Crotalaria verrucosa L., (syn. Anisanthera hastata Raf.; Anisanthera versicolor Raf.; Crotalaria acuminata (DC.) G.Don; Crotalaria angulosa Lam.; Crotalaria arnottiana Benth.; Crotalaria caerulea Jacq.; Crotalaria coerulea Bedd.; Crotalaria coerulea Jacq.; Crotalaria flexuosa Baker; Crotalaria flexuosa Moench; Crotalaria hastata Steud.; Crotalaria mollis Weinm.; Crotalaria paramariboensis Miq.; .; Crotalaria verrucosa var. acuminata DC.; Crotalaria verrucosa var. genuina Stehle; Crotalaria verrucosa var. obtusa DC.; Crotalaria wallichiana Wight & Arn.; Phaseolus bulai Blanco; Quirosia anceps Blanco ….);
kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken … Dave’s Botanary
ver-oo-KO-suh — wart-like … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: blue-flowered crotalaria, blue-flower rattlepod, purple popbush, shack-shack, tooth-leaf rattlepod • Bengali: বনশণ bansan • Gujarati: ઘૂઘરો ghugharo • Hindi: बनशण banshan, झुनझुनिया jhunjhunia • Kannada: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida • Konkani: भाट घागरी bhat ghagari • Malayalam: കിലുകിലുക്കി kilukilukki, കിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppa • Marathi: भाट घागरी bhat ghagari, खुळखुळा khulkhula, सागर ताग sagar tag • Odia: ଶଣପୁଷ୍ପୀ shanapushpi • Sanskrit: बृहत्पुष्पी brihatpuspi, शणपुष्पी shanapuspi • Tamil: சங்குநிதி cankuniti, கிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai • Telugu: గిలిగింత giliginta • Tulu: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai
Native to: s & s-e tropical Asia; naturalized / cultivated elsewhere in tropics
Racemes terminal many flowered. Pods hairy Corolla bluish – purple.
Shrubs, to 1.5 m high; stems stout, minutely hispid. Leaves to 16 x 2 cm, obovate, obtuse at apex, acute at base, pubescent below; nerves to 10 pairs; petiole 1.5 cm long; stipule 1.5 x 1 cm, lunate. Raceme to 25 cm long; bracts lanceolate, 1 cm long. Flowers many; calyx 2 cm long, lobes lanceolate, hispid; standard 3 x 2 cm, glabrous, yellow; wings 2 x 1 cm, verrucose; keel glabrous. Pods 6 x 2.5 cm, obovate, clawed.
Flowering and fruiting: December-February
Along shola forest margins
Peninsular India; widely distributed in Malesia
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Crotalaria semperflorens Vent.)
Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi)
efloraindia: 041111 BRS121:
Pl. find the attached file contain photo of Crotalaria verrucosa for sp. id. confirmation.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti (640 MSL) Coimbatore Dist., July, 2011
Yes, Crotalaria verrucosa (please confirm the stem is 4-angular)
Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Crotalaria verrucosa in northern Western Ghats:
Crotalaria verrucosa L.
kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken
ver-oo-KO-suh — wart-like
Jul 10, 2011 … Kochare, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra
Racemes terminal many flowered. Pods hairy Corolla bluish – purple.
thanks for showing the unusual colored flowers…
seedpods… are they similar to the yellow varieties and what do the seeds look like?
Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Shrubs/Herbs : Crotalaria verrucosa:
Name of the species: Crotolaria verucosa
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habitat: Wild, grasslands, roadsides
Altitude: 100 to 300 m above msl
You are really setting new standards for the group.
Location- NBNP Garden, Anaikatti (640 MSL) Coimbatore Dist.,
Another set of photos of Crotalaria verrucosa from Coimbatore, Near Tidal Park
Habitat: Urban (road side)
Time – 16:00
Nice picture! showing ear-like stipules. Crotalaria verrucosa.
Shrub 14 for ID plz. :
Crotalaria verrucosa | Akshi beach (Alibaug):
Akshi Beach (Alibaug), Maharashtra
Plant for ID: Crotalaria sp. Hyderabad 20032013CS2 :
Please Id this weed, growing wild in Hyderabad
180713 ASP 120 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Please ID this legume (Crotalaria?) with blue flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012.
This was identified earlier BY … as Crotalaria verrucosa
Yes it is C. verrucosa
Flower and habit close up
SL 32 191113 : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Crotalaria verrucosa L.
