patana oak, slow match tree, tummy wood, wild guava • Bengali: কাংবের kamber • Gujarati: ગંગેઠિ gangethi, કુંભ kumbh, કુંભી kumbhi • Hindi: कूम्भी kumbhi, पीलू pilu • Kannada: ಕವಳ kaval • Konkani, in Goa: कोंब्यो kombyo • Malayalam: പേഴ് peezh • Marathi: कुंभी kumbhi • Nepalese: कूम्भी kumbhi • Sanskrit: कुम्भः kumbha, कूम्भी kumbhi, कटभि katabhi • Tamil: ஆவிமா avima, கம்பி kampi, கும்பி kumpi, பேழைமரம் pelaimaram • Telugu: కుమ్భూ kumbhi;


ID confirmation MS070211 – 9- Careya arboreya:
Photos taken on 31.12.11.
Location : Manasagangothri campus, Mysore
Careya arboreya.   Medium sized  tree


careya arborea:
Kumbi or Careya arborea in flower.
some of the trees were in flower
my place in zirad, alibaug yesterday

– Was not knowing that the flower parts turn pink on maturing…..


Nice photographs ! These are mine.

– Forgot to add, the flowers have fresh grassy fragrance
Very pleasant

– What does the tree look like with leaves? Does it grow around Chennai, I wonder.

– Picture as well as Video Links

Video Link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LXRBdM8znxg

– Just to add. Careya plant parts are used to treat Parthenium before using it as medicine.
   Here is Video Link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkbJvdd8-18

– This tree is available in Chennai.   But I do not remember the place.


Tree for ID-140411MN:
Sending picture of a tree with flowers. Kindly identify the tree.
Place :   Barvi river, Badlapur, Maharashtra.

Date  :    14.04.2011
Habitat: Wild
Others : Flowers got slight fragrance and the tree leafless.


this is Careya arborea ( कुंभ ,कुंभा ). 1 image.

Careya arborea from family Lecythidaceae

– It is Kumbi in Bengali, Hindi and Gujarati
Kumbhi in Sanskrit
in Mah.
Araya, duddipa
in Tel.
in Tam.
Kaval, doddala
in Kan.
Alam, pelu
in Mal.

– these tree are common in SGNP, BORIVLI.


careya arborea:
careya arborea which was flowering profusely just last week is now completely covered with new leaf and it has started fruiting my place, alibaug

– In  general,  we  tend to forget to take photographs of  the fruits and seeds, once we  click on the flowers
and their close ups.  Following the sequence of  changes is very important that too fruits and seeds. It is worth emulating.

– Ditto for Shahapur.

– Nice Photos of Careya arborea. Commonly called ‘Bandar Laddu’


Id  requested for the following attachment.

Date/Time-: 26/05/11   –    11:00
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length- 8-12 mtr
Pl confirm the ID “careya arborea” which is the favorite fruit of langoor & even cow & Buffalo eat this fruit.

Affirmative. This is Kumbhi [Careya arborea]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.

Yes this one is Careya arborea also known as ” Bandar Laddu“.

Please identofy this tree from Aarey colony ID040: Kindly identify this tree.
Date/Time-        15/05/2011       03:30PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-     Aarey Milk colony, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Altitude :Sea level
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-:  Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  : Mid size tree
Height/Length- 30fts approx
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-  as seen in picture
Inflorescence Type/ Size- not seen
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- not seen
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not seen
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- unknown


Brief report from Matheran:
Cassia fistula started flowering, Bombax cieba almost fading, B. insigne no flowering excluding a single and last one. Ficus arnottiana getting new leaves. Careya arboreya in full bloom. Syzigium cumini still in flowering. Glochidion ellipticum lost fruits but still flowering.- All at Matheran, today.


careya arborea:
This flower was photographed today in Bandhavgarh.

My picture taken on April 9, 2012.


Great shot … I think I have not seen the red colour that bright in whatever flowers I have seen here in Western ghats.


Trees Of Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA – Careya arborea – Wild Guava Tree:
Wild Guava is a medium sized deciduous tree, up to 20 m tall, the leaves of which turn red in the cold season. It is the Kumbhi of Sanskrit writers, and appear to have been so named on account of the hollow on the top of the fruit giving it somewhat the appearance of a water-pot.  

Wild pigs are very fond of the bark, and that it is used by hunters to attract them. An astringent gum exudes from the fruit and stem, and the bark is made into coarse cordage. The Tamil name Puta-tanni-maram signifies ”water- bark-tree,” in allusion to the exudation trickling down the bark in dry weather.
Bark surface flaking in thin strips, fissured, dark grey; crown spreading.

