Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 1: 287 1996. (syn. Buchanania lanzan Spreng.; Buchanania latifolia Roxb.; Lanzana solitaria Stokes (Unresolved); Lundia mangiferoides Puerari ex DC. (Unresolved); Mangifera silvestris Roxb. (Unresolved); Spondias elliptica Rottb. ex Hook.f. (Unresolved); Spondias simplicifolia Rottb. (Unresolved));
China (Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon), India (throughout drier parts), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life;
almondette, calumpong nut, cheronjee, Cuddapah almond, Hamilton mombin • Assamese: পিয়াল piyal • Bengali: chironji, piyal, sarop • Gujarati: ચારોળી charoli • Hindi: चार char, चिरोंजी chironji or चिरौंजी chiraunji, पियाल piyal, प्रसवक pra-savak, प्रियाल priyal • Kannada: ಚಾರೊಳಿ charoli, ಕೊಲೆ ಮಾವು kole maavu • Konkani: चार char • Malayalam: മൂങ്ങാപ്പേഴ് muungaappeezh, നുറമരം nuramaram • Marathi: चार char, चारोळी charoli, पियाल piyal • Oriya: charu, chanhra • Nepalese: चिरोंजि chiraunjee • Sanskrit: अखट्टः akhatth, मुनि muni, पियाल piyala, प्रसवकः prasavakh, प्रियाल priyala, राजनदनः rajanadanha, उपवटः upavatth • Tamil: சாரம் charam • Telugu: చార char, చారుమామిడి charumamidi, ప్రియాళువు priyaluvu, రాజాదనము raj-adanamu • Urdu: چرونجي chironji;
Plz id this wild plant: pa93 – 19feb2013: (7 images)
This is Buchanania lanzan locally called Chironji / Charoli.
Thank you … This means it is a tree.
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( PIYAL -1 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching the translated version of another song by Tagore, where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically this tree is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI) .
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( PIYAL -2 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically the plant is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).
FLOWERS/PLANTS MENTIONED BY TAGORE IN HIS SONGS : ( PIYAL -3 ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which PIYAL is mentioned. This plant is scientifically known as Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).
Flora of Madh: Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida – Flowers, Leaves, Bark : VG-APR-15 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).
Second photograph is simply superb.. Excellent clarity..
Yes very good pictures.
We have yet to come up with Anacardiaceae fortnight.
TSP-JAN2016-26-26:Images of Buchanania cochinchinensis (Anacardiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.
It is my pleasure to share few images of Buchanania cochinchinensis (Anacardiaceae)
Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest
Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively
Date: 29-07-2014 and 03-03-2015
Buchanania lanzen Pune SMP MAY2016/1 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Sharing images of an Anacardiaceae member observed in Pune.
Buchanania lanzen (Charoli) चारोळी
The close-up of the flowers in your first photograph is very intriguing. I’m acquainted with this tree in Mumbai (Borivali National Park, Madh etc.). The flowers that I’ve observed have all had 10 stamens and these are shorter than the petals. Had posted the same last year in an earlier thread. My observations have been consistent with the description in Cooke’s Flora (vol. 1): “Stamens 10, a little shorter than the petals…”.
In your photograph, the flowers have 5 stamens that are markedly longer than the petals. Would appreciate any inputs/clarity on this.
I suppose the current name of this tree is Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida.
Many thanks for sharing your Anacardiaceae collection.
Could this be Semecarpus anacardium? I’m surprised to see Buchanania in such a dry looking locality.
The last 2 images can’t be from the same tree!
Anyway liked the last two pictures very much.
spikes my curiosity as to what is it anyway? and are the pictures somehow mixed up
There is an apparent mix-up of images. The first one corresponds to the male flowers of Semecarpus anacardium and the second image seems to be of the same. The habit photo is not very clear but the others appear to be that of Buchanania cochinchinensis.
You are correct. First two photos are Semecarpus anacardium and are from a different set. I am extremely sorry for the mix up.
As rightly said the stamens of Buchanania are 8-10 free inserted at the base of disk while those in Semecarpus are 5-6 as per Cooke
23102017BHAR1 – Light Yellow fruits : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Found in Mannur Forest near Sriperumbudur, Chennai
Looks like Buchanania sp.
This is Buchanania lanzen of Anacardiaceae
For ID 26092018RK1-Is it Buchanania lanzan? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help in identification of this. Its a local fruit consumed in Jharkhand.
Date-18th May, 2018
Place-Village chewo, Godda, Jharkhand
May be. Pl. check at
the black fruit is most likely Buchanania lanzan. fruit is sweet. inside is the prized nut called charoli
Seeking information on planting ‘Buchanania Lanzan’ – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Plant for ID SMP 11March 2010 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Buchanania lanzen – efloraofindia | Google Groups
April-May 2009 – flowering and fruiting – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Nothopegia castaneifolia – indiantreepix | Google Groups
For indentification please – indiantreepix | Google Groups
flowering plant 080810_2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
chironji tree in flower in Bandhavgarh Ntl Park – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree for ID :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
This tree was seen in Aarey forest in Mumbai. Pics were taken in Dec 2015.
The name given was Madhuca longifolia. Is it var. longifolia.
The last pic of the fruits (Madhuca_Aarey6) is taken at a location some 200 mts from the earlier tree.
If it is Madhuca, it is more likely to be Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia
It’s very close to Semicarpus anacardium,
It seems to be Semecarpus sp. maybe even cashew,
The leaf base was bothering me, it is more likely to be Buchanania!
I agree with … For me also it looks like Buchanania may be sp. barberi
The local sp. is B. cochinchinensis. It is found in Mumbai area, fairly common
PLEASE DISCUSS two species are confused 1. Buchanania cochinchinensis and Buchanania lanzan:
Both Catalogue of Life and WFO consider them synonyms. Now why B. cochinchinensis is selected as correct name:
Glycosmis cochinchinensis ??? I think it should be Buchanania cochinchinensis.
I have given information about prominent databases, It is for one to decide which database to follow. And yes WFO also accepts B. cochinchinensis (and Glycosmis cochinchinensis as synonym, along as B. lanzan), so following majority B. cochinchinensis may be followed safely.
SK 3771 27 June 2023: 10 high res. images.
Location: Dhan Khola, Dang,, West Nepal
Date: 30 May 2023
Habit : Wild
Buchanania sp. [Anacardiaceae].
Only one sp. has got distribution in Nepal, Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida syn : Buchanania latifolia Roxb.
While BSI Flora of India only mentions Buchanania lanzan Sprengel in Schrader.
Catalogue of Life mentions Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida (syn: Buchanania lanzan Spreng.; Buchanania latifolia Roxb.)
So for the time being, we can treat all of them as one.
OK … ! I guess we should take Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida as the latest accepted name.