Images by J.M.Garg 


Honey Suckle Mistletoe •
Hindi: बंदा Banda, बंदा पाठा Banda Patha • Marathi: वंदा Vanda, बंदगुल Bandgul • Tamil: புல்லுரீ Pulluri, புல்லுருவீ Pulluruvi, உசீ Uchi • Malayalam: Ittikkanni • Telugu: జిద్దూ Jiddu, యెలింగా Yelinga • Kannada: ಮದುಕ Maduk, Badanike • Konkani: Bemdram • Gujarati: વંદો Vando • Sanskrit: Vrksadani;
It is a stem parasitic plant. Plants come under the family Loranthaceae (mistletoe family) are hemi-parasites. They take food from the host trees by means of penetrating roots called the haustoria. They take non-synthesized food, minerals and water as well hence they possess green leaves.
The seed dispersal is by birds, mainly Flowerpeckers. The seeds in the bird fecal matter get attached to the branches with the help of non digestive gummy mucilage around the seed. Thus it get attached to the branch and germinate in the bark.
This plant with red flowers used to be called D. falcata var coccinea and the plant with greenish white flowers used to be called D. falcata var falcata.


Dendrophthoe falcata:
Dendrophthoe falcata
Marathi name: Bandgul
Branch parasite shrub
Today at Alibag,Maharashtra

–  These are some of mine taken at my farm at Shahapur


HELP REQUIRED – DENDROPHTHOE FALCATA: I want to grow the following plant without mango tree, on soil. it is required for my butterfly garden. i don’t have a mango tree at my garden, then how to grow the same on the soil ?
help me to prepare required soil for it ? can it be grown on guava tree?
DENDROPHTHOE FALCATA (L. f.) Ett. Loranthus falcatus L.f.,  Loranthus longiflours Desr.Family: Loranthaceae
Bengali/vernacular name: Bara Manda, Bandha, Pharulla.
Tribal name: Porsal (Chakma), Alikhowng (Khumi)

Another best host tree for this species is Melia azedarach, you can try with this.

The plant is a partial parasite and can not be grown in soil. It can not grow on even a guava tree because it needs cracked bark to hold and penetrate in to the rind. It can be made to grow on Bottle Brush, Cork Tree, Parijatak, Acacias and many other trees. Give an account of all the trees in your garden to choose a suitable one. You can just pick ripe berries from under the Dendrophthoe plant and purge them to attach the sticky seed on to the bark. You can also collect such seeds ejected by the Flowerpeckers from their favourite perches. Wish you good luck.

As … mentioned, we cant grow this species in soil as this is a hemi-parasite.
The seed dispersal is by birds, mainly Flowerpeckers. The seeds in the bird fecal matter get attached to the branches with the help of non digestive gummy mucilage around the seed. Thus it get attached to the branch and germinate in the bark. I doubt whether it even germinate in soil.
So far, I haven’t seen any hemi-parasite growing or germinating in soil.
I have seen then growing on a wide range of host trees including Jack fruit tree. .

Agree with .. & …. Dendrophthoe falcata is a Partial Parasite.
Sending a few of my photographs. At my farm have it growing on Mohua, Caesalpinia bonduc [Sagargota], wild Mango and even on Teak.
Have recently posted photographs of it on Bauhinia racemosa [Apta] and they are available at this link :
efi thread…

D falcata on Bottle brush Tree from Panipat roadside area. This was very near to a Nursery. I have never seen flowering on this parasite in Panipat

oh! I have Neem Tree …. hope It will work…

I have LIVE  Lime, Guava, dwarf firebush, Crepe Jasmine, Coffee Rose (Tabernaemontana divaricata) , Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) , Night- flowering Jasmine (Nyctanthes arbortristis) , karabi (oleander) plants at my garden & Neem in neighborhood … which will be the most suitable. can they live on dead tree? I have dead betel nut , guava tree also

Of these listed plants, only Guava and Neem are suitable ones.


climber for id, mm2 21012011:
Woody climber with whitish green flowers
wood very much appreciate an id

I guess some Loranthaceae parasitic plants instead of climber, pls upload more pictures for correct id.

