Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam., Encycl. 4: 696 1798. (Syn: Bruguiera capensis Blume; Bruguiera conjugata (L.) Merr.; Bruguiera rheedei Blume; Bruguiera rumphii Blume; Bruguiera wightii Blume; Bruguiera zippelii Blume; Rhizophora conjugata L.; Rhizophora gymnorrhiza L.; Rhizophora palun DC.; Rhizophora rheedei Steud.; Rhizophora tinctoria Blanco) as per POWO;
Comoros (Mayotte, etc.), ?Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.), Seychelles, Madagascar, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan), Taiwan, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales), Ryukyu Isl., Java, Bismarck Archipelago, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Fiji, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna Isl., peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., Moluccas, New Guinea, Singapore, Maldives, Bangladesh, Christmas Isl. (Austr.), American Samoa (Tutuila, Aunu’u), Gilbert Isl. (Butaritari, Abemama, Tabiteuea), Marshall Isl. (Bikini, Rongelap, Utirik, Lae, Ailuk, Likiep, Aur, Ailinglapalap, Majuro, Arno, Jaluit, Ebon), Micronesia (Yap, Woleai, Faraulap, Ifaluk, Lamotrek, Satawal, Namonuito, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Tol, Udot, Fefan, Pis, Losap, Namoluk, Lukunor, Satawan, Nukuoro, Pohnpei, Pingelap, Kosrae), Nauru, Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Aulupse’el, Urukthapel), Tonga (Tongatapu), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Guam), Western Samoa (Aleipata Islands), Rotuma Isl., Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, LittleAndaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.) as per Catalogue of Life;
commonly known as: black mangrove, Burma mangrove, large-leafed mangrove, oriental mangrove • Bengali: kankra,natinga • Gujarati: સનવર sanavar • Kannada: ಕೊಳಚೆ ಗಿಡ kolache gida • Konkani: इंप्ळी impli • Malayalam: കണ്ടല് kantal • Marathi: झुंबर zumbar • Oriya: banduri • Tamil: sigapukokandam • Telugu: దుద్దుపొన్న dudduponna
broog-wee-ER-a — named for Jean Guillaume Bruguiere, French biologist and explorer
jim-no-RY-zuh — from the Greek gymnos (naked) and rhiza (root)
¿ Bruguiera gymnorhiza ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 9 posts by 2 authors. 2 images.
I have 2 photos of a flower … it is a query from one of my flickr friends.
To me it looks like Bruguiera gymnorhiza.
garlands at a big flower market in Kolkata … garland-makers told that the plant has lots of nectar … the garlands smelled like honey
Links for Bruguiera gymnorhiza:
http://mangrove.nus.edu.sg/text/1054.htm (details with a flower picture),
http://www.botanypictures.bruguieragymnorhiza001.JPG (a flower picture).
To me it looks different or the full flower picture is not posted as something is missing in the centre.
do I consider that you too believe this to be Bruguiera gymnorhiza ?
I can’t say- I just checked the links & gave my remarks on your species.
Daniel Mosquin, who had sent me the query is convinced, and he believes it to be Bruguiera gymnorhiza.
He referred this link particularly :
FOS pg 27 is what I had referred for tentative identification.
FOI has it at: http://www.flowersofindia.BurmaMangrove.html
I think if the sender is convinced, it may be the same as the flower picture is not complete & I am not familiar with similar flowers.
On checking up on net I could not find these flowers used in garlands, though it is quite possible to have them in Kolkata from Sundarbans & Coastal areas nearby.
Efforts of Dinesh ji & confirmation from Daniel Mosquin is now a big story, stumping so many on Id except our own …- see the big story at: http://www.humanflowerproject.com/
Daniel happened to remember me and I happened to remember the flower in FOS pg 27 !!
But I wanted to equally make sure that these flowers are commonly used for making garlands in Kolkata.
Names of Plants in India :: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny
06 MAR 11, Bahiravali, Maharashtra
Would like to get Bengali names for this plant, kankra and natinga in Bangla script.
