Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 11: 204 1929. (syn. Breynia angustifolia Hook.f.; Breynia hyposauropus Croizat; Breynia microphylla var. angustifolia (Hook.f.) Airy Shaw; Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe; Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f.; Breynia turbinata (Oken) Cordem.; Flueggea retusa (Dennst.) Voigt; Melanthesa obliqua Wight; Melanthesa retusa (Dennst.) Kostel.; Melanthesa turbinata Oken; Melanthesopsis patens (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. oblongifolia Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. turbinata (Oken) Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. vulgaris Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis variabilis Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus naviluri Miq. ex Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus patens Roxb.; Phyllanthus pomaceus Moon; Phyllanthus retusus Dennst.; Phyllanthus suffultus Wall. [Invalid]; Phyllanthus turbinatus J.König ex Roxb. [Illegitimate]; Sauropus elegantissimus Ridl.);
Mascarenes, India to S. China and Peninsula Malaysia: Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam as per POWO;

breynia retusa:
breynia retusa
these were taken at my place in alibaug in the last week of july

Monsoon 2011 – Fruiting Red – 29Aug2011AR01 from Bhagamandala:
Date/Time-27 Jul 2011 04.31
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Bhagamandala, Coorg, Karnataka, 1535 meter
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Western ghats, Monsoon, rainy day
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Looks like a Shrub,
Height/Length-approx – 3-4 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 5-6cms. Alternate, elliptic,  leaf stem has thorns.
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-  Round, Red, 2-3cms, smooth surface,
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-Leaves eaten by insects
No. of such plant sightings/Abundane 1

This is the Cup and Saucer plant [Breynia retusa]. Will send some of my more recent photographs of this later.

Yes it is- Breynia retusa.
Villagers call – Billisul (Coorg, ),

only heard of it… never seen it in real life, photo seen first on flowers of india… and now here, yours……
Called Kamboi    કમબોઈ   or Kali kamboi   કાળી   કમબોઈ in Gujarati and Sanskrit… for Sanskrit  just write it in Devanagari script…
sometimes twigs are used by tribals as datuns…

Photographed recently at my farm. My previous photographs of this are available at this link : efi thread

Incidentally, the bug is Chrysochoris stolli.

Breynia retusa:
Male and female flowers of Breynia retusa
Marathi name:kangli
At Siddheshwar, Alibag


03012013 BRS 423:
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Location: Pichandikulam, Vilupuram Dist., Tamilnadu
Habitat; garden
Habit: Shrub

It appears Breynia retusa

Yes. Breynia retusa. The Cup and saucer plant.

Many things are called cup and saucer… but this one seems to me to be most appropriately named cup and saucer… with the cup laid on top od the saucer…etc… love this


Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Breynia retusa along Saphale Ghat :: DV58 : 7 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.

Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
along Saphale Ghat on 05 JUL 08
at Sanjay Gandhi National Park at different times

The enlarged female calyx is very distinctive.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston SM5 : Attachments (8). 10 posts by 5 authors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston from various sites around Mumbai.
Cup n Saucer plantthe ‘saucer’ around the fruit (cup) is the expanded calyx.
Kindly read image -333 caption as ‘fruit & leaf’.

Excellent Photograph …

One of the commonest species.

Sharing the image of Breynia retusa.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Phyllanthaceae : Breynia retusa : SGNP,Mumbai : 081113 : AK-54 : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Cup & Saucer Plant seen at Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai during Tree Appreciation Walk.

Very common in India.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 07112013 ARK-26 : Breynia retusa from Mumbai – June 2013 : Attachments (7). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attached are pictures of Breynia retusa from SGNP, Mumbai in June 2013 and Lohagad, Maharashtra in August 2013.

Nice photos.

EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT : RVS-4 : 3 images. 6 posts by 4 authors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f.
Phyllanthus patens Roxb.
Please confirm the id.
Collected from: Tirunelveli dt., TN.

Excellent attempt of presenting posts, … They look good.
About the ID, the calyx does not look the typical “enlarged”. Surely it must be some other species of Breynia. Will wait for comments.

Thank you so much … The entire credit goes to you, my Guru!
Yes, it is a tentative ID. I am looking forward to also hear from …

It is correctly pointed out that the fruiting calyx is not enlarged enough to call it Breynia retusa. The only alternative left is B. vitis-idaea which it is not. Hence I am giving it benefit of doubt and calling it B. retusa, and the variation in size may be an individual variation. I have no intention of calling it a distinct entity, rather it is intermediate between the two above mentioned species.

