Bauhinia variegata L., (Syn: Bauhinia chinensis (DC.) Vogel, Bauhinia decora Uribe, Bauhinia variegata var. candida (Aiton) Corner, Bauhinia variegata var. chinensis DC., Phanera variegata (L.) Benth.; (=) Bauhinia alba hort.; (=) Bauhinia variegata var. alboflava de Wit);
Bauhinia x blakeana has three large stamens (with two smaller ones) unlike five long stamens of Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata). Leaves are also not over-lapping near cleft in Bauhinia x blakeana unlike in Kachnar.
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists … Dave’s Botanary
var-ee-GAY-tuh — variegated … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: camel’s foot, mountain ebony, Napoleon’s hat, orchid tree, paper mulberry, poor man’s orchid, variegated bauhinia, variegated orchid tree • Assamese: কাঞ্চন kanchan • Bengali: রক্তকাঞ্চন raktakanchan • Gujarati: કાંચનાર kanchnar • Hindi: कचनाल kachnal, कचनार kachnar • Kannada: ಕಾಂಚನಾರ kanchanaara, ಕಂಚುವಾಳ kanchuvaala, ಕೆಮ್ಪು ಮಮ್ದಾರ kempu mandaara • Malayalam:കൊങ്ങു konnu, കോവിദാരം kovidaram, മന്ദാരം mandaram, ഉങ്ങു unnu • Manipuri: চিঙথ্ৰাও chingthrao • Marathi: कांचन kanchan, कांचनार kanchnar, कोविदार kovidar, रक्तकांचन raktakanchan • Nepali: कोइरालो koiralo • Oriya: ୟୁଗପତ୍ର jugapatra, କରକ karaka, କୋବିଦାର kobidara, ରକ୍ତକଞ୍ଚନ raktakanchana, ଶାତ କୁମ୍ଭ sata kumbha, ସ୍ବଳ୍ପ କେଶରୀ swalpa kesari, ତାମ୍ର ପୁଷ୍ପ tamra pushpa • Pali: कोविळार kovilara • Punjabi:ਕਚਨਾਲ kachnal, ਕਚਨਾਰ kachnar • Sanskrit: काञ्चनार kanchanara • Tamil: செம்மந்தாரை cem-mantarai, சிவப்புமந்தாரை civappu-mantarai, மலையாத்தி malai-y-atti, பெரியவாத்தி periya-v-atti, பெருமந்தாரை peru-mantarai, வரையாத்தி varai-y-atti, வடராசி vataraci •Telugu: కాంచనము kanchanamu • Urdu: کچنار kachnar
… and several more names in Sanskrit: आस्फोत asphota, अतिमुक्तक atimuktaka, चमरिक chamarik, चम्प champa, गण्डारि gandari, गिरिज girija, हयवाहनशङ्कर hayavahanashankara, कनकान्तक kanakantaka, कनकारक kanakaraka, काञ्चनक kanchanaka, कान्तपुष्प kantapuspa, कान्तार kantara, कर्बुदार karbudara, कोविदार kovidara, कुदार kudara, कूद्दाल kuddala, कुण्डल kundala, महापुष्प mahapuspa, मन्दारः mandarah, मूर्वा murva, रक्तपुष्प raktapuspa, सत्काञ्चनार satkanchanara, शोणपुष्पक shonapuspaka, सिंहास्य simhasya, सुवर्णार suvarnara, स्वल्पकेसरिन् svalpakesarin, ताम्रपुष्पक tamrapuspaka, वरलब्ध varalabdha, विदल vidala, विशालत्वच् vishalatvacha, यमलच्छद yamalacchada, युगपत्त्र yugapattra, युग्मपर्ण yugmaparna, युग्मपत्त्र yugmapattra
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Bauhinia variegata – in Helwak- Koyna: Seen this tree growing in Wild near “Helwak- Koyna nagar” on the way to Chiplun.
Bot. name: Bauhinia variegata
Date/Time: May-2011/ 01:00PM
Bauhinia variegata L.
