Calophyllum inophyllum L., Sp. Pl. 513 53 (Syn: Balsamaria inophyllum Lour.;
Calophyllum apetalum Blanco
kal-oh-FIL-lum — from the Greek kalos (beautiful) and phyllon (leaf);
referring to the beautifully-veined leaves … Dave’s Botanary
in-oh-FILL-um — from the Greek inodes (fibrous, sinewy) and phyllon (leaf) … Dave’s Botanary

.
commonly known as: Alexandrian laurel, ball tree, beach calophyllum, beauty leaf, domba oil tree, Indian laurel, mast wood, oilnut tree, pinnay oil tree, red poonAssamese: তেল teloBengali: পুন্নাগ punnagaHindi: सुलतान चम्पा sultan champa, सुरपुन surpunKannada: ಹೊನ್ನೆ honne, ಹೂಹೊನ್ನೆ huhonne, ನಮೇರು ಮರ nameru mara, ಪಿನ್ನೇಕಾಯಿ pinnaykaayi, ಪೊನ್ನೆ ponne, ಪುನ್ನಾಗ punnaga, ಸುಡಾಬು ಮರ sudaabu mara, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne, ಊಮ ಗಿಡ uuma gida, ವೋಮ vomaKonkani: उंडी undi, ಉಂಡೀರೂಕು undiruku, उंगम ungamMalayalam: പുന്ന punnaMarathi: पुन्नाग punnaga, उंडी undiOdia: କାମ୍ବୋଜ kamboja, ନାଗ ପୁଷ୍ପ naga pushpa, ସୁର ତରୁ sura taruSanskrit: काम्बोज kamboja, नमेरु nameru, पञ्चकेशर panchakeshara, पुंनाग punnaga, पुरुष purusha, तुङ्ग tungaTamil: நமேரு nameru, புன்னை punnai, புருடம் purutamTelugu: నామేరు naameru, పొన్న ponna, పున్నాగ punnagaTulu: ಪೊನ್ನೆಥ ಮರ ponnetha maraUrdu: سرپن surpun

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The wood is very useful in construction of boats. The oil obtained from the seeds is medicinal as well as used as fuel; 
In the old days the seeds were collected by coastal village folks (read women) and used for oil lamps…. recently saw conferences being advertised internationally about use of Calophyllum inophyllum cultivation for profit for bio diesel industry …;
In Tamil Nadu the oil is not only used for lighting lamps but also used in treating skin diseases;
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Request for ID : 170611 : AK-2: Taken at Kumarakom, Kerala on the 17th of Oct, 2008.
A medium sized tree.
Could these be Schima flowers?



 

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Calophyllum_inophyllum – Aexandrian Laurel Tree :
Lalbagh, Bangalore


This is actually  called ‘False Alexandrian laurel’.  Tamil : Pinnaia sacred tree, planted sometimes in  temples’ 

(seen in Mylapore temple, Chennai). Many medicinal uses especially the oil from seeds. See earlier posting in e-flora.



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VALMIKI : OBSEVER OF NATURE 38:   Attaching two images on the 38th member of the series.Valmiki has mentioned Punnag in his Ramayan.
It is commonly known as Alexandrian Laurel. It is known as Sultana Champa in Hindi and Bangla.The scientific name of the plant is Calophyllum inophyllum



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Seen the Flowering and Fruiting of *Calophyllum inophyllum**.
Family: Clusiaceae.
Date/Time: 28-08-2011 / 10:15AM
Location: Mumbai.

Close up of the flower is a rear sight… usually we get to see the fallen flowers here.. since picking of flowers is a no no and the trees we have in our parks are 30 – 40 years old.. hence quite tall, beyond our reach… this is unique..


It is called as undi उंडी  or Punnag पुन्नाग

A tree common in coastal parts. I have seen these in Coastal Konkan near Rajapur. Many trees in Pondicherry too.
In Pune one tree is present In Abasaheb Garware college; One in Karve nagar in the lane opposite Tathawade Udyan.
Was flowering in last fortnight.

In an ethnobotany course a few years ago, we were told by a visiting professor (name forgotten) : in the old days the seeds were collected by coastal village folks (read women) and used for oil lamps…. recently saw conferences being advertised internationally about use of Calophyllum inophyllum cultivation for profit for bio diesel industry ….

so its old wisdom gathered by these women from their and their ancestors’ experiences and use of their innate intellect , wonder if anybody thought of compensating them for their “patent”  and “TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER” ? These
same farmers // poor folks are asked to fork over major money for hybrid or “improved” seeds  and pay for intellectual rights of MNC scientists !!!!


Local folks still use the fruits for oil.


