Cissus quadrangularis L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12 2: 124 1767. (Cissus bifida Schumach. & Thonn.; Cissus edulis Dalzell; Cissus quadrangula L.; Cissus quadrangula Salisb.; Cissus succulenta (Galpin) Burtt-Davy; Cissus tetragona Harv.; Cissus tetraptera Hook.f.; Cissus triandra Schumach. & Thonn.; Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.; Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Morales; Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight; Vitis succulenta Galpin);
Mauritania, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Togo, Ghana, Benin, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroon, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Angola, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga), Namibia, Madagascar, Comores, Mauritius, La Runion, Egypt (SE-Egypt), Oman (Dhofar), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir), Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), India (Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Daman, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Laccadives, Pakistan (I) (Sind (I)), Sri Lanka, Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Nepal, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay), Java (I), Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Siquijor, Cebu), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Jamaica (I), Cuba (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I)), Taiwan (I), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
KISS-us or SISS-us — Latin name for ivy … Dave’s Botanary
kwad-ran-gew-LAIR-iss — four-angled … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: adamant creeper, bone setter, devil’s backbone, edible stemmed vine, square-stalked vine, veldt grape, winged treebineAssamese: হাড়-ঘুনুচা hara-ghunuca, হাড়জোৰা লতা harajoraa-lataBengali: হাড়জোড়া harajoraGujarati: અસ્થિશૃંખલા asthisrnkhala, હાડસાંકળ hadasankalHindi: अस्थिभंग asthibhanga, हड़जोड़ harajoraKachchhi: સાંધાવલ sandhavalKannada: ಮಂಗರವಲ್ಲಿ mangaravalli, ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ sanduballi, ವಜ್ರವಲ್ಲಿ vajravalliKonkani: ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳಿ sandu balliMalayalam: ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട changalamparandaMarathi: घणसवेल ghanasvel, घोणसकांडें ghonuskande, कांडवेल kandavel, म्हसवेल mhasvelOdia: ଅସ୍ଥିଭଙ୍ଗ asthibhanga, ହାଡ଼ଭଙ୍ଗା harabhangaSanskrit: अस्थिभङ्ग asthibhanga, अस्थिसंहार asthisamhara, अस्थियुज् asthiyuj, चतुर्धारिन् chaturdharin, चित्रकाण्डाली chitrakandali, काण्डलता kandalata, सिरालक siralaka, वज्रवल्लि vajravalliTamil: அருகணி arukani, கிருட்டி kirutti, பிரண்டை pirantai, வச்சிரவல்லி vaccira-valliTelugu: గుడమతీగ gudametige, నల్లేరు nalleru, వజ్రవల్లి vajravalliTulu: ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳು sandu ballu, ಸಂದ್ ಬೂರು sandu booruUrdu: هڙجوڙا harjora

Rambling, succulent, glabrous, deciduous shrubs; stem 4-angular, winged or ridged at angles, constricted at nodes; tendril simple. Leaves simple, entire or 3-lobed, 2-5 x 2-5 cm, ovate-suborbicular or subreniform, base truncate, margin distantly spinulose-crenate, apex obtuse, thick-coriaceous; petiole to 1 cm long. Flowers in leaf-opposed, peduncled, umbellate cymes. Calyx-tube obscurely 4-lobed, c. 2 mm long, reddish. Petals c. 2.5 mm long, ovate, acute, greenish-yellow, recurved. Stamens 4; filaments to 2 cm long; anthers yellow. Disk 4-lobed, yellow. Ovary c. 1mm long, 2-celled; ovules 2 per cell. Berry c. 7 mm across, subglobose. Seeds black, smooth.