Leaves arranged spirally, often clustered at the apices of twigs, simple, broadly obovate, tapering at base, margin toothed, stipules small, caducous. Flowers in an erect raceme at the end of branches. Flowers are large, white. Sepals are 4, petals 4, free. Stamens are many, connate at base; disk annular; ovary inferior, 4-5-locular with many ovules in 2 rows per cell, style 1. Fruit a large, many-seeded drupe, globose to depressed globose, crowned by the persistent sepals. Seedling with hypogeal germination; cotyledons absent (seed containing a swollen hypocotyl); shoot with scales at the first few nodes.


Careya arborea – 250412 – RK – 2:
Pics taken in Lalbagh,Bangalore on04-04-2010 at 9am.


flora uttarakhand uid0506201201: sending photos for correct identity, is it Madhuca sp.
Date/Time- 5.6.2012 6;00 am
Location-Place, Altitude, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, 415 m
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- about 20 mts tall
Leaves Type/Shape/ Size-As in photo
Flowers Size/Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Flowers not seen
Fruits Type/Shape/ Size Seeds-As in photo

This is Khumbhi [Careya arborea].

I think Careya arborea
कुम्भ or कुम्भी


Alagarkoil flora 19072012 TBN 2 for id:
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:

Date : 01/07/2012
Location :Alagarkoil ,silambar valley
Altitude :1700 ft
Habitat :wild
Habit :tree
Height :30 ft
Leaves :as seen
Flowers :not seen
Fruits :not seen
Local name :do not know/ ?Kattu Thekku
Is it some Gardenia species or Careya species


identification no 200912sn1:
I guess this is Careya arborea. However I would like your validation.

date/time:march 12
plant habit:tree
height:about 7-8 ft.

Affirmative. The local name is Kumbhi. My photographs of this for comparison are available at these links


Careya arborea—for sharing and validation:
Pic of Wild Guava taken at ambyvalley rd lonavala/mulshi, pune in may12.


tree identification 18012013NAW1:
Kindly identify this tree – unfortunately i do not have a proper full view.

Date- Dec 28th 2012
Location- Jijamata Udhan aka Ranibagh, Byculla, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Habitat-Garden (Ranibagh is the mini-zoo of Mumbai, of colonial origin but now managed by the Municipality).
Plant Habit- Tree
Height- More than 30 feet. (The tree trunk view in the first picture attached is upward from close to the trunk.)
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- see picture – im not very good with botanical jargon.
Inflorescence – not seen
Flowers – not seen.
Fruits – not seen.
Seeds- about 1 cm diameter and 2.5 to 3 cm length. medium brown. (note the seed clearly visible in the picture of seedling). the seeds lying under the tree which had not germinated were much more cylindrical and of course less dense. Other Information – There were many seedlings growing below the tree as seen in picture attached. not less than 30. these may be very characteristic for identification.
I dug and got some seedlings back and one seems to be establishing itself.
(My first participation in the eFI.)

This coiuld be Kumbhi [Careya arborea].

tree ID-13022014-snj2137 :  Attachments (3). 9 posts by 5 authors.
ID for this tree pls found in siddarabetta (sidda hill) 95 km north of bangalore

It looks like Terminalia

when i take out bark, milk oozes out of it. fruit is like cork ball, that much bigger is the fruit.

It could be Careya arborea.

Careya arborea Roxb.

I too think it is Careya arborea

if this is wild guwa then i have a different plant which looks like this i am uploading pics of that. pls rectify.

This appears ?Barringtonia sp

Gardenia latifolia Aiton 

Identification of some trees from Dev Giri forest of Jalgaon district Maharashtra..
2. I think Bombacaeae member ?


Perhaps Bombax ceiba.

This is Kumbhi [Careya arborea]. Some more of my photographs of this are available at this link : Google Groups
P.S. – Plenty of my photographs of Bombax ceiba for comparison are available in the archives of this group.

Am sending my photographs of Simul [Bombax ceiba] for comparison in a separate mail.

On point of fact it should be obvious that the flowers of Bombax insigne with their greater number of stamens more closely resembles those of Careya arborea than do Bombax ceiba.
Sending a few photographs of Bombax insigne for comparison in a separate mail.

this may be Careya arborea

Careya arborea—-for sharing and validation : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Pic taken at ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in Mar14

Perfect picture. Yes, Careya arborea.