In Tamil Nadu the oil is not only used for lighting lamps but also used in treating skin diseases. The tree is a sacred tree and planted in temple premises (Shiva). A beautiful specimen tree is seen inside Mylapore temple ( Kapaleswarar koil), Chennai.



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07102011-BS-2 Tre for id from Tirupati:  pls help i id of this tree shot from Tirupati SV University Campus
cultivated, shot on 13-1-11
Rounded fruits were about the size of 4-5 Cm
looks a member of rosaceae


 


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Calophyllum inophyllum : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Alexandrian laurel tree seedling.



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14072013 SR-1 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.

ID Please
Date- 07.06.2013 Place-Kolkata

Planted tree beside a lake, flowers are like Nagkeshar. This photo has been taken one of my facebook friends.


… May be Alexandrian Laurel; common names –Ball tree, Indian laurel, doomba oil tree. ‘Punnakkai’ in Malayalam. Calophyllaceae


Sorry for missing the scientific name Callophyllum inophyllum.



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Calophyllum inophyllum L :  Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Calophyllum inophyllum L (Fam: Cluciaceae = Guttiferae)

Tree cultivated/wild
Chennai

ornamental, medicinal (Bark, seed, seed oil), star tree for the star Ashlesha (Ayilyam), also grown in some temples


Well, okay/


Attached are pictures of Calophyllum inophyllum captured at Mumbai in January 2013.


nice to see the flowers


Was going through the old posts, realised that the first 3 pics in this post are that of Mammea suriga and not Calophyllum inophyllum


Only 4th picture is Calophyllum inophyllum. 



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Seen the Flowering and Fruiting of Calophyllum inophyllum.
Family: Clusiaceae.
Date/Time: 28-08-2011 / 10:15AM
Location: Mumbai.

yes


 


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Need identification of this tree : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).

Kindly help identify this tree.
Pictures are of two trees but they are the same in every way, one is young and one is a little older.

They are growing near each other at Worli, Mumbai.


most likely calophyllum inophyllum

lets see what … or other experts botanists think


Looked it up on the net and it seems as if you have nailed it…


when it flowers smallish white /crean flowers and then round green folowed by wrinkled bros round balls of fruits… please take several pictures of the flowers… it would not be dfiicult since these are young trees so not far above to reach for pics..


Sure! Just waiting for that to happen!

The tree looks like a miniature Barringtonia……and the flowers which I checked on the net…also look amazingly like those of the Barringtonia.


Does not look like Barringtonia species

efi page on Calophyllum inophyllum


Agreeing with the id Calophyllum inophyllum.


Calophyllum inophyllum L.


Looking at the leaves I think it is Calophyllum inophyllum.


 

Attached are pictures of Calophyllum inophyllum fruits captured at Sagar Upvan, Mumbai in February 2013.



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Request for Id : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
The tree was seen in Mumbai, in a garden in Anushaktinagar-

Date taken : Mar 22, 2015

Some nuts?

Fruits collected from underground of the tree. Are both fruits are the same?
Please help.

May be Calophyllum! or any other Clusiaceae.


brown seed was much larger than its current size when it was green = logical.

so speaks of greater disparity in size of the two = obvious.

second the smaller seed could be from the same tree … fruits of same tree can be of different size, dropping off means some violence, high winds storm rain storm or birds or animals dropped it, so it remains small…????
i  can only suggest  cut/saw it neatly in half and see if the inside structure is the same

if only one seeds inside, only Clusiaceae with one seeded fruit is calophyllum
==
i wish you had picked a leaf and photographed that… strong primary vein and almost parallel secondary veins with inconspicuous tertiary veins = calophyllum
=======

or let it dry and see if it begins to look the same as the brown on…

Secondly what other trees were there that could produce roundish green fruits?
==
if you are back in kolkata,

salt lake central park has many calophyllum inophyllum trees to the left of the main walkway  keeping the lake to the right
you could check out resemblance to your tree there  and the fallen seeds early in the morning will be still there before the sweepers  haul them away..
seeds are  good source of oil (very dense) for oil lamps
that’s the ethnobotanic use for the seeds, used to be very popular, but with ration shop kerosene available just by standing in line,  seems to be fallen off the radar for manufacture in the villages along the ganges delta..


Thank you all, for quick response.

…, I am in Kolkata now. I will try to visit central park as you suggested.

The fruit had one seed inside, I have checked in Mumbai.


so if you take its pictures

please send them in, here in this thread, …

looking forward to them


Callophyllum innophyllum


 


Images by tspkumar

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TSP-DEC2015-40-213: Images of Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Moist deciduous forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 08-07-2015 and 28-11-2015


 


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SK335JAN22-2017:ID : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Bali, Indonesia
Altitude: 60 ft.

Date: 11 June 2014


Inlophylum callophylum?
Pl.  Check the spellings.