Agree with …
I found this plant, i.e. Crotalaria verrucosa both in Maharashtra and Goa.
Thanks … for additional information. Yes I also saw this on the coast near Rajapur Maharashtra
… Crotalaria verrucosa of Fabaceae.
Yes, it is Crotolaria verrucosa, a typical coastal plant. The colour of the flowers is characteristic.
Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Crotalaria verrucosa :: Sindhudurg :: DVOCT43 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Crotalaria verrucosa from Sindhudurg : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Undershrubs at Vengurla beach, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra – probably the commonest coastal Crotalaria in the State on sandy loam.
Fabaceae (Faboideae)Fortnight:: Crotalaria verrucosa ::Malvan::PKA-OCT-106 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Crotalaria verrucosa from Malvan.
Fwd: [efloraofindia:234145] For identification BS 2- 211015 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching pics of these flowers in the southern western ghats along the Thamiraparani river on the KK district side below lower kodayar dam one week ago.
Crotalaria species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Crotalaria verrucosa, perhaps.
It looks like Crotalaria verrucosa L.
Flower for Id- ID28012016SH1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Flower for Id pl. Fabaceae ?
Location – Dabhol, Konkan
Thanks … Is it known as ’सागरताग’ in Marathi ?
ID KANNUR 23 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Please identify this herb.. possibly a species of Crotalaria from Kannur District of Kerala
Wild herb Id from Bangladesh_SM_1422 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Habitat: River bed
Location: Upper Sangu
Picture taken: February, 2019
Very seems to be Crotalaria verrucosa.
Plant for ID SMP1 20/1/2011:
Crotalaria verrucosa. There exists an another form with white flowers.
[image: Crotalaria verrucosa L.]<flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>
One of the names for Crotalaria verrucosa L. is bhat ghagari … ENVIS – FRLHT <envis.frlht>
… did you mean to say भट घागरी ? … any meaning for this भट as a prefix to घागरी
Meaning of घागरी
1 … A bell or jingling ball (as of a child’s girdle, or as worn on the toes by dancing girls &c.)
2 … The fruit of घागरा.
3 … The plant commonly घागरा
Have attached a javascrpted-HTML for generating Devanagari script … you may try your hand at it.
isn’t Ghagri means the pot called ghagar? plural of it? So pot like appearence?
But what does भट in भट घागरी mean ? any idea ?
Other than घागरी being plural of घागर meaning a vessel or pot (made of copper, brass, or earth) to hold water, … the other meanings of घागरी are: a bell or jingling ball (as of a child’s girdle, or as worn on the toes by dancing girls &c.); the fruit of a plant commonly known as घागरा.
Had read your other meanings , but could not make anything out of it unless
1, how or what is the shape of the fruit?
… yes, the seedpods make rattle-like noise.
Here are seed-pods of Crotalaria speciosa which look similar to that of C. verrucosa
[image: Khulkhula (Marathi: खुळखुळा)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi…>
Some of the meanings of भाट [ bhata ] are:
1 … A place in the sea or a river which appears at low water; a shoal, shallow, sand- bank.
2 … An elevated and level spot occurring in arable land; dry therefore and fit only for the inferior grains.
3 … Ground prepared for sugarcane: also a plantation of sugarcanes.
4 … A class of people or an individual of it. They are minstrels or bards.
5 … … An empty chatterer.
Yes it is called as Khulkhula in Marathi? Then not surname but that aa pronunciation will be correct. Because it means the people who praise God!!! They are the stutipathak of God, Rajas etc. So they will be making some ringing noise isn’t it of bell or ghungaru!
Many thanks … for working on the bhat ghagari … it has helped thrash the ambiguity.
Most of *Crotalaria* species have some of their names related to sound; more related to child’s rattle toy … thus, in various languages:
English: cat’s bell, rattlepod, rattlebox, shack-shack
Gujarati: ઘૂઘરો ghugharo
Hindi: घुंगरी ghungri, झुनझुनिया jhunjhunia
Marathi: डिंगळा dingala, खुळखुळा khulkhula, फटफटी phatphati
Kannada: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida
… and so on.
.., … not knowing the reason why you are not able to see the picture put in my message … link to that picture in my flickr photostream is http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/4174379450/
Many thanks for showing pictures of Crotalaria verrucosa at your blog.
Interesting. If the name suggests the noise the pods make, can’t imagine खुळखुळा khulkhula, is any near to फटफटी phatphati.
… those are names of various species of Crotalaria.