Flowering and fruiting: June-January
Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
Widespread in the drier parts of Africa, Arabia and Indo-Malesia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

Images by tspkumar

TSPNOV2015-74-118-Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae )  

Habit: Climbing, succulent shrub 

Habitat: Wild, Scrub forest 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 16-07-2014, 02-03-2015 and 16-11-2015

I know this plant. i had it growing in my back yard in kolkata for several seasons.
it grew gregariously but never bloomed as much as in the wild. wonder why

I believe, just like animals, plants do need a fair no. of their own kind, above critical levels, to show up their true characters say blooming. Not sure…!

How nice! The succulent branches are enough to identify this plant.


Cissus species for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Cissus species for ID

Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.
980m (Aprox),
Cultivated in Botanical Garden,
Stem cylindrical to quadrangular.

Is it not cissus quadrangularis?

to me also it appears close to images at efi page on Cissus quadrangularis

The leaf and fruit indicate it is Cissus quadrangularis, but in some cultivated plants the stems 4 angles are not well defined; hence they say it is not Cissus quadrangularis.

Location :  My residence in Adyar, Chennai. Cissus quadrangularis.
Family  vitaceae.
The stem used for the preparation of chutneys/ other culinaries in Southern India .
Tamil name : Perandae.

– This plant have immense medicinal use called harjora in Bengali link for medicinal uses – <>

– Here are mine from Delhi grown at Herbal Garden in Punjabi Bagh


help about this flora Cissus quadrangularis THREE DHAR (TRIDHARI):

Hindi:hadjod hadjora,hadjora
Kannada:mangaravalli,manimanguravalli,nalle, sanduballi,
Malyalam: cannalamparanta,cannalamparanta, Changalam Parande
peranta, tsjamgelam-parenda, changalaparanda.
Marathi: kandvel, harsankar
Sanskrit asthisamhari,asthisamhrta, asthisandhani, asthisanhara,
Tamil: pirandai, pirantai, vajjiravalli, perandai, perandai,
puranai, pirandei, perandai, puranai, pirantai, pirantai, kari-p-
pirantai, pirantai, perandai, pirandai, sathura pirandai, perundei
Telugu: gudametige, kokkitaya-ralu, nalleru, nalleru, vajra valli.
Assam : Harjara
Bengali : Hadajora, harjora
Oriya: Hadbhanga
Gujarati : Hadasankala, Chodhari, hadsand, vedhari
Urdu : Hathjod

Cissus quadrangularis Linn. is known as Nalleru and Vajra valli in Telugu districts of Cormandel where both Dr Koenig and Roxburg worked -Father of Indian Science and Botany respectively. Coromandel Plants is first book in India. I mentioned it in Ex Flora Simhachalam. Best book on Aurveda in Sanscrit sloka with telugu meaning from Rajahmandry by great pharmacist of india Sripad Subrahmanya Sastry 1947 gives all compositions of Ayurvedic med known in India =A copy is now with Sri G S Raju, former y Dir Genl Telecom Res govt India asociated with medicinal pls. Dr Satyavati former Dir, ICMR is also now in Bangalore All other books like wallich-wight etc are after 1820 only as printing press is at Serampore. FIRST THING is Dr Paramjit Singh present Director Botnical Survey is authority on VITACEAE . There two wild grapes CIssus pallida Wt and another Imentioned in Nehru Zool Park 20 yrs ago. Indian plants were studied by Europeans 500 yrs ago. An English Index to Plants off India by H.PIDIDINGTON must be consulted by all interested in originals. Indians should know that Sir Charles Wilkins who studied Sancrit in India and Prof at Oxford was advisor to East indan Company 1670 or so.-… FLS(London) Rtd Director, National Herbarium-Dr Roxburgh took one Sharma from Rajahmandry to make drawings and give uses of plants in 2nd ad 3rd vols. Very recently some one came from Edinburgh to Samlkota ..

