Calophyllum inophyllum L., Sp. Pl. 513 53 (Syn: Balsamaria inophyllum Lour.;
Calophyllum apetalum Blanco;
Calophyllum bingator Roxb.; Calophyllum blumei Wight;
Calophyllum ovatifolium Noronha; Calophyllum spurium Choisy;
Calophyllum wakamatsui Kaneh. …..);
kal-oh-FIL-lum — from the Greek kalos (beautiful) and phyllon (leaf);
referring to the beautifully-veined leaves … Dave’s Botanary
in-oh-FILL-um — from the Greek inodes (fibrous, sinewy) and phyllon (leaf) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Alexandrian laurel, ball tree, beach calophyllum, beauty leaf, domba oil tree, Indian laurel, mast wood, oilnut tree, pinnay oil tree, red poon • Assamese: তেল telo • Bengali: পুন্নাগ punnaga • Hindi: सुलतान चम्पा sultan champa, सुरपुन surpun • Kannada: ಹೊನ್ನೆ honne, ಹೂಹೊನ್ನೆ huhonne, ನಮೇರು ಮರ nameru mara, ಪಿನ್ನೇಕಾಯಿ pinnaykaayi, ಪೊನ್ನೆ ponne, ಪುನ್ನಾಗ punnaga, ಸುಡಾಬು ಮರ sudaabu mara, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne, ಊಮ ಗಿಡ uuma gida, ವೋಮ voma • Konkani: उंडी undi, ಉಂಡೀರೂಕು undiruku, उंगम ungam • Malayalam: പുന്ന punna • Marathi: पुन्नाग punnaga, उंडी undi • Odia: କାମ୍ବୋଜ kamboja, ନାଗ ପୁଷ୍ପ naga pushpa, ସୁର ତରୁ sura taru • Sanskrit: काम्बोज kamboja, नमेरु nameru, पञ्चकेशर panchakeshara, पुंनाग punnaga, पुरुष purusha, तुङ्ग tunga • Tamil: நமேரு nameru, புன்னை punnai, புருடம் purutam • Telugu: నామేరు naameru, పొన్న ponna, పున్నాగ punnaga • Tulu: ಪೊನ್ನೆಥ ಮರ ponnetha mara • Urdu: سرپن surpun
The wood is very useful in construction of boats. The oil obtained from the seeds is medicinal as well as used as fuel;
In the old days the seeds were collected by coastal village folks (read women) and used for oil lamps…. recently saw conferences being advertised internationally about use of Calophyllum inophyllum cultivation for profit for bio diesel industry …;
In Tamil Nadu the oil is not only used for lighting lamps but also used in treating skin diseases;
Request for ID : 170611 : AK-2: Taken at Kumarakom, Kerala on the 17th of Oct, 2008.
Calophyllum_inophyllum – Aexandrian Laurel Tree :
This is actually called ‘False Alexandrian laurel’. Tamil : Pinnai – a sacred tree, planted sometimes in temples’
VALMIKI : OBSEVER OF NATURE 38: Attaching two images on the 38th member of the series.Valmiki has mentioned Punnag in his Ramayan.
Seen the Flowering and Fruiting of *Calophyllum inophyllum**.
Date/Time: 28-08-2011 / 10:15AM
Close up of the flower is a rear sight… usually we get to see the fallen flowers here.. since picking of flowers is a no no and the trees we have in our parks are 30 – 40 years old.. hence quite tall, beyond our reach… this is unique..
It is called as undi उंडी or Punnag पुन्नाग
A tree common in coastal parts. I have seen these in Coastal Konkan near Rajapur. Many trees in Pondicherry too.
In Pune one tree is present In Abasaheb Garware college; One in Karve nagar in the lane opposite Tathawade Udyan. Was flowering in last fortnight.
In an ethnobotany course a few years ago, we were told by a visiting professor (name forgotten) : in the old days the seeds were collected by coastal village folks (read women) and used for oil lamps…. recently saw conferences being advertised internationally about use of Calophyllum inophyllum cultivation for profit for bio diesel industry ….
Local folks still use the fruits for oil.
In Tamil Nadu the oil is not only used for lighting lamps but also used in treating skin diseases. The tree is a sacred tree and planted in temple premises (Shiva). A beautiful specimen tree is seen inside Mylapore temple (Kapaleswarar koil), Chennai.
