Guanacaste, Caro Caro, Elephant Ear Tree, Devil’s Ear, Earpod Tree;

I had seen this big tree (commonly known as Ear Pod Tree) at Veer Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.
Bot. name: Enterolobium cyclocarpum
Family: Mimosaceae
Thanks to  … and Gardener of Jijamata Udyan … for showing me this tree. I could take the photographs only of fallen fruits.

very nice photographs really looks like a ear thanks for sharing .I have never seen this tree

yes Monkey’s Ear pod tree,

Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.
en-ter-oh-LOW-bee-um — within lobes
¿ sik-loh–KAR-pum ? — from the Greek ¿ cyclos (circle) ? and karpos (fruit)
not sure of the pronunciation and etymology

Feb 9, 2011 … at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai … please note: the canopy belongs to some other tree adjacent.
commonly known as: caro caro, elephant ear tree, guanacaste
Native to: tropical regions of the Americas; cultivated elsewhere
References: WikipediaWorld Agroforestry CentreTop TropicalsNPGS / GRIN
more views: Feb 9, 2011at Veermata Jeejabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai

yes there are few trees in Rani Baug, i guess one huge tree in Malabar hill garden,, very fast growing tree,, cant understand how R.R.Fernandes missed this tree from Mumbai while his Ph.D. work,,, or tree planted after 1956…??????


Herewith sending the photographs of Enterolobium cyclocarpum.
Common name Elephant Ear Tree. Photographs taken in Chennai 11-4-2008. Confirmation of ID requested.

Yes it is Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., a South American species introduced as ornamental tree in India.


Can you guide me as to what is the difference between the species Enterolobium timbouva and Enterolobium contortisiliquum (Enterolobium cyclocarpum). the two are synonyms or the the two are different ? if the two are different then which is the species which is attached herewith..
the species was clicked from Chandigarh and is growing happily here…

the two (timbouva and contortisiliquum) are synonyms. the attached photo is that of enterolobium contortisiliquum. this is a synonym for Enterolobium timbouva. however the species Enterolobium cyclocarpum is different. the main difference being in the pods. in cyclocarpum the seed chambers are visible in the form of marked individual constrictions on the surface of pods but not in case of contortisiliquum. please refer the two links below
winrock for cyclocarpum
and link for contortisiliquum

I think it should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. as per images herein.
Enterolobium contortisiliquum has not been reported from India as per ILDIS

This is Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.

yeas it looks like E. calcocarpyum.

Earpod tree is a fast growing tree, up to 20 m tall. Tree has brown, rough bark. Bipinnate leaves are 5-16 cm in length, of dark green color. Infloresces are hemispherical puffy balls of 2-2.5 cm diameter, with 10-20 tubulosas flowers, shaped like a ball. Seedpod is dark in color, and contorted into an ear-like shape.
Earpod Tree is native to Tropical America

I think it should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. as per images herein.
Enterolobium contortisiliquum has not been reported from India as per ILDIS

The ID is correct i.e. Enterolobium contortisiliquum. I have seen this tree in Chennai Theosophical society, photographed and identified.   The photographs sent by you are compatible with these images (Chennai).

Sorry … I have posted wrongly the name of the tree in my previous reply. I made a typographical error while typing or copying.  The correct ID is i.e. Enterolobium cyclocarpum. I have seen this tree in Chennai Theosophical society, photographed and identified. The photographs sent by you are compatible with  these images (Chennai). 


Albizia richardiana (Voigt) King & Prain SN 15 Mar 12 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Albizia richardiana (Voigt) King & Prain, huge tree from lalbag botanical garden, Bengaluru

I think it should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. as per images herein.

OK …, you are right.

Images by tspkumar



TSP-MAY2016-08-337:Images of Albizia richardiana (Fabaceae) : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Albizia richardiana (Fabaceae)  

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Cultivated, Avenue tree 

Sighting: Tumkur-Kunigal Road, Karnataka, about 900 msl 

Date: 07-12-2015 and 03-02-2015

Wonder set of beautiful images.

I think it should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. as per images herein.