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
var-ee-GAY-tuh — variegated
Mar 5, 2011 … at Kumbharli Ghat, Maharashtra
Good catch indeed. Now it is easy to remember the broader petals of these flowers apart from other characters like stamens and variegated nature to compare with B.purpurea
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Bauhinia variegata var. candida at Shirgaon: Bauhinia variegata var.candida Voigt
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
Dec 20, 2008 … at Shirgaon near Chiplun, Maharashtra
One thing I noticed here is the number of stamens. I can clearly count 8 anthers so the stamens must be 10 or so may be. Will have to check the references……
7-8 stamens are seen in the first photograph, where incidently the associated leaves don’t appear to be Bauhinia
Second photograph with clear Bauhinia leaves has five stamens.
Perhaps … can explain better.
…, the associated leaves are in the background … they belong to different plant.
Worth exploring further
Bauhinia blakeana has 6-8 fertile (total stamens 9-10) stamens kindly see from the link below.
I had gone through this already. It is confusing as it write Fertile stamens 6-8, Fertile stamens 5 (I think it should be stamens 6-8, fertile stamens 5).
Bauhinia blakeana is a sterile hybrid, and known trees in the world are clones of a single hybrid tree developed in Honkong, so we can’t expect white variant in this species.
Was not able to find any description of Bauhinia variegata var. candida which mentions about its number of staminodes.
There are quite a few sites which show this flower ditto, though with varying number of staminodes (as less as 5 to as much as 8 found in my photo).
The white toned petals and the lemon green textured fill on the large petal convinces me it to be Bauhinia variegata var. candida.
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae)- Bauhinia variegata_color range: I may have posted these before, but here are a few shots showing some of the color range of B. variegata from trees in West Hollywood, California, USA.
… would the red one be a cultivar ? … Never have seen this deep red.
It’s been called var. rubra, but I don’t know if that name has scientific standing or not.
Pl. validate the species photos attached herewith. Is it Bauhinia acuminata? or any other sp.
Location: Padmavathi Ammal School, Coimbatore
I don’t think this to be Bauhinia acuminata
Yes, since it has white flowers and 5 stamens, I think it is Bauhinia variegata var. alba or var. candida
Bauhinia variegata Linn., Sp. Pl. 375. 1753.
Common names: Mountain ebony, orchidtree
Hindi & Mar: Kachnar
Tree up to 12 m tall; leaves 7-13 cm long, 10-15 cm broad, somewhat broader than long; cleft 1/3 with rounded lobes, base cordate, petiole 2-4 cm long; flowers 10-12 cm across, in short racemes, pedicel short or absent; calyx 2-2.5 cm long, 5-toothed at apex, tomentose; petals overlapping, 5-6 cm long, white to pink with purplish veins, fifth upper darker; stamens 5; pod 15-25 cm long, 1.5-2 cm thick
Photographed from Janak Puri, New Delhi in March, Flowers appearing generally before leaves.
Thanks for the information. I was not aware about the differences between this and B.purpurea.
Surprisingly BSI Mah flora doesn’t mention this species at all…….
Bauhinia variegata L from Maihar MP
Bauhinia for ID : Nasik,Maharashtra : 311212 : AK-1:
I think it’s this one? FOI
Thanks for a possible id. I too think its the same.
Lets wait for expert comments.
Hooghly Today : Bauhinia variegata L.: (4 images)
Here in Uttarakhand B.variegata has almost white flowers with only one petal with purple streaks. Attaching close up of a flower!
I copy a part of the description of B. variegata from “Flora Indica” – “…… This tree can only be said to differ from B. candida in the colour of flowers; had I met with this first, I should certainly have considered the other as a variety only.”
Thank you very much for the beautiful flowers. According to the “Flora of British India” this tree can have red and yellow or pure white flowers also.
I thought your plant is B. blakeana
Look for any fruits to if present. B. blakeana does not produce fruits.
Yes I agree … To differentiate it from B.xblakeana (a sterile hybrid of B.variegata and B.purpurea) I am attaching a close up of the flower of B.xblakeana.