… calling … for Tamil name sigapukokandam in Tamil script.
via Species > B > Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Savigny
Please help me with the Tamil name of Bruguiera gymnorhiza, sigapukokandam in Tamil script (Ref: ENVIS – FRLHT)
It could be perhaps be sigappu-kakandan (Ref: Forest Trees of South India by S.G. Neginhal IFS)
OR may be sigappu-kaakandan (Ref: Flora of Peninsular India)
In the book “Tamil names of botanical names” by Yercaud Ilango, the following Tamil names are used for this plant:
சிகப்பு கொகண்டம் (sigappu kokandam), சிகப்பு காகந்தன் (sigappu kaakandan)
The Plants of Tamil Nadu database records the name Sivappu kaakandal (சிவப்பு காக்கண்டல்) for this species.
Thank you very very much for digging all the names !!!
And many many thanks for pointing to the sources; they will be invaluable for my work.
commonly known as: Burma mangrove, large-leafed mangrove, oriental mangrove • Bengali: লাল কাঁকড়া lal kankara • Gujarati: ચીતલેરી chitaleri, સનવર sanvar • Kannada: ಕೊಳಚೆ ಗಿಡ kolache gida • Konkani: इंप्ळी impli, कांडेल kandel • Malayalam: പേനക്കണ്ടൽ penakkantal • Marathi: कांडेल kandel, झुंबर zumbar • Odia: ବନ୍ଦରି bandari • Tamil: சிகப்பு காகந்தன் sigappu kaakandan, சிகப்பு கொகண்டம் sigappu kokandam, சிவப்பு காக்கண்டல் sivappu kaakandal • Telugu: దుడ్డుపొన్న dudduponna, తుడ్డుపొన్న thuddaponna
botanical names: Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. … synonyms: Bruguiera capensis Blume • Bruguiera conjugata (L.) Merr. • Bruguiera wightii Blume • Rhizophora conjugata L. • Rhizophora gymnorhiza L. … POWOINTRIGUING: Bruguiera gymnorhiza and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (spellings with r and rr) – both spellings are found used all over internet as well as books.
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
লাল কাঁকড়া lal kankara
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ચીતલેરી chitaleri, સનવર sanvar
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕೊಳಚೆ ಗಿಡ kolache gida
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
इंप्ळी impli, कांडेल kandel
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: Sharing few pics of one more Mangrove sp. from Achara Creek, Maharashtra.
This is the plant we saw in Sundarban mangrove area – locally called ‘Kankra’, if I am not mistaken.
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza from Sundarban, West Bengal: SCFEB02: 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.)Lam. (Rhizophoraceae), also known as black mangrove.
Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-ovate, coriaceous.Flowers regular, reddish; calyx campanulate, 10-16 lobed; corolla pubescent at base; stamens enclosed in pairs by petals; style slender, filiform with 3-4 lobes. Fruits with hypocotyl to 25cm long, cylindric.
Stems used in building, fishing boats, houses, electric poles, charcoal making and to extract tannin. Leaves used as fodder.
The photographs are taken from the world’s largest mangrove forest of Sundarban.
Beautiful post …, from an interesting place.. thanks for sharing..
Kankra – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 1 image.
Another plant from Sundarbans. I think it is Bruguiera gymnorrizha,
locally known as Kankra– which means Crabs– the flowers look like red crabs which abundant the shore.
Bruguiera gymnorrizha confirmed!!
Belongs to Rhizophoraceae Family, along with other mangrove members such as Rhizophora sps., Ceriops sps.
Konkan, May 2014 :: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza :: 04JUN2014 :: ARK-08 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6) …………………
Requesting to please validate the ID (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) of this mangrove captured in a small village near the Konkan coast, Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
Yes this is B.gymnorhiza. The red large flowers are characteristic.
Thanks for the pictures. I am also much confuse regarding this species. In Sundarbans part of Bangladesh could 3 species occur. I am attached here with some picture in three e-mails. I hope all of you cordial suggestion.
Yes this is B.gymnorhiza. The red large flowers are characteristic.
These images by …, will be of Bruguiera sexangula (Loureiro) Poiret as calyx base ribbed and yellowish as per Keys in Flora of China.
Also fruit is smaller compared to those of Bruguiera gymnorhiza
is called Kankda in Bengal.
Nice photographs… this mangrove plant is very common in Sundarban region of W.B. I had also seen a few of this plant in Taki, Basirhat, WB and is locally known as “Kankra“.