Erythrina variegata L. (syn. Chirocalyx candolleanus Walp.; Chirocalyx divaricatus Walp.; Chirocalyx indicus Walp.; Chirocalyx pictus Walp.; Corallodendron divaricatum (Moc. & Sesse) Kuntze; Corallodendron orientale (L.) Kuntze; Corallodendron spathaceum (DC.) Kuntze; Erythrina alba Cogn. & Marchal; Erythrina alba Cogniaux & Marchal; Erythrina boninensis Tuyama; Erythrina carnea Blanco; Erythrina corallodendron var. orientalis L.; Erythrina divaricata DC.; Erythrina humeana sensu R.Vig.; Erythrina indica Lam. ……; Erythrina lithosperma Miq.; Erythrina lobulata Miq.; Erythrina loueiri G.Don; Erythrina loureiri G.Don [Spelling variant]; Erythrina loureirii G.Don; Erythrina marmorata Planch.; Erythrina mysorensis Gamble; Erythrina orientalis Murray; Erythrina orientalis (L.) Merr.; Erythrina parcelli hort.; Erythrina phlebocarpa Bailey; Erythrina picta L.; Erythrina rostrata Ridl.; Erythrina spathacea DC.; Erythrina variegata f. alba Maheshw. …….; Erythrina variegata f. picta (L.) Maheshw.; Gelala alba Rumph.; Gelala alba Rumphius; Gelala litorea Rumph.; Tetradapa javanorum Osbeck;                                           (=) Erythrina parcellii W. Bull; (=) Erythrina variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.);
 

Images by J.M.Garg 

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Indian coral tree, lenten tree, tiger claw • Assamese: মদাৰ madaar • Bengali: ডেও deo, ডেউয়া deuya, মাদার maadaara, মন্দার mandaara • Gujarati: પાનરવો paanarvo • Hindi: महामेद mahamed, मन्दार mandar, पांगरा pangra, पारिभद्र paribhadra, पारिजात parijat • Kannada: ಹೊಮ್ಗಾರ homgaara • Konkani: पोंगेरो pongero • Malayalam: മുള്‍മുരിക്ക് mulmurikk, മുരിക്ക് murikk, പെണ്‍മുരിക്ക് penmurikk • Manipuri: korou angangba • Marathi: पांगारा pangara • Mizo: fartuah • Nepalese: मन्दार् mandar, फलेदो phaledo • Sanskrit: बहुपुष्पः bahupushpah, महामेदः mahamedah, मन्दारः mandarah, मन्दारकः mandarakah, मन्दारवः mandaravah, मन्दारुः mandaruh, मन्दटः mandatah, पारिभद्रः paribhadrh, प्रवालश्मन्तकः pravalashmantakah, सुष्पः sushpah, सुतिक्तकः sutiktakah, व्यागुलीकेसरः vyagulikesarah, विद्रुमः vidrumah • Tamil: சிவப்புமொச்சை civappu-moccai, கிஞ்சுகம் kincukam, முள்ளுமுருக்கு mullu-murukku, நவிர் navir, பலாசம் palacam, பாரிசாதம் paricatam • Telugu: బాడినెచెట్టు badidepuchettu, ముచ్చెకర్ర muchchekarra;
 
Large tree flowering when leafless, with orbicular to nearly reniform leaflets; racemes terminal, up to 15 cm long on stout peduncle; flowers 6-7 cm long, red; calyx spathe-like, split to base; keel petals separate; pod up to 30 cm long, beaded.
 
er-ith-RY-nuh — red colored
var-ee-GAY-tuh — variegated
 
Native to: e Africa, s China, e Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia, n Australia
 

Erythrina variegata (syn. E. indica Lam., E. variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr.; Tiger’s Claw, Indian Coral Tree and Sunshine Tree; Pāli: pāricchattaka; Sanskrit: pārijāta, पारिजात) is a species of Erythrina native to the tropical and subtropical regions of eastern Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, northern Australia, and the islands of the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean east to Fiji.[1] 

It is a thorny deciduous tree growing to 27 m (89 ft) tall. The leaves are pinnate with a 20 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet up to 20 cm long and broad. It has dense clusters of scarlet or crimson flowers and black seeds.[3]
It is valued as an ornamental tree. Several cultivars have been selected, including ‘Alba’ with white flowers.[3]
(From wikipedia on 9.6.13) 
erythrina indica : This is yet another image of erythrina indica, but it was taken a couple of months ago when the tree still had folige. It is the same tree whose images I had posted last week. This is a tree that I know well, it is growing in my place at zirad, alibaug. Small buds have appeared and I hope to see it in bloom soon.


