Canscora diffusa (Vahl) Brown ex Roemer & Schultes (1818: 301); Wight (1850: 1327); Clarke (1885: 104); Thiv (2003: 11). Gentiana diffusa Vahl (1794: 47). Exacum diffusum (Vahl) Willdenow (1798: 637). Type:—INDIA. India orientalis, s. die, Vahl s.n. (Holotype C!).
Orthostemon erectus Brown (1810: 451) (as ‘erectum’). Type:—AUSTRALIA. “New Holland”, s. die, Banks & Solander 1770(Holotype BM!).
Canscora tenella Wallich ex Wight (1850: 1327). Canscora diffusa var. tenella (Wallich ex Wight) Clarke (1885: 103). Type:—INDIA. Quilon, October 1835, Wight 2296 (Lectotype E! designated here).
Canscora lawii Wight (1850: 1327). Type:—Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.4: 7. t. 1327. 1850. (Lectotype designated here).
Canscora decurrens Dalzell (1850: 136). Type:—INDIA. Bombay, s. die, Dalzell s.n. (Lectotype K! designated here).
Canscora lancifolia Miquel ex Clarke (1885: 103). Type:—INDIA. Mangalore, 1847, Hohenacker 305 (Lectotype TUB, designated by Thiv 2003, isolectotypes E!, K!, HAL!).
Canscora divaricata Miquel ex Clarke (1885:103). Type:—INDIA. Canara, s. die, Hohenacker 670 (Lectotype TUB, designated by Thiv 2003, isolectotypes E!, K!, S!).
Striga esquirolii Leveille (1914: 398). Type:—CHINA. s.loc., s. die, Blonchie 3502 (Holotype E!).
Canscora khandalensis Santapau (1949: 485). Type:—INDIA. Maharashtra, Khandala, Behram’s prat, 3 October 1944, Santapau 5073 (Holotype BLAT!).
Canscora diffusa var. tetraptera Naik & Pokle (1985: 673). Type:—INDIA. Maharashtra, Nagpur, s. die, Pokle 319 (Holotype BAMU).
Canscora sanjappae Diwakar & Singh (2009: 337).
as per Shahina PM, Santhosh Nampy. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the genus Canscora in South India, and the erection of the new genus Canscorinella (Canscorinae, Gentianaceae) with two new combinations.” Phytotaxa 164(4): 201–225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.164.4.1 ;

kan-SKO-ruh — from the Malabar kansjan-kora (കാഞ്ചന കോര, golden herb) for Canscora perfoliataBotanicus
dy-FEW-sa — loosely spreadingDave’s Botanary

commonly known as: canscora • Hindi: भुई नीम bhui neem • Marathi: किलवर kilwar • Sanskrit: शंखपुष्पी sankhapushpi

Native to: tropical Africa, China, Indian sub-continent, Indo-China, tropical Australia

“Bengal Plants” describes two Canscora species :-
1) C. diffusa R. Br.; F. B. I. iv. 103; E. D. C. 384. Pladera virgata F. I. i. 401.
2) C. decussata Roem. & Schultz., F. B. I. iv. 104; E. D. C. 382. Pladera decussata F. I. i. 402;
Calyx striate or keeled ……. flowers rose-coloured …………………… diffusa

Calyx winged ……………….. flowers white ……………………………… decussata (now alata as per GRIN & The Plant List);


 

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Canscora sp??260111-PKA2: I had seen this small herb with white flowers. Leaves small (approx 10- 12mm), opposite, sessile.
This looks like some Canscora sp. (Gentianaceae Family). This is for the first time i had seen Canscora sp. with white flowers.
Date/ Time: 17-01-2011 / 02:45PM
Location: In the forest cover near Kalikale village Off  “Ankola-Yalapur Rd head, Karnataka.
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habt: Herb.

I can see calyx not winged, flowers pedicellate and pedicels not winged (to rule out C. decussata). Can’t go with the colour either. Can you indicate the size of the corolla? If the calyx is keeled it could be C. khandalensis. If the pedicels are winged, it could be C. pauciflora. Need more info to be sure.


I think its the same Canscora diffusa. C. Khandalensis and C. pauciflora are treated as the synonyms of C. difusa.