Thank you very much … for sorting the doubt.


Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae – Breynia retusa (NSJ-02) :  Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Breynia retusa from Prabalgad, Maharashtra

Good photos.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae- Breynia retusa :: PKA16 : Attachments (4).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Breynia retusa from Sagargad near Alibag, Maharashtra.
Family Phyllanthaceae

I agree.


Euphorbiaceae week- Phyllanthaceae-Breynia retusa-PKA3:
Breynia retusa from Sagargad near Alibag, Maharashtra.
Date/Time: 11-07-2010 / 09:40AM
Previously it was stated to be in Euphorbiaceae but presently Breynia belongs to the family Phyllanthaceae.

–  the yellow ones are the male flowers, axilliary on filiform pedicles, the males in the lower and females greenish, in the upper axils. the globose redish fruit is seen with  the persistent calyx of  the female flowers !

‘Breynia retusa’ is called ‘Kangalli’ ‘कांगळी’ in Marathi.


Fwd: ID SK1 200314 :  Attachments (2).  2 posts by 2 authors.
I could not identify of enclosed the plant . Any help?

Breynia retusa, Phyllanthaceae.

Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
Nepali Name : सानो नूनढिकी Saano NoonaDhikee

Plant ID from Bangladesh SM148: 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild
Location: Bandarban

I hope this is Breynia sp. (Phyllanthaceae).

Breynia –  species in India & eFloraofindia with details& some keys

Maybe Breynia Rhamnoides

Breynia retusa.

ANAPR20 Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

Family: Phyllanthaceae
Date: 5th April 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Shrub

Nice photographs.

wonders never cease

Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston SN15April 08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston,
wild shrub from Kothagiri area of Nilgiris, Tamilnadu



It is my pleasure to share few images of Breynia retusa (Phyllanthaceae


Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild, Scrub forest 

Sighting: Hassan, Karnataka, about 900 msl 

Date: 04-06-2015 


Names of Plants in India :: Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston : 3 posts by 3 authors.
via Species‎ > ‎B‎ > Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston … family: Phyllanthaceae ~ Euphorbiaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
BRAY-nee-uh — named for Johann Philipp Breyn, German botanist … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ascupped coral berry treecup saucer plant • Gujaratiકંબોઇ kamboi • Kannadaಅಸನ asanaಬಿಳೀಸುಲಿ bilisuliಗೋಜೆ gojeಗುರಿಗೆ gurige • Konkaniपोएं poem • Malayalamപെരുംനിരൂരി perunniruri • Marathiडाळफोडी dalfodiकंगळी kangali • Nepaliसानों नुन ढिकी sano nun dhiki • Sanskritबहुप्रज bahuprajaबहुपुष्प bahupushpaकाम्बोजी kamboji 
botanical namesBreynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston … synonymsBreynia angustifolia Hook.f. • Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f. • Melanthesa retusa (Dennst.) Kostel. • Phyllanthus patens Roxb. • Phyllanthus retusus Dennst. … and many more at • The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
July 5, 2008 … along Saphale Ghat

BRAY-nee-uh — named for Johann Philipp Breyn, German botanist … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: cup saucer plant, cupped coral berry tree • Assamese: চিতিকি chitiki, ফিতফিটী phitaphiti • Bengali: ছিট্কী chitki • Gujarati: કાળીકંબોઈ kalikamboi, કાંબોજી kamboji, કેડાકંબોઈ kedakamboi • Hindi: कंबोई kamboi, काला महमद kala mahamad • Kachchhi: કારી કામઈ kaari kaamai • Kannada: ಅಸನ asana, ಬಿಳಿಸೂಲಿ bilisuli, ಗೋಜೆ goje, ಗುರಿಗೆ gurige, ಕಾಂಬೋಜಿ kamboji • Khasi: soh-matiar-syurang • Konkani: पोएं poem • Malayalam: പെരുംനിരൂരി perunniruri • Marathi: डाळफोडी dalfodi, काळी चीकळी kali chikali, कंगळी kangali • Nepali: सानो नूनढिकी saano noonadhikee • Odia: ଜଜାଙ୍ଗ jajanga • Sanskrit: बहुप्रज bahupraja, बहुपुष्प bahupushpa, काम्बोजी kamboji • Sylheti: khakra • Telugu దేవదారి devadaari • Tulu: ಕಾಂಬೋಜಿ kamboji