Pictures are from distance but they can be of Dendropthe falcata

Yes Dendrophthoe falcata  (please note the spelling of the genus name) of Loranthaceae family.

It may be, but to me pictures are not so clear…


Book Chapter:

I am very glad to share with you a good news that the canopy research work that I have done in Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu has been published as a chapter entitled “Mistletoes in the Wet Forest Canopies: Friends or Foes” (Giby Kuriakose, R. Ganesan and M. Soubadra Devi) in “Forest Canopies of South Asia-a glimpse” edited by M Soubadra Devi, T. Ganesh and Amrita Tripathy (2012) published by ATREE, Bangalore.
It is not a highly technical research publication.
Please find attached herewith the cover page and contents of the book.
I thank all of you for the constant support that encourages me a lot for such productive works.

Those who want to buy a copy of the book, please contact Mr.Ramesh at … At present it is available at ATREE Bangalore office only.

We were looking at the pollination ecology and the interaction of Dendrophthoe falcata with their host trees that grows in the canopy of KMTR, Tamil Nadu. We located a very different form of D. falcata (I will upload pictures of this little later) that grows only in the canopy of large trees in KMTR and quite interestingly, we foud that they grow only on two species of host trees (Palaquim ellipticum and Ormosia travancorica) that grows more than 15m height. We wanted to check whether they do any harm to the host tree since they are host specific in that habitat and co-exist or not. We didn’t look at the medicinal property of the same. But I know that people in Kerala and Tamil Nadu are using some species of the mistletoes as medicinal plant.



Dendrophthoe falcata, flowers and fruits:
Dendrophthoe falcata of the Loranthaceae family,
flowering and fruiting
yesterday at my place in alibaug

Very good set of Pics … Fruits are looking nice

Fruits have developed nice bright colour, probably for dissemination of seeds by birds. However, flowers seem dull coloured. Here in Pantnagar Uttarakhand flowers are bright red and yellow and bloom in winters, thus attract large numbers of pollinator birds.

i have seen the red ones in pantnagar too. the color is very vibrant. all the ones at my place are white.
but the fruits were startlingly red

In Pune I have seen flowers and fruits same as shown here.


Is this Dendrophthoe curvata ? from Pune:
This loranthus sp was photographed on a wild tree at Pune. Looks similar to Dendrophthoe curvata but the colour.
Plz Id / confirm.

This is Dendrophthoe falcata of Loranthaceae family. Color varies from place to place and habitat to habitat.


efloraofindia:”Id 13032013MR2’’ Dendrophthoe falcata flower at Pune :  2 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing pictures of flowers of Dendrophthoe falcata at Pune. I always wanted to see how the flowers look but so far have seen this plant very high up on trees like Silver oak and Neem and so was never possible. Yesterday I spotted this at a lower level and was very happy to see this flower

Yes the flowers are very cute. Near Nagpur I have observed red coloured flowers but in and around Pune the colour is greenish white in all specimens observed by me.


Vof Week: Dendrophthoe sp Near Pulna Village:

Dendrophthoe sp on Juglans regia Near Pulna Village
Tis was a distant shot as tree was far from the way
Hope D. falcata
Pls validate

Your specimen photograph is good but identification at the species level, requires short descriptions along with images of flower and floral parts.

It is D.falcata.

HI id PLease : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Small Tree leaves fleshy and juicey
many larava were feeding on it got these clicks only

Could be Dendropthoe falcata, parasitic plant


Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. SN 15March 02 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh,
common parasitic shrub on Mango, Neem, Pongamia etc.

Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_02042016 PK1 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Is this Loranthus sp
Malabar Pied Hornbill indicator of thick forest perching on parasitic plants seems to be Loranthus about 30 mtr height.
Flora of Kaiga_ID_Please_02042016 PK1
Date/Time-:30/03/16   –    08:30
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Epiphytic herb
Length- 3ft

Liked your post for showing flora and fauna interaction, especially the Malabar Pied Hornbill.
Male has dark orbital skin and female is the one with white orbital skin.
Distribution: seen on the western seaboard (southern western ghats) and eastern seaboard (Andhra Pradesh and Odisha) but here it is seen further inland also.
Images are also excellent.
‘Is this Loranthus sp’
Dendrophthoe falcata of Loranthaceae is my call as the leaves seem opposite and flowers regular, color variation is known.

Dendrophthoe falcata


Plant for identification-3 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- 1 Mb each.
It is a climber, looks similar to Alangium? Pl. identify

Check for Dendrophthoe falcata (Family: Loranthaceae).

In agreement with … view; it must be a Dendrophthoe falcata.



KAS Week::(Dendrophthoe falcata-02/10/2012-NJ):
Dendrophthoe falcata – Red Parasite with fruits


KAS Week DS_071012_03 Dendrophthoe falcata:
Red Honeysuckle – a branch parasite near Thosergarh waterfalls near Kas. On 22nd Sep 2012.


Loranthus? Hooghly 16-12-12 sk3:
I found these flowers under a very big tree (60 ft), thought these fell from that tree, but as i searched the net i found these are something like Loranthus longiflorus Desr.

Species : Loranthus longiflorus Desr.?
H & H : not sure about the habit or habitat
Date : 15/12/12, 2.15 p.m.
Place : Hooghly

This could be Dendrophthoe falcata. Some of my photographs of this for comparison are available at these links

This is surely Dendrophthoe falcata, leaves match with your post –  and flowers with efi thread.
But it is much more interesting to know about spines on Bauhiniaefi thread! Is it because of this parasite?

Negative to your question. Discovered the spines on Apta much before the ant’s nest. Sending a photograph recorded today.

Beautiful thick-billed flowerpecker …, we too have this bird, and i have a video of a few seconds, much bad quality.

Hooghly-skDec04- Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
I have earlier post of this common semi-parasite. This time it is growing on a mango tree, usually they are more common on mango trees than any other tree. It is Loranthus longiflorus Desr. of “Bengal Plants” & “BoBO”. This is a record that purple-su
I have earlier post of this common semi-parasite. This time it is growing on a mango tree, usually they are more common on mango trees than any other tree. It is Loranthus longiflorus Desr. of “Bengal Plants” & “BoBO”. This is a record that purple-sunbird visits this plant for nectar

very colorful


Loranthus (Dendrophthoe) Hooghly 20-12-12 sk1:
Found this plant yesterday.

Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : found growing on Ficus religiosa L., in village outskirts
Date : 19/12/12
Place : Hooghly

Is it a parasitic plant? Like Mistletoe not sure
Experts can confirm.

Yes it does appear to be Dendropthe falcata. A parasite.

A college text book, “Plant Groups”, informs plants of the family Loranthaceae are hemi-parasites. It also informs plants are with “sympodial” stems, except in Viscum which are “dichasial”.

I have noticed that Dendrophthoe is the current accepted name of Loranthus. “Bengal Plants” describes a number of species :
  1. Link 1
  2. Link 2
  3. Link 3
  4. Link 4

I wonder which Loranthus is this.

efi link: /species/a—l/l/loranthaceae/dendrophthoe/dendrophthoe-falcata

Yes, for me too its a “Dendrophthoe falcata” and its a accepted name, the old name of this plant was ‘Loranthus longiflorus’ !! Family-Loranthaceae

This plant with red flowers used to be called D. falcata var coccinea and the plant with greenish white flowers used to be called D. falcata var falcata. Presently these 2 different looking plants are merged as single D. falcata.


efloraofindia:”For Id 21122012MR1’’ ?parasitic plant on Silver oak tree at Pune:
Dec 2012
Requesting identification of a parasitic plant growing on a Silver oak tree at a private society garden at Pune. ?white to cream flowers in IMG_3730_1 and IMG_3729_1. Also could see some roundish structures ?fruits. Sorry for the poor quality of images but it was very high up on the tree.

