forest streams.
Is it Bauhinia purpera?
Expert please identify this medium tree seen near the forest streams.

Red Orchid Bush or Red Orchid Tree 
Bauhinia galpinii

I don’t believe that this is B. punctata (B. galpinii), which is more of a scrambler or arching shrub. I have seldom seen them taller than 15’/m, with support. Also, B. punctata lacks the colored new foliage shown, as well as having a more rounded leaf. 
I do not recognize this species, at least from the pictures.

I fully agree with … Bauhinia galpinii is scrambler or arching shrub medium height shrub.

i too believe that this is not a B.punctata (B.galpinii).. i believe that it may be the red form of B.purperea

thanx to … for making comments.
More comments expect from the experts

This mysterious Bauhinia surely cannot be B. purpurea, because the shape of the petals is very different. In addition, B. purpurea has
exactly three stamens, whereas the picture here shows more than 3 diverging stamens. I proposed Bauhinia galpinii just by elimination,
as I know of no other Bauhinia with red flowers, which looks anywhere close to this. I hope there is another Bauhinia species which agrees
well with the pictures here. 

Yes … B. galpinii seems to be the closest match (Bailey keys it as only species with brick red flowers), but presence of 5 stamens can’t be easily ignored (atleast in this genus, where sectional classification is often based on number of stamens). This also seems to have narrower petals and thinner leaves with much more prominent veins. Let explore further.

Pl check it for Bauhinia phoenicea.

Yes … You have got it finally. It is reported to be common in western Ghats. This is what my Brandis writes: A gigantic climber. Leaves glabrous above, minutely hairy beneath. Flowers bright crimson. Calyx tube as long as the 5 linear-lanceolate segments. Petals 1.5 inch long, claw linear, as long as ovate-lanceolate limb. Stamens 5. Pod downy, 6 by 1 inch.

…, good, that you initiated a critical discussion. 

Thanks …, for the validation. There is no much info about this sp in the net. The species also occurs in Northeast i suppose.

This is a revelation for me! Bauhinia phoenicea seems to be the right id. Just to add to the description provided by …,
Leaves are 8.5-14 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, prominently nerved, nerves 8-9, emerging from the base. Flowers are scarlet red. And stamens are
5, all fertile.
Distributed in Western Ghats.
The pictures here agree very well with the description, especially the prominent nerves and 5 fertile stamens. 
We are all more knowledgeable now, after this discussion.

Just one more thing to add:
The species name phoenicea refers to the red color, in allusion to the color of a reddish dye which is one of the things ancient Phoenicia
was known for.

(Request to kindly confirm the ID or otherwise.)
Near to forest stream, Flowering at a height of 40-45 feet, Leaf type –Alternate, bilobed, upto 15cms approx. veins emerge from the leaf base.
Date/Time-08 Oct 2011 12:06 PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Chimmony forest, Thrissur, Kerala
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- near to forest stream
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb –Assumed to be a tree in the site. Not noticed.
Height/Length-approx – ~ 40 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Alternate, bilobed, upto 15cms approx. veins emerge from the leaf base.
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-5cms wide,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- No fruits

Yes Bauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn. of Leguminosae family.

Kindly note the spelling.




Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) week-Bouhinia with red flowers.: B.phoeniceared flowers.
one or two red flowers were seen on the tree- in the first photo.
The tender leaves of this tree were very attractive.

ANDEC83 Bauhinia phoenicea : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (13)

Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
28th December 2014

Beautiful for me..




Agumbe Ghat :: Bauhinia phoenicea :: DVJAN01 :  4 posts by 3 authors. 6 images.

Agumbe Ghat (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary)Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 28 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 600 m asl at crest, about 250 m asl at foothill 
Bauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn. (family: Fabaceae) 

very nice and well done details and habitat, all features i love to see




Pl see attached two pics. of Fabaceae family. which bauhinia is this for ID. 
Date/Time-: 29/09/2015   –    12:30, 
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga, Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs 
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild 
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree 
Size – 8mtrs 

Bauhinia phoenicea Heyne ex Wight & Arn. 

I support … ID. It is Bauhinia phoenicea.



TSPNOV2015-3: Images of Bauhinia phoenicea (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Bauhinia phoenicea (Fabaceae) 
Habit: Woody climber
Habitat: Evergreen forest.
Sighting: Shirady Ghat, Sakaleshpur, Hassan, Karnataka, about 500 msl 
Date: 27-10-2015 



via Species‎ > ‎B‎ > Bauhinia phoenicea B. Heyne ex Wight & Arn. … family: Fabaceae ~ Caesalpiniaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists … Dave’s Botanary
feen-ih-KEE-uh — referring to the genus Phoenix, or the color purple … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ascrimson mountain ebonyscarlet bauhinia • Kannadaಕೆಂಪು ಯಾತಬಳ್ಳಿ kempu yathaballi • Malayalamവള്ളിമന്ദാരം vallimandaram 
botanical namesBauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn. … synonymsBauhinia benthamii Bedd. • Phanera phoenicea (Wight & Arn.) Benth. … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
December 28, 2014 … along Agumbe Ghat 

Please help with name for Bauhinia phoenicea B. Heyne ex Wight & Arn. in Tamil – thukarakkali in Tamil script.
Reference: Singh, R.K., P.G. Diwakar & J.V. Sudhakar (2015). Bauhinia phoenicea B. Heyne ex Wight & Arn., the less known endemic and threatened liana of the southern Western Ghats, requires immediate conservation. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(10): 7676–7682;

This name is unfamiliar to me. The possible script I can think of is either தூக்கரக்களி or தூக்கரக்காளி. I may be wrong.

Thanks very much, …
Hopefully we get to know the correct version; because it would be the only one on internet when it gets compiled ! 🙂

Many many thanks to … and … in giving the Tamil name … தூக்கரக்களி thukarakkali … received in personal mail.



Makutta Ghat Karnataka
Date: 24 FEB 2017 … Elevation range: ~ 87 – 263 m (288 – 865 ft) asl
Bauhinia phoenicea B. Heyne ex Wight & Arn. … (family: Fabaceae)
OR do we now call as Phanera phoenicea (Wight & Arn.) Benth. ? 

This will remain under Bauhinia due to absence of tendrils. Apart from Phanera scandens, there is only one more species in Karnataka, viz. Bauhinia vahlii which is treated now under Phanera.


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