It is possible that this plant may well be B. blakeana.
I remember our discussion in my earlier upload of another Bauhinia tree – which was related to yet another post at.
While i was taking pictures of this particular tree i checked for pods and there wasn’t any.
But, at the same time i recalled that last year i had a very similar experience, initially there was no pods and later the tree was full of pods.
I used the KEY (for B. variegata L), “flowers appearing generally before leaves” or “flowers 10-12 cm across, after leaves fall”, to identify this tree. The KEY was prepared by you in –
However, i shot this plant in Chandannagar and will check again when i go there in near future.
Checked the tree again, today, and found pods on it. Attaching the photographs.
Yes … That confirms B. variegata. Further B. blakeana generally flowers in November December with leaves on. In variegata the flowers generally appear in January-March before leaves, B. purpurea in late summer along with leaves. That is the situation in Delhi.
Thank you Sir for confirming one more time. I will be adding the key link in my list, shortly.
Looking forward to see a B. blakeana here, in our region.
Bauhinia spp. id?: A Bauhinia shrub from Cubbon Park, Bangalore. The flower had a delightful, lovely fragrance. id please
This one seems to be of Bauhinia variegata L. Some consider it as a var. candida under B. variegata because of its pure white flowers.
B. variegata, can count stamens to be 5.
Bauhinia variegata L. SN Mar 45 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Bauhinia variegata L, Fam: Caesalpiniaceae, wild tree from Ahobilam (eastern Ghat) area of Andhrapradesh,
Beautiful display …
ANMAY36/44 Bauhinia sp. for identification : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (13)
Date: 29th April 2015
Place: Tumkur District, Karnataka
Found the tree roadside, but didn’t seem to be planted.
No other tree of the same species could be found along the way.
Usually the flowers are lively reddish purple but white flowers are not uncommon.
TSPNOV2015-6: Images of Bauhinia variegata var.candida : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Bauhinia variegata var.candida (Fabaceae)
Habit: Medium sized tree.
Sighting: Bidarammanagudi, Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl
Date: 11-01-2015 and 01-11-2015
all bauhnia cases very nice. very diligent work with follow up pictures too. I appreciate them
now we need them all in one page like … says
I would add that it would be nice to get The tree pic of each and trunk bark
that would complete the set and oh by the way in fruits ere available in all ..then them
The Flowers of India Site recognizes a separate variety “candida” in the species Bauhinia variegata. Kindly examine
Thanks, … There are varying opinions as per
May I request … to give his final word.
Thank you for your mail.
The colour of the flowers in Bauhinia variegata L. varies from pure milk white to reddish purple with many intermediate colours. That is why I do not prefer to give any separate taxonomic status
to the plants with white flowers. However, one can do so but I personally think that instead of ‘variety’ this trivial variation can be recognized as ‘forma’.
Similar variation in the colour of the flowers can also be seen in Bauhinia purpurea L.
Thanks … for your valuable opinion
TSP-JAN2016-46-46: Images of Bauhinia variegata (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Bauhinia variegata (Fabaceae)
Habitat: Wild, Moist deciduous forest fringe.
Sighting: Belur, Hassan, Karnataka, about 900 msl.
Bauhinia variegata L. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Today’s fresh pickle (Achaar अचार)
Nepali Name : कोइरालो Koiraalo
Bauhinia variegata L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Altitude: 4700 ft.
Date: 13 April 2013
Nepali Name : कोइरालो Koiraalo
Bauhinia variegata L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date: 3 April 2018
Altitude: 6000 ft.
Bauhinia variegata var. Candida (contd.) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Bauhinia in Central India 2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Bauhinia once again – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Which bauhinia – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Flora Picture of the year- 2008 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Fwd: RRP – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Fabaceae (legume, pea, or bean family) » Bauhinia variegata
Synonym: Phanera variegata
baw-HIN-ee-uh — named for Gaspard and Jean Bauhin, physicians and botanists
var-ee-GAY-tuh — variegated
Native to: India, China
Edible use (WILD):
… tender leaves, flowers and fruits (as VEGETABLE) cooked / pickled … Plants For A Future
… State Flower of Bihar, India
Flw of Bauhinia variegata from Neapl: Please find the photo of Flower of Bauhinia variegata recoded from Karnali Valley, Nepal
Nepali Commnly Name: Koeralo
Kalatope trees – id Al050412: Another tree for id from Kalatope,
Bauhinia variegata, I hope
Saw lot of them flowering on Nainital trip.
