China (Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon), India (throughout drier parts), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life;
almondette, calumpong nut, cheronjee, Cuddapah almond, Hamilton mombin • Assamese: পিয়াল piyal • Bengali: chironji, piyal, sarop • Gujarati: ચારોળી charoli • Hindi: चार char, चिरोंजी chironji or चिरौंजी chiraunji, पियाल piyal, प्रसवक pra-savak, प्रियाल priyal • Kannada: ಚಾರೊಳಿ charoli, ಕೊಲೆ ಮಾವು kole maavu • Konkani: चार char • Malayalam: മൂങ്ങാപ്പേഴ് muungaappeezh, നുറമരം nuramaram • Marathi: चार char, चारोळी charoli, पियाल piyal • Oriya: charu, chanhra • Nepalese: चिरोंजि chiraunjee • Sanskrit: अखट्टः akhatth, मुनि muni, पियाल piyala, प्रसवकः prasavakh, प्रियाल priyala, राजनदनः rajanadanha, उपवटः upavatth • Tamil: சாரம் charam • Telugu: చార char, చారుమామిడి charumamidi, ప్రియాళువు priyaluvu, రాజాదనము raj-adanamu • Urdu:  چرونجي chironji;

Chironji tree:
At last I am documenting all the trees possibly photographed at Bandhavgarh Ntl Park.
Here is Chironji Buchanania Lanzan tree.


Plz id this wild plant: pa93 – 19feb2013: (7 images)
Plz id this wild plant from Yeoor region. I think it is a climber but not very sure. It is flowering now.

This is Buchanania lanzan locally called Chironji / Charoli.

Thank you … This means it is a tree.

Yes Charoli
The inflorescence of Buchanania lanzan

Attaching the translated version of another song by Tagore, where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically this tree is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI) .

Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically the plant is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).

Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which PIYAL is mentioned. This plant is scientifically known as Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).


Flora of Madh: Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida – Flowers, Leaves, Bark : VG-APR-15 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).
Sharing some photographs of the flowers, leaves, and the bark of the mid-sized tree Buchanania cochinchinensis.
Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in February 2015. This particular tree had been felled when I was there in March.

Second photograph is simply superb.. Excellent clarity..

Yes very good pictures.
We have yet to come up with Anacardiaceae fortnight.


It is my pleasure to share few images of Buchanania cochinchinensis  (Anacardiaceae

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=277&cat=1 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively 

Date: 29-07-2014 and 03-03-2015

Buchanania lanzen Pune SMP MAY2016/1 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Sharing images of an Anacardiaceae member observed in Pune.
Buchanania lanzen (Charoli) चारोळी

The close-up of the flowers in your first photograph is very intriguing. I’m acquainted with this tree in Mumbai (Borivali National Park, Madh etc.). The flowers that I’ve observed have all had 10 stamens and these are shorter than the petals. Had posted the same last year in an earlier thread. My observations have been consistent with the description in Cooke’s Flora (vol. 1): “Stamens 10, a little shorter than the petals…”.
In your photograph, the flowers have 5 stamens that are markedly longer than the petals. Would appreciate any inputs/clarity on this.
I suppose the current name of this tree is Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida.
Many thanks for sharing your Anacardiaceae collection.

Could this be Semecarpus anacardium? I’m surprised to see Buchanania in such a dry looking locality.

The last 2 images can’t be from the same tree!

Anyway liked the last two pictures very much.

spikes my curiosity as to what is it anyway? and are the pictures somehow mixed up

There is an apparent mix-up of images. The first one corresponds to the male flowers of Semecarpus anacardium and the second image seems to be of the same. The habit photo is not very clear but the others appear to be that of Buchanania cochinchinensis.

You are correct. First two photos are Semecarpus anacardium and are from a different set. I am extremely sorry for the mix up.
As rightly said the stamens of Buchanania are 8-10 free inserted at the base of disk while those in Semecarpus are 5-6 as per Cooke

23102017BHAR1 – Light Yellow fruits : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Found in Mannur Forest near Sriperumbudur, Chennai

Looks like Buchanania sp.

