coffee senna, coffeeweed, Bamanan, Negro coffee • Hindi: Kasunda, Bari kasondi • Marathi: ran-takda, kasivda, kasoda, rankasvinda • Tamil: Nattam takarai, Payaverai • Malayalam: Mattantakara • Telugu: Thangedu • Kannada: Kolthogache • Bengali: Kalkashunda • Oriya: Kasundri • Urdu: Kasonji • Assamese: Hant-thenga • Gujarati: Kasundri • Sanskrit: Kasamarda, Vimarda, Arimarda;
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Herb or undershrub with up to 20 cm long leaves with a stalked gland at the base of petiole; leaflets 3-5 pairs, ovate-lnceolate, 3-8 cm long, glabrous; stipules 4-6 mm long; flowers yellow in axillary pedunculate corymbose raceme, pedicel up to 10 mm long; calyx 1 cm long, tinged with pink; petals obovate-oblong, 10-12 mm long; stamens 3 longer, 4 shorter, 3 staminode; pod 9-13 cm long, compressed, 6-8 mm broad, slightly falcate, 20-30 seeded.


As per efi page:

Here is the part of the key developed by me on our webside:
39b Gland at base of petiole, sessile, hemispherical; leaflets 4-6 pairs; pod 10-13 cm long, compressed, glabrous, often slightly curved, 20-30 seeded, torulose when mature Senna occidentalis
39b Gland situated 3-10 mm above the base of petiole, clavate; leaflets 6-10 pairs; pod 5-10 cm long, somewhat inflated, puberulent when young, glabrous when mature, not curved, 30-40 seeded, not torulose when mature 40
40a Leaflets 4-9 cm long, acute or mucronate, branches not purple Senna sophera var. sophera
40b Leaflets less than 3 cm long, obtuse at apex; branches slender, purple Senna sophera var. purpurea

The full key for Cassia complex in India is available at our website:


Two step identification keys for Senna occidentalis and Senna sophera from MM Bhandari’s flora.  
Bracts acute, 2-4 flowers- Senna occidentalis
Bracts obtuse, more than 4 flowers- Senna sophera.  


Petioles not grooved with large gland at the base- Senna occidentalis
Petioles grooved with a conical gland at the base- Senna sophera
From flora of Madhya Pradesh, published by BSI. 


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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae): Cassia occidentalis from Panipat and Karnal canal bank area: Cassia occidentalis from Panipat and Karnal canal bank area
wildly Growing

Senna occidentalis now


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Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Senna occidentalis from Delhi: Senna occidentalis (L.) Link, Handbuch 2:140. 1829

syn: Cassia occidentalis L.
Common names: antbush, coffee senna, negro-coffee, septicweed, stinkingweed

Herb or undershrub with up to 20 cm long leaves with a stalked gland at the base of petiole; leaflets 3-5 pairs, ovate-lnceolate, 3-8 cm long, glabrous; stipules 4-6 mm long; flowers yellow in axillary pedunculate corymbose raceme, pedicel up to 10 mm long; calyx 1 cm long, tinged with pink; petals obovate-oblong, 10-12 mm long; stamens 3 longer, 4 shorter, 3 staminode; pod 9-13 cm long, compressed, 6-8 mm broad, slightly falcate, 20-30 seeded.

Photographed from Khalsa College and Vikas Puri in Delhi.


Yes Sir, This is the most common weed of our area, I was not knowing the common names. I am also surprised to know that I had always ignored this plant to be shot, being more than common, I searched and found no pic of this in mine archives. 

 

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Req. Plant for ID:  Req. for ID
Tephrosia purpurea? Please validate.
Photographed at Chennai on 6.10.2012.

This is Cassia occidentalis of Caesalpiniaceae family.


Yes Senna occidentalis now



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Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Kamrup district (Metro), Assam : Attachments (7).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Attached images are  Senna occidentalis (L.) Link 
Date :16.10.2013
Location: Kamrup district (Metro), Assam
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Genus & species : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link 
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside.
Habit : Shrub
Flower : Yellow


Good Set of Pics

 

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Help Id P714056164/65 (Plant from Punjab) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Please find attached photos taken on 14 July 2015 of a shrub (approximately 3 feet tall) in Mohali, Punjab. Please help to Id it.