Dendrophthe falcata
I can see the oposite leaves and small flowers with longish corolla.

Yes, its a Dendrophthoe falcata var. falcata


Request for flower id (X-3) :  Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting id for this flower (picture taken at Kaas in late Sep, 2012).

Dendropthe falcata  Loranthaceae

Dendrophthoe falcata :: Puducherry :: 14 OCT 19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Puducherry  near sea coast
Date: October 14, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl
Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh.


Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. !


MS,Jan., 2021/04 Loranthaceae for id.: 1 image.
Location : Hmuntha, Mizoram

Date : unknown
Habit : parasitic shrub
Habitat : Wild

Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. !


MS/ID/FEB/2021/6 – Dendrophthoe falcata: 4 images.
Please confirm the ID of the plant photographed in Chennai.
Suggested ID: Dendrophthoe falcata

I agree with you ….


Rubiaceae for identification :: 190414MK :: April006 : 4 posts by 4 authors. 3 correct images as above.
Please help me in identifying this Rubiaceae tree. The fruits are of ovoid shape with 1 cm long.
Tree: 5-6 m tall
Place: Puducherry suburbs
Habitat: a garden
Alt.: 10 m asl
Date: 6 April 2014

Is it an exotic tree? difficult to identify without flower and stipule character.

The fruits could be of Dendrophthoe falcata (?). And the plant with leaves looks like Ligustrum. Need more details to confirm.

Yes, fruits appear like those of Dendrophthoe falcata

SK 3613 16 August 2022: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Bangalore, India 
Altitude: 900m.
Date: 08 August 2022
Habit :  May be wild
Which Loranthaceae … ???

I think Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh., as per images and details herein.


For id: parasitic sp grown on mango tree: 1 high res. images.
Posting it separately as posted in some other mail/ post:
Respected sir plz help identify parasitic sp grown on mango tree

Please Google Loranthus and Mistletoe on Mango Tree

When and where were the images clicked?

But difficult to confirm without flowers and other details.

photograph was captured in September month, from sabarkantha region Gujarat


[2022/Dec/27 ART 2] Dendrophthoe falcata: 10 images.
Date: 2022/Dec/26
Location: Varathamanathi Dam, Palani, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu
Attaching pictures of another D. falcata noticed yesterday. Thanks for the ID in the other mail chain (https://groups.google.com/g/indiantreepix/c/iPi5dnFhcvc).
The Pale-billed Flowerpecker was recorded on this plant: https://youtu.be/4MWAm_hcziM.


[2022/Dec/27 ART 1] Is this Erianthemum dregei?: 9 images.
Date: 2022/Dec/26

Location: Varathamanathi Dam, Palani, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu
May I know if this is Erianthemum dregei?
These were growing on silk cotton trees. Noticed three such plants.

Pl. check Dendrophthoe falcata


Yes, the flowers match D. falcata.
As given in the wikipedia page for D. falcata, I observed sunbirds and pale-billed flowerpeckers on the plant. Here is a video of a flowerpecker on the mistletoe, taken yesterday: https://youtu.be/4MWAm_hcziM.
I also noticed a caterpillar, but missed taking a record shot.


Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 5, 2009 · JUN 23 DV22.: 1 image.
Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Jul 5, 2009 · 4:12 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl


Loranthaceae: Dendrophthoe falcata Blume: 1 image.
synonyms: Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh., Loranthus bicolor Roxb., Loranthus falcatus L.fil.
location/date: Tarubanda village, Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994