NE. Afghanistan to W. Nepal and NW. India (Morni Hills) as per WCSP;
Afghanistan (Hindu Kush), NW Pakistan (Karakoram), China: extreme SW Xizang
[Tibet], Kashmir to W Nepal
as per Catalogue of Life;


Devdar, Himalayan Cedar, Deodar cedar • Hindi: देवदार Devdar • Tamil: Devadaram • Malayalam: Devataram • Telugu: Devadaru • Kannada: Devadarus • Sanskrit: देवदार Devdar;
Deodar as important a timber plant in Himalayas, as Teak in plains.
One plant with which we can confuse Cedrus deodara in India is Picea smithiana whose leaves look similar but short shoots with clustered leaves are lacking and cones are drooping.
Both have non flattened almost spirally arranged leaves. They can however be easily distinguished on the basis of dwarf shoots in Cedrus and their absence in Picea. They are also lighter coloured in Picea.
The common deodar tree of lower Himalayas differing from C. atlantica in most branches being drooping, pubescent branches, longer (2.5-5 cm long) leaves, dark bluish-green in colour, almost as broad as thick and longer cones (8-12 cm long and rounded at tip.


Cedrus deodara (deodar cedar, Himalayan cedar, or deodar; Sanskrit देवदारु devadāru, Hindi: देवदार devadār, दारूक dāruk; Urdu: ديودار/دیار deodār; Chinese: 雪松 xue song) is a species of cedar native to the western Himalayas in eastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, northern India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand), southwesternmost Tibet and western Nepal, occurring at 1,500–3,200 m (4,921–10,499 ft) altitude.

It is a large evergreen coniferous tree reaching 40–50 m (131–164 ft) tall, exceptionally 60 m (197 ft) with a trunk up to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. It has a conic crown with level branches and drooping branchlets.[1]
The leaves are needle-like, mostly 2.5–5 cm (0.98–2.0 in) long, occasionally up to 7 cm (2.8 in) long, slender (1 mm (0.039 in) thick), borne singly on long shoots, and in dense clusters of 20–30 on short shoots; they vary from bright green to glaucous blue-green in colour. The female cones are barrel-shaped, 7–13 cm (2.8–5.1 in) long and 5–9 cm (2.0–3.5 in) broad, and disintegrate when mature (in 12 months) to release the winged seeds. The male cones are 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) long, and shed their pollen in autumn.[1]
Deodar is in great demand as building material because of its durability, rot-resistant character and fine, close grain, which is capable of taking a high polish.
(From  Wikipedia on 8.12.13)





Cedrus deodara from Kashmir, growing around Srinagar and lower altitudes in the valley, source of important timber wood Deodar. Photographed from Shankeracharya hill on June 23, 2010.

Cedrus deodara with cone from shimla hills HP

Yes …

… So nice to see the cones..!!!

.. This is the famous “dEva daaru”.. Right.?

These conifers have lots of resin canals and it is common to see resin exudated on cones.

Thanks …, i have studied about the presence of resin canals in the wood. i never knew they will ooze out also, that too on cones. interesting!


I tried answering directly to the post on Devadaru but couldnt make out how to attach pictures to my reply hence i am posting my reply seperately. Attached are pictures of saplings of Cedrus deodara. These are authenticated ones as they were bought from Forest nursery in HP for my afforestation project

Are these saplings available in Delhi? Also, would they grow in the Western ghats?

I dont know about availability of the saplings at Delhi. I don’t think Deodar will grow in Western Ghats cos in Himachal itself Deodar are found beyond 2000 meters and their population is dwindling. i have been trying to grow Deodar in Himachal itself however haven’t had much success. You can however try

Great work … I have heard about your afforestation drive in Himachal Pradesh. You know some people have been against plantation of Deodara, instead they recommend Quercus. May I know your views on the same.
By the way, who do Deodara saplings vary in colour?