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Date/Time- 18.12.10/  2.00PM 
Location- Place, Altitude,  Shegaon, Dt. Buldhana, Maharashtra
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type–   Cultivated 
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb–   Tree 
Height/Length–     15 ft. 


This should be a hybrid of Erythrina, may be Erythrina indica var. picta.


Erythrina indica var. picta (common name Samoan Sunshine TreeSunshine
Synonym:
Erythrina indica 
Synonym:
Erythrina orientalis 
Synonym: Erythrina variegata var.
orientalis 
Synonym: Erythrina parcellii
 


 

 

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erythrina indica: erythrina indica in flower but the flowers are too high for my little camera 


 

 

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INDIAN CORAL: Still there are activities on the flowers of Indian Coral. I could capture some images of Redwhiskered Bulbul, Pied Myna and Greyheaded Myna on the flowers. Attaching one such image of Redwhiskered Bulbul.  


 

 

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Erythrina for ID : 250711 : AK-3: Taken at Munnar,Kerala on 21/10/2008.
A medium sized tree growing by the roadside.




 

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Kindly identify this tree at Bandra(E): Date/Time-02/12/2010 14:30:00Hrs
Location:- Western express Highway,Bandra(E)
Altitude:- Sea level
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height/Length- 20ft
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-Heart shape length & width almost of same size. Leaves with long stalk three leaves per stalk
Inflorescence Type/ Size- not seen
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-no idea
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-no idea
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-  Branches and stem has thorns

Agree with …. This is Pangara [Erythrina variegata syn. Erythrina indica] – the Indian Coral Tree.


it is Erythrina variegata. the third pic shows  soem infection/ disease


Erythrina variegata. Some red flower colour is also visible. May be flower at the top.


also this tree perhaps has micro-metal-nutrition deficiency… not healthy…. leaves are threadbare thin…  and lacking some patches of cholorophyll.


Erythrina variegatanot a very abundant tree in Chandigarh and surrounding areas…


 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Trees : Erythrina variegata:  Erythrina variegata
Pune city. Maharashtra.

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Trees : Erythrina variegata white flowers Pune: Erythrina variegata with white flowers
Smriti van Kothrud Pune. Maharashtra.


its flower colour change may be due to the type of Pollinators visit or mutation.. some authors treat this as var. alba. 



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er-ith-RY-nuh — red colored
var-ee-GAY-tuh — variegated
Feb 19, 2011 … at Dodhani village, at base of Matheran, Maharashtra
commonly known as: Indian coral tree, lenten tree, tiger claw • Assamese: মদাৰ madaar • Bengali: ডেও deo, ডেউয়া deuya, মাদার maadaara, মন্দার mandaara • Gujarati: પાનરવો paanarvo • Hindi: महामेद mahamed, मन्दार mandar, पांगरा pangra, पारिभद्र paribhadra, पारिजात parijat • Kannada: ಹೊಮ್ಗಾರ homgaara • Konkani: पोंगेरो pongero • Malayalam: മുള്‍മുരിക്ക് mulmurikk, മുരിക്ക് murikk, പെണ്‍മുരിക്ക് penmurikk • Manipuri: korou angangba • Marathi: पांगारा pangara • Mizo: fartuah • Nepalese: मन्दार् mandar, फलेदो phaledo • Sanskrit: बहुपुष्पः bahupushpah, महामेदः mahamedah, मन्दारः mandarah, मन्दारकः mandarakah, मन्दारवः mandaravah, मन्दारुः mandaruh, मन्दटः mandatah, पारिभद्रः paribhadrh, प्रवालश्मन्तकः pravalashmantakah, सुष्पः sushpah, सुतिक्तकः sutiktakah, व्यागुलीकेसरः vyagulikesarah, विद्रुमः vidrumah • Tamil: சிவப்புமொச்சை civappu-moccai, கிஞ்சுகம் kincukam, முள்ளுமுருக்கு mullu-murukku, நவிர் navir, பலாசம் palacam, பாரிசாதம் paricatam • Telugu: బాడినెచెట్టు badidepuchettu, ముచ్చెకర్ర muchchekarra
Native to: e Africa, s China, e Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia, n Australia
some views: Feb 19, 2011 … at Dodhani village, at base of Matheran, Maharashtra 
Apr 2, 2010 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra

Apr 27, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra


The first and the last picture appear more thorny for it to be E. variegata but it can be


I think first & last image may be of Erythrina stricta Roxb. or Erythrina suberosa Roxb. 


