(China Southeast as per POWO)




Camellia japonica L. (Introduced)
(China (Shandong, E-Zhejiang), Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., South Korea, Taiwan (I), Java (I), Vietnam (I), Nepal (I), Sao Tome (I), Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Mexico (I), Honduras (c), Bolivia (I), Colombia (I), USA (I) (Florida (I), Georgia (I), North Carolina (I), South Carolina (I)) as per Catalogue of life)









Camellia kissi Wall. (China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam, Andamans (South Andamans), Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Shan, Taninthayi), India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life)




Camellia oleifera Abel (Cultivated) 
(China (wide areas of S-Qinling Shan to Huaihe River valley in China), Japan (Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., Korea (I), N-Laos, N-Myanmar [Burma], N-Vietnam, trop. Africa (I), USA (I) (Florida (I), Georgia (I), North Carolina (I), South Carolina (I)) as per Catalogue of Life) (Camellia sasanqua Thunb. (Occasionally cultivated in Assam) (syn. of Camellia oleifera Abel.) as per BSI Flora of India with details & keys (Volume 3- 1993))



(China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Shaanxi), Taiwan, Tibet, Ryukyu Isl. (c), Korea (c), India (c), Myanmar [Burma] (c), Southern Marianas (c) (Guam (c)), Mauritius (c), Andamans (c), Nicobars (c), Vietnam (c), Laos (c), Bhutan (c), Sulawesi (c), Sikkim (c), Nepal (c), Java (c), Japan (c), Australia (c) (Queensland (c)), Anatolia (c), trop. Africa (c), Cameroon (c), Mozambique (c), Colombia (c), Costa Rica (c), Panama (c), Bolivia (c), Mexico (c), Honduras (c), Trinidad (c), Tobago (c), Seychelles (c), Assam (c), Cambodia (c), Thailand (c), Bangladesh (c), Sri Lanka (c), Fiji (c), USA (c) (Florida (c), Georgia (c), North Carolina (c), South Carolina (c)), Guinea (c), Sao Tome (c) as per Catalogue of Life)




BSI Flora of India with details & keys
(Volume 3- 1993) (Distribution):

Camellia caudata Wallich (India: Subtropical forests between 900 and 1600 m. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Mizoram; Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Taiwan and Indo-china)
Camellia japonica L. (Cultivated in the garden of hilly areas of North eastern and South India)
  var. kissi (India: In subtropical forest up to 1500 m Eastern Himalayas and N.E. region, and in Bay Islands at lower altitudes. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands); Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and Indo-China)
  var. stenophylla (Kobuski) Sealy (India: In subtropical forests at 1500 m. Meghalaya; Myanmar and China) (syn. of Camellia stenophylla (Merr.) Kobuski– Philippines (Luzon) as per Catalogue of Life) (Camellia stenophylla Kobuski syn. of Camellia fluviatilis Hand.-Mazz. as per POWO- Assam, China Southeast, Hainan, Myanmar)
Camellia lutescens Dyer (India: Eastern Himalayas, in subtropical forests at 1800 m. Arunachal Pradesh; Myanmar and Indo-China) (syn. of Camellia kissi Wall.)
Camellia sasanqua Thunb. (Occasionally cultivated in Assam) (syn. of Camellia oleifera Abel.)
Camellia siangensis T.K. Paul & Nayar (India: In subtropical forests between 1100 and 1700 m. Arunachal Pradesh) 
  var. assamica (Masters) Kitamura (India: Cultivated extensively in upper Assam, also wild in Lakhimpur and Sibsagar districts of Assam; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, China and Indo-China, often cultivated)
  var. sinensis (India: Cultivated in North eastern India, hills of Uttar Pradesh and South-ern India. Cultivated in subtropical and warm temperate zones of South-east Asia. It is known to be wild in Yunnan of China)

of Peninsular India
with keys at
species links

Camellia sinensis var. assamica (Odisha- Mayurbhanj district)

Floral Database of Tamilnadu

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name

Shrub Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanniyakumari, Salem
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, , Native of China
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanniyakumari, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar


Botanical name Family Common name
Camellia japonica Theaceae Camellia
Camellia sinensis Theaceae Tea

  • Camellia caudata Wall.
    (Himalaya (Nepal, Bhutan), Assam, Burma, Indo-China, China, Taiwan)

  • Camellia japonica L.
    (Korea, Japan, widely cultivated)

  • Camellia kissi Wall.
    (Himalaya (Nepal to NEFA), Assam, Burma, Indo-China, W. & S. China)

  • Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze

  • Camellia sinensis var. assamica (L.) Kuntze
    (India, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, China, often cultivated)

  • Camellia sinensis var. sinensis (L.) Kuntze (Tibet, China, Taiwan, widely cultivated)


  • Camellia caudata var. caudata [NE India, N Myanmar, Nepal, N Vietnam].
    Camellia fluviatilis var. fluviatilis [NE India, N Myanmar] (syn: Camellia kissii Wallich var. stenophylla (Kobuski) Sealy)
    Camellia japonica var. japonica [S Japan, S Korea].  
    Camellia kissii var. kissii [Bhutan, Cambodia, NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
    Camellia kissii var. confusa (Craib) T. L. Ming [NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand].
    Camellia sinensis var. assamica (J. W. Masters) Kitamura  [Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
    Camellia sinensis var. sinensis [NE India, S Japan, S Korea].

    Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops edited by Peter Hanelt, R. Büttner (2001)- Details-

    Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-

    Camellia kissi Wallich (syn: C. drupifera auct. non Lour.)

    Agro Forestry In India By K G Tejwani ()- Details-

    Camellia (Theaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Camellia (Pl. click).

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

    Pl. go throughCamellia‎‎ (Theaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details.

    I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.

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