07102011-BS-2 Tre for id from Tirupati: pls help i id of this tree shot from Tirupati SV University Campus
cultivated, shot on 13-1-11
Rounded fruits were about the size of 4-5 Cm
looks a member of rosaceae
Calophyllum inophyllum : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
14072013 SR-1 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Date- 07.06.2013 Place-Kolkata
Planted tree beside a lake, flowers are like Nagkeshar. This photo has been taken one of my facebook friends.
… May be Alexandrian Laurel; common names –Ball tree, Indian laurel, doomba oil tree. ‘Punnakkai’ in Malayalam. Calophyllaceae
Sorry for missing the scientific name Callophyllum inophyllum.
Calophyllum inophyllum L : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
ornamental, medicinal (Bark, seed, seed oil), star tree for the star Ashlesha (Ayilyam), also grown in some temples
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight :: Clusiaceae :: Calophyllum inophyllum :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV-02 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 1 correct image.
nice to see the flowers
Was going through the old posts, realised that the first 3 pics in this post are that of Mammea suriga and not Calophyllum inophyllum
Only 4th picture is Calophyllum inophyllum.
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight: Clusiaceae ::Calophyllum inophyllum :: at Mumbai: -PKA-Nov-24:: : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Seen the Flowering and Fruiting of Calophyllum inophyllum.
Date/Time: 28-08-2011 / 10:15AM
Need identification of this tree : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).
Kindly help identify this tree.
Pictures are of two trees but they are the same in every way, one is young and one is a little older.
They are growing near each other at Worli, Mumbai.
most likely calophyllum inophyllum. lets see what … or other experts botanists think
Looked it up on the net and it seems as if you have nailed it…
when it flowers smallish white /crean flowers and then round green folowed by wrinkled bros round balls of fruits… please take several pictures of the flowers… it would not be dfiicult since these are young trees so not far above to reach for pics..
Sure! Just waiting for that to happen! The tree looks like a miniature Barringtonia……and the flowers which I checked on the net…also look amazingly like those of the Barringtonia.
Does not look like Barringtonia species
efi page on Calophyllum inophyllum
Agreeing with the id Calophyllum inophyllum.
Calophyllum inophyllum L.
Looking at the leaves I think it is Calophyllum inophyllum.
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight :: Clusiaceae :: Calophyllum inophyllum :: Sagar Upvan, Mumbai :: ARKNOV-01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Request for Id : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
The tree was seen in Mumbai, in a garden in Anushaktinagar-
Date taken : Mar 22, 2015
Fruits collected from underground of the tree. Are both fruits are the same?
May be Calophyllum! or any other Clusiaceae.
brown seed was much larger than its current size when it was green = logical.
so speaks of greater disparity in size of the two = obvious.
second the smaller seed could be from the same tree … fruits of same tree can be of different size, dropping off means some violence, high winds storm rain storm or birds or animals dropped it, so it remains small…????
if only one seeds inside, only Clusiaceae with one seeded fruit is calophyllum
i wish you had picked a leaf and photographed that… strong primary vein and almost parallel secondary veins with inconspicuous tertiary veins = calophyllum
or let it dry and see if it begins to look the same as the brown on…
Secondly what other trees were there that could produce roundish green fruits?
if you are back in kolkata,
salt lake central park has many calophyllum inophyllum trees to the left of the main walkway keeping the lake to the right
Thank you all, for quick response. …, I am in Kolkata now. I will try to visit central park as you suggested. The fruit had one seed inside, I have checked in Mumbai.
so if you take its pictures. please send them in, here in this thread, … looking forward to them
TSP-DEC2015-40-213: Images of Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Calophyllum inophyllum (Clusiaceae)
Habitat: Moist deciduous forest
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 800 msl
Date: 08-07-2015 and 28-11-2015
SK335JAN22-2017:ID : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Bali, Indonesia
Altitude: 60 ft.
Date: 11 June 2014
Thank you ..! Calophyllum inophyllum L. (accepted name)
Tree for ID, Hyderabad NAW-FEB17-01 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Kindly Identify this tree, photographed in Hyderabad in June, 2016.
