Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 65 1932. (Syn. Breynia accrescens Hayata; Breynia formosana (Hayata) Hayata; Breynia keithii Ridl.; Breynia microcalyx Ridl.; Breynia officinalis Hemsl.; Breynia rhamnoides (Retz.) Müll.Arg.; Melanthesa ovalifolia Kostel.; Melanthesa rhamnoides (Retz.) Blume; Phyllanthus calycinus Wall.; Phyllanthus rhamnoides Retz.; Phyllanthus rhamnoides Willd.; Phyllanthus sepiarius Roxb. ex Wall.; Phyllanthus tinctorius Vahl ex Baill.; Phyllanthus tristis A.Juss.; Phyllanthus vitis-idea (Burm.f.) D.Koenig ex Roxb.; Rhamnus vitis-idaea Burm.f.);
Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Sumatera: Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
BRAY-nee-uh — named for Johann Philipp Breyn, German botanist … Dave’s Botanary
VY-tiss id-uh-EE-uh — vine of Mount Ida … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: coral berry tree, mountain coffee bush, officinal breynia • Kannada: ಬಿಳೀಸುಲಿ bilisuli, ಕಾಡು ನುಗ್ಗೆ kaadu nugge • Malayalam: കാട്ടുനിരൂരി kattuniruri,പാവലപൂല pavalapula • Tamil: சிவப்புப்பூலா civappu-p-pula, பவளப்பூலா pavala-p-pula • Telugu: పొగడ pogada, ఎల్లారి yellari, యెర్ర బల్లి yerra-balli, ఎర్రపురుగుడు yerra purugudu • Tulu: ಪಲ್ಲಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು palli soppu
Fruits and Plant for ID_01012011_DS_SN2:
Another shot taken in Aug, 2008 in Purulia, western side of West Bangal. Fruits lokk like beautiful beads . The plant is small shrub like.
– It is Breynia vitis-idaea, a common shrub in dry deciduous forests.
Flora of Andaman14-010111-PKA3:
Small Tree from Chidiyatapu (near Port Blair), Andaman.
Looks like some sp. of Phyllanthus???
Date/Time: 23-12-2010 / 11:15AM
Location: Chidiyatapu (near Port Blair), Andaman,
Plant Habit: Tree (approx 4 m)
– Breynia vitis-idaea for sure. Please see the flowersofindia.net for further details.
Wild Plant for ID : 170711 : AK-2:
I think, Breynia vitis-idea of Euphorbiaceae family. It says taken on the way to Kodaikananal but no information regarding at what altitude, what habitat type and etc. Please provide such information to make the id process easy.
It was at a higher altitude in the mountains travelling from Munnar to Kodaikanal along the way. Won’t be able to give the exact altitude as the picture was taken casually while travelling.
It is Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C. Fischer of Euphorbiaceae. The spelling is idaea, not idea!
Yes I think … is right. Breynia vitis-idaea
Pl. validate the species id. of the Breynia –vitis- idea
Location: NBNP Garden
Yes to Breynia vitis-idaea.
It may be Breynia vitis-idaea of Phyllanthaceae.
180912-3-JM for ID:
A Breynia sp. from Euphorbiaceae..may be B. rhamnoides..
Agree with …, Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm. f.) C.E.C
Syn: Rhamnus vitis-idaea Burm. f.; Breynia rhamnoides (Retz.) Muell.; Phyllanthus rhamnoides Retz.
Melanthesa rhamnoides (Retz.) Wight
Please help me to identify this shrub. Is this any Phyllanthus sp.? I can’t see any flowers in this plant.
Leaf: c. 4 x 3 cm
Fruit: c. 1 cm across
Date: 20 Dec 2012
Place: Javvadu hills, Tiruvannamalai dist., TN
Alt.: c. 200 m asl
Habitat: near a stream (riparian)
Could this be Sauropus albiflorus?
Looks like Phyllanthus reticulatus
Isn’t it Breynia vitis-idaea?
Is the stem glabrous? It looks like it, so I think the Breynia vitis- idaea more likely.
I agree with …, matches best with Breynia vitis-idaea
This is not a Phyllanthus sp. It is Breynia vitis-idaea of Euphorbiaceae.
Many thanks for the identification. Yes …, the stem was glabrous. It should be Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) Fischer of Euphorbiaceae. I would like to know the Tamil name for this shrub.
230513 ASP 27 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Perhaps it is Phyllanthus reticulatus.
Breynia vitis-idaea, I suppose.
HAL 3 & 4 2014/12/18 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
It is like Phyllanthus reticulatus
Breynia vitis-idaea, perhaps.
It is Breynia vitis-idaea.
Agumbe Ghat :: Breynia FOR ID :: DVJAN13 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 6 images.
Date: 28 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 600 m asl at crest, about 250 m asl at foothill
This plant does not seem to be the common cup-saucer plant Breynia retusa; the “saucer” is missing here.
The plant was about 2m high on the slope; the pendant male flowers about 10 – 12 mm long, about 4 – 5 mm across.
The spherical fruits were about 7 – 8 mm dia; not very sure.
Breynia ¿ species ? … (family: Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae)
As the saucer is missing, the other common Indian species, Breynia vitis-idaea should be considered.
Yes I agree with your identification
Thank you very much … for the affirmation.
Names of Plants in India :: Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch. : 6 posts by 2 authors.
I get the following names as per Flora of India (compiled from literature and field notes):
Beng.: Kalisitki, Kamkatajuli, Silpati; Hindi: Tikhar; Kan.: Billisulli, Kaadu nugge; Mal.: Chuvanna-niruri, Kattu-niruri, Pavalapulah, Pavilapulu; Or.: Jajan; Sant.: Kadupala, Karki; Tam.: Kattuniruri, Manipullanti, Pomarai, Seppulae, Sithuruvam; Tel.: Adavimunaga, Balli, Ettapurugudu, Yellari.
Now there is no need to give a hyphen to join the words vitis and idaea.
I appreciate the photography.
Many many thanks … for appreciation and more information related to names.
I will scan and send you the references (JPEG) tomorrow.
Sorry. the hyphen in this case, i.e. vitis-idaea will stay. I have checked Article 60.9. of ICN.
I am attaching herewith extracts from the following publication which may be found useful:
Chakrabarty, T. & M. Gangopadhyay 1996. The genus Breynia (Euphorbiaceae) in the Indian subcontinent. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 20(3): 501-512.
Hope you are having the following publications:
The Wealth of India (Raw Materials) and
Indian Medicinal Plants by Kirtikar & Basu (ed. 1935).
Thank you very very much … for all these efforts.
It is called as ఎల్లారి,ఎర్రపురుగుడు, యెర్ర బల్లి, పురుగుడు , పొగడ (Telugu). … is correct, because the red fruit resemble coral it is called pogada (పొగడ)
Thank you very much … for the derivation of name pogada (పొగడ) for this plant.
commonly known as: coral berry tree, Indian snowberry, mountain coffee bush, officinal breynia • Assamese: অৰুণী arauni • Bengali: ভিটা শালপতি bhita shalapati • Hindi: सुरसारुणी surasaruni • Kannada: ಬಾಮರಿ baamari, ಬಿಳೀಸೂಲಿ bilisuli, ಕಾಡು ನುಗ್ಗೆ kaadu nugge, ಕರಿ ಸೂಲಿ kari suli, ಕೆಂಪು ಹುಲೀ kempu-huli, ಸೂಲೀ ಗಿಡ suli gida • Malayalam: കാട്ടുനിരൂരി kattuniruri, പാവലപൂല pavalapula • Marathi: मोठी कंगळी mothi kangali • Sanskrit: अरुणी aruni • Santali: ᱠᱟᱰᱨᱩᱯᱟᱞᱟ kadrupala, ᱠᱟᱨᱠᱤ karki • Tamil: சிவப்புப்பூலா civappu-p-pula, பவளப்பூலா pavala-p-pula • Telugu: ఎర్ర పురుగుడు erra purugudu, ఎర్ర బల్లి erra balli, పగడపు చెట్టు pagadapu chettu, పగడ పురుగుడు pagada purugudu, ఎల్లారి yellari • Tulu: ಪಲ್ಲಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು palli soppu
botanical names: Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch. … synonyms: Breynia keithii Ridl. • Breynia microcalyx Ridl. • Breynia rhamnoides Müll.Arg. • Melanthesa ovalifolia Kostel. • Melanthesa rhamnoides Blume • Phyllanthus rhamnoides Retz. • Phyllanthus tinctorius Vahl ex Baill. • Phyllanthus tristis A.Juss. • Phyllanthus vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) J.Koenig ex Roxb. • Rhamnus vitis-idaea Burm.f. … POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
coral berry tree
mountain coffee bush
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
ভিটা শালপতি bhita shalapati
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಾಡು ನುಗ್ಗೆ kaadu nugge
ಕರಿ ಸೂಲಿ kari suli
ಕೆಂಪು ಹುಲೀ kempu-huli
ಸೂಲೀ ಗಿಡ suli gida
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
मोठी कंगळी mothi kangali
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
ᱠᱟᱰᱨᱩᱯᱟᱞᱟ kadrupala, ᱠᱟᱨᱠᱤ karki
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
ఎర్ర పురుగుడు erra purugudu, ఎర్ర బల్లి erra balli, పగడపు చెట్టు pagadapu chettu, పగడ పురుగుడు pagada purugudu, ఎల్లారి yellari
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಪಲ್ಲಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು palli soppu
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
SK156OCT21-2016:ID : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
I would like to know:
Sorry to say that these are the only pictures from my old collection when I did not have the knowledge of plant photography.