This is Buchanania lanzen of Anacardiaceae

For ID 26092018RK1-Is it Buchanania lanzan? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help in identification of this. Its a local fruit consumed in Jharkhand.
Local name-Piyar
Date-18th May, 2018
Place-Village chewo, Godda, Jharkhand

May be. Pl. check at

the black fruit is most likely Buchanania lanzan. fruit is sweet. inside is the prized nut called charoli

22/2/08 (P.O.Tala, Distt Umariya. M.P.); 10/8/08 at sarola, near aurangabad;  at Silonda Trail , Sanjay Gandhi National Park– March’09; at Sagargad, Alibag– Jan’10;


Tree for ID :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

This tree was seen in Aarey forest in Mumbai. Pics were taken in Dec 2015.
The name given was Madhuca longifolia. Is it var. longifolia.
The last pic of the fruits (Madhuca_Aarey6) is taken at a location some 200 mts from the earlier tree.
Please ID.

May be.

If it is Madhuca, it is more likely to be Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia

It’s very close to Semicarpus anacardium,

It seems to be Semecarpus sp. maybe even cashew,

The leaf base was bothering me,  it is more likely to be Buchanania!

I agree with … For me also it looks like Buchanania may be sp. barberi

The local sp. is B. cochinchinensis. It is found in Mumbai area, fairly common


PLEASE DISCUSS two species are confused 1. Buchanania cochinchinensis and Buchanania lanzan:
I have doubt about Buchanania cochinchinensis and Buchanania lanzan.  Buchanania lanzan Spreng. SYNONYM: BUCHANANIA COCHINCHINENSIS (LOUR.) ALMEIDA. SOME ambiguity. Sir, is it Buchanania lanzan Spreng. SYNONYM: BUCHANANIA COCHINCHINENSIS (LOUR.) ALMEIDA

Both Catalogue of Life and WFO consider them synonyms. Now why B. cochinchinensis is selected as correct name:
The species was first described as Toluifera cochinchinensis by João de Loureiro in 1790, it was transferred to Buchanania and named B. cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida in 1996. On the other hand B. lanzan Spreng. was first described in 1800, so gets relegated to synonymy on basis of Principle of Priority.
      At the same time Kew Database POWO, treats two as distinct belonging to different genera Buchanania lanzan Spreng. and Glycosmis cochinchinensis (Lour.) Pierre & Engl. You can choose whom to follow.

Glycosmis cochinchinensis ??? I think it should be Buchanania cochinchinensis.

I have given information about prominent databases, It is for one to decide which database to follow. And yes WFO also accepts B. cochinchinensis (and Glycosmis cochinchinensis as synonym, along as B. lanzan), so following majority B. cochinchinensis may be followed safely.


SK 3771 27 June 2023: 10 high res. images.

Location:  Dhan Khola, Dang,, West Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation 400m.
Habit : Wild

Buchanania sp. [Anacardiaceae].
The pubescent character of the leaves and of the fruiting panicles in your images is quite indicative.
The latest names in POWO leave me befuddled! Apparently, Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida has been relegated as a synonym of a Rutaceae member — Glycosmis cochinchinensis (Lour.) Pierre ex Engl.!
In that case, this would have to be Buchanania lanzan Spreng. [syn. Buchanania latifolia Roxb.].

Only one sp. has got distribution in Nepal, Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida syn : Buchanania latifolia Roxb.

The Checklist of Nepal and FoC only mention Buchanania latifolia Roxburgh.

While BSI Flora of India only mentions Buchanania lanzan Sprengel in Schrader.
Catalogue of Life mentions Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida (syn: Buchanania lanzan Spreng.; Buchanania latifolia Roxb.)
So for the time being, we can treat all of them as one.

OK … ! I guess we should take Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida as the latest accepted name.