Thanks … for validating this post. 

Hopefully someone will give a confident thought; will correct my notes accordingly.


 

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Erythrina variegata from Delhi:  Erythrina variegata Linnaeus, Herb. Amboin. 10. 1754.

syn: Erythrina indica Lam.
Large tree flowering when leafless, with orbicular to nearly reniform leaflets; racemes terminal, up to 15 cm long on stout peduncle; flowers 6-7 cm long, red; calyx spathe-like, split to base; keel petals separate; pod up to 30 cm long, beaded.
Commonly planted in Delhi, Photographed from Vikas Puri


Place : Shegaon, Buldana Dt. Maharashtra
Date : 18th December 2010
Habitat : Cultivated

Thanks … for showing these line of Erythrina trees with variegated leaves.
There is a good park with a waterbody near Shegaon. I remember having seen a lot of good plants there with many many butterflies enjoying nectar from the flowers. A great sight to watch.

The variegated variety is probably called as E.parcelii however needs confirmation. Thanks for good picture. The Park is known as Anand Sagar & is managed by ‘Sewa’ (service to the society).

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Tree – Erythrina variegata:

Erythrina variegata (coral tree)


have some unidentified Erythrina in my folder. Would like to know if any key on the same available with you.

 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Tree – Erythrina variegata var. alba: Erythrina variegata var. alba


Thanks for showing the white variety


This beautiful species called Shwetmandar in Sanskrit is almost getting extinct at least in Mumbai and needs special efforts for continuing its progeny.


Is there some place in Bengaluru or Hyderabad, where I can obtain seeds or saplings of Erythrina variegata  var. alba (white variety/cultivar)?


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Erythrina for ID : 300711 : AK-3:   Taken at Dindori, near Nasik, Maharashtra on 27/2/11.
Growing wild at a farm, a medium sized tree.
There were many buds, but very few opened flowers.


Erythrina variegata L.

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SYMBIOSIS :117: Attaching the image of 117th member of the series. In this a Black-Hooded Oiole is on the flowers of Erythrina variegata. Common nameof this tree is Indian Coral Tree.

 

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SYMBIOSIS :124: Attaching the image of the 124th member of the series. In this male of a Purple Sunbird is on the flowers of Erythrina variegata. This tree is commonly known as Indian coral Tree.


 

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SYMBIOSIS :125: Indian Coral is in bloom at this place In fact it started blooming 10/15 days back (posted on 14.2.12). Posting the 125th image of the series. In this a Golden Fronted Leaf-Bird is on the flowers of Indian Coral (Erythrina variegata).


 

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SYMBIOSIS :127: Attaching the image of the 127th member of the series. In this three jungle Babblers are on the flowers of Indian Coral.


 

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This seems to be the Erythrina indica of the FLORA INDICA.


Yes I agree.


 

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Erythrina blakei:

Local name Blake’s Coral Tree
Botanical name Erythrina blakei
Photo taken at Smiriti Van, Jaipur, Rajastan, India

This is Erythrina variegata L. as per images herein.


 

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Erythrina Species seen in Mumbai on the 10th April,16 during TAW.

A large tree.

The tree had only pods, flowering was over.


Looking at the pods, it should be Erythrina variegata L. 


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Erythrina indica or variegata : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
please identify the Erythrina tree- is it E. indica or variegata?.


When and where? 


The snaps were taken at the junction of Pratwiraj Road and Shahjahan, Infront of hotel Tajmansingh, in 2014.


You mean in Delhi? 


With these images, it is difficult to say, but most likely to be Erythrina variegata (syn: Erythrina indica Lam.)


 

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Erythrina for ID :: Udaipur, RJ, April 2017 :: ARKJUN05 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Clicked these pics near Udaipur, RJ in April 2017. The flowering phase was over. Is it possible to ID the tree without the flowers?


The pods in one of your photographs are indicative of Erythrina variegata L. [Fabaceae/ Leguminosae].


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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1080 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1) 

In the attached collage Chestnut tailed starling is visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL/ MADAR)

 

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Fwd: symbiosis : 1081 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
In the attached collage Red vented Bulbul is visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL/ MADAR)

 

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1082 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Purple sun bird (female) visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL/ MADAR)

 

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1085 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is a collage of Red whiskered Bulbul visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata. (INDIAN CORAL/ MADAR).