Thank you so much … for your good wishes. People prefer Quercus to Deodar because Quercus yields fodder and has better survival and adaptibility. Whereas Deodar cannot be used as fodder. It is also a slow grower. The population of Deodar is on a decline as the environment effects these plants. I had a discussion with people in HP and they told me that Deodar no longer attains the girth they used to 20 yrs ago. As for variation in colour so i dont think there is any. As far as my pics are concerned, the colour might seem different but it is purely light effect and nothing else.

Regarding growing Deodars in the WG, isn’t it more natural to let the native/indigenous (pls choose correct term) species grow? Secondly, I wish … luck with his attempt in growing Deodars, it is heartening to see people like him trying to do so.

Just my two bits 🙂

I fully agree it’s better to allow the local species to grow. My curiousity stems from a small booklet I have [printed in Kerala] where among other trees they have listed Devadaru as one of the good trees to plant in the house compound. Maybe it’s the local name for some other tree. The botanical name is not given, just Devadaru

The Useful Plants of India” {a CSIR Publication] gives two listings for Devadaru/Devataru. One is Cedrus Deodara and the other is Erythroxylum monogynum [Red cedar, Bastard Sandal]. The leaves are said to be edible and the oil resembling the fragrance of Sandalwood.
Since the Kannada, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam names given for this is Devadaru, I guess this must be the Devadaru of the South

This Deodar sapling has preferred this habitat – a dead trunk!

Photographed at Shimla in Aug 2007.

Interesting observation regarding the girth of Cedrus deodara. Here in Southern California, USA, I have noticed that the same is true for Monterey Pine (Pinus radiata), native to California but about 100km north of my location. When I was young, this species was used widely as a landscape tree, and it regularly attained heights of over 20m very rapidly. Nowadays, it is lucky to attain heights of half that, and with considerable difficulty. I’m not certain the reasons. I used to think it was air pollution-related, but air quality has improved considerably in the LA Basin due to pollution controls implemented since the mid 1970’s. I suspect that global warming has had some impact, though I have no data to prove it.
Curiously, Cedrus deodara still thrives here, but is rarely planted anymore because its large size is difficult to accommodate on small lots.

I would appreciate it if any of the members could post pictures of the ‘real’ Devadaru [Deodar] tree. I am looking for saplings and what one of the nurseries had to offer looked like the ordinary Christmas tree which is so common in urban gardens. A picture would be useful in identifying the sapling as I have never seen a Devadaru before.

Here are the photos of ‘Cedrus deodara’
Location- ‘Shankaracharya Hill’, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. 

Date & Time- 07th August 2009. 16.00 hrs.

Sharing a picture of Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G.Don. Some one asked for it a few days back. Picture taken inside Dalai Lama’s Monastry in
on 17.06.2008 using SONY DSC W55 compact digital camera.

looks liks Pinus sps?

This is surely Cedrus deodara, cones are unmistakeable. Pinus seems to be in the background

Which conifer?
Near Nainital………

It is Deodar (Cedrus deodara)

Another gymnosperm from Mukteshwar. Is this also a pine?

Please help with the ID.

It looks like the Deodar/ Himalayan Cedar [Cedrus deodara].

This is Cedrus deodara (Pinaceae).


Cedrus deodara:  Sharing a picture of my favorite and the most beautiful tree (well in my opinion)

Well … its a real beauty seen. How could you get the photo from top? Because the trees I have seen are quite tall.
…  they are the cones of Cedrus. I will like to know sirji whether the male and female cones are seperate or same? In Cedrus? If seperate how do they look?

Deodar as important a timber plant in Himalayas, as Teak in plains.

The photograph from the top can be taken if you are standing higher on the slope and taking photograph of a branch  of a tree growing lower than you. Yes male and female cones are separate, male are much smaller rarely more than 5 cm long and less than 1 cm in breadth. They fall off soon after pollination. The female cones are much longer, woody and stay on the tree for a long time.

