Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) R.Br. (Images by tspkumar)

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Caralluma adscendens var. fimbriata (Wall.) Gravely & Mayur. (Images by Sushant More & Gopal Shinde (Id by Subbiah Karuppusamy) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Caralluma diffusa (Wight) N.E.Br. (Images by K M Prabhu Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Caralluma indica (Wight & Arn.) N.E.Br. (Images by K M Prabhu Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Huernia insigniflora C.A. Maass (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Huernia keniensis R.E.Fr. (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Dan Rhoads & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Huernia zebrina N.E.Br. (Images by Preeti (Id by Katarina Stenman) & Shrikant Ingalhalikar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Frerea indica Dalzell (Images by Neha Singh, Ritesh Kumar Choudhary & Arvind Kadus (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Edithcolea grandis N.E.Br. (Cultivated)  (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Prashant Awale) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Pachycymbium keithii (R.A. Dyer) L.C. Leach (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Stapelia gigantea N.E. Br. (Cultivated) (Images by Pankaj Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Asclepiadaceae species in India.
 
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Caralluma occur in India:
 
1- Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) Haw. [var. adscensdens; var. attenuata;
var. carinata;
var. fimbriata;
var. geniculata;
var. gracilis]
2- C. bhupinderana Sarkaria
3- C. campanulata (Wight) N.E. Br. (synonym of C. umbellata Haw.)
4- C. edulis (Edgew.) Benth. ex Hook.f.
5- C. lasiantha (Wight) N.E. Br. (synonym of C. umbellata Haw.)
6- C. nilagiriana Kumari & Subba Rao
7- C. procumbens Gravely & Mayur.
8- C. sarkariae Lavranos & R.M.I. Frandsen
9- C. staintonii H. Hara
10- C. stalagmifera E.C.E.Fisch. [ var. stalagmifera; var. intermedia; var. longipetala]
11- C. truncato-coronata (Sedgw.) Gravely & Mayur.

Scrutiny of these names in Plant List indicates that C. campanulata and C. lasiantha are synonyms
Caralluma bicolor Ramach., S. Joseph, H.A. John & C. Sofiya is a newly described species and not mentioned in Karthikeyan et al. 2009.  

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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) Haw. var.
adscendens
Herb Plains , Dry
Localities
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Madurai, Ramanatha puram, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tiruvanna malai,
Viluppuram
Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) Haw. var. attenuata (Wight) Grav. &
Mayuranathan
Herb Plains, Dry Localities Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Caralluma bhupinderana Sarkaria Herb Plains, Dry Localities Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Thoothuk kudi  
Caralluma diffusa (Wight) N.E. Br. Herb Western
Ghats,  Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Tiruvanna malai
 
Caralluma indica (Wight & Arn.) N.E. Br. Herb Plains
, Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Cuddalore, Kanchee puram, Thiruvallur,
Viluppuram
Caralluma nilagiriana Kumari & Subba Rao Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Endemic
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri  
Caralluma pauciflora (Wight) N.E. Br. Herb Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Madurai,  Tirunelveli, Virudhu nagar  
Caralluma procumbens Grav. &
Mayuranathan
Trailing
Herb
Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Grav. & Mayura nathan 1931
Kanniya kumari  
Caralluma stalagmifera Fischer Herb Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble & Fischer 1957
Kanchee puram,
Pudduk kottai, Thiruvallur
 
Caralluma umbellata Haw. Herb Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name

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Caralluma bicolor sp. nov. (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) from India by V. S. Ramachandran, S. Joseph, H. A. John and C. Sofiya- Nordic Journal of Botany Volume 29, Issue 4, pages 447–450, August 2011-
AbstractCaralluma bicolor Ramach, S. Joseph, H. A. John & C. Sofiya sp. nov. (Apocynaceae) collected from Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu in India is described and illustrated. Morphological differences between the new species and the allied species C. adscendens (Roxb.) Haw. and C. sarkariae Lavranos & Frandsen are discussed.

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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Caralluma diffusa– Indeterminate- Kerala & Tamilnadu

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Vegetables edited by G. J. H. Grubben (2004)- Details-
Caralluma edulis (Edgew.) Hook. f.

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Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Caralluma lasiantha N.E.Br. is a synonym of Caralluma umbellata Haw.

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Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadaceae …, Volume 4 edited by Focke Albers, Ulrich Meve (2002)- Details-
Caralluma adscendens var. carinata Grav. & Mayur.
Caralluma adscendens var. geniculata Gravely & Mayur. is a synonym of Caralluma geniculata (Gravely & Mayur.) Meve & Liede
Caralluma adscendens var. gracilis Grav. & Mayur.
……………………
Caralluma frerea Rowley is a synonym of Frerea indica Dalzell

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Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
Caralluma adscendens

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Rediscovery of an endemic plant Caralluma diffusa (Wight) N.E. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) from Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu, India, after 160 years by V.S. Ramachandran 1, Binu Thomas 2, C. Sofiya 3 & R. Sasi 4- Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(3): 1622-1623.


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Caralluma: 6 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Caralluma

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added the list of all Indian species of Caralluma (Asclepiadaceae; in eFI- Apocynaceae) based on Karthikeyan et al. 2009


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Caralluma indica seems to be a surprise miss in this. Any reasons ?


Yes it is not mentioned in the list because Karthikeyan et al. (2009) considered it as Desmidorchis indica (Wight & Arn.) Kuntze, a different genus in Asclepiadaceae.

However, updated Plant List consider Desmidorchis indica as synonym of Caralluma indica (Wight & Arn.) N.E. Br. Accordingly it should be added in the list of species of Caralluma in eFI.


Pl. go through Caralluma page (‎‎‎Apocynaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me & …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


 

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