I am sure the mountain sides of Nainital would have been colored with these flowers as here…
Yes, Bauhinia variegata, I was also able to this a few days back , these are my shoots…from Panipat April 2012
So…. it is found even in Panipat… and I thought it was a mountain flower…
Bauhinia sps. – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 7 images.
Different Bauhinias for further id. pl
All look like B. variegata, except #0797, which is B. x blakeana.
P2190782.JPG … Bauhinia variegata
P2140693 I thought is Bauhinia alba
P2140693 … Bauhinia alba as well as B. variegata var. candida are now synonyms of B. variegata …
… got them all right except that it is more appropriately cv. Candida or B. variegata ‘Candida’
I again have one VERY SIMPLE question as usual:
Which alba are you talking of:
Bauhinia alba Hort. (this is a cultivar not a species) OR Bauhinia alba Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.
For your information, there is a species called Bauhinia alba and then there is a cultivated variety called Bauhinia variegata ‘Alba’. When following any plant name from GRIN full name is to be checked.
As far as I can make out GRIN is talking about the cultivated variety so please do not misinterpret the information.
I assume more than 80% of people here are not taxonomists so its not a big deal as they tend to miss the technical details of it.
Though I may be wrong!!
and yes, you were 100% correct about B. purpurea and my apologies for the wrong id. They can also be differentiated on the basis of the foliar structure.
… was not aware that there are two avatars of Bauhinia alba !!!
Hort. is not author citation there, it is pointing towards may be horticultural variety, in other words, cultivars.
According to GRIN B. alba Hort is synonym of B. variegata (GRIN does not talk about cultivars)
According to Hortus Third B. alba Buch.-Ham. (as also B. candida Ait.) are synonyms of B. variegata cv. Candida.
On GRIN website, there is one option at the end of the webpage
Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy In this GRIN writes, ‘hort.’ as “hortulanorum (Latin): of gardeners, signifying that the name was first used in gardens and was later
published without the name of its originator.”
Can you please tell me if it relates with cultivated varieties or not.
Because I still have doubts about the synonymy of this species.
Bauhinia alba Buch.-Ham. should be a distinct species. Why will GRIN not use a proper author citation and write B. alba as B. alba hort..
They cant make such silly mistakes.
One of them Bauhinia blakeana, 2 of them are B. alba and the remaining seems to be varigata.
Other sources which treat B. alba Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. (or simply B. alba) as synonym of B. variegata var. candida
The discussion is too technical for me to appreciate. However I DO appreciate the beauty of the flowers.
Where in India do they flower so very profusely?
I thought our B. blakeana had put on a good show but these have surpassed the poor Chennai specimen, being fully covered with only flowers.
Bauhinia Species for ID : Lonavala : 11APR19 : AK-5 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Bauhinia Species seen on a mountain slope in Karla, Lonavala.
It was in full bloom.
For Species id please.
Could be Bauhinia variegata?
Please check Trees of Delhi, wherein the key is provided to differentiate the different species !
Thanks … I don’t have the book with me right now.
To me also appears close to images at Bauhinia variegata
yes from me too
Yes, B.variegata ……. I too saw them at Karla and at Tungi near Lonavala, MH in last week of March this year.
Attaching seedpod images of the same tree that i uploaded sometimes in January this year – efi thread
Species : Bauhinia x blakeana
Habit & Habitat : garden tree
Date : 01-04-2012 & 12-04-2012
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly), WB
As far as I know Bauhinia x blakeana is a hybrid propagated vegetatively. It does not set seeds.
