Euphorbia tirucalli L., Sp. Pl. 452 1753. (Syn: Arthrothamnus bergii Klotzsch & Garcke; Arthrothamnus ecklonii Klotzsch & Garcke; Arthrothamnus tirucalli (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke; Euphorbia geayi Costantin & Gallaud; Euphorbia laro Drake; Euphorbia media N.E.Br.; Euphorbia media var. bashawei N.E.Br.; Euphorbia rhipsaloides Lem.; Euphorbia rhipsaloides Willd.; Euphorbia scoparia N.E.Br.; Euphorbia suareziana Croizat; Euphorbia tirucalli var. rhipsaloides (Willd.) Chev.; Euphorbia viminalis Mill. [Illegitimate]; Tirucalia indica Raf.; Tirucalia tirucalli (L.) P.V.Heath);
yoo-FOR-bee-uh — named for Euphorbus, Greek physician to Juba II … Dave’s Botanary
tee-roo-KAL-ee — from Malayalam tirukkalli (തിരുക്കള്ളി), name of this plant … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian tree spurge, milk bush, milk hedge, naked lady, pencil tree, pencil cactus, tirucalli rubber • Assamese: সপ্তলা গছ saptala gacha • Gujarati: ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor, ખરસાણી થોર kharsani thor, પરદેશી થોર pardeshi thor • Hindi: भद्रचूड़ bhadrachur, लङ्कास्थायी lankasthayi, थोहर thoar, सेहुण्ड sehund • Kachchhi: ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor, ખરસાની થૂર kharsani thur, થોર thor • Kannada: ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಮರ kalli mara, ಕೋಡುಕಳ್ಳಿ kodukalli, ಮೊಂಡುಗಳ್ಳಿ mondugalli, ಮುಂಡುಕಳ್ಳಿ mundukalli • Malayalam: തിരുക്കള്ളി tirukkalli • Marathi: चिकाडा chikada, हुरा hura, काडा kada, काडेहुरा kadehura, निवली nivali, नौली nauli, शेर sher • Odia: ଗୁଡ଼ା gurda, କ୍ଷିରସିଝୁ kshirasijhu, ଲଙ୍କା ସିଝୁ lanka sijhu, ରାଜ ବୃକ୍ଷ raja bruksha, ତ୍ରିକଣ୍ଟ trikanta • Punjabi: ਸ਼ੀਰ ਥੋਹਰ shir thohar • Sanskrit: अमर amar, बहुक्षीरः bahushirah, भद्रचूड bhadrachuda, लङ्कास्थायिन् lankasthayin, स्नुक् snuk • Tamil: திருகுகள்ளி tiruku-kalli • Telugu: జెముడు కాడలు jemudu kadalu, కాడ జెముడు kadujemudu, కల్లి kalli, కంచి జెముడు kanchi jemudu, కుందిగి kundigi, మంచి జెముడు manchi jamudu, పుల్లల జెముడు pullala jemudu, పుల్ల జీడి కాడ pulla jeedi kada, పుల్ల కాడ pulla kada, సన్న జెముడు sanna jemudu • Tulu: ಕೋಲುಕಳ್ಳಿ kolukalli • Urdu: سيہنڐ sehund
Euphorbia tirucalli in flowering (TN) : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3) – one of 2 MB.
I am sharing herewith the photos of Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbiaceae) in flowering. This is my first experience in seeing the inflorescence!
Tamil Names: கொம்புகள்ளி, பாச்சான் மரம்.
Periyappa Nagar, Palani, Tamil Nadu.
Thanks a lot … It is really not common to see this plant in flowering..
I found this excerpt from the net (Wikipedia) quite alarming.
Euphorbia tirucalli (also known as Firestick Plants, Indian Tree Spurge, Naked Lady, Pencil Tree, Sticks on Fire or Milk Bush) (Sanskrit: सप्तला saptala, सातला satala,Marathi : sher-kandvel शेर-कांडवेल) is a shrub that grows in semi-arid tropical climates.
It has a wide distribution in Africa, being prominently present in northeastern, central and southern Africa. It may also be native in other parts of the continent as well as some surrounding islands and the Arabian peninsula and has been introduced to many other tropical regions. Its status in India is uncertain. It grows in dry areas, and is often used to feed cattle or as hedging.
It is well known in Sri Lanka where it is called Sinhala: නවහන්දි Navaha
ndi in Sinhalese.
– most of the Euphorbiaceae plants with latex are poisonous for humans and if goes in the eyes would lead to vision problems. Quite a few of the Euporbiaceae otherwise have medicinal uses and are significant for oil, fuel, energy and other economic uses.