 

Erythrina Indica Var Alba :  6 posts by 3 authors.
I saw your pictures of Erythrina Indica var alba taken from Horticultural Society, Kolkata.
I would like to learn more about this tree if information is available with you please share. This tree was reported to have found in a Temple in Chembur in Mumbai, later it was propagated in Victoria Gardens and exported to many foreign countries long ago. But today there is no trace of this tree, it is getting extinct in Mumbai. It is available in a few countries in Europe and USA, but it is not available easily in nurseries in India.
I am trying for this tree, please give information about this plant.
Pangara tree with white flowers
Erythrina Variegeta var alba or Erythrina Indica var alba


Thanks, …,
Pl. the see the following links for more details from Erythrina variegata:
Do you know any nursery or contact person who can supply seeds or saplings of this plant? I am taking steps to conserve it. 


There are plenty of these tree in Bandra specially Carter road.


Thanks for the information. But I enquired many plant nurseries in Mumbai, none of them sell this particular tree. One of the nurseries told it is very rare and they will try to get it but it will take a long time to locate one and find the seeds. In case I go to Mumbai, I will look for them in the location you specified. If any nurseries are selling them please let me know.


It can also be propagated from cuttings – cuttings 6 ft x 3 inches across root readily.

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 747 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a Asian Pied Starling on flowers of Erythriana variegata (INDIAN CORAL TREE).


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 748 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1) 
Attaching an image of a Red-vented Bulbul on the flowers of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL)


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 749 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Chestnut Tailed Starling on the flowers of Erythrina variegata (Indian Coral Tree).


 
SYMBIOSIS : 749 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Chestnut Tailed Starling on the flowers of Erythrina variegata (Indian Coral Tree).


 
Febaceae Fortnight-PC-01-04.10.2015 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)  
Erythrina indica from Shahjahan Road, in front of Taj Man Singh, New Delhi.


very nice. just a typo but may be you will want to correct the spelling of fabaceace. for your own picture labels


Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Erythrina variegata from Delhi-GSOCT27/32 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)

Erythrina variegata Linnaeus, Herb. Amboin. 10. 1754.

syn: Erythrina indica Lam.
Large tree flowering when leafless, with orbicular to nearly reniform leaflets; racemes terminal, up to 15 cm long on stout peduncle; flowers 6-7 cm long, red; calyx spathe-like, split to base; keel petals separate; pod up to 30 cm long, beaded.
Commonly planted in Delhi, Photographed from Vikas Puri 


 

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Erythrina variegata L.
at Dodhani – Matheran on February 19, 2011
at Gorai Creek on December 15, 2013 
at Vaghbil on April 2, 2010
at Vaghbil on April 27, 2008


 

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Fabaceae (Fortnight)-Erythrina sp. for ID-PC-14-13.10.2015 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
the Erythrina is from Uttarakhnda on road side after Almora while we were coming down. Please identify it.


Erythrina species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)


Seems more like Erythrina variegata. …, can you tell something about bark and spines or if there were any leaves. These might help in correct ID


It looks more like Erythrina variegata.


 

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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Erythrina suberosa from Delhi-GSOCT26/31 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Erythrina suberosa Roxb., Fl.Ind. 3:253. 1832.

Large tree, branches armed with sparse prickles; leaves trifoliate, often armed on petiole, terminal leaflet rhomboid-ovate, up to 15 cm long, lateral obliquely deltoid; racemes 5-10 cm long, flowers scarlet in fascicles of 1-3; calyx somewhat bilabiate; pod up to15 cm long, beaded.
Commonly planted in Delhi, photographed from Vikas puri


Is it not E.variegata or E.stricta as per the following (as the calyx appears to be spathaceous & not two lipped):
As per efi thread:
Of course the Key in BSI is very good and depends on calyx spathaceous, not 2 lipped, splitting down deep to base in E.variegata and E.stricta whereas not so in E suberosa where it is not spathaceous and it is more or less 2 lipped.
As per efi thread:
Calyx not 2 lipped, splitting down to the base, entire at apex is E. stricta

Calyx 2 lipped. not splitting down is E. suberosa, though the bark and spines may differ.
Pl. also see FOC illustration


If the pods belong to the same tree then it has to be Erythrina variegata.
E. stricta and E. suberosa both have pods which are much less constricted between the seeds.
These black distinctly torulose pods are characteristic of E. variegata.
The image of the leaves seems to show the whitish yellow midrib of this commonly planted species.


fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Erythrina suberosa from Delhi:  Erythrina suberosa Roxb., Fl.Ind. 3:253. 1832.