While खुळखुळा khulkhula is a name for large seed-pod plants like *C. spectabilis* and *C. verrucosa*, the फटफटी phatphati is for tiny seed pod plant C. filipes
Kilukilukki in Malayalam.
… is this കിലുകിലുക്കി correct spelling of kilukilukki ?
Yes it is correct! Most of the common Crotalaria are called either Kilukki or Kilukilukki the later might produce more rattle sound.
[image: Crotalaria verrucosa L.]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/5926671005/>
[image: Flowers of India]<flowersofindia>
[image: Discussions at efloraofindia]<indiantreepix…>
[image: more views in flickr]<http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Crotalariaverrucosa&m=tags&z=m>
[image: more views on Google Earth]<api.flickr…>
I have never seen Crotalaria with so beautiful blue flowers
• Odia: ଶଣପୁଷ୍ପୀ shanapushpi
• Tulu: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai
Gujarati: ઘૂઘરો ghugharo would literally mean a baby rattling toy. do its seed pods rattle?
Yes …, dried pods of this one and most of other Crotalaria species have earned the generic name of rattlepod (with some descriptor to differentiate among species) – alludes to rattle toy; rattle when shaken.
The vernacular names too, aptly, are rattle toys in each language … झुनझुनिया jhunjhunia (HINDI) • ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida (KANNADA) • भाट घागरी bhat ghagari (KONKANI) • കിലുകിലുക്കി kilukilukki, കിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppa (MALAYALAM) • भाट घागरी bhat ghagari, खुळखुळा khulkhula (MARATHI) • கிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai (TAMIL) • గిలిగింత giliginta (TELUGU) • ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai (TULU)
Thanks … I now will have to look for some in the urban cement jungle i now live in.
commonly known as: blue-flowered crotalaria, blue-flower rattlepod, purple popbush, shack-shack, tooth-leaf rattlepod • Bengali: বনশণ bansan, কুদুক ঝুনঝুনি kuduk jhunjhuni • Gujarati: ખુળખુળા khulakhula, શણપુષ્પી shanapushpi • Hindi: बनशण banshan, झुनझुनिया jhunjhunia • Kannada: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida • Konkani: भाट घागरी bhat ghagari • Malayalam: കിലുകിലുക്കി kilukilukki, കിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppa • Marathi: भाट घागरी bhat ghagari, खुळखुळा khulkhula, सागर ताग sagar tag, तिरत tirat • Odia: ବାଳୀଝୁମୁକା balijhumuka • Sanskrit: बृहत्पुष्पी brihatpuspi, शणपुष्पी shanapuspi • Tamil: சங்குநிதி cankuniti, கிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai • Telugu: గజ్జెలాకు gejjilaaku, గిలక చెట్టు gilaka chettu, గిలిగిచ్చ giligichcha, గిలిగింత giliginta • Tulu: ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai
botanical names: Crotalaria verrucosa L. … synonyms: Anisanthera versicolor Raf. • Crotalaria caerulea Jacq. • Crotalaria coerulea Bedd. • Crotalaria flexuosa Moench • Crotalaria hastata Steud. • Crotalaria mollis Weinm. • Phaseolus bulae Blanco • Quirosia anceps Blanco … and more synonyms listed at POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
blue-flower rattlepod, purple popbush, shack-shack, tooth-leaf rattlepod
बनशण banshan, झुनझुनिया jhunjhunia
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
भाट घागरी bhat ghagari
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
भाट घागरी bhat ghagari
सागर ताग sagar tag
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
बृहत्पुष्पी brihatpuspi, शणपुष्पी shanapuspi
சங்குநிதி cankuniti, கிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
గజ్జెలాకు gejjilaaku, గిలక చెట్టు gilaka chettu, గిలిగిచ్చ giligichcha
ಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai
Names compiled / updated at
Kannada name is correct.
Devgad, Kokan, MH :: Crotalaria verrucosa :: ARK2021-069: 3 images.
This was seen growing right next to the beach at Devgad, coastal Kokan, MH in Aug 2021.
This appears to be Crotalaria verrucosa.
Requesting to please validate.
Yes, it’s ma’am, you’re right,
Need ID help for purplish-flowered legume: 3 images.
Yes, I agree with … as per images at Crotalaria verrucosa L.
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Vasai (Maharashtra)
Date – November 2021
Please check Fabaceae !
This appears to be Crotalaria verrucosa L. [Fabaceae].
The occurrence of entirely white flowers in this plant is rare.
Yes from me also. It is white flowered species: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotalaria_verrucosa.