Cansjera rheedei J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. 1: 280 1791. (Syn: Cansjera lanceolata Benth.; Cansjera malabarica Lam. [Illegitimate]; Cansjera monostachya M.Roem.; Cansjera polystachya (Willd.) M.Roem. [Illegitimate]; Cansjera scandens Roxb.; Cansjera zizyphifolia Griff.; Opilia amentacea Wall. [Invalid]; Tsjeru-caniram lanceolatum (Benth.) Kuntze; Tsjeru-caniram rheedei (J.F.Gmel.) Kuntze);
Andaman Is.; Bangladesh; Borneo; Cambodia; China South-Central; China Southeast; Hainan; India; Laos; Malaya; Myanmar; Nepal; Nicobar Is.; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
India: Scattered in moist deciduous forests and in scrub jungles along coasts, ravines and near water. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andamans; Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines and Australia as per BSI Flora of India;
Rheed’s False Olive • Kannada: Boda bakka, Naragonji • Malayalam: Scheru-valli-caniram, Cherukanniram • Marathi: Dhao-romakaro, Tilokaro • Oriya: Pittabodaliya • Telugu: Naragonji, Naragonjitige, Naravanji;

Climbing shrubs, branchlets glabrous. Leaves alternate, 8-11 x 4-7 cm, ovate, apex acute, base rounded, rugose, shortly petiolate. Flowers in axillary spikes, bisexual; calyx minute, 4-toothed; petals 4, united into an urceolate tube, 4 mm long, lobes valvate, reflexed; stamens 4, free; disc 4-lobed, lobes erect, tridentate; ovary oblong, 1-celled, ovule 1, style cylindric; stigma capitate, 4-lobed. Fruit a drupe; seed 1.

Flowering and fruiting: November-February
Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in sacred groves
India through Malaya to Hong Kong and North Australia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi

Habit: A straggler or liana, to 10m.

Flower- In axillary spikes; greenish-yellow. Flowering from December-February and July-October.
Fruit- An ovoid-oblong drupe, in groups of 3-5;orange-red; seed solitary. Fruiting throughout the year.
Field tips- Branchlets lenticellate, occasionally with thorns.
Leaf Arrangement- Alternate distichous
Leaf Type- Simple
Leaf Shape- Ovate
Leaf Apex- Acuminate-caudate
Leaf Base- Obtuse
Leaf Margin- Entire
Common in the scrub jungles and dry slopes of deciduous and semi-evergreen forests from 300-1400m.
India to Malesia and N.Australia.
(Attributions- Keystone Foundation from India Biodiversity Portal 2)

Request for ID- 300610RA1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 6 images.
Request ID of this climber please. Thank you. 

Date/Time :

30 June2010 – 8.00am

Location- Place, altitude and GPS:

South end of national park of Mumbai

Habitat- garden/ urban/wild/type:


Plant Habit-tree/shrub/climber/herb:

Climberthorny  green stem


5-6 ft


Right angled branching with  several  pair of leaflets.

This is Cansjera rheedii.

Cansjera rheedii i hope

ID request-110410-PKA1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 3 images.
Came across this Climbing Shrub at Nagla Bundar near the Sea creek. Only fruits were spotted. Kindly help me in identification..


14-03-2010 /11:30 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  

Nagla Bundar (near Sea creek)  Thane Dist., 10 ft

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-   

Climbing Shrub


~ 4m to 5m high

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 

Alternate, 2 to 4cm , shining,  ovate,  tapering at apex,  short petiole (approx 2 to 4mm)

Inflorescence Type/ Size-  

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 

Not known

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 

Ellipsoid, Red / Orange, 8 to 12mm

Is there any chance of being Embelia ribes Burm.f. from the family Myrsinaceae??? The leaf though looks similar but fruit character is not satisfying me . kindly validate.

hi this is Cansjera rheedei or opiliaceae family. nice photos of ripe fruits. thanks for sharing. the leaves are brittle, used as green vegetable by malayali tribes in tn. most of the times the leaves are infected by Meliola fungus forming black round spots. called as ‘kalimanakkeerai’ in Tamil.

