Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f., (syn. Clerodendrum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Kuntze [Illegitimate]; Clerodendrum phlomidis f. rubrum (Roxb. ex Voigt) Moldenke; Clerodendrum phlomidis var. rubrum Roxb. ex Voigt; Volkameria multiflora Burm.f.);
Glory Bower, Agnimonth, Arni अर्नी (Hindi), Taggi gida (Kannada), Taluddai (Tamil);
Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Week: Verbenaceae- Clerodendrum multiflorum: Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Week: Verbenaceae-
Now in family Lamiaceae.
Clerodendrum phlomidis: Attachments (8). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Can any one please tell me the difference between Clerodendrum phlomidis and
Clerodendrum viscosum. how can they be distinguished in field ?
Adding the morphological description and pictorial difference of both the plant hope it will be helpful for you!
Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f.,
*Habit*: Shrubs 1.5-3 (-4) m tall, stem ashy-grey, branches pubescent.
*Leaves*: *opposite*, ovate to rhomboid-ovate, 1.5-5 cm long, 1-3 cm broad, entire to sinuate-crenate, subacute-obtuse; petiole up to 2.5 cm long, densely hirsute.
*Inflorescence: Cymes dichotomously branched, axillary, forming a rounded terminal panicle. Flowers creamy-white or pale yellowish, c. 1.5 cm across; pedicels 5-10 mm long, densely hirsute; bracts ovate lanceolate.
*Calyx* :campanulate, glabrous, pale or somewhat yellowish green, somewhat inflated, 5-lobed; lobes 4-5 mm long, ovate-triangulate,
*Corolla*: corolla-tube 2-2.5 cm long, much narrower than the calyx, pubescent externally; lobes 5, subequal, ovate-elliptic, 7-8 mm long, obtuse.
*Fruit*: Drupe obovoid, 8-12 mm long, black, wrinkled, usually 4-lobed, enclosed by the persistent calyx; seeds oblong, white.
Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.
*Synonym :* *Clerodendrum infortunatum* non L.
*Habit : *Large shrubs or small trees ca. 4 m tall.
*Branchlets : *Branchlets quadrangular, fulvous tomentose.
*Leaves : *Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 2.5-8 cm long , terete, fulvous tomentose; lamina 7-17 (-23) x 7.5- 15 cm, broad elliptic-ovate or suborbicular, apex acuminate, base cordate, margin entire or dentate, subcoriaceous, fulvous tomentose; midrib raised with tomentose above; 5-7-nerved at base; secondary nerves ca. 2-3 pairs; tertiary nerves distantly and horizontally percurrent.
*Flowers : *Inflorescence terminal panicle, up to 18 cm long, fulvous pubescent; flowers zygomorphic, white.
*Fruit& seed : *Drupe, black, nearly globose seated on enlarged pinkish
Clerodendrum phlomidis: Clerodendrum phlomidis
Common name : Arni
At Bhuj fort, Gujrat
Flora of Haryana: Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f from CCSHAU Botanical Garden: Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f from CCSHAU Botanical Garden Family: Verbenaceae
…, thanks for sharing the nice pictures of flowers. Though I had seen this bush earlier, in Chennai, I could not observe the flowers, despite best efforts.
Common name: Arni अर्नी(Hindi), Taggi gida (Kannada), Taluddai (Tamil).
This is a well known medicinal plant extensively used in Ayurveda and Siddha system of medicine for
treatment of various ailments.
plant pic for ID : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Kindly help me to find out correct name for the plant pics attached.
Plant height: about 1.5 mt. shrub
Date: April 2012
Location: near Faridabad
I think it is Clerodendrum phlomidis
I think … have rightly identified this, difficult to id without flowers..
37Lamiaceae (incl. Verbenaceae) Fortnight :: Verbenaceae ::Clerodendrm multiflorum :: SMPMAY37/37 : 1 post by 1 author. 4 images.
Need id assistance of JNU Verbenaceae 210415SP : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
I need id assistance of following images belonging to Clerodendrum?
Locality: JNU New Campus
Habit: shrub up to 2 m high
Corolla: scented, white
Most probably Clerodendrum phlomidis…!!
Clerodendrum phlomids : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Found across a lake of a village in Kanchipuram district,TN.
Shrub grows to upto 2 metres.
Leaves emit strong smell.
Parveennaager04@gmail.com : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 1 MB.
Pl. check /species/a—l/l/lamiaceae/clerodendrum
It is Clerodendrum phlomoides, a dasamoola ingredient, stem, root, leaf all used in medicine, along with nine other plants it is a bowl and heart tonic. leaf when heated little and applied to the joint for joint pain., It a shrub/ small tree will form a live fence.
Location cdlu sirsa : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1) – 1 MB.
Wild Shrub for ID : Pune : 13JAN20 : AK-17 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Shrub with white flowers seen at a farm on the outskirts of Pune.
Flowers had a mild fragrance.
Looks like Clerodendrum Species.
Could be Arni, Clerodendrum phlomidis?
I guess correct ID.
I too agree with ma’am,
Yes it is. Entire leaf margin seen here is a common variation.
Id of Flower – ID23032020SH1 – Clerodendron Sp. ? : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Flower for id pl. Which species of Clerodendron ?
Location – Hatnur (North Maharashtra)
Date – January 2020
Looks like Arni, Clerodendrum phlomidis to me.
I am also with same opinion but feel slight different.
Yes it’s C. phlomoides,
Thanks … …, Is रानजाई the same flower ?
For रानजाई, I found Clematis heynei
I agree with … the name रानजाई or रान जाई is given to Clematis heynei / C. triloba, though they are far from jasmine family.
Jasminum malabaricum is also known as रानजाई.
We cannot rule out the tendency of local folks calling any wild dainty white fragrant flowers as रानजाई
Clerodendrum phlomidis is अरणी or टाकळी
Thanks … Yes, local names are always confusing but still closer to the heart.
It is Clerodendrum only, not clematis; reasons: Clematis has free petals, stamens more; here the flower is gamopetalous, clearly 4 exserted stamens, slightly bilobed corolla and 4 lobed fruit in a cup like calyx it is Clerodendrum species, close to Clerodendrum phlomidis.
Yes …, the posted plant is indeed Clerodendrum sp.
I discussed about the Marathi name रानजाई – it is known to refer Clematis sp. and Jasminum sp. rather than Clerodendrum sp. But some local folks may call Clerodendrum sp. as रानजाई ranjai, as the flowers has scent similar to jasmine.
Yes … I was sure about Clerodendron but unsure about the species and it’s local name.
Lamiaceae -Verbenaceae week Clerodendron multiflorum for validation image 51215 -01,02 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Yes ! IndiaMart