botanical namesBreynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston … synonymsBreynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe • Phyllanthus patens Roxb. • Phyllanthus retusus Dennst. … and many more listed at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
cup saucer plant
cupped coral berry tree
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
চিতিকি chitiki, ফিতফিটী phitaphiti
  • Many thanks to Sonjib Sarma for help with these names in his post at facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
ছিট্কী chitki
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … Flora of Assam Vol. IV.
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
કાળીકંબોઈ kalikamboi, કાંબોજી kamboji, કેડાકંબોઈ kedakamboi
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
कंबोई kamboi, काला महमद kala mahamad
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910 … name variants: कंबोइ kamboiकाला महम्मद kala mahammad
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
કારી કામઈ kaari kaamai
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926 … or કામઈ kaamai
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಅಸನ asana, ಗೋಜೆ goje, ಗುರಿಗೆ gurige
ಬಿಳಿಸೂಲಿ bilisuli
ಕಾಂಬೋಜಿ kamboji
~~~~~ KHASI ~~~~~
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … Flora of Assam Vol. IV.
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
पोएं poem
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
പെരുംനിരൂരി perunniruri
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
डाळफोडी dalfodi
काळी चीकळी kali chikali
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … PLANTS OF CUTCH AND THEIR UTILITY by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1926
  • or काळी चीकली kali chikali … for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … FLORA OF BARDA MOUNTAIN (KATHIAWAD) by THAKAR, JAIKRISHNA INDRAJI, 1910
कंगळी kangali
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
सानो नूनढिकी saano noonadhikee
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଜଜାଙ୍ଗ jajanga
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
बहुप्रज bahupraja, बहुपुष्प bahupushpa, काम्बोजी kamboji
~~~~~ SYLHETI ~~~~~
  • for synonym Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe … Flora of Assam Vol. IV.
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
దేవదారి devadaari
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಕಾಂಬೋಜಿ kamboji
~~~~~ x ~~~~~


Phyllanthaceae Shrub for ID :: Palakkad :: MK003 OCT2016 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Please help to identify this shrub from Euphorbiaceae. Initially I thought this to be a Breynia sp.
Habitat: forest edge
Place: Palakkad Dist., Kerala
Date: July 27, 2016
Alt.: 140 m asl

Cup and saucer.

than you sir, its indeed Breynia retusa.


Breynia retusa—for sharing : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Aug.16.

Breynia lanceolata (Phyllanthaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Botanical name: Breynia lanceolata (Hook.f.) Welzen & Pruesapan. Basionym: Sauropus lanceolatus Hook.f. Synonym: Sauropus rhamnoides Blume.
Photographer: Dr. Santanu Dey.
Location: Nagaland, India.
Habit: Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scandent or climing.
Habitat: In inland forests or edges of primary forests at low altitudes.
Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands, North-eastern India), Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Lesser Sunda Islands.

After examining the type of Breynia lanceolata as well as Sauropus rhamnoides, I now feel that this is a misidentification. This should be the common species Breynia retusa.
I regret this misinformation.

Is this Breynia used in Homeopathy?

Hello everyone: 3 images.
I would be very grateful if you could help me identify this species.

Taken at open forest In Mizoram.
I know its a Breynia sp, but I could not make out the species.

Welcome dear, excellent photography, looks unique, not any species represented on Flowers of India. Hope some member finds a correct ID.

I guess this should be  Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston only !

You can try Breynia gynophora.

Looks different from GBIF specimens of Breynia gynophora.
May be Breynia retusa only as per images and details herein.

That was my guess … !


300 ID wild plant Breynia:
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400 fsl
Flower date: 04.04.2022, 11.15 am
Habitat: wild, moisture, wasteland, roadside
Plant habit: small tree, erect, obliquely, branches, hard flaked stem 05 inches base circumference, long lasting
Height: 03 meters
Leaves: alternate, ovate, lite acute, strange smell when crushed, size up to:04×2 cm
Flower: axillary, diameter: 04 mm, both male (pendulous) & female, yellow/green, non fragrant
Fruit: drupe globular green into yellow, diameter: 02 cm
Seed: black 6 nos., triangular, size:4×2mm
Camera: CANON EOS1500D


Regarding identification of the species collected from Dhenkanal Odisha: 4 high res. images.

Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston !

Yes, as per images at


Phyllanthaceae: Breynia retusa Alston: 1 image.

synonyms: Breynia angustifolia Hook.f., Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f., Phyllanthus patens Roxb.
location/date: Hirebailu, Chikamagalur Distr., Karnataka, July 1997