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India (Planted in all parts, wild in the subhimalayan forests and on the lower slopes of the Deccan hills, Andaman Islands), Bangladesh, Malesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka. Introduced and widely cultivated in tropics and elsewhere as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
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FY-kus or FIK-us — from Latin for Ficus carica, an edible fig … Dave’s Botanary
ben-gal-EN-sis — of or from Bengal (India); sometimes spelled bengalensis … Dave’s Botanary
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commonly known asbanyanBengal figIndian fig • Assameseবড়গছ borgosবট-বৃক্ষ bot-brikkho • Bengaliবট গাছ bot-gacha • Gujarati:વડ vadવટ vat • Hindiबड़ barबर barबरगद bargadबट batवट vat • Kannadaಆಲದಮರ aaladamaraಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamaraವಟ vata • Kashmiriवर् war • Konkaniगोळी रूकु goli rookuवडा रूकु vada rooku • Malayalamപേരാൽ peraal • Manipurikhongnang taru • Marathiवड vadवट vat • Mizohmâwng • Nepaliबर bar • Oriyaବର baraବଟ ବୃକ୍ଷ bata-brksaଛାଯାତରୁ chhayataru • Paliनिग्रोध nigrodha,वटरुक्ख vatarukkha • Punjabiਬਡ਼ barਬੋਹਡ਼ bohar • Sanskritवटवृक्ष vatavrksha • Tamilஆல் aal • Teluguమర్రి marri • Tibetannya gro dha • Tuluಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamaraವಟ vata • Urduبرگد bargad 

and more names, most of them derived from Sanskrit: Assameseযক্ষতৰু jokhyotoruমহাচ্ছায় mohassayঐশানু oixanuশিফাৰুহ xipharuh • Gujaratiઅવરોહી avarohiબહુપાદ bahupadaભાંડીર bhandiraભૃંગી bhrngiધ્રુવ dhruvaજટાલ jatalaકર્મજ karmajaક્ષીરી kshiri,મહાચ્છાય mahacchayaન્યગ્રોધ nyagrodhaરક્તફલ raktaphalaસ્કંદરુહ skandaruhaસ્કંધજ skandhajaશૃંગી shrngiવૈશ્રવણાવાસ vaishravanavasaવિટપી vitapiવૃક્ષનાથ vrukshanathaયક્ષાવાસ yakshavasaયમપ્રિય yamapriya • Hindiभाण्डीर bhandirन्यगरोध nyagrodh,पादरोहण padarohanरौहिण rauhinवृक्षनाथ vrikshnath • Kashmiriवटवृक्षः vatavrkshah • Marathiन्यग्रोध nyagrodh • Oriyaନୀଳ nila,ନୈଯଗ୍ରୋଧ nyagrodha • Sanskrit:अवरोहशाखिन् avarohashakhinअवरोहिन् avarohinबहुपद् bahupadभण्डीर bhandiraभृङ्गिन् bhrunginभूकेश bhukeshaबृहत्पाद brhatpadaध्रुव dhruvaजटाल jatalaमहाछाय mahachayaमण्डलिन् mandalinनील nilaन्यग्रोध nyagrodhaपादरोहण padarohanaरक्तफल raktaphalaरोहिन् rohinशूलिन shulinaशुङ्ग shungaसिद्धार्थ siddharthaस्कन्धरुह skandharuhaउपस्थपत्त्र upasthapattraवैश्रवणावास vaishravanavasaवाजिविष्ठा vajivishtaवनस्पति vanaspatiवट vataविटपिन् vitapinवृक्षादन vrkshadanaवृक्षनाथ vrkshanathaवृक्षपाक vrkshapakaयज्ञवृक्ष yagyavrkshaयक्षतरु yakshataruयक्षावास yakshavasaयमप्रिय yamapriya • Tamilஅன்னபம் annapamஅவரோகி avarokiசம்புச்சயனம் campu-c-cayanamசடாலம் catalamசிபாருகம் ciparukamஏகவாசம் ekavacam,இரத்தப்பலம் iratta-p-palamஇயக்குரோதம் iyakkurotamககவசுகம் kaka-vacukamகாமரம் kamaramகாதவம் katavam,கோளி koliமகாச்சாயம் maka-c-cayamமுதுமரம் mutu-maramநிக்குரோதம் nikkurotamபாலி paliபழுமரம் palu-maram,பூகேசம் pu-kecamபூதவம் putavamதொன்மரம் ton-maramஉலூகலம் ulukalamவைச்சிரவனாலயம் vaicciravan-alayam,வானோங்கி van-onkiவடல் vatalவடம் vatam,விருகற்பாதம் virukar-patamயக்கதரு yakkataruயமப்பிரியம் yama-p-piriyamயட்சவாசம் yatca-vacam • Teluguబహుపాదము bahu-padamuభాండీరము bhandiramuవటము vatamuవిటపి vitapi

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TSP-DEC2015-54-226: Images of Ficus benghalensis (Moraceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Ficus benghalensis (Moraceae) considered as a key stone species. 

Habit: A large evergreen tree. 

Habitat: Planted as an avenue tree long, long ago…! 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Hassan and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 29-08-2014, 17-09-2014, 02-02-2015, 25-02-2015 and 01-09-2015



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On my Banyan tree: Attachments (10)
My Banyan tree was fruiting at my farm at Shahapur yesterday. Sending a few photographs

– the last 4 are by my friend .. .