One excellent book USEFUL PLANTS OF PHILIPPINES by W,Brown1953 with all asian names and illustrations (3 vols) one copy at Calcutta Gdn 2nd? is very helpful. Spice Islands are Java, Sumatra, Borneo etc with Hinduism, Ramayana -Bharata etc. These islands keep old traditions even today but we white collared Angrez! prone tocopying only..

cissus quadrangularis other forms flat stemmed and round stemmed : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
In Siddha system of medicine 7 forms or variants of Cissus quadrangularis is mentioned. I got two forms. These photos are from my PhD thesis along with TS of the stem to show the number of sides.


Cissus quadrangularis other two forms :  Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Siddha system of medicine described 7 forms or variants of Cissus quadrangularis. I know two forms.

Many thanks … for sharing these two forms of Cissus quadrangularis.

Plant Identification : 4 posts by 4 authors.
Date/Time- 15/04/2014, 2:15:28 PM
Location- Baramati, Dist- Pune. Maharashtra
Habitat– Garden. Currently it is in my home garden. I dont know its true habitat, It might have come along with other plants. I found it growing so I planted it in pot in black cotton soil.
Plant Habit– not sure. it has a tendril growing from internode, the stem is rectangular, green, smooth and herbaceous.
Height– it hailed here on 9 march, 2014 so the plant was badly injured, you can see it is bruised. currently the plant height is 1 foot, I don’t know its growing potential. old branching pattern is visible at first node.
Leaves Type- Please find in attached image
Inflorescence Type/ Size- Never saw since i planted.
I was curious to find the root pattern and with intention to multiply it; I dug and found rhizome image no. 6.
If i m wrong in description part please understand that i’m a pseudo
botanist and refer the images. Apologies!

Cissus quadrangularis!

This is Cissus quadrangularis (Vitaceae). Chutney made out of its stem is very tasty.

I had three forms of this plant, still might be available with Tamil University Herbal Garden. One is normal with exerted corners. Second is blunted corners, somewhat cylindrical. Third form is two sided flat stemmed. In this third form few inter nodes are three sided. If needed to anyone, I can upload the images

Succulent for ID Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu NAW-OCT-09 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).
Kindly identify this succulent climber photographed on the Aruanachala hill reserve forest, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu in September 2014.
Fleshy stems about 1.5-2 cm thick. The 3rd picture possibly shows a curled new leaf.

Nice photos … Looks like Cissus quadrangularis ( பிரண்டை).

Yes Cissus quadrangularis, I get the leaves but my specimen has never developed the flowers or fruits.  In Bengal and Bihar known as Had-joda, has bio-available reagents in the stem.
nice to see them here, thanks

It’s called Pirandai in Tamil and the tender shoots can make for some interesting chutney if properly treated. If the plant is near you, you might want to give it a shot. (simply google Pirandai chutney recipe).

Thank you, will definitely try the chutney.

i did and found a nic Utube video, I did not understand her speaking, but enjoyed the process, she had this to write at the bottom of her video: I quote : ‘”  Published on Dec 20, 2012          
Pirandai Thuvaiyal / Pirandai Thugayal / ADAMANT CREEPER CHUTNEY( ADAMANT CREEPER also called Asthisonhara, vajravalli , hadjod, hadjora, harsankari, hasjora, harbhanga, haudhari, kandavela, chadhuri; vedhari, nalleru, pirandai, mangaroli ) which is tasty and also healthy recipe/ good for bones, gastric problems, appetizer. One of best siddha and ayurvedic medicated natural recipe. This is an alternate medicine for gastric problem. This is very old traditional recipe and marunthu ( medicine ) made in indian homes, this is one of best variety of chutney. ”     end quote…  url is
i found one of the synonyms very interesting and I think quite apt… ADAMANT CREEPR….   unless one forgets to water it in high summer heat it lives happily in the pot for me.. and often over grows…
secondly if you understand her language can you tell me what did she add at 1:26 to 1:32 into the video, small amount of whitish beige type powder???

