Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11:133. 1893 “Cajan cajan” (C. F. Millspaugh, Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 2(1):53. 1900) (Syn: (=) Cajanus bicolor DC. ; (≡) Cajanus flavus DC.; (≡) Cajanus indicus Spreng.; (≡) Cytisus cajan L. (basionym));
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Images by Gurcharan Singh & Karuna Kanta Das (Placed here by J.M.Garg)

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kaj-AY-nus
— Latinized form of the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon pea
Dave’s Botanary
KAJ-an — from the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon peaDave’s Botanary
.
commonly known as: Congo pea, no eye pea, pigeon pea, red gramAssamese: অৰহৰ arahar, মিৰি মাহ mirai-mahaBengali: অড়হর araharGujarati: તુવેર tuverHindi: अरहर arhar, तुवर tuvarKannada: ತೊಗರಿ ಬೆಳೆ togari bele, ತೊಗರಿ ಕಾಳು togari kaluKonkani: तोरी toriMalayalam: ആഢകി adhaki, തുവര tuvaraManipuri: মাইৰোংবী mairongbiMarathi: तूर turNepali: रहर raharOriya: ହର୍ ହର୍ har-har, କାକ୍ଷୀ kakshi, ତୁବର tubaraPersian: شاخول shakhulPunjabi: ਦਿੰਗੇਰ dingerSanskrit: आढकी adhaki, काक्षी kakshi, तुवरी tuvariTamil: ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvaraiTelugu: ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramuTibetan: tu ba riUrdu: ارهر arhar, توأر tuar
and more names in Sanskrit: भारवृक्ष bharavrksha, कपिलद्रुम kapiladruma, करवीरभुजा karavirabhuja, पीतपुष्पा pitapushpa, वर्णा varna, वृत्तबीजा vrttabija
.
shrub reaching 3 m; leaves pinnately trifoliate with elliptic to lanceolate up to 8 cm long leaflets, pubescent above, pilose beneath; Flowers yellow with reddish-brown lines, in terminal panicles on up to 7 cm long peduncles; pod up to 10 cm long, pubescent.
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Cajanus cajan from tirupati:
common leguminous crop in the
Tirupati area 


– the leaves of this plant is used to cure jaundice


– It is a common DAAL (Pulse) all over India called as arhar ki Daal



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Cajanus cajan from Delhi: 
Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp. in Publ.Field Mus.Nat.Hist.Bot. Ser. 2:53. 1900.

Syn: Cajanus indicus Spreng.; Cytisus cajan Linn.
Common names: Congo-pea, pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal
Hindi: Arhar
Shrub reaching 3 m; leaves pinnately trifoliate with elliptic to lanceolate up to 8 cm long leaflets, pubescent above, pilose beneath; Flowers yellow with reddish-brown lines, in terminal panicles on up to 7 cm long peduncles; pod up to 10 cm long, pubescent.
Photographed from Botanical Garden, Khalsa College, Delhi

Innovative herb grower of my state … is growing Cajanus on Safed Musli beds (after maturity). Maximum utilization of space.
Second picture is of rare Cajanus seeds collected from the Niyamgiri Hills. It is still under cultivation through traditional farming methods.


Nice Catch Sir Here are Mine


Thanks for showing the plant the seeds of which are used in our daily food. तूर डाळ
The yellow flowers Strap shaped pod with black patches nicely depicted.
Thanks … for your valuable information.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Shrubs/Herbs : Cajanus cajan:
Cajanus cajan
“Tur” तूर
Some variety. Pune
Found growing in an open plot …?escape


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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Cajanus cajan:
Cajanus cajan from Tirupati (AP)


The full yellow flowered one I have a different one.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week- Is this pigeon pea ?:
Found this shrub in Pune, at roadside (probably a planted one), on 21 st Oct 11.
Plz Id.

Yes, it is Cajanus cajan.


Yes Arhar ki Dal… C cajan


Cajanus cajana. Thogari in Kannada. Seeds (toor dal) are the most important ingredient for sambar preparation in South india.



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Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth from Hooghly:
I think this is Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth as in – efi thread. Though it is the ARHAR DAL in Bengali, i do not know why some people plant one or two saplings in their compound.

Species : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
H & H : slender shrub with trifoliolate leaves
Date : 19/11/12, 1.31 p.m.

Place : Hooghly



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Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth from Guwahati.:  Attched images are Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth.
Date :01.12.2012
Location: Guwahati-11 [Dist- Kamrup(Metro)]
Family : Fabaceae
Genus & species : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth
Habitat: Grows on garden
Habit :Shrub
Flower : Large, Yellow in colour
Vern. name : Arahar/ Rahar-mah


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Flora of Madhya Pradesh:
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. from fields near Maihar MP:  Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. from fields near Maihar MP



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Hooghly Today : Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth:
This is ARHAR in Bengali = Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.?].