Thank you for drawing my attention to the fact that B. blakeana is a sterile plant. I also read, in January, about the sterile flowers of B. blakeana in wikipedia and other websites.
But there is a discussion at – http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/53664/ where someone claims that it bears seedpod. Again there is an image claiming to be seedpod of the same plant – Hear
So, if it is not the B. x blakeana then my earlier post () should also be some other species, might be B. variegata.
Such reports often appear but one is not sure whether the person is talking about the real B. x blakeana or some cultivar of B. variegata which also has larger flowers with five stamens and broader petals, and does show variation in colour.
Bauhinia variegata: 1 high res. image.
Location: Rajouri jandk
Yes it is, nice click.
Please help with the name jinjir OR jhinjhir in Ol Chiki script … reference: A Santali-English dictionary by A. Campbell, of the Santal mission.
If there are any other valid names, please help me with them too.
Thanks for the query, the transcription for jhinjir will be ᱡᱷᱤᱱᱡᱷᱤᱨ, jinjir (ᱡᱤᱱᱡᱤᱨ). I’m in the midway for creating a transcripted database of plant names based on Santali-English dictionary. I will share it with you soon.
This is of immense help !!! Transcripted database of plant names, based on Santali-English dictionary, will be a great contribution to eFI – for knowing Santali names of plants, and of immense help to me in compiling names.
Names of Plants in India :: Bauhinia variegata L. : 4 posts by 3 authors.
botanical names: Bauhinia variegata L. … synonyms: Bauhinia alba hort. • Bauhinia chinensis (DC.) Vogel • Bauhinia decora Uribe •Bauhinia variegata var. alboflava de Wit • Bauhinia variegata var. candida Voigt • Phanera variegata (L.) Benth. … NPGS / GRIN • The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1.
Thanks … wonderful as usual
It is known as करयाल in Most parts of Himachal Pradesh.
commonly known as: butterfly tree, camel’s foot, mountain ebony, Napoleon’s hat, orchid tree, paper mulberry, poor man’s orchid, variegated bauhinia, variegated orchid tree • Assamese: কাঞ্চন kanchan • Bengali: রক্তকাঞ্চন raktakanchan • Gujarati: કાંચનાર kanchnar • Hindi: कचनाल kachnal, कचनार kachnar, करयाल karyal (in Himachal Pradesh) • Kannada: ಕಾಂಚನಾರ kaanchanaara, ಕೆಚಿವಾಳ kanchivaala, ಕೆಮ್ಪು ಮಮ್ದಾರ kempu mandaara, ಶೆಯಾಡ್ಲ seyadla, ಉಳಿಪೆ ulipe • Konkani: ತಾಂಬಡೆ ಮಂದಾರ tambade mandara • Malayalam: ചുവന്ന മന്ദാരം chuvanna madndaram, കൊങ്ങു konnu, കോവിദാരം kovidaram, മന്ദാരം mandaram, ഉങ്ങു unnu • Manipuri: চিঙথ্ৰাও chingthrao • Marathi: कांचन kanchan, कांचनार kanchnar, कोविदार kovidar, रक्तकांचन raktakanchan • Mizo: vau-be • Nepali: कोइरालो koiralo • Odia: ୟୁଗପତ୍ର jugapatra, କରକ karaka, କୋବିଦାର kobidara, ରକ୍ତକଞ୍ଚନ raktakanchana, ଶାତ କୁମ୍ଭ sata kumbha, ସ୍ବଳ୍ପ କେଶରୀ swalpa kesari, ତାମ୍ର ପୁଷ୍ପ tamra pushpa • Pali: कोविळार kovilara • Punjabi: ਕਚਨਾਲ kachnal, ਕਚਨਾਰ kachnar • Sanskrit: आस्फोत asphota, अतिमुक्तक atimuktaka, चमरिक