Thank you ..!  Calophyllum inophyllum L. (accepted name)



 

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Tree for ID, Hyderabad NAW-FEB17-01 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Kindly Identify this tree, photographed in Hyderabad in June, 2016.

Roadside tree more than 10 metres in height, no flowers sighted. Woody wrinkly fruit with single seed littered the ground.


Calophyllum inophyllum L. [Clusiaceae].


It is Calophyllum inophyllum L., of Calophyllaceae, the dried fruit and leaf are clear; it is often found planted or as an escape on road side


Thank you all. I thought that this was an exotic – good to know (as per wikipedia) that it is native to India though not for as inland a region as Hyderabad.


Calophyllum inophyllum L., it is a star tree, ornamental and medicinal tree, the butter extracted from the fruit is used in cosmetic preparations.


Calophyllum inophyllum known as Punna – പുന്ന – in Malayalam.

Oil extracted from the seeds of this tree was used to light lamps (pre-electrification days!)

The oil also has medicinal properties.


 

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Fruit for Id – ID12032017SH2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Fruit for Id pl.
Location – BPT Garden (Sagar Upvan), Colaba, Mumbai
Date- 10.03.2017

Calophyllum inophyllum L. [Clusiaceae].


Thanks … I had seen the flowers of this plant which we call ‘ सुरंगी’ in Marathi. In Konkan and Goa “gajaras’ are made of these flowers to wear in hair as they are very fragrant. I have seen it’s fruits for first time.


 


Fwd: RABINDRA SANGEET : BEE : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Here is translation of another song by Rabindranath Tagore (translated by Rumela Sengupta) whre bee has been mentioned. The image is by …


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I am curious to know the meaning of the name పొన్న ponna, which seems to be a generic name, given to several plants, some of which are:
Calophyllum inophyllum L. (most appropriate) • Ceriops roxburghiana Arn. • Rhizophora apiculata Blume • Rhizophora mucronata Lam.
And then there are several more with some descriptive words as prefix …
Please validate the meanings I have attempted to put; those marked in red are where I am in doubt.
adavi ponna
అడవి = wild
Rhizophora mucronata LAM.


dudduponna
దుడ్డు = rough ?
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) SOVIGY.


edaakula ponna / edakula ponna
ఏడాకుల / ఏడాకుల = ?
Alstonia scholaris R.BR.


kaaki ponna
కాకి = crow
Rhizophora apiculata BL.


kolaku ponna / kolku ponna
కోలాకు = long-leaved
Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. • Hedysarum gangeticum L. • Uraria lagopodoides (L.) DC.


kola ponna
కోల = long
Aglaia odorata LOUR. • Cassia fistula L. • Uraria lagopodioides DC.


manci ponna / manji ponna
మంచి = good, best
Rhizophora mucronata LAM.


mullu ponna ganti
ముల్ = thorn, spike … గంటి = hole, bore ?
Alternanthera pungens H.B.K.


muyaku ponna / muyyaku ponna
మూయక / ముయ్యాకు = ?
Pseudarthria viscida WIGHT & ARN.


nakkathoka ponna
నక్కతోక = fox-tail
Uraria lagopodioides DC. • Aglaia odorata LOUR.


nayaku ponna
నాయకు = leader, king
Pseudarthria viscida WIGHT & ARN.


nela ponna
నేల = ground, earth
Cassia acutifolia DELILE • Cassia angustifolia VAHL. • Cassia italica (MILL.) SPRENG. • Cassia mimosoides L. • Cassia obovata COLLOD. • Cassia senna L.


Ponna ganti kura
గంటి = hole, bore ? … కూర = herb, greens
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.BR.EX DC.


ponna vithulu
విత్తులు = seeds
Calophyllum inophyllum L.


sura ponna
సుర = celestial, divine ?
Mammea longifolia PLANCH. & TRIANA.


thuddu ponna
తుడ్డు must be variant of దుడ్డు = rough ?
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) SOVIGY.


uppo ponna / uppu ponna
ఉప్పు = salt
Rhizophora mucronata LAM. • Dillenia indica L. • Rhizophora apiculata BL. • Rhizophora mucronata LAM.


… you are great

in pure telugu -PONNA means visible/looks like
In Sanskrit/ sanskritised Tekugu Ponna means a tree –Calophyllum inophyllum;
the plants that grows in salt marshy areas that look like Calophyllum are known as vuppuponna (Vuppu in telugu=salt)
duddu= thick
Ponnagantikura= leaves look like calophyllum ls but small; they are useful for eye health hence ponna+ kanti/ganti
they used the word ponna as a sufix to many plants ; there is no perfect reasoning

So also, but some names are really puzzling for Telugu people also for their origin, the language/regional dialects change with time,


Thank you very much … for giving clarity about the name ponna, and meanings of some of the prefixes.