– Kalli pal : I think the milky juice from this plant was earlier used to kill new born female infants in some parts of Southern India. Clarification needed.
– Yes indeed this is Euphorbia tirucalli. Common names Pencil Tree/ Milkbush/RubberFinger Trees/ Tiru-Malu. This one was missing in the panaroma of Euphorbias provided so far !
– Isnt the milky sap poisonous especially to the eyes?
– Would like to add the current accepted name as per Kew Plant LIst is Euphorbia tirucalli L. Attaching the type specimen from Kew herbarium.
– Euphorbia tirucalli L. Sp. Pl. 1: 452 (1753).
Type: LECTOTYPE – Tithymalus Indicus frutescens” in Commelin, Hort. Med. Amstelod. Pl. Rar., 1: 27, t. 14, 1697 [Designated by: Leach in Kirkia 9 : 70 (1973)]
– Well one of my doctor friends long time back had asked me to remove them as my children were tiny tots that time.
Have a nice weekend…. with Euphorbia : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
This should be Euphorbia tirucalli L., with the help of KEY in – /species/a—l/e/euphorbiaceae/euphorbia.
(03-May-2013 @ Khanpur, Hooghly)
Tree for Id : 22102013 : RV 1 : Attachments (5). 10 posts by 4 authors.
Please help to identify this unusual small tree……. I found them growing mostly around the hedges of rice or other crop fields and along the roads……. Did not noticed them around Hampi area but while travelling towards Badami, Pattadakal & Aihole region of Karnataka, saw them everywhere.
A cut on the branch gave out white latex which is seen oozing out, in the picture attached…….all these pictures taken on 15th Oct,13.
… could be the pencil tree … Euphorbia tirucalli. Please wait for comments.
……….I think you are right……. it could be Ephorbia tirucalli…… but we will wait for comments.
… is right- I think.
To me also this looks like Euphorbia tirucalli, though haven’t seen such big forms..
Yes … the pencil “tree” to my visualization is a very chaotic shrub; but here the posted plant has assumed trunk, seasoned bark etc – almost a strong tree. Googled to find … Plants Rescue and Plantz Africa … but was not fully confident.
Though it is not common; It is not unusual to see tree like specimens.
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Euphorbia tirucalli at Vaghbil :: DV42 : 1 image. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
… found planted as a hedge plant in neighbourhood
at Vaghbil, Thane on 15 JUL 07
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 05112013 ARK-15 : Euphorbia tirucalli from Mumbai – February 2013 : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attached are pictures of Euphorbia tirucalli from various gardens in Mumbai in February 2013.
You are right.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: Euphorbia tirucalli from Uttarakhand_DSR_26 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia tirucalli L. is a common ornamental tree, or maintained as shrub, in Pantnagar.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Euphorbia tirucalli : Nairobi,Kenya : 071113 : AK-38 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Sharing a picture of Euphorbia tirucalli taken in Nairobi, Kenya.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Euphorbia tirucalli from from Delhi and Panchkula-GS-47: Attachments (5). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbia tirucalli photographed from Delhi and Cactus Garden, Panchkula
Wonderful to see E. tirucalli flowering – a rare sight for me. Thank you very much … for sharing these photos.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Euphorbia sp. 4 for id from Panchkula NS-25: Attachments (3). 6 posts by 3 authors.
This one was also shot from the same garden…
please help to provide the id.. I have never seen cyathia in E. tirucalli to which this
An upload by … suggests this to be E. tirucalli….
Yes, it is Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Request Tree ID 162 – Bangalore – RA : Attachments (6). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Nice pictures of Euphorbia tirucalli.
I think this is Euphorbia tirucalli.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Euphorbia tirucalli, L. <=> Pencil Tree – Bangalore – RA : Attachments (6). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia tirucalli has unmistakable, brush-like branch masses that are a noticeable feature of the plant.
It also occurs over the widest distribution of all local euphorbias and is also a very variable plant ranging from many-branched shrubs to large trees, depending on the particular habitat. The rubber-hedge euphorbia is a many-branched, succulent plant, usually 3-5 m but may reach 10 m on occasion.
The bark of very old specimens is grey and rough with longitudinal dents and ridges that break up into very small fragments. There are sometimes conspicuous, small protuberances, such as a bulge, knob, or swelling, on the bark, and occasionally black, rough, crosswise bands.
The branches are cylindrical, smooth and glabrous-green, 5-8 mm in diameter, forming brush-like masses that are the best known feature of this species. Plants are without spines.
