China (Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Myanmar [Burma]
(Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon), India (throughout drier parts), Bangladesh
as per Catalogue of life;
almondette, calumpong nut, cheronjee, Cuddapah almond, Hamilton mombin • Assamese: পিয়াল piyal • Bengali: chironji, piyal, sarop • Gujarati: ચારોળી charoli • Hindi: चार char, चिरोंजी chironji or चिरौंजी chiraunji, पियाल piyal, प्रसवक pra-savak, प्रियाल priyal • Kannada: ಚಾರೊಳಿ charoli, ಕೊಲೆ ಮಾವು kole maavu • Konkani: चार char • Malayalam: മൂങ്ങാപ്പേഴ് muungaappeezh, നുറമരം nuramaram • Marathi: चार char, चारोळी charoli, पियाल piyal • Oriya: charu, chanhra • Nepalese: चिरोंजि chiraunjee • Sanskrit: अखट्टः akhatth, मुनि muni, पियाल piyala, प्रसवकः prasavakh, प्रियाल priyala, राजनदनः rajanadanha, उपवटः upavatth • Tamil: சாரம் charam • Telugu: చార char, చారుమామిడి charumamidi, ప్రియాళువు priyaluvu, రాజాదనము raj-adanamu • Urdu:  چرونجي chironji;   

Chironji tree: At last I am documenting all the trees possibly photographed at Bandhavgarh Ntl Park.

Here is Chironji Buchanania Lanzan tree.





Plz id this wild plant: pa93 – 19feb2013: (7 images) Plz id this wild plant from Yeoor region. I think it is a climber but not very sure. It is flowering now.

This is Buchanania lanzan locally called Chironji / Charoli.

Thank you … This means it is a tree.

Yes Charoli
The inflorescence of Buchanania lanzan



Attaching the translated version of another song by Tagore, where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically this tree is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI) .



Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore where PIYAL has been mentioned.
Scientifically the plant is Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).



Attaching translated version of a song by Tagore in which PIYAL is mentioned. This plant is scientifically known as Buchanania lanzan (CHIRONJI).
Sharing some photographs of the flowers, leaves, and the bark of the mid-sized tree Buchanania cochinchinensis.
Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in February 2015. This particular tree had been felled when I was there in March.

Second photograph is simply superb.. Excellent clarity..

Yes very good pictures.
We have yet to come up with Anacardiaceae fortnight.



It is my pleasure to share few images of Buchanania cochinchinensis  (Anacardiaceae


Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Wild, Dry deciduous forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively 

Date: 29-07-2014 and 03-03-2015



Buchanania lanzen Pune SMP MAY2016/1 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Sharing images of an Anacardiaceae member observed in Pune.
Buchanania lanzen (Charoli) चारोळी

The close-up of the flowers in your first photograph is very intriguing. I’m acquainted with this tree in Mumbai (Borivali National Park, Madh etc.). The flowers that I’ve observed have all had 10 stamens and these are shorter than the petals. Had posted the same last year in an earlier thread. My observations have been consistent with the description in Cooke’s Flora (vol. 1): “Stamens 10, a little shorter than the petals…”.
In your photograph, the flowers have 5 stamens that are markedly longer than the petals. Would appreciate any inputs/clarity on this.
I suppose the current name of this tree is Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida.
Many thanks for sharing your Anacardiaceae collection.

Could this be Semecarpus anacardium? I’m surprised to see Buchanania in such a dry looking locality.

The last 2 images can’t be from the same tree!

Anyway liked the last two pictures very much.

spikes my curiosity as to what is it anyway? and are the pictures somehow mixed up

There is an apparent mix-up of images. The first one corresponds to the male flowers of Semecarpus anacardium and the second image seems to be of the same. The habit photo is not very clear but the others appear to be that of Buchanania cochinchinensis.

You are correct. First two photos are Semecarpus anacardium and are from a different set. I am extremely sorry for the mix up.
As rightly said the stamens of Buchanania are 8-10 free inserted at the base of disk while those in Semecarpus are 5-6 as per Cooke


23102017BHAR1 – Light Yellow fruits : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Found in Mannur Forest near Sriperumbudur, Chennai

Looks like Buchanania sp.

This is Buchanania lanzen of Anacardiaceae 


For ID 26092018RK1-Is it Buchanania lanzan? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help in identification of this. Its a local fruit consumed in Jharkhand.
Local name-Piyar
Date-18th May, 2018
Place-Village chewo, Godda, Jharkhand

May be. Pl. check at 

the black fruit is most likely Buchanania lanzan. fruit is sweet. inside is the prized nut called charoli

22/2/08 (P.O.Tala, Distt Umariya. M.P.); 10/8/08 at sarola, near aurangabad;  at Silonda Trail , Sanjay Gandhi National Park– March’09; at Sagargad, Alibag– Jan’10; chironji tree in flower in Bandhavgarh Ntl Park – indiantreepix | Google Groups flowering plant 080810_2 – indiantreepix | Google Groups






Tree for ID :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

This tree was seen in Aarey forest in Mumbai. Pics were taken in Dec 2015.
The name given was Madhuca longifolia. Is it var. longifolia.
The last pic of the fruits (Madhuca_Aarey6) is taken at a location some 200 mts from the earlier tree.
Please ID.

May be.

If it is Madhuca, it is more likely to be Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia

It’s very close to Semicarpus anacardium

It seems to be Semecarpus sp. maybe even cashew,

The leaf base was bothering me,  it is more likely to be Buchanania

I agree with … For me also it looks like Buchanania may be sp. barberi

The local sp. is B. cochinchinensis. It is found in Mumbai area, fairly common


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