It really is an apt name! I love that quality of the plant, independent and strong.
The whitish powder is Asafoetida/Hing and in case the video wasn’t clear, the black stuff that went in with the Urad Dal was Til, not mustard… This seems like a particularly strong recipe! Another version, one that I learnt from my Grandmother, has coconut as well which cuts down the unfamiliar taste of the plant to a pleasant level. Patti (Grandmother) also warns us about leaving the edges of the Pirandai on. We usually trim off that part like you would in a Ridge gourd.
I should try this out once and see. Hope that helped and you all have a lovely weekend.

Thanks …:
so Hing it was, and thanks for telling me the black stuff was Til , I had mistaken it for mustard and wrote my little recipe as mustard…
I will correct it.
your information and esp. granma’s edict  is so good that with your permission I would like to make it part of the content of this thread. so if its ok please tell me, or you yourself can forward that answer above to Indiatreepix in this thread,. I will certainly try it both with and without coconut when I feel adventurous enough to cut of 12 and 12 inches worth of the vine for both versions and let you know.

Our recipe is a little loose on account of all of us being quite the experimenters in the kitchen! Here is my estimate of the quantities. Feel free to change it to suit your tastes. The only key point is to make sure you cook the Pirandai well.
To pick your Pirandai, take only the top few, bright green pieces of the stem, the tender ones. Remove the 4 edges of the stem and chop into 1cm cubes. I’m going to assume you are using about 12 pieces of it like you said. It sometimes starts to irritate your fingers when you cut it; try not to let too much raw juice coat your fingers.
In a tawa, add a little oil, and fry two spoons each of urad dal and Bengal Gram Dal. Add Red chilli and tamarind to taste. Add Hing to taste. Once they are done, remove from tawa to cool.
Heat a little more oil and saute the Pirandai pieces until pale green. (keep it till it’s slightly paler than what was shown in the video). Cool and grind it all together with about half a coconut. Add salt to taste and season with just mustard fried in a little oil, and it’s done.
Hope you enjoy the chutney you make. Feel free to add things or remove them as you choose. Like I said, the only requirement for the dish to be edible is the cooking of the vegetable. Otherwise, the tastes are all changeable. Amma has put together an interesting little ebook on traditional recipes that she likes giving out to anyone interested. If you would like to read it, do download it from this link: (You would need to fill in the form on the right side bar.)

Thanks … I wonder if the cooked chutney will retain its bone healing properties… regardless I will certainly try it.
12 meant inches, not 12 joints.. that would be too long a cut.. after all its in a pot.

via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Cissus quadrangularis L. … family: Vitaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
KISS-us or SISS-us — Latin name for ivyDave’s Botanary
kwad-ran-gew-LAIR-iss — four-angledDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: adamant creeper, bone setter, devil’s backbone, edible stemmed vine, square-stalked vine, veldt grape, winged treebineAssamese: হাড়-ঘুনুচা hara-ghunuca, হাড়জোৰা লতা harajoraa-lataBengali: হাড়জোড়া harajoraGujarati: હડસાંકળ hadasankalHindi: अस्थिभंग asthibhanga, हड़जोड़ harajoraKannada: ಮಂಗರವಲ್ಲಿ mangaravalli, ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ sanduballi, ವಜ್ರವಲ್ಲಿ vajravalliKonkani: ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳಿ sandu balliMalayalam: ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട changalamparandaMarathi: घणसवेल ghanasvel, घोणसकांडें ghonuskande, कांडवेल kandavel, म्हसवेल mhasvelOdia: ଅସ୍ଥିଭଙ୍ଗ asthibhanga, ହାଡ଼ଭଙ୍ଗା harabhangaSanskrit: अस्थिभङ्ग asthibhanga, अस्थिसंहार asthisamhara, अस्थियुज् asthiyuj, चतुर्धारिन् chaturdharin, चित्रकाण्डाली chitrakandali, काण्डलता kandalata, सिरालक siralaka, वज्रवल्लि vajravalliTamil: அருகணி arukani, கிருட்டி kirutti, பிரண்டை pirantai, வச்சிரவல்லி vaccira-valliTelugu: గుడమతీగ gudametige, నల్లేరు nalleru, వజ్రవల్లి vajravalliTulu: ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳು sandu ballu, ಸಂದ್ ಬೂರು sandu booruUrdu: هڙجوڙا harjora
botanical names: Cissus quadrangularis L. … synonyms: Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
September 14, 2013 … Khajuraho

The Gujarati name of this plant would be spelt as હાડસાંકળ (not ડસાંકળ). The Sanskrit name અસ્થિશૃંખલા is also used in Gujarati.

Thank you very much … for pointing to the correct spelling, and for another name derived from Sanskrit. Will add them to my notes soon.

Gujarati: અસ્થિશૃંખલા asthisrnkhala, હાડસાંકળ hadasankal

Names update:

KISS-us or SISS-us — Latin name for ivy … Dave’s Botanary
kwad-ran-gew-LAIR-iss — four-angled … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: adamant creeper, bone setter, devil’s backbone, edible stemmed vine, square-stalked vine, veldt grape, winged treebine • Assamese: হাড়-ঘুনুচা hara-ghunuca, হাড়জোৰা লতা harajoraa-lata • Bengali: হাড়জোড়া harajora • Dogri: हड्ड-जोड haddjod • Gujarati: અસ્થિશૃંખલા asthisrnkhala, ચોધારી chodhari, હાડસાંકળ hadasankal,કાંડવેલ kandavel • Hindi: अस्थिभंग asthibhanga, हड़जोड़ा harajora • Kachchhi: સાંધાવલ sandhaval • Kannada: ಅಸ್ಥಿಸಂಹಾರ asthisanhara, ಬಕ್ಕುಡಿ bakkudi, ಮಂಗರವಲ್ಲಿ mangaravalli, ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ sanduballi, ವಜ್ರವಲ್ಲಿ vajravalli • Konkani: कांडवेल kandavel, म्हसवेल mhasvel, ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳಿ sandu balli • Malayalam: ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട changalamparanda • Marathi: घणसवेल ghanasvel, घोणसकांडें ghonuskande, कांडवेल kandavel, म्हसवेल mhasvel • Odia: ଅସ୍ଥିଭଙ୍ଗ asthibhanga, ହାଡ଼ଭଙ୍ଗା harabhanga • Sanskrit: अस्थिभङ्ग asthibhanga, अस्थिसंहार asthisamhara, अस्थियुज् asthiyuj, चतुर्धारिन् chaturdharin, चित्रकाण्डाली chitrakandali, काण्डलता kandalata, सिरालक siralaka, वज्रवल्लि vajravalli • Santali: ᱠᱟᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ kamraj • Tamil: அருகணி arukani, கிருட்டி kirutti, பிரண்டை pirantai, வச்சிரவல்லி vaccira-valli • Telugu: గుడమతీగ gudametige, నల్లేరు nalleru, వజ్రవల్లి vajravalli • Tulu: ಸಂದ್ ಬೂರು sandu booru • Urdu: هڙجوڙا harjora

botanical namesCissus quadrangularis L. … synonymsSaelanthus quadragonus (L.) Forssk. ex J.F.Gmel. • Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … and some accepted infraspecifics at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
adamant creeper, devil’s backbone, veld grape
bone setter
  • Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu … literal translation of the Sanskrit name of this plant – अस्थिसंहारक asthisamharaka – one that siezes bone, sets bone, saves bone from destruction … a name given due to plant’s therapeutic ability to heal bones
edible stemmed vine
veldt grape, winged treebine
square-stalked vine
  • for synonym … Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
হাড়-ঘুনুচা hara-ghunuca, হাড়জোৰা লতা harajoraa-lata
  • Many thanks to Sonjib Sarma and Brahmananda Pattiri for help with these names … facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
হাড়জোড়া harajora
~~~~~ DOGRI ~~~~~
हड्ड-जोड haddjod
  • Many thanks to OM Prakash Vidyarthi for help with this name … facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
અસ્થિશૃંખલા asthisrnkhala, હાડસાંકળ hadasankal
ચોધારી chodhari,કાંડવેલ kandavel
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
अस्थिभंग asthibhanga, हड़जोड़ा harajora
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
સાંધાવલ sandhaval (or સાંધીયાવલ sandhiyaval)
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಅಸ್ಥಿಸಂಹಾರ asthisanhara
  • Mandayam Digital Library – Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar
ಬಕ್ಕುಡಿ bakkudi
  • for synonym … Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … Alar – an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna
ಮಂಗರವಲ್ಲಿ mangaravalli
  • Wikipedia
  • Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu
  • or ಮಂಗರಬಳ್ಳಿ mangaraballi … for synonym … Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … Five Hundred Indian Plants by Basel Mission, Mangalore
  • or ಮಂಗರೋಳಿ mangaroli … Mandayam Digital Library – Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar
ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ sanduballi
  • for synonym … Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight … Five Hundred Indian Plants by Basel Mission, Mangalore
  • Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu … this name ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ sanduballi (jointed climber) arose as it has well marked nodes and internodes giving the appearance of jointed stem
ವಜ್ರವಲ್ಲಿ vajravalli
  • Shodhganga – Medicinal plants of Tulunadu
  • ವಜ್ರ vajra = diamond, known for being toughest substance on earth; ವಲ್ಲಿ valli = creeper, climber … referring to climber’s efficacy in repairing bone fractures, restoring the toughness to the bone
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
कांडवेल kandavel, म्हसवेल mhasvel
ಸಂದ್ ಬಳ್ಳಿ sandu balli
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട changalamparanda
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
घणसवेल ghanasvel
घोणसकांडें ghonuskande
  • also घणसकांडें ghanaskande … A dictionary, Marathi and English by Molesworth, J. T. (James Thomas) … घोणस ghonus OR घणस ghanas = a large snake, python; कांडें kande = joint or knot, an articulation; the portion included between two knots, an internodation … the climber spreads and coils in the form of the snake, and is said to be resorted to and eaten by cattle bitten by that snake
कांडवेल kandavel
म्हसवेल mhasvel
  • ENVIS – FRLHT … म्हस mhas = buffalo; वेल vel = creeper, climber
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଅସ୍ଥିଭଙ୍ଗ asthibhanga, ହାଡ଼ ଭଙ୍ଗା harda bhanga
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
अस्थिभङ्ग asthibhanga, चतुर्धारिन् chaturdharin, चित्रकाण्डाली chitrakandali
  • ॥ विकिशब्दकोशः॥ स्वतन्त्रः संस्कृतशब्दकोशः …
    • अस्थि asthi = bone; भङ्ग bhanga = break, fracture … named so for the plant’s supposed efficacy in treating bone fractures
    • चतुर chatur = four; धारिन् dharin = edged … four-edged – referring to the four-angled stem of the plant
अस्थिसंहार asthisamhara
  • ENVIS – FRLHT … अस्थि asthi = bone; संहार samhara = to set, to seize, to save from destruction … the name given to plant for its therapeutic abilities of healing bones
अस्थियुज् asthiyuj, सिरालक siralaka
काण्डलता kandalata, वज्रवल्लि vajravalli
~~~~~ SANTALI ~~~~~
ᱠᱟᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ kamraj
  • Many thanks to Prasanta Hembram for help with this name … efloraofindia
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
அருகணி arukani, கிருட்டி kirutti, பிரண்டை pirantai, வச்சிரவல்லி vaccira-valli
  • for square-stalked vine … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
  • கிருட்டி kirutti or கிரீட்டி kiritti | பிரண்டை pirantai or புரண்டை purantai | வச்சிரவல்லி vaccira-valli or வயிரவல்லி vayira-valli
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
గుడమతీగ gudametige, నల్లేరు nalleru, వజ్రవల్లి vajravalli
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಸಂದ್ ಬೂರು sandu booru
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
هڙجوڙا harjora
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at

There is no Nepali name so far !