The leaves are small and slender, up to 12 x 1.5 mm, rarely seen, as they fall very early. Leaf scars on young twigs form conspicuous dents which contract until they are no more than grey dots on older branchlets and can even be seen on fairly thick green stems. The thin twigs are pendant (hanging down), pale green and occur opposite each other, alternate or in groups on the branchlets which gives a rather untidy and rounded appearance to the crowns.
The flowers are yellow, inconspicuous, and carried in clusters at the apex of the short branches or in the angles of branches. They appear in September to December
Once again a very common species posted.
Ex-situ Silviculture : Euphorbia tirucalli L. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
SK1240 29 JUNE 2018 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Location: Kalimpong, WB, India
Date: 15 May 2018
Altitude: 4100 ft.
Habit : Cultivated
Which Crassulaceae ???
Euphorbia tirucalli or pencil cactus with flower buds. reddish hue makes it “sticks on fire“
Thank you … for the ID ! Euphorbia tirucalli L.
If this plant is planted as ornamental in Nepal, please help me with the Nepali name.
It was from Kalimpong, as such no Nepali name.
ID Ahmedabad 23/8/2018 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1) – 2 mb.
It is a potted plant. It doesn’t flower. Which plant is this?
… the pencil tree, Euphorbia tirucalli.
It does flower (may not be all plants – I am not sure), in the axils of branches. The flowers are tiny.
गुजराती: खरसाणी थुहर ,डींडलीयो थोर
yes pencil cactus,. … Euphorbia tirucalli.
it flowers in hot and humid weather, and when its mature. new leaves also come out then (i see a few very small green leaves on your plant, esp in extreme left lower corner, when enlarged). needs somewhat humid heat.
just be patient but donot let children play with it. its not an innocuous plant, although it has no thorns etc.
when handling it or trimming //cutting one needs to be very carful not to get the sap in the eyes: keratouveitis…. and on skin…. severe burn like blisters
Plant with leaf
i looked at your picture just now again, … i see lots of tiny leaves. so plant is growing etc. just be patient. i took liberty to circle some of them in red and the i even used black for the circles to be a bit prominent. hope this helps. your plant is doing well.
Euphorbia tirucalli L. : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- around 300 kb each.
Location: Hong Kong Park
Date: 15 August 2018
Elevation: 200 ft.
Habit : Cultivated
yes. very common in india, usa and uk. origins in perhaps Africa but grows everywhere in india being succulent likes less watering. sap is very irritating and toxic to the eyes, may even be carcinogenic
Euphorbia tirucalli FOR VALIDATION :: Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park :: 24 OCT 18 : 9 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park Jodhpur
Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
¿ Euphorbia tirucalli ?
Please validate whether Euphorbia tirucalli. In the first two pictures, the leaves seen, belong to another vine, which is perhaps obvious. The plant in last picture is at another location in the park.
growth pattern does not resemble what i have right now in my garden in Bengal. may be because of local climate and soil???
Thanks … I too am not comfortable with my guess.
Euphorbia tirucalli would not tend to droop the way it is seen in the posted pictures.
Will wait for comments.
is this one plant or a jumble of many? any brownish barked stem? ie old growth? i could not decide if this was one plant or not
May be only one plant OR at the most two.
I am not familiar with flora of that region, cannot comment confidently.
…, after thoroughly looking at the pictures, here is the observation (same as what was written in the first post) …
In the first two pictures, the leaves seen, belong to another vine.
In the last picture, the same plant is seen at another location in the park.
Perhaps the pencil-stemmed plant is Leptadenia pyrotechnica as seen in this in this post. At this time, the posted plant is yet to flower and get leaves. Please validate.
