Curculigo orchioides Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63 1788. (Syn. Curculigo brevifolia Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton; Curculigo firma Kotschy & Peyr.; Curculigo malabarica Wight; Curculigo orchioides var. minor Benth.; Curculigo pauciflora Zipp. ex Span.; Curculigo petiolata Royle; Curculigo stans Labill.; Franquevillea major Zoll. ex Kurz; Gethyllis acaulis Blanco; Hypoxis dulcis Steud. ex Baker; Hypoxis minor Seem. [Illegitimate]; Hypoxis orchioides (Gaertn.) Kurz);
common curculigo, golden eye-grass, orchid palm grass • Bengali: তলমুলি talamuli • Hindi: काली मुसली kali musli, ताल मूली tal-muli, तीर्ण पदी tirna padi • Kannada: ನೆಲತಾಳೆ nelataale • Konkani: मसळकांदो masalkamdo • Malayalam: നിലപ്പന nilappana • Marathi: काळी मुसळी kali musali, मुसळकंद musalakanda, तालमूली tal-muli • Oriya: talamuli • Sanskrit: मुसली musali, तालमूली talamuli • Tamil: நிலப்பனைக்கிழங்கு nilappanaikkilanku • Telugu: తాలమూలి nelamuli, నేలతాడి nela-tadi, తాలమూలి talamuli • Tulu: ನೆಲಮುಂಡ nelamunda;


Curculigo orchioides – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
from Calicut dt, Kerala state. on 5/14/2010

This is the black Musali (Musali Power!!)

Curculigo orchioides i hope

yes …
common name-  common curculigo /golden eye grass
Hindi  – Kali musali / Tal muli
Sanskrit – krishna musali
Malayalam – nilappana
Tamil – nilappana kilanku
Kannada – nelatale gedde
Telugu – nelamuli
Bengali – talamuli
This is used as an aphrodisiac, which improves sperm count & motility

Links to my recent work on this species.

Photo taken in Asansol (W.B.) India. Date: 22/06/11. This has come out in good numbers all having three to four palm type leaves & a solitary yellow flower in the middle shooting from below the ground. Requested to please give the ID.

Curculigo orchioides
Common name : Kali Musli ; family: Hypoxidaceae and is medicinal herb


Kas week : Curculigo orchioides SMP:  Curculigo orchioides
Family Hypoxidaceae

Nice photo …, this is the famous Kaali musli

Curculigo orchioides:
Curculigo orchioides of family Hypoxidaceae
also known as Kali Musli, a medicinal herb
growing in the forest floor
last week at Mahabeleshwar

Hypoxidaceae: Curculigo orchioides – Golden Eye Grass:

Curculigo orchioides
Family: Hypoxidaceae
Herb, 30-40cms
Bhagamandala, Coorg
Habitat: Rock crevice, under tree shade, Western ghats,
Photo date: 27-Jul-2011


Excellent posting.

Yeoor Hills after pre monsoon showers for wild flowers. (mixed thread): 2 correct images. 5 posts by 5 authors.

After the pre monsoon showers the Forest Spider Lily blooms in the hills of Yeoor, SGNP Thane. These flowers bloom first before the leafs. I was planning for many years to see this unique phenomenon and it happened this year. Along with these Lilies the Yellow Ground Star aka Kali Musali flowers too had come up at the base of the shoots. Submitting the pictures for correct ID too.

Wow, Nice set of photographs. The first photograph is really beautiful.

Excellent postings. You have great potential to post more pictures and interact as an expert. All the best.

Pancratium species is Pancratium triflorum Roxb.

Thanks … for the Pancratium ID.
I came across this post searching for Pancratium parvum.
Makarand Kaka, you must have inadvertently labelled the first two pictures for Pancratium
IMG_4134 Pancratium parvum Forest Spideer Lily Yeoor 6.6.13 FB.jpg
IMG_4137 Pancratium parvum Forest Spideer Lily Yeoor 6.6.13.jpg
They belong to Chlorophytum tuberosum.

first 2 pictures 4134, 35 are not of Pancratum, they are of Chlorophytum species, tubers needed for confirmation


Curculigo Orchioides :  Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Just seen a good plant of Curcligo orchioides @ Hubli area with big and broad leaves.

ARJUL12 Confirmation of ID- Curculigo orchioides? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Bangalore July

yes Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.


identification/validation (plant/jun15/16) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Photos of Curculigo orchioides, Hypoxidaceae taken at Ankola, Mangalore

Golden eye-grass i.e. Curculigo orchioides called nilapannai in Tamil.