It is not an agri-production in our area, instead many people grow them in their garden or front-yard, two or three plants only, must be for some Ayurvedic use.


yes. locals use leaf juice for liver ds and they swear by it.
its wild arhar ITS CLAIMED.


Thank you …, this plant shows varied flower colour in different individual, i have pictures of three types.



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Request Tree ID 154 – Bangalore – RA – Is it Common Laburnum- Laburnum anagyroides : Attachments (9). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Is it Common Laburnum- Laburnum anagyroides?


It is the pigeon pea plant, Cajanus cajan.


pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)



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FJ 2 31102013 : Attachments (2). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Please ID this plant with yellow flowers and small pods (Fabaceae) found in the botanical garden in Suva, Fuji. Photo was taken in September 2013.


Any Cajanus sp


Seems Cajanus to me too.
Cajanus cajan? Arhar?


Yes … Looks like Cajanus cajan indeed



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Names of Plants in India :: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth : 5 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > ‎ Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth … family: Fabaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
kaj-AY-nus — Latinized form of the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon peaDave’s Botanary
KAJ-an — from the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon peaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Congo pea, no eye pea, pigeon pea, red gramAssamese: অৰহৰ arahar, মিৰি মাহ mirai-mahaBengali: অড়হর araharGujarati: તુવેર tuverHindi: अरहर arhar, तुवर tuvarKannada: ತೊಗರಿ ಬೆಳೆ togari bele, ತೊಗರಿ ಕಾಳು togari kaluKonkani: तोरी toriMalayalam: ആഢകി adhaki, തുവര tuvaraManipuri: মাইৰোংবী mairongbiMarathi: तूर turNepali: रहर raharOriya: ହର୍ ହର୍ har-har, କାକ୍ଷୀ kakshi, ତୁବର tubaraPersian: شاخول shakhulPunjabi: ਦਿੰਗੇਰ dingerSanskrit: आढकी adhaki, काक्षी kakshi, तुवरी tuvariTamil: ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvaraiTelugu: ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramuTibetan: tu ba riUrdu: ارهر arhar, توأر tuar
and more names in Sanskrit: भारवृक्ष bharavrksha, कपिलद्रुम kapiladruma, करवीरभुजा karavirabhuja, पीतपुष्पा pitapushpa, वर्णा varna, वृत्तबीजा vrttabija
botanical names: Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth … synonyms: Cajanus bicolor DC. • Cajanus flavus DC. • Cajanus indicus Spreng. • Cytisus cajan L. (basionym) … NPGS / GRIN
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Bhile near Chiplun on 05 MAR 11


Thanks for detailed list of names … believe me, I was not aware of the Punjabi name provided.. perhaps this is out now.. we call this Arhar in Punjab too..


Thank you very very much … for validating the Punjabi name.
I will be glad to get arhar OR harhar in Gurmukhi script.
I use The Panjabi dictionary by Bhai Maya Singh … most of the online dictionaries have archaic words, the modern and colloquial names are yet to gain entries.


kaj-AY-nus — Latinized form of the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon pea … Dave’s Botanary
KAJ-an — from the Malay vernacular name for the pigeon pea … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: Congo pea, gungo pea, no eye pea, pigeon pea, red gram • Assamese: অৰহৰ arahar, মিৰি মাহ mirai-maha • Bengali: অড়হর arahar • Gujarati: તુવેર tuver • Hindi: अरहर arhar, तुवर tuvar • Kannada: ಕರಿಉದ್ದು kari-uddu, ತೊಗರಿ ಬೆಳೆ togari bele, ತೊಗರಿ ಕಾಳು togari kalu, ತುರುಕುತೊಗರಿ ಗಿಡ turukutogari gida • Konkani: तोरी ತೋರಿ tori • Malayalam: ആഢകി adhaki, തുവര tuvara • Manipuri: ꯃꯥꯏꯔꯣꯡꯕꯤ mairongbi • Marathi: तूर tur • Nepali: रहर rahar • Odia: ହର୍ ହର୍ har-har, କାକ୍ଷୀ kakshi, ତୁବର tubara • Persian: شاخول shakhul • Punjabi: ਅਰਹਰ arhar, ਦਿੰਗੇਰ dinger • Sanskrit: आढकी adhaki, भारवृक्ष bharavrksha, काक्षी kakshi, कपिलद्रुम kapiladruma, करवीरभुजा karavirabhuja, पीतपुष्पा pitapushpa, तुवरी tuvari, वर्णा varna, वृत्तबीजा vrttabija • Santali: ᱵᱟᱲᱮ bare • Tamil: ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai • Telugu: ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu • Tibetan: tu ba ri • Urdu: ارهر arhar, توأر tuar

botanical namesCajanus cajan (L.) Huth … synonymsCajanus bicolor DC. • Cajanus flavus DC. • Cajanus indicus Spreng. • Cajanus luteus Bello • Cytisus cajan L. … and more listed at POWO … isonymsCajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. • Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce … IPNI