I agree some of the prefixes are puzzling, ambiguous. It is possible that they are written / transcribed wrongly.



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via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Calophyllum inophyllum L. … family: Clusiaceae a.k.a. Guttiferae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
kal-oh-FIL-lum — from the Greek kalos (beautiful) and phyllon (leaf); referring to the beautifully-veined leavesDave’s Botanary
in-oh-FILL-um — from the Greek inodes (fibrous, sinewy) and phyllon (leaf)Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Alexandrian laurel, ball tree, beach calophyllum, beauty leaf, domba oil tree, Indian laurel, mast wood, oilnut tree, pinnay oil tree, red poonAssamese: তেল teloBengali: পুন্নাগ punnagaHindi: सुलतान चम्पा sultan champa, सुरपुन surpunKannada: ಹೊನ್ನೆ honne, ಹೂಹೊನ್ನೆ huhonne, ನಮೇರು ಮರ nameru mara, ಪಿನ್ನೇಕಾಯಿ pinnaykaayi, ಪೊನ್ನೆ ponne, ಪುನ್ನಾಗ punnaga, ಸುಡಾಬು ಮರ sudaabu mara, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne, ಊಮ ಗಿಡ uuma gida, ವೋಮ vomaKonkani: उंडी undi, ಉಂಡೀರೂಕು undiruku, उंगम ungamMalayalam: പുന്ന punnaMarathi: पुन्नाग punnaga, उंडी undiOdia: କାମ୍ବୋଜ kamboja, ନାଗ ପୁଷ୍ପ naga pushpa, ସୁର ତରୁ sura taruSanskrit: काम्बोज kamboja, नमेरु nameru, पञ्चकेशर panchakeshara, पुंनाग punnaga, पुरुष purusha, तुङ्ग tungaTamil: நமேரு nameru, புன்னை punnai, புருடம் purutamTelugu: నామేరు naameru, పొన్న ponna, పున్నాగ punnagaTulu: ಪೊನ್ನೆಥ ಮರ ponnetha maraUrdu: سرپن surpun
botanical names: Calophyllum inophyllum L. … synonyms: Calophyllum blumei Wight … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
April 11, 2009 … Burondi, near Dapoli



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Someshwar beach, Mangalore- June 8, 2008; Few flowers on 28/7/07 at Botanical Gardens, Kolkata; in Botanical gardens in Pondicheri in Feb 2007; on the  Hedwi beach in Ratnagiri district– Jan’10?; Calophyllum inophyllum – as they receive their first dunking – indiantreepix | Google Groups
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Calophyllum inophyllum Calophyllum inophyllum मराठी: उंडी 

Observed on the edges of sea coast.
A native evergreen tree from Family:
Clusiaceae.
The wood is very useful in construction of boats. The oil obtained from the 
seeds is medicinal as well as used as fuel. 

Of course yes, in Chennai. It is a common tree in Tamil Nadu.This has lot of  medicinal properties. This is one of the sacred trees too in Tamilnadu and found inside the  Mylapore Kapaleshwarar temple premises.



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Calophyllum inophyllum: The tree is in bloom in Chennai now.

–  very nice photo of fls of  Callophylum sps. i.e. called undil in local language, even though common in Mumbai i havenot seen fls.



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Calophyllum inophyllum :: Puducherry :: 14 OCT 19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.

Puducherry near sea coast

Dates, various: October 14 – 15, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl

Calophyllum inophyllum  L.


 


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SK 2449 10 February 2020 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location :  Koh Chang, Thailand
Date: 09 December 2019
Elevation : MSL
Habitat : Wild/Cultivated??

Calophyllum inophyllum, Clusiaceae,



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Fwd: MS/4/2020/1 ID of the tree. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Please I D the plant photographs.
Place: Chennai Road.
Date : Not known : during 2019.
Looks like Calophyllum inophyllum

Yes, it is …, Calophyllaceae,

Yes, beautiful large evergreen tree. I have fruits of Chlorophyll inophyllum. Collected from Gujarat.
Attachments (3)

Thanks … for your quick response and confirming the ID. I will go with C.inophyllum.



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SEED for id: I found this seed in a sandy place near Cherai beach, Kochi last year. i thought about it yesterday and got it out..there was something wobbling inside so i cracked it open.

Can someone id this seed?


… has suggested that it may be Cerbera odollam. can others comment ?


Beware, the seed is extremely poisonous.


Could it be Calophyllum inophyllum (Family: Calophyllaceae)? Just a wild guess..


I guess seeds belong to Calophyllum inophyllum.


this is the seed of Calophyllum inophyllum, a common tree of coastal areas in India.


References: http://tropical.theferns.info/image.php?id=Calophyllum+inophyllum
Science Direct



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References:

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