So these are the cones which they paint with diff colours for decoration?
Beautiful intricate arrangement. Is any further close up available? Are the ovules in each bract like structure?

These cones I know as Cedar of Lebanon, though I understand the three cedars… of Lebanon, of the Himalayas and of altas/morocco have very similar anatomy… though their outlines may be different… I would never joke about Debdaru… its an important medicinal wood… for making Kwath and for its oil distillation…




Flora of Chakrata: Cedrus deodara from Chakrata: Cedrus deodara from Chakrata

Very common at altitude of arround 2000-2400 i Think




Trees for ID : Kashmir : 061011 : AK-1: Pictures taken at Patni Top, Udhampur, Kashmir on the 5th of Sept,11.
Are these Deodar?

Guessing from these distant shots is difficult.

Yes they are, Deodar, Cedrus deodara

Tree for ID : Kashmir : 071011 : AK-2: Picture taken at Patni Top, Udhampur, Kashmir on the 5th of Sept, 11.
Could this also be Deodar?
Or some other similar species.

Looks like deodar again!!!

Tree for ID : Kashmir : 071011 : AK-3:  A medium sized tree taken at the hotel garden in Srinagar, Kashmir.
Cone of Cedrus deodara pls….

Deodar by Ravenscroft … a beautiful painting: Just wished to share this wonderful painting by artist E. Ravenscroft.
A friend gifted me a reproduction print of this amazing artwork and I liked it so much that it will hang on one of the walls of my home. I suppose photography is all the rage now but I would love to know more
about botanical art and if Indian themes & destinations have been explored by artists.

Simply superb painting! Wish I could see such a tree in real!!

Thanks for sharing the deodar painting…It is spectacular! It reminded me of an antique painting of the great banyan in bharuch … see attachment.
I’ve seen a few antique paintings of wildlife in the forests of Mumbai in an exhibition. Recently I learnt about a couple of old paintings of the Hanging Gardens … and over a dozen paintings of the Rani Bagh Victoria Gardens in Mumbai by Indian as well as foreign artists.
But as you say, photography is all the rage now.

¿ Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex Lamb.) G.Don ?
Dear friends, this is the only picture; it may OR may not help in validating the ID.

avenue tree in Shimla on 31 MAY 08

Surely Cedrus deodara

One plant with which we can confuse Cedrus deodara in India is Picea smithiana whose leaves look similar but short shoots with clustered leaves are lacking and cones are drooping.

Thanks … for very beautiful photo, thanks Sir for clearing the doubts, I always find it difficult to differentiate these two because Picea smithiana is not as abundant as Deodar is.. and few individuals of Smithia in Cedrus lead to a visual mixture…




Gymnosperms Fortnight: Pinaceae-Cedrus deodara from Kashmir-GS-5 : Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Cedrus deodara Loud.

The common deodar tree of lower Himalayas differing from C. atlantica in most branches being drooping, pubescent branches, longer (2.5-5 cm long) leaves, dark bluish-green in colour, almost as broad as thick and longer cones (8-12 cm long and rounded at tip.

Photographed from Srinagar, Kashmir

Thanks Sir for sharing common Deodar






Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) G. Don :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.

Ooty(Tamil Nadu) – Botanical garden
Tree cultivated
Leaves short in bunches.
Wood is used in in medicine, oil distilled from it.

I think two trees are mixed up. Cedrus seems to be in the background in first photograph. Front one seems to be Pinus.

No sir, it is the same tree only. there it is with several thick branches from base.


Could this be Cedrus deodara??

Yes … Very good photographs.

These shots were recorded from Chakrata, this large tree being very dominating in that patch of forest..

I hope this should be Cedrus deodara… please provide your inputs..

Yes … Very good photographs.

Pine tree from Manali.