MK_KHWS-13a,13b : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Collection site: Kalsubai-Harishchandragarh Wildlife Sanctuary (KHWS) Maharashtra
Date: 15 February 2015
Collected by: …

Careya arborea or Kumbhi

Careya arborea—for sharing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Aamby valley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Feb.15

TSPNOV2015-70: Images of Careya arborea (Lecythidaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Careya arborea  (Lecythidaceae 

Habit: A small decidouous tree.

Habitat: Wild, Moist deciduous forest. 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 06-03-2015, 11-03-2015 and 13-06-2015

Can you remember whether the flowers had foetid smell?

No …, I did not smell it….No idea.

Pls ID – MS160416 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly help identify this medium tree. 
Loc – Thane dist, Maharashtra.
Leafless tree with white/cream powderpuff-like flowers, mild fragrance.

It apparently look likes Careya arborea! Lecythidaceae, Kumbha in Marathi

Careya arborea

Identification request : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Date 9 MAY 2018
Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali East, Mumbai 400066
19° 13′ 59.49” N 72° 52′ 38.10” E.
In wild
Fruit round
Local people called it Kumbaya कुंबया. But I am doubtful about it. Fruit of Lagerstroemia microcarpa (seen in pictures) is not round. Hence the query. 

Careya arborea. Kumbha Kumbyo


Identification request : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Date 9 MAY 2018
Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali East, Mumbai 400066
19° 13′ 59.49” N 72° 52′ 38.10” E.
In wild
Fruit round
Local people called it Kumbaya कुंबया. But I am doubtful about it. Fruit of Lagerstroemia microcarpa (seen in pictures) is not round. Hence the query. 

Careya arborea. Kumbha Kumbyo


Thank you for confirming the tree as Careya arborea.

In the field guide by Bole and Vaghani the picture of the fruit is little misleading
The fruit shown here is elongated and not round as I found in reality.
The slide of Careya arborea prepared by me is inserted for your information. ​
2 images.

Matheran Tree Dec 2018 with winged petiole : 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)- around 600 kb each.
Please help to identify tree with attached pictures.
Location: Matheran, Westen Ghat, Maharashtra
Date: Mid December 2018
Remarkable note of leaves is it’s petiole looks winged.
There are many such trees in Matheran.


Careya arborea. Yes, a common deciduous species occurring in the evergreen forest at Matheran.

Thank you so much …
Leaves in the pictures are matching with Careya arborea’s leaves in terms of venation, petiole, leaf shape and phyllotaxy

Attaching Careya arborea pictures.
Location: On the way from Mahabaleshwar to Tapola Dam, Maharashtra.
Date: May end 2018.
Please find attached pictures of a fruit, tree and leaves.

Attachments (3) – around 400 kb each.


Near Mahape Navi Mumbai -Maharastra on 6th April 2008; in Sanjay Gandhi National Park- 9/3/09; Mulshi dam, Pune- 21st March 2009; On top of Kumara Parvatha, Kukke Subramanya, Western Ghats: 26 Mar 09; 25th Mar., 2010: Barave Dam Road, Badlapaur, Maharashtra; on April 4th 2010 in Lalbagh Botanical Park in Bangalore; at Shahapur- May’10;
Tree for Id- 050809jm1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups For Id herb with an insect- 101009jm3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Careya arborea – Wild guava – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Careya arborea – Flowers & Fruits – indiantreepix | Google Groups
April-May 2009 – flowering and fruiting – indiantreepix | Google Groups
A rich haul from kumara paravatha trek – indiantreepix | Google Groups
??????? – Help me identify this tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Careya arborea fruiting – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Careya arborea-120410-RK – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Bombax Insigne – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Careya arborea – indiantreepix | Google Groups
PLease identify – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree For ID1- MPD- 8th April 2008 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH :: Tree for ID :: ARK2019-87 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
This tree was seen by the roadside in the Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.
Requested to please ID.

Some Terminalia or Anogeissus species?

Seems Careya arborea,

Careya arborea seems correct ID !


Careya arborea Roxb.: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 01 January 2023
Elevation: 97 m.
Habitat: Wild
Nepali Names : कुम्भी Kumbhee /  भोर्ले Bhorle

Yes, appears close as per images at


Careya arborea Roxb. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 12, 2008 · JUN23 DV206: 3 images.
Careya arborea Roxb.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 12, 2008 · 11:43 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Lecythidaceae: Careya arborea Roxb.: 1 image.
synonym: Careya sphaerica Roxb.
location/date: Sarai village, Jabalpur Distr., Madhya Pradesh, October 1994




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