Achiote, Aploppas, pimentao doce, Shendari, Lipstick tree, Annatto, Arnatto • Hindi: लटकन Latkan • Manipuri: উৰৈৰোম Ureirom • Kannada: Rangamali • Tamil: Sappiravirai • Oriya: Lotkons • Bengali: Latkan • Malayalam: Kurannumannal • Marathi: सेंदरी Sendri • Gujarati: सिंदूरी Sinduri • Assamese: Jolandhar;

efloraindia: 240911 BRS 45:
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for.id. request. and also confirm
is it  Bixa orellana or hybrid or sub sp. Because the seed outer cover is green colour, where as B.O. reddish organe.
Date/Time-Location- 23.09.2011, NBNP Garden
Place, Altitude, GPS- ANaikatti, 640 MSL, Coimbatore Dist.,
Habitat- Garden
Plant Habit- Tree
Flowers Size/ Colour- White
Size Seeds- Outer coat green colour.

I think Bixa orellana only
It may have green fruits pls see

Yes, Bixa orellana L. of Bixaceae family.


Attaching two images of Bixa orellana. This plant is known as Arnotto or Antto dye tree. I saw is plant for the first time in Indian Institute of science campus in Bangalore. That campus is very rich in floral diversity. Next time i saw this plant at Tezpur ( Assam ).T his is what Dr Venkatesh say about this plant.
Arnotto tree has long been under cultivation in India and is sometimes found naturalized in this country. It is a small size tree. The flowers are showy. It’s fruit capsules are reddish brown in colour and are covered with prickles. From coloured seed coats is obtained a yellow dye which is good for colouring cheese and butter.

This species is very common in Bangalore and Mysore. On the right side of the entrance gate to Mysore Palace (near main road), a row of these plants can be seen.


Bixa orellana ? :: 10/03/12 :: Bolpur (WB) SK-3:
I photographed this small tree in Santiniketan (Bolpur, Birbhum) in December, 2009.
A google search with the string ‘red echinus fruit / red spiny fruit’ gave me this (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bixa_orellana) wikipedia link that i think is the ID of this plant.
Species : Bixa orellana L. ???
Type : garden tree (small) at Visva-Bharati campus
Date : 05-Dec-2009, 2.24 p.m.
Place : Santiniketan, Bolpur (Birbhum District), WB
ID help : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bixa_orellana

This is fruiting …Flowering seems to be over.
Bixa orellana

Flora of Haryana: Bixa orellana from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar:
A small Bixa orellana from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar

Edible colour is produced from this….

Yes this plant yields edible dyes

I am also attaching mine pics of the same from same place.

Some more pics from same place

efloraindia: 191111 BRS177:
Sharing the images of Bixa Orellana, from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Tree

Yes Nice pictures of Bixa orellana. Family : Bixaceae


ID- brown spiky fruits?:
Been seeing this small tree in many parts of Bangalore
Date: Feb 5, 2012
Location: Da Costa Layout, Cox Town, Bangalore

The ripe fruits and leaves suggest Bixa orellana, just a guess…

Agree with Dr. … This is Bixa orellana.

Thanks so much. I read up about Bixa Orellana– quite fascinating how this has travelled here from the Americas. Will try to get a fruit, break it open and see the seeds- I understand these are used to dye food products.

Bixa seed pods opened to show innards:
These Bixa seed pods seed pods are quite dry in … thread , the innards may look something like in my attached first picture. Compare that to the fresh ones… last two… I have seen even more fresh ones that are more pulpy and slimy pulp around the seeds when ( I guess) a little younger…
pics are from a local Herbal garden grown in 2008.
efi thread

I.D 240612 NJ1:
The plant is from Goa. kindly help identify


Help in ID please:
Please help me in identifying these shrubs from forests of Assam.

The picture labelled Shrub 2 seems to be Bixa orellana, Family: Bixaceae.