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Congo pea
gungo pea
no eye pea
pigeon pea
red gram
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
অৰহৰ arahar (or অৰ্হৰ arhar or ৰহৰ rahar), মিৰি মাহ mirai maha
  • XOBDO – a descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
অড়হর arahar
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
તુવેર (or તુવર)
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
अरहर arhar (or अरहड़ arhar)
तुवर tuvar (or तुअर tuar)
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕರಿಉದ್ದು kari-uddu
ತೊಗರಿ ಬೆಳೆ togari bele
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu
ತೊಗರಿ ಕಾಳು togari kalu
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia
ತುರುಕುತೊಗರಿ ಗಿಡ turukutogari gida
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
तोरी ತೋರಿ tori
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ആഢകി adhaki, തുവര tuvara
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
ꯃꯥꯏꯔꯣꯡꯕꯤ mairongbi
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
तूर tur
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia
  • for synonym Cytisus cajan L. … A dictionary, Marathi and English by Molesworth, J. T. (James Thomas) … or तोर torतुवरी tuvari
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ହର୍ ହର୍ har-har (or ହରଡ଼ hararda)
କାକ୍ଷୀ kakshi
ତୁବର tubara (or ତୁବରିକା tubarika)
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
रहर rahar
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia
~~~~~ PERSIAN ~~~~~
شاخول shakhul
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
ਅਰਹਰ arhar
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia
ਦਿੰਗੇਰ dinger
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
आढकी adhaki (or आढक adhaka), करवीरभुजा karavirabhuja, तुबरी tubari (or तुबरिका tubarika), पीतपुष्पा pitapushpa, वर्णा varna, वृत्तबीजा vrttabija
भारवृक्ष bharavrksha, काक्षी kakshi, कपिलद्रुम kapiladruma
तुवरी tuvari
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Wikipedia

    ~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~

    ᱜᱷᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟ ghangra
    • Many thanks to Prasanta Hembram for help with this name … efloraofindia
    ᱨᱟᱦᱮᱨ raher
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai
  • for pigeon pea … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
ఆఢకి adhaki
కంది kandi
  • for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Flora Andhrika – Plant Wealth of Andhra Pradesh, India … also కొండ కంది kondakandiపెద్ద కంది peddakandi
తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ತೊಗೊರಿ togori
  • for synonym Cajanus indicus Spreng. … Five Hundred Indian Plants by Basel Mission, Mangalore
  • or ತೊಗ್ರಿ thogari … for isonym Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu
  • or ತೊಗರಿ togari or ತೊಗರೆ togare … Tulu-English Dictionary (1886) by Rev. A. Männer
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
ارهر arhar (or ارهڙ arhar)
توأر tuar
~~~~~ x ~~~~~


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ANOCT25 Please identify this Fabaceae herb : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10).

Bangalore outskirts
6th October 2014

The plant was growing outside a house, most likely is cultivated. Older stem parts have ridges and furrows.


This is pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan.


this is wild arhar
in bengal, ethnomedicine claims its leaf juice is an elixir in liver disorders esp. hepatitis leading to jaundice.  folks tend to look after a spontaneously sprouting gachh with care.

Thank you ma’am, yes, this plant was growing in the same stone pot as tulsi gida (Ocimum sanctum) but nobody had pulled it out.



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SYMBIOSIS : 703 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Bumble Bee on the flowers of Cajanus cajan (ARHAR).



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SYMBIOSIS : 752 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Forget Me Not butterfly on flowers of Cajanus cajan (ARHAR).

wild arhar imp. hepatic supporter herb


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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Cajanus cajan from Delhi-GSOCT04/04 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Millsp. in Publ.Field Mus.Nat.Hist.Bot. Ser. 2:53. 1900.
Syn: Cajanus indicus Spreng.; Cytisus cajan Linn.
Common names: Congo-peapigeon-peared gramyellow dhal
Hindi: Arhar
shrub reaching 3 m; leaves pinnately trifoliate with elliptic to lanceolate up to 8 cm long leaflets, pubescent above, pilose beneath; Flowers yellow with reddish-brown lines, in terminal panicles on up to 7 cm long peduncles; pod up to 10 cm long, pubescent.
Photographed from Botanical Garden, Khalsa College, Delhi

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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Cajanus cajan (L.) Hutch.from Assam KD 03 OCT15 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Attached images are Cajanus cajan (L.) Hutch from Assam.



