Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble , Fl. Madras 971 1924. (syn: Capraria rigida Buch.-Ham. ex Hook. fil.; Centranthera brunoniana Thw.; Centranthera hispida R. Br.; Centranthera procumbens Benth.; Digitalis stricta Roxb.; Razumovia hispida Britten; Razumovia indica (L.) Alston; Rhinanthus indicus L.) as per efi thread;
India, Sri Lanka, Nicobars (North Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Australia (Western Australia), peninsular Malaysia (once from Selat Panchur, Langkawi Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Taninthayi), Malesia, Indonesia, Indochina as per Catalogue of life;
After detailed study the only main difference that I found between two is the length of Corolla which is much longer in C.indica (2-2.5cms long) than C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis (1.5cms long) .
Also the matured plants of C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis can remain as small as to 5cms whereas the plants are larger (more than 10cms) in C.indica.
Moreover C.indica is much widespread species reported from South India to Australia while C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis only occurs near the Himalayas.
¿ sen-TRAN-ther-uh ? — Greek: kentron (spur), anthera (anther) … Dave’s Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian spur-anther flower • Malayalam: കൊറോസിനം corosinam • Marathi: उंदीरकानी undirkani
Herbs 10-20cm tall, erect or diffuse, scabrid, hairy,; stems 4 angled. Leaves nearly sessile, 1.2-3.0 x 0.3-0.8 cm, oblong lanceolate, hispid hairy on both sides, apex acute or obtuse. Flowers reddish purple, axillary, solitary, or in terminal spikes; calyx densly hairy. Capsule 0.9 cm oblong.
Diffuse, densely hispid herbs; roots orange-yellow. Leaves basally opposite, upper ones alternate, 1-2 x 0.5-0.8 cm, elliptic, oblong or linear-oblong, base rounded, apex obtuse or acute, hairy on both sides, sessile. Flowers subsessile, axillary, solitary; bracteoles 2. Calyx 5-10 mm long, spathaceous, oblique, split on one side, faintly 3-5-lobed at apex. Corolla rose coloured or white, tube long, incurved, dilated above, lobes 5, subequal, spreading. Stamens 4, didynamous, included; filaments villous; anthers transverse, base mucronate. Ovary globose; style simple. Capsule 4-7 x 3 -5 mm, ovoid, loculicidal, covered by persistent calyx lobes, dark brown. Seeds c. 1 mm long, oblong-cuneate, striate.
Flowering and fruiting: September-January
Moist deciduous forests, grasslands and wet sandy fields
Indo-Malesia, China and Australia
(From India Biodiversity Portal
Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi )
Centranthera indica is distributed in Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In Bangladesh, this species is found in Dinajpur, Gazipur and Sylhet (Rahman 2006). In India, it is found in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In Madhya Pradesh the species is reported from Dhar and Jhabua districts (Singh 1997), Koyna valley in Koyna; Mahabaleshwar, Shirshingi; Wada, below Mahabaleshwar (Deshpande et al.1993), Alibagh; Bhise-Khind, Roha; Matheran; Sarasgad, Pali in Raigad district of Maharashtra (Kothari and Moorthy 1993), Nilgiri of Tamil Nadu (Henry and Chitra 1987). In Kerala, the species is reported from all districts (Sasidharan 2004).
It is an errect herb found in marshy places (Singh 1997). It is a common annual among grasses in open lands (Deshpande et al.1993).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) )
21032011pj1 ID Request: Date/Time-: 13/03/11 – 1 1:40
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Centranthera indica – Mulshi Near Pune: 5 images.
Centranthera indica – Mulshi Near Pune
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Saturday 29Oct 2011
Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Centranthera indica (L.) Mulshi near Pune SMP : 5 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Thanks again … for illustrative upload..
Please idenify this small herb – NS 080911:
… species of Centranthera ?
Had thought of Centranthera indica, but it didn’t quite look like that to me, but on second thoughts you could be right.
Centranthera indica??? doubtfullllll…
It does look like Centranthera indica to me.
It does look like Centranthera indica to me too.
Leaves at branch tip can be alternative in Centranthera. This looks like species of Centranthera to me too.
thank you to all for identifying it for me. It is Centhranthera indica.
Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Centranthera indica from Prabalgad:: -PKA9:: : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 3 authors.
This was photographed at Prabalgad.
Thanks … probably the last picture attached inadvertently..
Thank you very much … for catching this error. I have wrongly labeled it in my flickr photostream and carried the mistake here. Will make correction soon.
04012016RK02 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Please help me to find out id of this plant (Attached). Found at North Kerala. If possible give me its name in Malayalam.
If you photos showing, lower portion, leaves etc. pl. post.
Thanks for the support. I have attached another available picture of the same.
please check Centanthera indica
I think … is right. It seems to match with images at Centranthera indica
Names of Plants in India :: Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble : 4 posts by 3 authors.
botanical names: Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble … synonyms: Centranthera procumbens Benth. • Purshia ciliata Dennst. • Razumovia indica (L.) Alston • Rhinanthus indicus L. • Digitalis stricta Roxb. • Capraria rigida Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f. … POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Indian spur-anther flower
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at
ID request-01112010-PKA1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Photo from Kiran Srivastava: 1 image.
Centranthera may be indica !
Centrathera indica…….validate please: 1 image.
Pic taken at Aambyvalley rd., Upper Lonavala Maharashtra in September 21.
Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble
Flower for Id- ID01012022SH2: 1 high res. image.
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Vasai (Maharashtra)
Date – November 2021
Centranthera indica (l.) gamble
375 ID wild plant Limnophila: 14 high res. images.
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x
Please check Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble, however some similarities with other sp. also.
I also feel close to images at Centranthera indica
Yes it Centranthera-indica, thank you very much for ID my plant,
efi thread India biodiversity Portal Flora of Goa, Diu, Daman, Dadra & Nagarhaveli, Volume 2 FOC illustration IUCN Red List (LC)
Flora Of Davanagere District: Karnataka, India (Description) By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah