Calophyllum apetalum Willd. (India: Common along the banks of rivers and streams in evergreen forests and backwaters on west coast at low elevations up to 600 m, sometimes up to 1300 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala)
Calophyllum austroindicum Kosterm. ex P. Stevens (India: In forests of Western Ghats between 600 and 1530 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala)
Calophyllum calaba L. var. bracteatum (Wight) P. Stevens (India: Common in lowland to hilly mixed rain forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands); Vietnam to Borneo)
Calophyllum inophyllum L. (India: A littoral species, common on sandy coast and laterite soils just above the high tide line, sometimes up to 200 m often leaning out over sea. Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Tropical E. Africa to Taiwan, the Ryukyu & Live Islands and New Caledonia; native of East Africa, often planted within and outside the limits)
Calophyllum macrocarpum Hook. f. (India: Common along rivers in interior forests on rocky loamy soils at sea level. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Great Nicobar); S. Thailand and Malaya to Borneo)
Calophyllum polyanthum Wallich ex Choisy (India: In tropical wet evergreen forests of Western Ghats particularly in sholas and in Northeastern states in forests up to 1800 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Thailand and South Western China)
Calophyllum soulattri Burm. f. (India: In rain forests up to 300 m. prefers drained habitat but sometimes occurs in swamp forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Vietnam to Australia, the Solomon & Palau Islands; more or less naturalized on the Mascarenas. Native of S.E. Asia and the Philippines)
Calophyllum tetrapterum Miq. (India: Usually in well drained, mixed forests, often on sandy soils. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (S. Andamans); Cambodia to Borneo) 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Moderate sized
Low Elevations
in Western Ghats and along Back Waters
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Thanjavur, Tirunelveli
Calophyllum austroindicum Kosterm. Tall
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Calophyllum inophyllum L. Moderate
sized Tree
Coastal, often Cultivated
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Pinnai, Nagam, Punnai nagam
Calophyllum polyanthum Wall.ex Choisy Tree Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri, Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli
Pinnai, Kattu punnai


Calophyllum elatum BEDD. = Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. ex Choisy (Assam, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal)


  • Calophyllum apetalum Willd. (Endemic to Western Ghats)
  • Calophyllum austroindicum Kosterm. ex Stevens (Endemic to Western Ghats)
  • Calophyllum polyanthum Wall. Ex Choisy (South and Central Sahyadris in India)


    Botanical name Family Common name

    Calophyllum inophyllum Clusiaceae Sultan Champa

    Calophyllum inophyllum Linnaeus [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Philippines, Sri
    Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa (including Madagascar), Australia, Indian Ocean
    islands (Mascarenes), Pacific islands (Polynesia)].
    Calophyllum polyanthum Wallich ex Choisy [Bangladesh, Bhutan, N India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

    Calophyllum wightianum Wall. ex Planch. & Triana is a synonym of Calophyllum apetalum Willd.

    Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 2, Fruits By T. K. Lim, Lim T. K. (2012)- Details-
    Calophyllum spectabile Willd. is a synonym of Calophyllum tacamahaca Willd.
    Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-
    An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
    Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1 edited by Subodh Kapoor (2002)- Details-
    Calophyllum angustifolium Roxb. (Unresolved) (? India)
    Calophyllum wightianum Wall. ex Planch. & Triana is a synonym of Calophyllum apetalum Willd.

    Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D.Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details-
    Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
    Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-
    Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-Details-
    Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1893)- Details-
    Calophyllum ‎(Clusiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Calophyllum (Pl. click).

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

    Further updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Calophyllum (Pl. click).


    Pl. go through Calophyllum (‎‎Clusiaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by D S Rawat ji) in efloraofindia.

    If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

    Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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