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Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
at Ganeshpuri on January 12, 2014
at Bhile, Chiplun on March 5, 2011 

very nice. arhar in bangla. leaf juice is prescribed for liver disorders esp hepatitis
I think you already had this name in your vernacular lists when you were working on it


Thanks … Yes, you remember it right; it is listed in my post during last year.



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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Cajanus cajan :: Panipat :: NS OCT 13/13 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
A cultivated species, though not on a considerable scale in our area…
Cajanus cajan



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This is a photograph of one of the most common Indian pulses, i.e. toovar / toor. 
Common names: toovar/toor, arhar, red gram, Pigeon pea.  
Bot  name: Cajanus cajan (Cajanus indicus).
family: Fabaceae


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TSPNOV2015-45:Images of Cajanus cajan (Fabaceae) : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Cajanus cajan (Fabaceae)
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Cultivated..
Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl.
Date: 13-01-2014, 10-11-2014 and 24-10-2015 

in gujarati i think this Tuver
green pads themselves nad the green peas that can abe shelled out is a winter delicacy in Gujarat
a key ingredient in a mixed spicey vegetable dish called esp. Undhiyu. yummy
I see in your pictures that is cultivated in Karnataka. is it locally sold as green pods? we don’t get it in west Bengal

This is Tuwar isn’t it?


yes … i have heard different people pronounce them differently same thing different pronunciation/ different spelling i guess



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SYMBIOSIS : 823 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image in which two Rose-Ring Parakeet are feeding on seeds of Cajanus cajan (ARAHAR/ TUR).



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Piptanthus nepalensis (Hook.)D.Don (accepted name) ??? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

Location: Irkhu, Chautara , Nepal
Altitude:  5500 ft.
Date: 13 December 2016

Piptanthus nepalensis (Hook.)D.Don (accepted name)  ???

Nepali Names: सुगा फूल Sugaa Phool / सिकसीके Sikasike
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=220010511  ??

Not Piptanthus nepalensis. It is Cajanus cajan to me.
Please see P.nepalensis in efi.


Yes it is ! Thank you …



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Santali names of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth:

I got the name ᱵᱟᱲᱮ bare for Cajanus cajan from your post.

I found one name raher in Santali-English dictionary by A. Campbell, of the Santal mission. Please help me with the name raher in the Ol Chiki script.


I’m very sorry for the very wrong information. ᱵᱟᱲᱮ  means Banyan tree (https://sat.wikipedia.org/wiki/B1%AE).. The source has some errors. Instead after asking my family members and some native people they said correct word for  Cajanus cajan will be Ghangra (ᱜᱷᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟ) and not bare.
In the book for Cajanus Indicus, it is written raher whose transcription shall be ᱨᱟᱦᱮᱨ
I will recheck my post and update you, till then I request you to inform me like this so that we can avoid errors in future.:-)

Thank you very very much … for the correction. I will do the necessary edits.
Henceforth, I will mark a copy to you and all those whose help was in compiling names.
Thank you also for ᱨᱟᱦᱮᱨ raher.
Will incorporate the name soon.

And will also incorporate the name ᱜᱷᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱟ ghangra.


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Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. AND Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth:

I was about to compile names of the species Cajanus cajan, when I stumbled across pages for each of these taxons – Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. AND Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth at POWO and GBIF, and perhaps they are listed similarly in other taxonomical sites. At Wikipedia, there is Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. … at eFI, we have Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth … at FoI, we have Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.

There may be some reason why both taxa are listed as accepted names; but I think they both are pointing to the same popular plant that is cultivated world-over. Please help me know which one is to be considered as heading for compiling its names in Indian languages. In my notes, I have been using Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.


https://www.ipni.org/n/1006709-2

If we follow CoL, Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. should be the accepted name !


It is better to follow IPNI when in doubt.


Thank you very very much, …

I will go with Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. as per IPNI.


On going through the following pages, I found:
GBIFCajanus cajan (L.) Huth as “ACCEPTED” and  Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. as “DOUBTFUL”
IPNICajanus cajan (L.) Huth … here, Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. and Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce are mentioned as isonyms.
Thus, I am taking Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth as heading for compilation of vernacular names.

when dealing with accepted names we have to follow nomenclature rules

Earliest name for the plant is Cytisus cajan Linn., 1753
Since this species was later transferred to genus Cajanus, we have to follow earliest valid combination 
We have these
Obviously Cajanus cajanus (L.) Huth is the accepted name

If you Google search, you will find most recent publications following this.



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References:

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