… is right in identifying second picture as Bixa orellana..


Plant identification:
For Identification.
Place: Near Shillong, Meghalaya in Oct.

yes, Bixa orellana.. annatto dye plant

organic lipstick maker love this color


Bixa orellana : Attachments (1 + 2).  4 posts by 4 authors.

Family Bixaceae
Botanical name Bixa orellana
Location Jim Corbett NP

Lovely…… Sindoori Plant

Lovely picture. Here is the picture of the Fruit and its seed.


Flower id request (x-11) : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting id for this flower. It is most likely garden / ornamental flower (picture taken near Kaas in late Sep, 2012).

Should be Bixa orellana the Annatto dye plant..

Bixa orellana, Kurangu manjal in Malayalam


Ex-situ Silviculture : Bixa orellana L. :  3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).

Just very beautiful !

Hope to record its flower one day.


Tree For ID : MNP,Mumbai : 270414 : AK-23 : 5 posts by 3 authors.
A small cultivated tree seen at Maharashtra Nature Park.
Id please

looks like Bixa orellana

Can be Bixa orellana..


TSPNOV2015-68: Images of Bixa orellana (Bixaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Bixa orellana (Bixaceae 

Habit: Large shrub-Tree. 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 and 800 msl respectively. 

Date: 22-09-2014,13-10-2014, 20-10-2014,26-06-2015 and 08-07-2015

Thank you for showing the beautiful images. The plant sometimes escapes from cultivation.

Thanks in turn… I do agree that it has escaped in certain areas. I have come across specimen growing at places where it could not have been planted.

Fwd: BIXA ORELLANA : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
attaching two images of fruits of Bixa orellana (ANNATTO TREE)

Bixa orellana L. : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.

Where in Kolkata?

New Town Eco Park !

Fwd: SYNBIOSIS : 984 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
|Attaching a collage of Blank Swift visiting flowers of Bixa orellana(annatto tree)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 985 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Hornet visiting flowers of Bixa orellana (ANNATTO TREE).

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 986 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Bee visiting flowers of Bixa orellana (ANNATTO TREE).


Please help identify. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Saw it growing in Poona.

Bixa orelana..

Flower for Id – ID26112017SH2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Sanchi – ( Madhya Pradesh)
Date – October 2013

Bixa again.


Bixa orellana :: Dattaji Salvi Udyan :: 08 APR 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 3 images.
Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane
Date: April 8, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Bixa orellana  L.

MS/06/2017 : ID of a tree at Chennai Adyar Poonga : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
I photographed this tree during 2011. Is this tree Gyrocarpus americanus, commonly known as helicopter tree.

efi page on Gyrocarpus americanus with images.

It could be. But please also check it for Hildegardia populifolia.

Thanks… I will check the link suggested.

Bixa orellana L.??

Yes, appears possible as per images at Bixa orellana

Images by J.M.Gargtspkumar, Surajit Koley (Validation by Dinesh Valke), Balkar Singh, Satish Phadke, Pravin Kawale, Ramjee (Id by Sharvari Barve), Thiruvengadam Ekambaram (Id by Tanay Bose), Raghu Ananth (id by Dinesh Valke), Ushadi, ,   , , ,, Nitesh Joshi (Id by Dinesh Valke), B Rathinasabapathy & Geeta Arun (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)



Bixa orellana from Bangalore-GS22012022-1: 4 high res. images.
Bixa orellana photographed from Bangalore, 20-9-2015

The ID is correct. It is a very useful plant. Fruits are used in preparation of edible colouring matter for colouring food and also Sindhur. commonly known as Arnatto and Lipstick tree. 


Swamy /2023/ 108 – Bixa orellana: 5 images.
I am forwarding herewith the photographs of the plant Bixa orellana. Commonly known as Annatto or lipstick plant. Very useful tree yields fruits used in food colouring – an organic source. The plant was photographed in Mysore on a street.



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