IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR)

Buchanania barberi
Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1916: 135 1916.;

Medium sized trees, to 20 m high, bark dark brown with vertical deep fissures and horizontal cracks. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 8-10 mm, slender; lamina 8-13 x 3-5 cm, elliptic, boradly ovate, oblong, obovate or elliptic-oblong, base attenuate or cuneate, apex obtuse or acute, margin entire, rusty villous beneath when young, coriaceous; lateral nerves 16-20 pairs, parallel, prominent. Flowers bisexual, small, white in terminal and axillary rusty villous panicles of 10 cm long; bract and bracteoles ovate-acute; pedicel 2-3 mm long; calyx short; lobes acute, villous, persistence, imbricate; petals 4-5, 2.5 cm long, oblong, acute, glabrous; stamens 8-10, inserted at the base of the disc, 1 mm long; filaments slender; disc thick, crenulate; carpels 5-6, free, seated in the cavity of disc; only 1 fertile, 1 mm long, villous at base, ovule 1, pendulous. Fruit a drupe.
Flowering and fruiting: November-January
Semi-evergreen forests and sacred groves
Southern Western Ghats (endemic)
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

Known only from the type locality at Nadari, Travancore District. India (Kerala)
A hill forest species.
Citation: World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1998. Buchanania barberi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T31181A9605573. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T31181A9605573.en. Downloaded on 25 January 2016.

I have uploaded it on Indiantreepix under File section at home page:  http://groups.google.co.in/group/indiantreepix?hl=en

I am requesting members to post their pictures etc. for Anarcardiaceae today/ coming days from the list given below. I could not find any of these species in Indiantreepix Database. This will help in highlighting such species & knowing more about them:
    Sl No
Botanical Name Family Status
Buchanania barberi Gamble* Anacardiaceae Critically Endangered
Nothopegia aureo-fulva Bedd. ex Hook.f.* Anacardiaceae Critically Endangered
Nothopegia beddomei Gamble var. wynadica Ellis & Cahndrab.* Anacardiaceae Endangered
Gluta travancorica Bedd.* Anacardiaceae Lower Risk: near threatened
Nothopegia heyneana (Hook.f.) Gamble* Anacardiaceae Lower Risk: near threatened
Nothopegia castanaefolia )Roth.) Dingston Anacardiaceae Critically Endangered
Semecarpus auriculata Bedd.* Anacardiaceae Lower Risk: near threatened
Buchanania lanceolata W.* Anacardiaceae Vulnerable

Image by E S SANTHOSH KUMAR (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 


This is Buchanania barberi Gamble,  a critically endangered and endemic species of Kerala. This species was originally collected by C A Barber from Nadayarai in Quilon district of Kerala based on which J S Gamble published it as a new species.

It was rediscovered by our team after 8 decades from a different locality and the type locality was totally converted into habitation areas.
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