Yes Cedrus deodara with male cones



Gymnosperms fortnight :: Pinaceae: Cedrus deodara from Paddar valley SKR04 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Cedrus deodara from Paddar valley J&K



Gymnosperms Fortnight:: Tree for ID Pangot : SMP03 :  Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Attaching an image of a conifer tree seen in Pangot for ID

Should be C.deodara, but closer shots are needed for confirmation.

GYMNOSPERM FORTNIGHT :: Some Juniper tree ?? Pangot SMP02 :  Attachments (1). 5 posts by 3 authors.

Attaching a photograph for ID. I think it is some Juniper tree

Cedrus or Picea. Any closer view?

Cedrus deodara to me.

Sorry Only this picture. Juvenile tree may be.

Yes it is a juvenile tree of Cedrus deodara.

Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex Lambert.) G.Don [Pinaceae] is a valued tree in entire Western Himalaya.

It occupies moderate slopes to almost naked vertical rocky slopes.


Gymnosperm Fortnight: Cedrus deodara: 121213: GSG-01 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 4 authors

Theme tree of Himachal Pradesh, Cedrus deodara, the Himalayan Cedar, locally called ‘Devdar’ , ‘Diar’, ‘Kelon’, is the most majestic tree of the State, and yields high grade timber. Rosettes of female cones are traded for dry decoration.

Thanks … for nice image.. yes, this majestic tree deserves to be the state theme..

Devdar is really majestic and many a times planted near temples making it a religious tree too.





Many of the conifers are known to have very long lifespan; 1000 years and more. Obviously, these massive trees witness a long history in their life; some of it, particularly climatic variations, are reflected in their growth rings.
In the Western Himalaya Cedrus deodara is one of the conifer which lives for many hundred years. The attached pics are of such tree which lived for 704 years as counted by growth rings. This section of stem is placed in a museum of Forest Research Institute Dehradun.
Thanks …  I was fortunate to visit the museum very recently and see this mighty Deodar…

Interesting. I have seen this 🙂


Small Tree For ID : California : 05NOV14 : AK-13 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
A small tree seen in Fremont on 28/9/14.

Cedrus Species?

Cedrus deodara


HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Pine :: ARKNOV-49 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Requesting to please provide ID of this Pine captured in the premises of Roerich Museum Trust, Naggar, HP in October 2014.

Are these the male/female cones of Cedrus deodara?

Yes, Cedrus deodara

Thanks … for the validation….are these the male cones?

Yes, they are the male cones





HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID validation – Cedrus :: ARKNOV-69 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Requesting to please validate ID of this tree captured near the Hadimba temple, Manali, HP in October 2014.

I hope this is Cedrus deodara and these are the male cones.

Yes, Cedrus deodara

must be a very humid place
even these small branches are covered all around it seems with lichen!!!
does not cedrus resist such overgrowths?



Is this Cedrus deodara? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Attached are some pictures of a tree whose leaves look a lot like Cedrus deodara, and yet the tree itself looks a little different! I haven’t seen the cones of this tree, therefore I am a little confused. The leaves are dark green, sharp and stiff and grow in clusters of 20-30, but the way it has branched out, and it’s perfect conical shape, look distinctly different than the other Deodars.

Any help with the ID would be very helpful. There are two trees like this (one very young, the other old) where I live along with many Deodars and Chir Pine.

Looks to me like Devdar. Young Devdars tend to look different in shape

Yes Cedrus deodara. Please mention the place.

Thank you, Sir. The place is Binsar, Uttarakhand and the picture was taken on Mar 12, 2015.

The female cones are but spikes now on the branches after shedding all the scales looking like an inverted spinning top.