Cissus quadrangularis at Khajuraho :: 14 SEP 13 :: DV : 9 images. 9 posts by 7 authors
Khajuraho about 750 ft asl

Date / Time: 14 SEP 13 at 05:55 PM Altitude: about 750 ft asl
Cissus quadrangularis L. … (family: Vitaceae)
posting some of the plants sighted last week during my holidays in MP. This plant was found growing profusely at one end of eastern group of Khajuraho monuments’ premises.
I know it is difficult to digest the words Cissus quadrangularis and Khajuraho together !! Please bear.
Adding a few pictures of the magnificent temples that I saw.

Good pictures.
Some of you may know. Two other forms of this plant is available.
One does not have sharp or exerted corners. Means the corners are blunted. Another form is just flat means two sided. few of the internodes in two sided form are three sided.

If needed let me post those plant photos

Many thanks all for the appreciation; … eager to see the other forms of this plant.


Please help with local name for Cissus quadrangularis, if any.

No luck this time too …!

Hadjod… called commonly …as it’s an excellent Bone fixer ..


Cissus quadrangularis, : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Cissus quadrangularis,
Chinnar WLS, Idukki district in Kerala
this falls in the rain shadow area of the Nilgiris

Cissus quadrangularis submission : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Cissus quadrangularis
Family : Vitaceae
Place : Jhargram , West Bengal , India 

Date : 21 January 2019


Tala, Distt Umariya, M.P.July’10?

Cissus Quadriangularis: 090310-AK-2 : Attachments (1). 11 posts by 6 authors.
Again this creeper was discussed earlier…. adding my picture showing the leaves.
Taken at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on the 11th of July, 2008.

In tamil it is called “Perandai” and it is not only used to make chutney but is also used as a ingredient in Ayurveda to bind the fractures.

This plant is Cissus quadrangularis Linn [Syn: Vitis quadrangularis Wall. ex Wt & arn.] from the family Vitaceae. In Bengal it is locally known as Harjora or harbhanja [the plant that cures fractured bones].
Leaves: used in bowel complains.
Stem: used to cure scurvy, irregular menstruation, otorrhoea, epitaxis, asthama, sap applied externally on forehead to cure one-sided headache, with tumeric crushed and applied to heal facture bones.


Again from Herbal Garden Chitrakoot written as Cissus quadrangularis (hindi- Harjora)
stem does not seem to be angular
pls confirm sp

The plant in your photo is not C quadrangularis but its name is Cissus subtetragona Planchon in A. Candolle & C. Candolle.
Description of the plant in provided below please match with the plant photo or profile.
Branchlets nearly terete, upper part nearly square in cross-section, longitudinal ridges inconspicuous, glabrous; tendrils unbranched. Leaves simple; stipules caducous; petiole 0.8-3.5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade oblong or triangular-oblong, 6-19 × 2-7 cm, glabrous, basal veins 3, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, veinlets inconspicuous, base nearly truncate, margin with 5-11 fine teeth on each side, apex acuminate or mucronate. Compound dichasium terminal or leaf-opposed; peduncle 1-3 cm, glabrous or with sparse papillary hairs. Pedicel 3-10 cm, nearly glabrous. Buds conical-elliptic, 3-4 mm, apex obtuse. Calyx entire. Petals triangular-oblong, 2-3 mm, glabrous. Anthers ovoid-elliptic. Lower part of ovary adnate to disk; style conical; stigma slightly expanded. Berry 0.8-1.2 cm in diam., 1-seeded. Seed surface smooth, raphe raised, ventral holes very short at base.