Roadside tree more than 10 metres in height, no flowers sighted. Woody wrinkly fruit with single seed littered the ground.
Calophyllum inophyllum L. [Clusiaceae].
It is Calophyllum inophyllum L., of Calophyllaceae, the dried fruit and leaf are clear; it is often found planted or as an escape on road side
Thank you all. I thought that this was an exotic – good to know (as per wikipedia) that it is native to India though not for as inland a region as Hyderabad.
Calophyllum inophyllum L., it is a star tree, ornamental and medicinal tree, the butter extracted from the fruit is used in cosmetic preparations.
Calophyllum inophyllum known as Punna – പുന്ന – in Malayalam.
Fruit for Id – ID12032017SH2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Fruit for Id pl.
Location – BPT Garden (Sagar Upvan), Colaba, Mumbai
Calophyllum inophyllum L. [Clusiaceae].
Thanks … I had seen the flowers of this plant which we call ‘ सुरंगी’ in Marathi. In Konkan and Goa “gajaras’ are made of these flowers to wear in hair as they are very fragrant. I have seen it’s fruits for first time.
Fwd: RABINDRA SANGEET : BEE : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is translation of another song by Rabindranath Tagore (translated by Rumela Sengupta) whre bee has been mentioned. The image is by …
Telugu name పొన్న ponna for several plants : 2 posts by 1 author.
I am curious to know the meaning of the name పొన్న ponna, which seems to be a generic name, given to several plants, some of which are:
edaakula ponna / edakula ponna
kolaku ponna / kolku ponna
manci ponna / manji ponna
mullu ponna ganti
muyaku ponna / muyyaku ponna
Ponna ganti kura
uppo ponna / uppu ponna
… you are great
in pure telugu -PONNA means visible/looks like
In Sanskrit/ sanskritised Tekugu Ponna means a tree –Calophyllum inophyllum;
the plants that grows in salt marshy areas that look like Calophyllum are known as vuppuponna (Vuppu in telugu=salt)
Ponnagantikura= leaves look like calophyllum ls but small; they are useful for eye health hence ponna+ kanti/ganti
they used the word ponna as a sufix to many plants ; there is no perfect reasoning
So also, but some names are really puzzling for Telugu people also for their origin, the language/regional dialects change with time,
Thank you very much … for giving clarity about the name ponna, and meanings of some of the prefixes.
Names of Plants in India :: Calophyllum inophyllum L. : 2 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
via Species > C > Calophyllum inophyllum L. … family: Clusiaceae a.k.a. Guttiferae
kal-oh-FIL-lum — Greek: kalos (beautiful); phyllon (leaf); referring to the beautifully-veined leaves of the Calaba tree … Dave’s Botanary
in-oh-FILL-um — Greek: inodes (fibrous, sinewy); phyllon (leaf) … Dave’s Botanarycommonly known as: Alexandrian laurel, ball tree, beach calophyllum, beauty leaf, domba oil tree, Indian laurel, mast wood, oilnut tree, pinnay oil tree, red poon • Assamese: তেল telo • Bengali: পুন্নাল punnal, পুন্নাগ punnaga, গুলন gulan, হুন্ডাইল hundai, পানিয়াল panial, সুলতানচাঁপা sultan champa • Hindi: सुलतान चम्पा sultan champa, सुरपुन surpun • Kannada: ಹೊನ್ನೆ honne, ಹೂಹೊನ್ನೆ huhonne, ನಮೇರು ಮರ nameru mara, ಪಿನ್ನೇಕಾಯಿ pinnaykaayi, ಪೊನ್ನೆ ponne, ಪುನ್ನಾಗ punnaga, ಸುಡಾಬು ಮರ sudaabu mara, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne, ಊಮ ಗಿಡ uuma gida, ವೋಮ voma • Konkani: उंडी undi, ಉಂಡೀರೂಕು undiruku, उंगम ungam • Malayalam: പുന്ന punna • Marathi: पुन्नाग punnaga, उंडी undi • Odia: କାମ୍ବୋଜ kamboja, ନାଗ ପୁଷ୍ପ naga pushpa, ସୁର ତରୁ sura taru • Sanskrit: काम्बोज kamboja, नमेरु nameru, पञ्चकेशर panchakeshara, पुंनाग punnaga, पुरुष purusha, तुङ्ग tunga • Tamil: நமேரு nameru, புன்னை punnai, புருடம் purutam • Telugu: నామేరు naameru, పొన్న ponna, పున్నాగ punnaga • Tulu: ಪೊನ್ನೆಥ ಮರ ponnetha mara • Urdu: سرپن surpunbotanical names: Calophyllum inophyllum L. … synonyms: Balsamaria inophyllum Lour. • Calophyllum apetalum Blanco • Calophyllum blumei Wight • Calophyllum ovatifolium Noronha • Calophyllum spurium Choisy • Calophyllum wakamatsui Kaneh. … more at POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