I agree with … The plant is definately Cansjera rheedei
But iI am seeing the fantastic scqrlet fruits for the first time..!
Much tempted to see..!

Thanks … for the ID. I could get few snaps of the flowers (dried ones). Do have a look. Very small size, hardly 2 to 2.5 mm long, sessile and 1.5 mm across.
Attachments (2)

…, i am sharing (in separate mail) pictures of its close relative with which we often used to get confused. The major difference is flowers and fruits of Cansjera are sessile and the corolla is urn-shaped (cup like).

These are edible in the Costal areas of Karnataka… But My personel observation and experience proved the fruits to be very good laxatives..!

Thank you for the identification, but there is a typographical error in the specific epithet.
please read it as ………….. Cansjera rheedii
instead of Cansjera rheedei

Pl. help me to id
shrub, stem green, thorny
photographed at Alibag on 12/02/2009

It looks like Canthium rheedei.

I guess you mean to say Cansjera rheedii. So it is. Canthium belongs to Rubiaceae, with opposite leaves.

Thanks … Cansjera rheedii.

Plants For ID.. – indiantreepix | Google Groups (mixed thread): 1 correct image as above.
The First plant is from Matheran, Nearly a height of 4-5 ft. and long pods.
second is from Mumbai, near marshy land. It has green spiny fruit.
Third one is from BNHS landwith red berries. 

The second is Ricinus communis, the Castor Bean, originally from Africa but now a common volunteer in any warm climate. Here in Florida, any large pile of tilled soil (from construction, or whatever) will soon be covered with Ricinus. The seeds are highly poisonous, and quite beautiful. It is the source of Castor Bean oil and the poison Ricin.

The first is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare] which has recently featured on this site.
The third is Cansjera rheedi [… please note].

Second appears to be Castor (Erand in Marathi). Is it poisonous? 
The oil is consumed as medicine/laxative. Seeds if consumed will lead to omitting.

Climber ID please. – indiantreepix | Google Groups :
This climber was photographed on 25 June ’09  at the south end of the national park in Mumbai. Request ID please. The climber also had thorns not very visible in the pic. Thanks.

The photographs are not very clear but I would go with Cansjera rheediia scandent shrub. The ‘thorns’ you refer to are blunt branches that appear like thorns.

Thanks, here are some more pics of the same climber from a different spot at CEC, taken today 27 June ’09, this one did not have thorns. The new and older leaves are seen toghether. kindly validate.
3 images.


Thanks … for the validation. with regards to the thorns I had mentioned earlier actually they are stout spines which I clearly saw and also got a prick  with the pics taken on 25 June ’09. Just to validate that I googled and in the Flora of Hyderabad by M. Sharfuddin Khan it is mentioned about Cansjera rheedii as “… a large pretty evergreen climbing shrub, armed with scattered stout spines….”.  This also explains why we did not see the spines in the pics taken today.


Cansjera rheedii: 6 images.
Large Climbing Shrub.
Bot. name: Cansjera rheedii
Family: Opiliaceae
Location: Flowers photographed at Karikale (North Karnataka) and Fruits at Phansad Forest near Murud (Maharashtra).

ANOCT81 Please identify this shrub : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).

Nandi Hills
28th October 2014

Cansjera rheedii Gmel, scandant shrub from Opeliaceae, i saw some local people near Thaly (Denkanikota taluk, Krishnagiri dt) eating the fresh leaf, it is used in cooking.

Cansjera rheedei



Cansjera rheedei J.F.Gmel. :: Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · JUN23 DV388: 4 images.

Cansjera rheedei J.F.Gmel.
Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · 3:08 PM IST :: about 14 m (46 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist

Looks very distinct type of plant. Lovely ! First time I think I have come across Family Opiliaceae member.


Cansjera rheedei..?: 1 high res. image.
Identify whether it is Cansjera rheedei

I guess the ID is correct !



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