chamarik, चम्प champa, गण्डारि gandari, गिरिज girija, हयवाहनशङ्कर hayavahanashankara, कनकान्तक kanakantaka, कनकारक kanakaraka, काञ्चनक kanchanaka, काञ्चनार kanchanara, कान्तपुष्प kantapuspa, कान्तार kantara, कर्बुदार karbudara, कोविदार kovidara, कुदार kudara, कूद्दाल kuddala, कुण्डल kundala, महापुष्प mahapuspa, मन्दारः mandarah, रक्तपुष्प raktapuspa, सत्काञ्चनार satkanchanara, शोणपुष्पक shonapuspaka, सिंहास्य simhasya, सुवर्णार suvarnara, स्वल्पकेसरिन् svalpakesarin, ताम्रपुष्पक tamrapuspaka, वरलब्ध varalabdha, विदल vidala, विशालत्वच् vishalatvacha, यमलच्छद yamalacchada, युगपत्त्र yugapattra, युग्मपर्ण yugmaparna, युग्मपत्त्र yugmapattra • Tamil: செம்மந்தாரை cem-mantarai, சிவப்புமந்தாரை civappu-mantarai, மலையாத்தி malai-y-atti, பெரியவாத்தி periya-v-atti, பெருமந்தாரை peru-mantarai, வரையாத்தி varai-y-atti, வடராசி vataraci • Telugu: కాంచనము kanchanamu • Tulu: ಕೆಂಪು ಮಂದಾರೊ kempu mandaro • Urdu: کچنار kachnar
botanical names: Bauhinia variegata L. … synonyms: Bauhinia variegata var. purpurascens Voigt • Perlebia variegata (L.) A.Schmitz • Phanera variegata (L.) Benth. … POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
camel’s foot, Napoleon’s hat, paper mulberry, poor man’s orchid
mountain ebony, orchid tree
variegated orchid tree
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
करयाल karyal (in Himachal Pradesh)
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕೆಮ್ಪು ಮಮ್ದಾರ kempu mandaara
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
ತಾಂಬಡೆ ಮಂದಾರ tambade mandara
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചുവന്ന മന്ദാരം chuvanna madndaram
കൊങ്ങു konnu, കോവിദാരം kovidaram, മന്ദാരം mandaram, ഉങ്ങു unnu
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ୟୁଗପତ୍ର jugapatra, କରକ karaka, କୋବିଦାର kobidara, ରକ୍ତକଞ୍ଚନ raktakanchana, ଶାତ କୁମ୍ଭ sata kumbha, ସ୍ବଳ୍ପ କେଶରୀ swalpa kesari, ତାମ୍ର ପୁଷ୍ପ tamra pushpa
ਕਚਨਾਲ kachnal, ਕਚਨਾਰ kachnar
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
आस्फोत asphota, चमरिक chamarik, गण्डारि gandari, गिरिज girija, काञ्चनार kanchanara, कर्बुदार karbudara, कोविदार kovidara, कूद्दाल kuddala, महापुष्प mahapuspa, रक्तपुष्प raktapuspa, शोणपुष्पक shonapuspaka, सुवर्णार suvarnara, यमलच्छद yamalacchada
अतिमुक्तक atimuktaka, चम्प champa, कनकारक kanakaraka, काञ्चनक kanchanaka, कान्तपुष्प kantapuspa, कान्तार kantara, कुदार kudara, कुण्डल kundala, सत्काञ्चनार satkanchanara, सिंहास्य simhasya, स्वल्पकेसरिन् svalpakesarin, ताम्रपुष्पक tamrapuspaka, वरलब्ध varalabdha, विदल vidala, विशालत्वच् vishalatvacha, युगपत्त्र yugapattra, युग्मपर्ण yugmaparna, युग्मपत्त्र yugmapattra
हयवाहनशङ्कर hayavahanashankara, कनकान्तक kanakantaka
செம்மந்தாரை cem-mantarai, சிவப்புமந்தாரை civappu-mantarai, மலையாத்தி malai-y-atti, பெரியவாத்தி periya-v-atti, பெருமந்தாரை peru-mantarai, வரையாத்தி varai-y-atti, வடராசி vataraci
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಕೆಂಪು ಮಂದಾರೊ kempu mandaro
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Santali names added …
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~