Unknown sp from Assam KD 05 Aug 17 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Attached images are unknwon sp. Pl. ID the sp.
Date :22.08.2017
Location: Assam
Family :  ??
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild under forest cover
Habit : Herb
Flower : Single Yellow flower

Pl. check comparative images at efi site at /species/a—l/h/hypoxidaceae

I think /species/a—l/h/hypoxidaceae/curculigo/curculigo-orchioides

According to “Assam’s flora – Present status of vascular plants(2005)” by S. Chowdhury there are only two spp. of Curculigo (C. capitulata and C. orchiodes) are found in Assam. I hope Your  ID(Curculigo orchiodes) is correct.

yes it is Curculigo orchioides

Near Kate’s point Mahabaleshwar– June’08; 12-06-2010 / 08:50AM: CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai; on 9th June 2010; Chethalayam, Wayanad; Curculigo orchioides 22Jun Panchgani – indiantreepix | Google Groups Curculigo orchioides from CBD Hills – efloraofindia | Google Groups what herb is this – efloraofindia | Google Groups


Indicator of rains? – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Here is a photograph of Yellow Ground Star, Curculigo orchioides that I saw in Sanjay Gandhi National Park. It is common in the hills of Western Ghats and emerges from the ground before the onset of the south-east monsoons. Does it mean the rains are not far off, I wonder!

It does not mean that rains are far off, however it does mean that the area has got the spring showers. The western ghats receive rainfall
sometimes from February. They are intermittent and sometimes quite a few showers. These showers make the cultivation of crops like coffee
economical and the small farmers depend on them. Coffee blossoms come out on the 9th day after the first shower. If the following showers are good the crop could be good, however sometimes just one poor shower brings doom to the small farmers.

Some useful links related to your plant. It is Kali Musli for me.
ecoport 1
ecoport 2
[Simply ignore ‘Sign in’ key in Ecoport. It is for editors only, not for visitors.]

Following comments in response I thought I would add that it did rain on Wednesday, 20th May 90 in Mumbai….

It is nice to come across people who are observant. However, our observation and inference should not contradict known knowledge. It is
common sense that no seed could ever germinate without the presence of some moisture in the soil. So too no plant with surface roots could
sprout new leaves without the presence of moisture.
It is well known that there are some pre monsoon showers in some places. It is quite possible that there must have been a shower, no
matter how small before you paid a visit and noticed the plant sprouting.

Need help with id : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)- 989 kb.
Photo from Bhopal. Black soil. Shot today (23.6.20).

Hypoxis aurea Lour.

For me the ID by … looks correct.

The plicate leaves point to Curculigo orchioides.

I guess … is correct

Yes, Curculigo orchioides. It is commonly found in Mahe.


24 Identify weed plant Curculigo orchioides: 4 images.

Please identify the weed plant.
Name of plant:
Location:         near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               28.11.2020, 10.30am
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:       annual
Height:             1.5 feet
Leaves:            long apex, no stem visible
Flower:             diameter:09mm, yellow non fragrant

Hoping you’re right

Curculigo orchioides looks correct ID !


SK 2973 17 September 2021: 4 very high res. images.
Location: Dailekh, West Nepal
Altitude: 1326 m.
Date: 13 August 2021
Habit : Wild
Curculigo orchioides Gaertner. ?????

Yes, appears close as per images at Curculigo orchioides

SK13JUN21-2106:ID : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Enclosing some pictures for ID.
Location : Nagarkot, Nepal
Altitude : 6000 ft
Date: 15 August 2015

Pl. check Zephyranthes citrina Baker

It does not look like Z.citrina because leaves are different and rougher than Z.c.

Either Hypoxis or Curculigo!!

Hypoxis aurea I hope. Please see eFI page on H.aurea.

Adding some more pictures I took thus year which may help
for ID. Attachments (2)


Hypoxis aurea as identified by …  earlier.
Please see eFI page on H.aurea.

I guess this should be Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

For me it looks … ID  is correct.
In Tamil it is known Neelapanai-  a very important ayurvedic herb. I have seen this plant in Chennai. But unable to trace the pictures from my archives.


Curculigo orchioides Gaertner: 5 high res. images.
Location: Surya Binayak, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Altitude: 1500m.
Date: 28 August 2023
Habit : Wild



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