Appears to be Phyllanthaceae by the similarity in foliage. May be Phyllanthus or Breynia.
Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch. (accepted name) ??????
Yes …, This is an accepted name. I was hesitating to call this name as the fruitng pedicels here appearing to be somewhat longer than usual.
Bridelia sp. for ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Location : Chilkigarh, WB
Date : March 2019
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Wild sal forest.
Sorry…for my mistake. I think Breynia but written as Bridelia
it’s ok sir. even am also think that’s same
Re: Shrub from Wayanad : 7 posts by 5 authors. 2 images.
Any idea about this plant ?
Wild or cultivated? Breynia cernua (Poir.) Müll.Arg. ??
Looks llike Breynia vitis-idaea.
ANOCT07 Please identify this Phyllanthaceae member : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3).
1st October 2014
More photos. Attachments (5)
Breynia vitis-idaea, I think.
Yes, it is a morphological variant of Breynia vitis-idaea; I have collected both varieties. the leaves are thick, coriaceous, but it is described by many as thin papery leaves; the fruit shape is also different from the traditional descriptions.
Looks like Bridelia retusa.
Breynia sp. resembles vitis-idea
DV :: 30MAR11 – 0611 :: Breynia / Phyllanthus species:
Shrub about 5 – 7 ft, growing in vicinity of a stream.
This plant best visualized as larger version of Breynia retusa (cup-saucer plant).
Date/Time : March 30, 2011 at 6.11pm IST
Location Place : outskirts of Madikeri, Karnataka … 12.451091, 75.711816 (on
Google maps <http://goo.gl/maps/CLqp> … please be patient while downloading map)
Altitude : 3597 ft (above mean sea level)
Yes .., your visualization is quite close. It is B. vitis-idaea, but you need to see the fruits to be sure.
At Flowers of India http://www.flowersofindia.MountainCoffeeBush…,
I tend to agree with .. id on account of leaf shape and the length of pedicel in male flowers. But a fruiting specimen would really help to confirm the id. As you know, fruiting calyx is enlarged in B. retusa whereas it is not enlarged in B. vitis-idaea.
… a counter-query: Is / Are there any other species close to B. vitis-idaea ?
Without female flowers and fruits it is not possible to comment on the correct identity of the images.
Thank you very very much … for the clarity regarding limitation to resolve the ID of this query.
Someday when I visit Coorg again (hopefully during fruiting season of this plant), I will make it a point to go the site to get the photos.
Yes, it’s ..
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Breynia vitis-idaea at Coorg FOR VALIDATION :: DV59 : 6 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Breynia ¿ vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch. ? … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
Dear friends, please validate this plant to be Breynia vitis-idaea; my earlier post remained inconclusive for want of view of fruit.
This plant best visualized as larger version of Breynia retusa; the male flowers seen in the pictures below are comparatively larger … as much as 2 – 3 times larger than that of B. retusa.
at Coorg on 30 MAR 11
Looks like Breynia vitis-idaea.
Thank you very much … Will look forward for others’ uploads of Breynia vitis-idaea.
This same query, I had duplicated during maybe family week or so.We have more comments in that post …
… has put his comment in positive in that post.
Santali names of Breynia vitis-idaea:
Transcription for Breynia vitis-idaea shall be ᱠᱟᱰᱨᱩᱯᱟᱞᱟ, ᱠᱟᱨᱠᱤ. The book is wonderful, I will soon share this transcription with you also.
Images of Breynia oblongifolia by Bubai ji in FOI looks to be of Breynia vitis-idaea, as per images and details herein and as per discussions at ANOCT07 Please identify this Phyllanthaceae member.
I could not find Breynia oblongifolia anywhere in India as per details from different sources at Breynia, including POWO and CoL.
I think you are right. The leaves don’t agree with Breynia oblongifolia. The rounded leaf tips are a bit puzzling, but this one image is not sufficient to conclude anything.