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Canscora for ID : 050711 : AK-3: Taken at Pratapgadh, Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra on the 1st of Dec, 2009.
Growing wild, a small plant.

 


 

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May 18, “Fascination of Plants Day” – Canscora diffusa from Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra: Though, it is almost 4 years for me that I am watching (and still trying to learn the ABC of Flora observation) wild flowers in and around Mumbai. But my love for this common herb of our region still reminds me on how it attracted me from looking up (for birds) to looking down (for such small herbs) and completely diverted me and my interest from BIRD WATCHING to FLORA.
Canscora diffusa played the role of such change that I stand here for today on efI. I dedicate this pic and myself for the cause, as captioned, for the WILD FLOWERS OF WESTERN GHATS.

 

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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week:  Canscora diffusa from Satara
 
Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
kan-SKO-ruh — from the Malabar kansjan-kora (കാഞ്ചന കോര, golden herb) for Canscora perfoliataBotanicus
dy-FEW-sa — loosely spreadingDave’s Botanary
Oct 18, 2008 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
commonly known as: canscora • Hindi: भुई नीम bhui neem • Marathi: किलवर kilwar • Sanskrit: शंखपुष्पी sankhapushpi
Native to: tropical Africa, China, Indian sub-continent, Indo-China, tropical Australia
References: Flowers of IndiaeFloraAlukaFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Oct 9, 2008at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra

mar 31, 2011 … at Dubare near Coorg, Karnataka


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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Gentianaceae :: Canscora decurrens:  Found this herb in the grasslands at Kankeshwar, mid-october 2011, at one place and on one occasion only.
Key points in id:
1. calyx not ribbed
2. leaves sessile, deccurrent along the stem
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Kilwar-Canscora diffusa: Canscora diffusa (Kilwar– Marathi)
 

 


 

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Plant for Id – validity:  here I’m sending a small 2 photographs of small herb, I hope its a Canscora sp. mostly to C.decurrens, pz validate it or correct me.

Habit & Habitat – It was grown horizontly on slopy region, height is uoto 9-10 cm, flower pinkish in colour.
location-Tamhini Ghat

Date-12.10.12


Yes indeed its C.decurrens Dalzel. as per description i have checked


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Canscora ? Hooghly 10/12/12 sk1:

“Bengal Plants” describes two Canscora species :-
1) C. diffusa R. Br.; F. B. I. iv. 103; E. D. C. 384. Pladera virgata F. I. i. 401.
2) C. decussata Roem. & Schultz., F. B. I. iv. 104; E. D. C. 382. Pladera decussata F. I. i. 402.
Calyx striate or keeled ……. flowers rose-coloured …………………… diffusa
Calyx winged ……………….. flowers white ……………………………… decussata
While both the plants are erect branching annual, in all provinces, the first one has no Bengali name and the second one decussata is DANKUNI in Bengali (Bengal Plants)
I found this species growing on old wall, about 15 cm high. Darker background prevented the camera to focus lighter coloured object desired.
Species : Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R. Brown ex Roemer & Schultes ?
H & H : wild small herb on old wall
Date : 6/12/12, 10.10 a.m.

Place : Hooghly


 

all are Canscora diffusa


Please identify this flower:  This flowers are found in western Satpuda range (Called Rajpipla Hills of Gujarat)


They are :
Canscora diffusa.
– a species of Pimpinella.
Hibiscus hirtus [Lesser White Mallow].
 

 


 

 

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Small herb for id from Panni Khoh Maihar MP
Size about 10 cm only, growing on shady moist rock
shot on 20-1-12
leaves simple and opposite, flowers about 0.5 cm

pls id


Your plant is Conscora, sp from Gentianaceae may be Conscora diffusa.


Yes it is Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (Kindly note the spelling of the genus) of Gentianaceae family.

 


 

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Id of Flower -ID 12062013SH2 :  Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.
Posting a photo for Id of flower
Date / Time – 30.10.2012 / 11.30am
Location – Ratnagiri, Maharashtra

Habitat – Wild


 

Canscora diffusa
 

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Canscora diffusa——for sharing and validation : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Pic of Kilwar, taken at Ambyvalley road, Lonavala, Pune in Oct12.


Yes Canscora diffusa.