beach calophyllum, beauty leaf, domba oil tree, Indian laurel, red poon
oilnut tree, pinnay oil tree
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
পুন্নাল punnal,গুলন gulan, হুন্ডাইল hundai, পানিয়াল panial, সুলতানচাঁপা sultan champa
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
सुलतान चम्पा sultan champa, सुरपुन surpun
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಹೊನ್ನೆ honne, ಪೊನ್ನೆ ponne, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne
ನಮೇರು ಮರ nameru mara, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne, ಊಮ ಗಿಡ uuma gida, ವೋಮ voma
ಹೂಹೊನ್ನೆ huhonne, ಪಿನ್ನೇಕಾಯಿ pinnaykaayi, ಪುನ್ನಾಗ punnaga, ಸುರಹೊನ್ನೆ surahonne
ಸುಡಾಬು ಮರ sudaabu mara
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
उंडी undi, उंगम ungam
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
କାମ୍ବୋଜ kamboja, ନାଗ ପୁଷ୍ପ naga pushpa, ସୁର ତରୁ sura taru
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
நமேரு nameru, புன்னை punnai, புருடம் purutam
నామేరు naameru, పొన్న ponna, పున్నాగ punnaga
ಪೊನ್ನೆಥ ಮರ ponnetha mara
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Tree on Mowbray’s Road – indiantreepix | Google Groups
View this page: “Calophyllum inophyllum” – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Calophyllum inophyllum Calophyllum inophyllum मराठी: उंडी
Observed on the edges of sea coast.
Calophyllum inophyllum: The tree is in bloom in Chennai now.
– very nice photo of fls of Callophylum sps. i.e. called undil in local language, even though common in Mumbai i havenot seen fls.
Calophyllum inophyllum :: Puducherry :: 14 OCT 19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
Puducherry near sea coast
Dates, various: October 14 – 15, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl
Calophyllum inophyllum L.
SK 2449 10 February 2020 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location : Koh Chang, Thailand
Date: 09 December 2019
Elevation : MSL
Habitat : Wild/Cultivated??
Calophyllum inophyllum, Clusiaceae,
Fwd: MS/4/2020/1 ID of the tree. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Please I D the plant photographs.
Place: Chennai Road.
Date : Not known : during 2019.
Looks like Calophyllum inophyllum
Yes, it is …, Calophyllaceae,
Yes, beautiful large evergreen tree. I have fruits of Chlorophyll inophyllum. Collected from Gujarat.
Thanks … for your quick response and confirming the ID. I will go with C.inophyllum.
SEED for id:
… has suggested that it may be Cerbera odollam. can others comment ?
Beware, the seed is extremely poisonous.
Could it be Calophyllum inophyllum (Family: Calophyllaceae)? Just a wild guess..
I guess seeds belong to Calophyllum inophyllum.
this is the seed of Calophyllum inophyllum, a common tree of coastal areas in India.
150513 ASP 16 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Please identify this fruit. Unfortunately only unripe fruit is shown here. Ripe fruits seem to be red. The fruit is edible. My friend who took the photo says it may be memecylon. Photo was taken in April 2013 in a jungle in dry part of Eastern Sri Lanka.
It may be a Calophyllum sp.
Appears close to images at Calophyllum inophyllum
Tree for ID from Lal Bagh Bangalore-GS05022022-3: 6 very high res. images.
Please help with the ID of Tree photographed from Lal Bagh, Bangalore, 29-9-2015.
Calophyllum inophyllum L. [Calophyllaceae].
Swamy/New series/ID/95 – Calophyllum species.: 8 images.
Yes, appears so.
Among the species, it is