Found this tree in blossom,near Tumkur,Karnataka,on 19-03-2019.Uploading a couple of images.
Attachments (2)

wonderful. how large does the trunk get and total height. is this planted. single or a naturally self propagated stand ??? sorry i have lots of questions

It is a very large tree with a trunk diameter in excess of 1.5 m growing to a height of more than 25 m. I have not seen a natural stand. It was planted by the Forest Dept. in the mid eighties to nineties in Tumkur Dist, Karnataka. Recently the FD  has given up raising them in the nurseries. Many trees were cut down to widen the roads. No demand for wood. Not fit even for fuel since it produces lot of smoke and no calorific value.

poor tree. nobody wants it but the folklaore says no botanical specimen is without some value
only we have not discovered what that is yet

Rightly said. Thanks

Lalbagh Botanical Gardens Bangalore
Date: 19 FEB 2017 … Altitude: ~ 906 m (2972 ft) asl
Albizia richardiana (Voigt) King & Prain … (family: Fabaceae) … exotic 

The boards in lalbagh are wrong, all earpod trees are marked as Albizia Richardiana.
Even in … photos you can see the EarPods clearly.
Enterolobium contortisiliquum, (Vell.) Morong <=> Earpod Tree

It is ‘Earpod tree’ (Enterolobium contortisiliquum). I have photographed this tree earlier in Chennai Theosophical society.

Thank you so much sir for sharing; am also visited same tree at 2016.

Yes. This is the Ear Pod Tree. I have seen and photographed in Lalbagh.

Thanks, …, I think it should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. as per images herein.
Enterolobium contortisiliquum has not been reported from India as per ILDIS

Thanks, … I see both in Pradip Krishnen’s book as well I have IISc Flora by Sankara Rao, both says same name.

In that case we should find out about both species on reliable sources on net and decide.
I think I have done that when I decided on my stated species. However, it can be further checked. 

On further checking, I could not find the keys or differences between the two species on net.

Pl. see the distribution of both species as per ILDIS:
Enterolobium cyclocarpum (as per Sanjappa, M., 1992, Legumes of India. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra…, who is the authority in India on this family) (Introduced all over the world)
Enterolobium contortisiliquum (hardly introduced anywhere)
I view, I will rely on authoritative sources and go with Enterolobium cyclocarpum 

Thanks all very much for leading to correct ID …
Somehow the initial post had gotten deleted in Gmail, and today happened to reach balance part of the thread, while I was surfing through my posts to update my notes.
I will label it as Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb. … thanks …


Enterolobium contortisiliquum in FOI should be Enterolobium cyclocarpum as per details and discussions herein.
Pl. correct.

It needs to be corrected.

Albizia falcataria? for ID SN March 18 : 14 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Tall tree from Lalbag Bengaluru,

Perhaps an exotic element – not recorded in any Indian literature.

Father Mathew has described this species in his flora of Tamilnaducarnatic, it appears to be Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & J.W.Grimes (= Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosberg, Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) I.C.Nielsen)

Falcataria moluccana is an introduced species in India.
BUT the species here have flowers in umbellate heads while F.moluccana have flowers in branched spikes.
The ID may please be looked again.

… is right. In fact I have checked all the species of Albizia and segregate taxa so far known to occur in India and it is not matching with any known species.

It looks rather like Albizia odoratissima

efi page on Albizia odoratissima

It is not an Indian plant it is an introduced tee, it is frequently planted in Coorg coffee estates also.

I”m not familiar with introduced Albizia spp.
Albizia odoratissima is commonly seen in Coorg coffee estates.

Whatever I wrote earlier still stands. It is certainly not Albizia odoratissima.

Thank you for your confirmation, Sir. I am curious what it might be.
Interestingly there was another discussion about Falcataria moluccana on this group concerning a tree posted by … from Bangalore.
efi thread

Perhaps you have to send the images to Kew for expert opinion.

Is there a chance of Enterolobium sp?  Just a guess.

I think closer to images at Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.

I think it is better to watch out for the fruits before confirming the ID

It is Enterolobium cyclocarpum as per images and details herein.

Thanks …, there is a wide variation in the pairs of pinnae

As per Tropical forages:
Leaves bipinnately compound with 4‒9 pairs of pinnae, each with 13‒30 pairs of leaflets,





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