To me also appear so. Thanks, …
Names of Plants in India :: Euphorbia tirucalli L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
tee-roo-KAL-ee — from the Malayalam name of this plant – tirukkalli (Malayalam: തിരുക്കള്ളി) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian tree spurge, milk bush, milk hedge, naked lady, pencil tree, pencil cactus, tirucalli rubber • Assamese: সপ্তলা গছ saptala gacha • Arabic: صبار أم اللبن sabaar ‘ami allaban • Dogri: पेंसिल दुदली pencil dudali • Gujarati: ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor, ખરસાણી થોર kharsani thor, પરદેશી થોર pardeshi thor • Hindi: भद्रचूड़ bhadrachur, लङ्कास्थायी lankasthayi, थोहर thoar, सेहुण्ड sehund • Kachchhi: ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor, ખરસાની થૂર kharsani thur, થોર thor • Kannada: ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಮರ kalli mara, ಕೋಡುಕಳ್ಳಿ kodukalli, ಮೊಂಡುಗಳ್ಳಿ mondugalli, ಮುಂಡುಕಳ್ಳಿ mundukalli • Konkani: पोर्तुगाली निवल portugali nival • Malayalam: തിരുക്കള്ളി tirukkalli • Marathi: चिकाडा chikada, हुरा hura, काडा kada, काडेहुरा kadehura, निवली nivali, नौली nauli, शेर sher • Odia: ଗୁଡ଼ା gurda, କ୍ଷିରସିଝୁ kshirasijhu, ଲଙ୍କା ସିଝୁ lanka sijhu, ରାଜ ବୃକ୍ଷ raja bruksha, ତ୍ରିକଣ୍ଟ trikanta • Punjabi: ਸ਼ੀਰ ਥੋਹਰ shir thohar • Sanskrit: अमर amar, बहुक्षीरा bahushira, भद्रचूड bhadrachuda, लङ्कास्थायिन् lankasthayin, स्नुक् snuk • Tamil: பால் மரம் pal maram, திருகுகள்ளி tiruku-kalli • Telugu: జెముడు కాడలు jemudu kadalu, కాడ జెముడు kadujemudu, కల్లి kalli, కంచి జెముడు kanchi jemudu, కుందిగి kundigi, మంచి జెముడు manchi jamudu, పుల్లల జెముడు pullala jemudu, పుల్ల జీడి కాడ pulla jeedi kada, పుల్ల కాడ pulla kada, సన్న జెముడు sanna jemudu • Tulu: ಕೋಲುಕಳ್ಳಿ kolukalli • Urdu: بهدر چوڙ bhadrachur, لنکا ستهايي lankasthayi, سيہنڐ sehund
botanical names: Euphorbia tirucalli L. … homotypic synonyms: Arthrothamnus tirucalli (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke • Tirucalia indica Raf. • Tirucalia tirucalli (L.) P.V.Heath … and a list of heterotypic synonyms … POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Indian tree spurge, naked lady, pencil tree, pencil cactus, fire stick, milk bush
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
সপ্তলা গছ saptala gacha
ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor
ખરસાણી થોર kharsani thor
પરદેશી થોર pardeshi thor
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
भद्रचूड़ bhadrachur, लङ्कास्थायी lankasthayi (or लंकास्थायी lankasthayi), सेहुण्ड sehund (or सीहुण्ड sihund)
~~~~~ KACHCHHI ~~~~~
ડાંડલીઑ થોર dandalio thor, ખરસાની થૂર kharsani thur, થોર thor (or થૂર)
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಮರ kalli mara
ಮೊಂಡುಗಳ್ಳಿ mondugalli, ಮುಂಡುಕಳ್ಳಿ mundukalli
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
चिकाडा chikada, काडा kada, काडेहुरा kadehura (or काड्याहुरा kadyahura), निवली nivali, नौली nauli, शेर sher
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଗୁଡ଼ା gurda, କ୍ଷିରସିଝୁ kshirasijhu, ଲଙ୍କା ସିଝୁ lanka sijhu, ରାଜ ବୃକ୍ଷ raja bruksha, ତ୍ରିକଣ୍ଟ trikanta
ਸ਼ੀਰ ਥੋਹਰ shir thohar
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
अमर amar, भद्रचूड bhadrachuda, लङ्कास्थायिन् lankasthayin
स्नुक् snuk, बहुक्षीरा bahushira
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
பால் மரம் pal maram
జెముడు కాడలు jemudu kadalu, కాడ జెముడు kadujemudu, కల్లి kalli, కంచి జెముడు kanchi jemudu, కుందిగి kundigi, మంచి జెముడు manchi jamudu, పుల్లల జెముడు pullala jemudu, పుల్ల జీడి కాడ pulla jeedi kada, పుల్ల కాడ pulla kada, సన్న జెముడు sanna jemudu
~~~~~ URDU ~~~~~
بهدر چوڙ bhadrachur, لنکا ستهايي lankasthayi, سيہنڐ sehund
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Euphorbia tirucalli : Atlanta Botanical Garden : Atlanta : 20JUN20 : AK-29 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Seen in the garden during my visit in October, 2018.
Would this be Euphorbia tirucalli ‘Rosea’?
Euphorbia tirucalli L. submission AS14 July21: 6 images.
Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Indian Tree Spurge
Family – Euphorbiaceae
Photographed at Bannerghata National Park, Karnataka
In April 2021
Plants from Cactus Garden: For validation please- Euphorbia tirucalli from Panchkula : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This species of Euphorbia with cylindrical branches, very small leaves was shot from Cactus Garden, Sector-5, Panchkula, Haryana… please validate the id…
Yes, Euphorbia tirucalli L. as per images and details herein.