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Dehradun-Mussoorie Tour 2013:: Canscora diffusa for validation.. : Attachments (5). 4 posts by 2 authors.

This delicate herb was shot from Dehradun-Mussoorie road recently…
I could identify this as Canscora diffusa, my first sighting…

Please validate/correct the id..


Yes it is Canscora diffusa


Thanks… can this also be Canscora roxburghii ?


As per TPL and a book Canscora roxburghii Arn, ex Miq. is accepted name of C. wallichii C. B. Clarke (middle pic in the linked plate), which is similar to Canscora perfoliata Lam. and distributed in South India (FBI. iv. 105). A herbarium can be found at http://www.br.fgov.be/RESEARCH/COLLECTIONS/HERBARIUM/detail.php?ID=554412.

This doesn’t look like C. roxburghii Arn, ex Miq. It looks like C. diffusa R. Br.


I am sorry for creating confusion in the thread…

I think no one referred this plant to be anything else than C. diffusa..

 


 

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herb for ID – Wayanad – 07022014-NAW2 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Kindly identify this herb growing along a footpath in the forested part of the campus of the Gurukula Botanical Sanctuary, North Wayanad, Kerala. Photographed mid-Jan 2014.

Minute pink flowers less than 5 mm with 3 petals. lanceolate leaves opposite emerging along with branch with no petiole.


Canscora sp


Hopefully, Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.


Yes … is right

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ID Request 220214SG : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).

Please help identify this spreading bush, found near Ramling waterfall, Maharashtra. Photographed 03feb14.


Canscora sp…?


Canscora diffusa

 

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Sharing pictures of Canscora diffusa from Mahabaleshwar.

Taken on 1/12/14.


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Campanulaceae and Gentianaceae Fortnight: July 1 to 14 SN 8 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. wild herb from Sringeri area of Karnataka


Canscora diffusa from Lonavala Region.
Family: Gentianaceae.

A common Gentian, thanks for sharing


Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Gentianaceae :: Canscora diffusa in Lonavala Region:  Canscora diffusa from Lonavala Region.
Family: Gentianaceae.

 

Attached are pictures of Canscora diffusa from SGNP, Mumbai captured in December 2012.

Requested to please validate the ID.


the plant uploaded is Canscora diffusa
 

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This small herb was shot from near Mussoorie..
Canscora alata…. please validate..


Flowers look trimerous! In Canscora flowers are tetramerous.


Thanks Rawat Ji..the specimens actually appear trimerous as you have said.. this should not be unusual for Canscora

I now feel that this should rather be Canscora diffusa..


As per other thread, the id is resolved as C. diffusa..


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Agumbe :: Canscora FOR ID :: DVJAN47 : 6 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Agumbe Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

Date: 26 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 700 m asl
ID please.
Small delicate herb, about 20 – 30 cm high, growing in damp soil. Tiny flowers, about 3 mm across.
Canscora ¿ species ? … (family: Gentianaceae)


Canscora species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)


The attached plant image belongs to Canscora only. Pl. give me some time to confirm the identity of the species.


Conscora diffusa from me.


Thank you very much … for your ID.
Now, me too think it to be Canscora diffusa.

Let us wait for … thoughts.


 

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Canscora diffusa—for sharing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Pic taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Lonavala,Pune in Dec.14.
 

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Fwd: Identify of this plant species BR3 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

May I request you to identify these plant specimens.


Where & when these pictures have been taken ?


Canscora sp?


Canscora species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)


Its Canscora diffusa


Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R. Br. ex roem. & Schult., variable form


Thank you very much to all. All the species are collected from Jhargram, Western part of West Bengal in last month, i.e. 1st week of Feb, 2016.

 

 


 

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SK155OCT21-2016:ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

 

Sharing some pictures for ID though not a good quality shot at Kurintar Nepal on 29 December 2013 at 1000 ft.

 


Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R. Br. (accepted name)  ???


 

I think yes Canscora diffusa

 

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ANNOV07 Canscora sp. for identification : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
9th November 2014

Canscora diffusa or C. pauciflora


 

efi page on Canscora diffusa 


 

I am not sure, this looks different than what I saw – efi thread

It should be Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. as per images herein.