Seems Senna [Cassia] occidentalis (Coffee Senna) to me


Yes, Cassia occidentalis


  

 

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TSP-MAY2016-60-388:Senna occidentalis (Fabaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6) 

It is my pleasure to present a few images of Senna occidentalis  (Fabaceae 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild, Dry decidous forests 

Sighting: Hassan and Tumkur, about 800 msl 

Date: 08-2014 and 23-08-2014 


Nice close-ups.

 

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ID please 120916PC1 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Please identify the plant in photo.


Pl. check comparative images at Senna – most likely Senna occidentalis

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Bush for ID, Delhi NAW-SEP16-07 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly identify this bush with yellow flowers photographed in September in the Shanti Van, Delhi. Height of plant about 1.2 metres.


Senna occidentalis I hope

 

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Flora of Panipat: cassia occidentalis from delhi Parallel Branch Canal Near Panipat: Cassia occidentalis from delhi Parallel Branch Canal Near Panipat
wild Shrub growing abundantly now days

Yes …, Nice pictures.
But now the valid name is Senna occidentalis (L.) Link.


 

 

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Outside Dalhousie – id al211011:  A few flowers from areas near Dalhousie
Location Dalhousie, HP
Altitude 1400 mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild
Height 24 inches


 

 

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Family: Fabaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild, near roadside and boundaries of rice fields
Altitude: 100 to 200 m above msl


This post belongs to FabaceaeCaesalpinoideae (Caesalpiniaceae)


 

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Wild Flower for ID – 111111 – RK:  Would like Common & Bot ID of this Cassia – They are 3 different
plants – but same species i think. Pics taken between 9 & 9.30 am on
13-11-09 in Srirangapatana, Karnataka.

Nice pictures of Senna (= Cassia) occidentalis.


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glands pod : Senna sp.: Attaching images of what appears to me is Senna occidentalis.

Species : Senna occidentalis (L.) Link ???
Habit & Habitat : herb, 3 ft high, roadside thicket
Date : 08-05-12, 9.33 a.m.
Place : Hooghly, WB
(hope i have learnt the lesson on Senna demonstrated by …)


Nice presentation …, you always come up with new ideas….


 

 

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Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_17112011 PJ1:  I used to play with this plant in my childhood , but now its population has decreased.
Date/Time-:10/10/11 – 14:30

Location- Place, Altitude – Karwar Sea shore, Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Urban/ wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub

Height/Length- 1m


This is Senna occidentalis.

 

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Senna occidentalis (L.)Link (accepted name) ?? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location: Biratnagar, Nepal 

Date : 8 May 2013

Altitude : 260 ft.
Cassia occidentalis L. (ambiguous synonym) ??


Seems close to images at Senna occidentalis


Nepali Names : ठुलो ताप्रे Thulo Taapre/ कसौदी Kasaudee/ पँवार Panwaar/ छिनछिने  Chhinachhine/ कोदारी फूल Kodaaree Phool/ स्याङ्ग स्याङ्गे Syaange Syaange 


Please send photograph of the pods to confirm the ID from my side.. The one provided is not clear. 


 

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Identify this plant please. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Place: Vizag.
Date: October 16 2016. 
This are two pictures belong to one plant. please identify it. 


Definitely Cassia sp.
Check Cassia occidentalis.

Thank You, if you want more details about the same plant, here is the another picture. 

Attachments (1)

Senna sophera :: Tholpetty WLS, Wayanad :: 14 NOV 19 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 6 images.
Tholpetty Wildlife Sanctuary  Wayanad

Date: November 14, 2019 … Altitude range: about 650 to 1150 m (2,100 to 3,800 ft) asl

Senna sophera  (L.) Roxb.  

Looks different. Will let you know the species after checking.


OK, thanks very much, … for validating.
It will be a great help to get ID corrected.
I have gone by what I recollect about leaflets and placement of flowers.


Looking at the pods it is Senna occidentalis. These are common weeds found in Wayanad, Coorg & Mysore area.   

Common names : Mogdad coffee.   
Seeds can be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee. They have also been used as an adulterant for coffee. There is apparently no caffeine in mogdad coffee.

Thank you very much … for pointing to correct ID, along with information.
This was a great help. I have corrected my notes at flickr.


 

References:

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