Connarus monocarpus L., Sp. Pl. 675 1753. (Syn: Omphalobium indicum Gaertn. (Unresolved); Omphalobium pictum Blanco (Unresolved); Omphalobium pinnatum DC. (Unresolved); Rhus radaelijawel Mill. (Unresolved));
Indian Zebrawood • Kannada: Torolakka • Malayalam: Perim-churigil, Naikuriel, Shevanarvembu • Marathi: Sumdari, Sundar • Tamil: Chettupulukodi; 

Scandent shrubs; young parts ferrugineous tomentose. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets 3 or 5, 4-8 x 2.5-4 cm, elliptic or elliptic-ovate, base rounded, apex acuminate, thin-coriaceous; young flush coppery brown; petiolule upto 4 mm long. Flowers in terminal, pyramidal paniculate cymes, ferrugineous-tomentose; pedicel c. 4 mm long. Sepals upto 3 mm long, narrowly triangular or oblong, puberulous without. Petals 6-8 mm long, linear-oblanceolate, creamy white. Stamens in 2 whorls; filaments with glandular appendages. Ovary subglobose, densely pubescent, brownish, 1-locular; ovules 2. Fruit a follicle, 2.5-4 x 1.5 -2 cm, obovoid, fusiform, compressed, more or less falcate, scarlet red. Seed single, c.1.5 cm long, ovoid, surrounded at base with a large, pulpy, bright yellow aril. 

Flowering and fruiting: April-June 
Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves in the plains
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Connarus monocarpus : Attachments (6). 1 post by 1 author.
Was at Sawantwadi and Amboli in the last week of May with Dr.Almeida and his associates Santosh Yadav & Rashmi Sharma.

Sending a few photographs.

It is a climber in semievervreen forests at about 300 m altitude, in Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa.

Is it C. wightii?

efi page on Connarus wightii  

It could be Connarus monocarpus L.

Local Name: Ghagrya (Konkani)

Fruits are used during Ganesh Puja in Matoli (Decoration)

If this is a large climber and fruits are about 2 cm long, this should be Tali minor of Connaraceae. I have seen this climber in the said locality.

Probably Connarus monocarpus/ wightii…. reference: Indian trees by Dietrich Brandis.

Connarussome‎ species in India & eFI with some keys

I am not sure. I have seen Connarus in Goa but species level not sure.

In a book titled ” Matoli” by Mr.Bhushan Bhave of P.E.S college of arts and science, Farmagudi- ponda- Goa, he has identified it as connarus monocarpus L.

It looks like Connarus monocarpus to me, too.


Anmod Ghat :: Connarus monocarpus :: DVFEB65/98 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 6 images.

Anmod Ghat NH4A descending from Anmod, Karnataka to Mollem, Goa

Date: 26 MAY 2013 Altitude: descends from about 640 m asl to 90 m asl

Connarus monocarpus L. (family: Connaraceae)

It is common there.

Images by tspkumar



25-TSP-ID-11JAN2016-2-Kottigehara:Tree for ID : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

Kindly identify this tree. 

Habit: Tree  

Habitat: Wild, Semi-evergreen forest 

Sighting: Kottigehara, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 28-11-2015

This should be a Connarus sp. a large liana.

Thanks … I missed that it is a liana.

True.  This seems to be the less frequent Connarus monocarpus L. rather than the common C. wightii Hook.f. which has striate fruits and greater number of lateral nerves per leaflet.

Connarus monocarpus


Connarus monocarpus L.. SN 61217 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Wild shrub from Amboli area of Maharashtra.


55 Identify weed plant : 8 images.

Please identify the weed plant,
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               07.03.2022, 02.50pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      bush-climbing large hard stem
Height:             03 meters
Leaves:            opposite oval oblong apex
Flower:             diameter:08mm, white non fragrant

Forwarding more images,
3 images.

Sharing fruit images,
5 images.

May be a Connarus sp?

Great …  It is very similar to Connarus monocarpus?





The Plant List  globinmed  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal

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