 Thanks …, for pointing out the discrepancy in Chitrakoot plant, and … for resolving its identity. …y, I am becoming a fan of you. Keep it up.
…, let us upload photographs of different plants, and also by two different members in separate mail threads. We can always give links. This way reference would be easier in the database.
I am happy the group is evolving into a strong and efficient forum for quick identification. I love this group for the level of cordiality shown by most senior members, and I am happy … has got into this mould rapidly.
Thanks … for conceiving the idea.

Thank you for you humble compliment and the truth is that I am your fan. Yes it feels really nice to spend time here in this group not only identification of plants are important out here but also rejuvenation of mind with new information about plant life in most interesting part of the group. At every moment I always get to see new plants from India and around , it’s not always possible for me identify all of them disclosing the fact that I am too young and lack experience to remember the complete flora of India which has one of the largest biodiversity among the plant kingdom in the world with nearly 10 hot spot zones. I try my best to contribute from my side and learn from more mature, experienced and hardcore taxonomist and plant lovers out here. This is all what I wanted, I am happy and feel good at the end of the day when I get hold of some IDs correct. I will always thank Dinesh Ji who introduced me to this group without his introduction it would have been impossible for me to gather so much new knowledge about plant under a single roof better to say in a single click of a button.

Cissus subtetragona is added as adulterant to Cissus quadrangularis and considered inferior in terms of medicinal properties by traders. But for the Healers both species are important.

This is Cissus quadrangularis only as per cissus quadrangularis other forms flat stemmed and round stemmed
Does not match with Cissus subtetragona Planchon as per FOC illustration  FPCN  GBIF

I think you’re right …

Old stems become obese, regularly observed !

10032011-PR for ID from Chennai: 3 images.
This is a plant bought from a nusery at Bangalore.
Please help me id it. 

I suppose Cissus repens

I would like to correct Cissus repanda.

The following key should help in settling issue
Tendrils forked, leaves with 9-12 sharp teeth on each side, apex acute………………..C. repens
Tendril with 5-7 racemose branches, leaves with 15-45 minute teeth
on each side, apex rounded.
………………………………………………………………..C. repanda

young plant of Cissus repanda


Not sure what the plant in question here is, but am sending a few photographs of a young plant of Cissus repanda for comparison. The photographs were taken at my farm at Shahapur.
3 images.

As you may be aware, Cissus quadrangularis also has cylindrical and flattened stems (perhaps under cultivation?) in addition to the normal 4-angled stems.
I guess the flat-stemmed form was recently described as new species (citation needed!).
I think your plant is a form of C.quadrangularis with cylindrical stems. But this needs confirmation.

On closer inspection, I find that the cross-section is cylindrical and almost square in parts with one section having a fluted side. I find no resmblance to … pics of C. repanda.

leaf here does look like Cissus quadrangularis L.
and google search does say that flat stem, round stem and quadrangular stem variants area available, though I have seen just the quadrangular one which we have in our garden. This also never flowers and supposed to be highly medicinal.

Cissus quadriangularis is supposed to have succulent stems, constricted nodes and simple tendrils, which I don’t see in above plant. Perhaps this paper should help

Sending my photographs of Cissus quadrangularis for comparison. Kindly note the tendrils and constricted nodes (we we want to ignore  stem angles and wings).

Cissus quadrangularis

Better Photo will help. This seems like Pirendai common name in Tamil.
With proper salt treatment this can cooked and eaten well
Note: With out proper salt treatment, the tongue will react and swell, which is a very painful experience. 


MS/ID/OCTOBER/2020/2 – ID of the plant Cissus quadrangularis : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Please ID the plant photographed.
There are two different types of leaves. Are they same or sub species. Photographed in Chennai 

One more photo is sent herewith.
Attachments (1)  

Cissus quadrangularis


Nepali name(s) of Cissus quadrangularis L.:

Any name(s) in Nepali for Cissus quadrangularis L. ?
Could not find any posts of yours in eFI and facebook.

No nepali name for this sp.



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