 

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Canscora perfoliata Lam. : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.
Sharing picture of Canscora perfoliata Lam.
Picture taken at Goa 

Feb. 2013


Nice photographs … Do U have the photographs of leaves and also the side view of the flower. This will help in further confirmation of ID..


Yes very nice photo.

But I am very doubtful on its identity. It is C. perfoliata ?

I think … can confirm the identity. We will wait for their reply


Thanks all for appreciating .. No … do not have leaf picture


Beautiful picture!
But, it doesn’t look like Canscora perfoliata to me too, mainly due to the sepals which are not (Is that right?) broadly winged in the posted picture.

Please check these links for typical C. perfoliata:
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Pierced%20Leaf%20Canscora.html
http://plantillustrations.org/illustration.php?id_illustration=130417

If the stems are not prominently winged, then this could probably be C. diffusa.
http://www.tropicos.org/Image/21427?projectid=32


Canscora diffuse or Canscora decurrens? 09FEB2018SMP1 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

 

A 1 foot tall herb. Almost leafless presently. A small pair of sessile ovate leaves observed near base though.
Stem is quadrangular in some parts bot not like winged to me.
Flowers smaller than observed on plants on hills like Purandar
The plant is observed in the quarry near water body in this week (Feb 2018)
Is it Canscora diffusa or Canscora decurrens

 

 


 

Thanks, … Pl. check at

It is Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. C. decurrens Dalz. is its synonym as per details at Canscora

Yes thought so but FOS and BSI Maharashtra flora consider them as separate


Pl. check latest revision details as per latest publication at
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Chilkagarh, Near Jhargram, Dist. Midnapore, West Bengal: 24/12/2007; 26/1/08- at Vadap-Karjat near the scrub; in Matheran- Oct.’08?;  pohara forest, Maharashtra; Mahabaleshwar Nov 2009; sahyadris of southern Maharashtra- Jan’10; at Anashi WLS, Karnataka, last week of April, ’10; mulshi dt./ pune; ID required – indiantreepix | Google Groups PLANT FOR IDENTIFICATION -59 – indiantreepix | Google Groups FAMILY OF THE WEEK : GENTIANACEAE – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Fwd: 4 pictures for you – indiantreepix | Google Groups Plant for ID – indiantreepix | Google Groups PLANT 173 SMP NOV 2009 Canscora diffusa – indiantreepix | Google Groups requesting id – efloraofindia | Google Groups Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R. Br. – efloraofindia | Google Groups Canscora diffusa [Kilwar]. – efloraofindia | Google Groups identification – efloraofindia | Google Groups

 

 


 

Canscora khandalensis Santapau;
Khandala Canscora • Marathi: खंडाला किलवर Khandala kilwar;
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to Mahabaleshwar from Kas plateau- (03-10-2009); Canscora sp.. – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 

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Herb Id from Bangladesh_SM_1437 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Sangu Matamuri Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandarban 
Picture taken: February, 2019

Conscora sp.


C. diffusa ?


To me it looks like Canscora diffusa only

Canscora diffusa for sure


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ANJAN48 Canscora sp. for identification : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Family: Gentianaceae
Date: 28th December 2014
Place: Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Wet walls


Canscora – species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)


I find it close to images at Canscorinella stricta (Sedgwick) Nampy & Shahina & as per Shahina PM, Santhosh Nampy. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the genus Canscora in South India, and the erection of the new genus Canscorinella (Canscorinae, Gentianaceae) with two new combinations.” Phytotaxa 164(4): 201–225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.164.4.1.

Can it be a young plant ?

Pl. give your views.


May be close to Canscora diffusa only.


Canscora sanjappae Diwakar & R.Kr. Singh


 

Seems to be Canscora diffusa to me.

Experts kindly validate.

what kind of ground is it growing in? i.e. habit photo?


It was growing on a mountain slope.


Yeoor Hills  … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Date: December 29, 2019 … Altitude range: about 100 ft (30 m) to 1575 ft (480 m) asl
Canscora diffusa  (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.

 


References:

Shahina PM, Santhosh Nampy. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the genus Canscora in South India, and the erection of the new genus Canscorinella (Canscorinae, Gentianaceae) with two new combinations.” Phytotaxa 164(4): 201–225. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.164.4.1 

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