18 March 2015
Attachments (1)



Perhaps the oldest Deodar (Cedrus deodara) tree in India; Gelyon Temple Nohradhar-GSJUNE01/01 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Perhaps the oldest Deodar tree in India.
Gelyon village temple, Nohradhar

Have read about and seen photographs of oldest deodar (Cedrus deodara) trees in India particularly in Lahaul District of Himachal Pradesh and Kanasar in Chakrata, reported to be as old as 1588 years. They are really tall, but none seems to match the massive tree within the premises of temple at Gelyon about 3 km from Nohradhar in Himachal Pradesh, a site for famous festival. The tree has huge trunk split into three, with combined width of around 20 feet, with central trunk somewhat decayed, the cavity being used for display of idols, pictures and religious offerings. The crown though not very tall covers a huge area of the temple. Locals say it is 5000 years old. May be lesser but really old.

Yes, looks quite massive.

Really wonderful to see



Cedrus deodara (Lamb.) G. Don (accepted name) ??? : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Location: Pharping, Nepal 
Date: 20 July 2015
Altitude:  4690 ft.

I think cones match with images by … at GYNMOSPERM FORTNIGHT (1-14 Dec2013): Cedrus deodara from Uttarakhand_DSR_06

Nepali Names : देवदार  Deodaar / दियार Diyaar / दियाल Diyaal

Cedrus deodara : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).
Cedar is one of our most prized trees in the western Himalayas. We are fortunate to still have pristine forests of these at higher altitudes in Himachal Pradesh. Some of the trees are in ‘flower’ now. The pollen from these small cones (from male tress) is deep powdery yellow which when spreading coats everything in their vicinity.

The Hindi name for the tree is Deodar meaning gods’ wood referring to its excellent wood which repels termites and other pests naturally. Cedar oil is often used to coat other woods for protection against pests.

Here are some pictures.

Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus deodara)
1750m, Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

08 October, 2014

Beautiful photographs and informative post..

Beautiful pics. Male cones are the parts usually less photographed than female cones.

Thanks for these valuable pics.

Very nice, but I hope you are not allergic to the pollen.

or become one.

Like … said male cones always a little less photographed.

My most favourite wood in Ayurveda, even boiling some wood chips along with a few other ingredients to make a kwath for respiratory catarrh does wonders, immune system too.

Thank you … I am not allergic to this pollen as yet. A few years before when we used to park our vehicle under a cedar in the open, the car used to be yellow after a few days of neglect.  Still, I or my family had no trouble.

The path around the lake where I sometime go for an evening stroll is also smeared yellow from pollen right now.

The female cones are but spikes now on the branches after shedding all the scales looking like an inverted spinning top.

Cedar Pollen/ABOCT12 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).

The yellow-green pollen is everywhere covering all available surfaces. Here are a few images from today. Tropical Soda Apple and Water Willow are seen in the first two pictures.

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

Cedrus or Pinus/ABMAR05 : 9 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (6)

These were sprouting on a bed of Cedrus deodara seed scales, so I assume them to be the little Deodars. But I have a small doubt. When I crushed one seed and smelled the white pulp contained within, it smelled sweet like a Pinus wallichiana. But again, I have never smelled a cedar seed before and have nothing to compare the odour with. There were no pines growing in the immediate vicinity of these sprouts. Please advise.

How do these sprout? A part of the seed is still attached at the top (keeping a store of nutrients perhaps?).

Cedrus deodara sprouts–Please confirm.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

4 March 2015.

Devdar seeds too smell very fragrant and sweet … Even the pieces of the cone are lying around so I’m guessing its Cedrus deodara. Wonderful images of regeneration.

Thank you … It’s lovely to see these sprouting and spreading.

No doubt, these are deodar (Cedrus deodara) seedlings in the emerging stage.

SK 2767 02 October 2020 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.

Location: Sankhu, Nepal

Date: 12 September 2020
Elevation: 1780 m. 
Habit: Cultivated
Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex Lamb.) G.Don ??

Yes as per images and details at Cedrus deodara

Cedrus deodara AT/NOV2020/01 : 3 posts by 1 author. 4 images- 1 to 7 mb each.
Cedrus deodara

Clicks from different months and years