Large tree, branches armed with sparse prickles; leaves trifoliate, often armed on petiole, terminal leaflet rhomboid-ovate, up to 15 cm long, lateral obliquely deltoid; racemes 5-10 cm long, flowers scarlet in fascicles of 1-3; calyx somewhat bilabiate; pod up to15 cm long, beaded.
Commonly planted in Delhi, photographed from Vikas puri


Erythrina variegata as per another thread.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS :SPECIAL ( BIRDS/ERYTHRINA VARIEGATA ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attached collage has 14 species of bird enjoying nectar of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL TREE).

In fact the birds are acting as pollinators.


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Erythrina for ID : Oman : 280912 : AK-2 : 13 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7)
Seen two small trees in one of the plant nurseries in Muscat today.

Leaves suggest some Erythrina species.
No flowers, only leaves and black spines on the bark.
Height approx 10 feet.


Erythrina haerdii has big spines on the trunk. In this case ID cannot be confirmed.


I could photograph the buds and later the mature pods.

Buds taken on 1/3/13, the pods on 2/5/13. Missed out the flowers as I was out of town.
Is it possible to find an id to this young tree?


I was lucky to capture flowers on the same tree yesterday.
Attaching the pictures.
To me it looks very close to Erythrina variegata. Attachments (6)


Very good pictures.


Thanks a lot. Hope to get my suggested id validated.


Why not? I think yes correct


As per efi thread: … the Key in BSI is very good and depends on calyx spathaceous, not 2 lipped, splitting down deep to base in E.variegata and E.stricta whereas not so in E suberosa where it is not spathaceous and it is more or less 2 lipped.
In view it is more closer to Erythrina suberosa Roxb. 


I think … is right. It seems close to E. variegata, unless there is
a local species from Oman.
The leaves seem to be completely glabrous and the stem with black prickles is another clue.
All the specimens of E. suberosa I have seen are completely leafless at flowering time.
Once the tree is fruiting you will be able to get a more definite id.


Thanks, … Pl. see the fruits here.


Thanks. E variegata, then


 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 895 : 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching a collage of Asian Pied Starling, Chestnut tailed Starling visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 904 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)  
Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul, Asian pied starling, Chestnut tailed Starling visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata (INDIAN CORAL TREE).

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 905 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul, Asian pied Starling, Chestnut tailed Starling and Black hooded Oriole visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata.

 

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Erythrina Id from BD _SM 610 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Habitat : Wild Bush
Location : Saint Martin’s Island, Bangladesh
Photo taken : Jan, 2019

Flower??


Pl. check comparative images at 

May be young plant of Erythrina variegata L. as per comparative images at Erythrina


 

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flowering now (25/2/08) in Kolkata- Profuse flowering on 6/3/08; Some occasional early flowers (26/2/08) in Pune; Started flowering in Pune Maharashtra- 8/3/08; Kharghar Navi Mumbai- 9th March 2008; Delhi on 20.3.09; Western express Highway, Bandra(E); Trees of Delhi states that flowers in late March or early April. Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta by Sh. R.K. Chakraverty & S.K.Jain states that it flowering occurs in early spring (February-March) when tree is totally leafless.  Indian Coral Tree- Mandara, Pangra (Erythrina variegata) & flower of var. alba also. – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Erythrina variegata var. picta
 

 

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Attaching a collage of Red whiskered Bulbul visiting flowers of Erythrina variegata (Indian coral/ Mandar).

In addition I have recorded following bird species visiting this flower.
1. Jungle Myna
2. Black hooded Oriole
3. Blue throated Barbet
4. Common Myna
5. Chestnut tailed Starling
6. Purple Sun bird
7. Crimson Sun bird
8.. Rose ring Parakeet
9 . Asiatic pied Starling
10. Red vented Bulbul
11. Leaf Bird
12. Tree pie
13- Golden back Woodpecker.

 

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Re: Erythrina species : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Salem Tamilnadu

Erythrina indica or Erythina variegata seeds are brown, not red but this seed is red
Kindly confirm the species

Flowers are not clear and front leaves are confusing. However, this seems to be Erythrina variegata as per the shape of the fruits.
Also seeds appears to be immature and colour may turn out to be as per links below, on drying:  
Re: Erythrina : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

You wrote on 27.02.2020 “Flowers are not clear and front leaves are confusing. However, this seems to be Erythrina variegata as per the shape of the fruits. Also seeds appears to be immature and colour may turn out to be as per links below”
I had written
Salem Tamilnadu

Kindly confirm the species


Beautiful upload with all the details displayed.   ID seems to be correct. 


References:

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