– Excellent photographs of birds on the banyan tree.  It is difficult to photograph birds on trees.


– When the tree is in fruit it is visited by a number of birds and insects, but as Dr. .. wrote, it is not always easy to photograph them. Sending a few photographs taken last year.

Attachments (10)


Its always a great experience during summer to see the numerous birds feasting on the fig fruits silently. Your amazing collection depicts many region specific birds which are quite interesting and new to me (On fig tree).
Red breasted fly catcher Rufous treepie, V. Sun birds and oriental white eye Puff throat Black naped monarch Phylloscopus warbler Black hooded oriole
The rest of your birds on fig tree are found in my place too. Pls check these links.


– Saw a fruiting Mysore Fig tree when I visited Phansad W.L.S. with …in March 2010 and was impressed with the variety of birds frequenting the tree. Had posted photographs then and they are available at this link.
Have since planted one on my property at Shahapur [ Photograph 1] though it will take a long time to fruit.
Have added a few photographs of other visitors to my Banyan tree including photographs of a beehive of Indian Rock Bees that disappeared without a trace 2 weeks after it was formed & also photographs of 3 Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher chicks that fledged successfully. [Though nest photography is strictly discouraged, extreme caution was exercised while taking these photographs].



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Two more pics of the leaves: Here are two more pictures I have of the leaves.  I think you can see the leaves haveno pointy end like the Peepul trees.  I have also looked at pictures of rubber trees on the internet, but they have much darker leaves and bigger longer flowers than these ones, and some round seeds that I have never seen on these trees. Can some trees be cross-breeds?


– … looks like Ficus benghalensis


– I think I will keep an eye on them and see if they make those small red fig fruits – that will confirm that indeed they are young Banyan trees.  I am so used to seeing the very big old banyan trees with their numerous roots, it never occurred to me these might be young Banyan trees!


– Agree with …. It is a Banyan tree [Ficus benghalensis], though would have expected more adventitious roots.



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Pls help to identify tree: I am attaching 5 pictures of two trees we have here in West-Bengal – one seemsa bit younger than the other, but they look the same.
I noticed they shed their leaves once a year and go almost completely bare before getting new green leaves. They make some type of small white flower which is really no more than just a white petal that’s rolled up – you can see the beginnings of one emerging in the photos.  Their leaves I think can be classified as heart-shaped, and are about 4 inches across and 7 or 8 inches long on average.  They look a lot like rubber tree leaves but these are not so dark. Plus they have some branches hanging down as you will see on the tree trunk picture. 
Please can anyone help me with the name of this type of tree in English and also in Indian languages?


– It looks like a fig tree, but not ficus religiosa. Perhaps it is ficus benghalensis


– It is Ficus bengalensis. Wad in Marathi.


– On the basis of leaves and stem one can say it is like Ficus benghalensis but still i have doubt bcoz this big plant of Ficus benghalensis should have aerial roots too right?



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Photoshots at Khapa village 3 kms from the Pench Sillari gate & landscape en route Pawani, while returning.


I am not sure what these pictures are telling a story of… the pictures remain thumbnails only even when viewing  !!!



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Date/Time- Sep 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Private society garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Tree
Height/Length-  about 40 feet i think
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size- Seeds red berries
Other home for plenty of birds bulbuls, owlets,hornbills, eagles, parrots, and many others

some more pics


Affirmative. This is a Banyan tree [Ficus benghalensis]. Have one on my property the photographs of which are in the archives of this group.



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Tree ID- confirmation Banyan Fig:

Date:01/04/2012
Location: Frazer Town, Bangalore

Am embarassed to ask for confirmation that this is a banyan fig- but want to be sure. Spotted this tree full of fruits- there were several birds (mynahs I think) and quite a few squirrels having a feast!



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History Speaks … Big Banyan tree, Theosphical society, Chennai:  Big Banyan tree, Theosphical society, Chennai – the jewel in the crown so to speak. the Ficus Bengalensis, presents a majestic sight. One of the largest specimens in the world, It seemed to look at us benignly, being witness to the countless gatherings and meetings (AnnieBeasant, Guruji Ravindra nath Tagore, Gandhi ji, Sorojini Naidu …) that had taken place under its shelter.   


could you please tell me if this is still in good health and how much area it covers or any “maintain” has been done…viz. clipping of roots, branches etc….


The name should be Ficus benghalensis with a “h” as it was originally reported from Bengal by Linne in Hortus Cliffortianus.
I think the oldest is in Kolkata at Howrah Botanic Garden inside the campus which is covering even larger area than this.

But in anycase we should save whatever we have and avoid it to become history.


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Blue Oakleaf on my Banyan tree:  Thought this might be interesting.


How in the world did you ever spot it?
10 minutes of bobbying ? Only thing I can think of is … laying eggs may be? or was just too tired to fly away…


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Figs Of Bangalore – RA – Ficus benghalensis – Banyan Tree: Barh or Banyan, a remarkable tree of India and tropical Africa sends down from its branches great numbers of shoots, which take root and become new trunks. A single tree thus may spread over a large area and look like a small forest. This tree is considered to be sacred in some places in India.

A specimen in the Calcutta botanical garden is more than 100 years old. It has a main trunk 13 feet (4 m) in diameter, 230 trunks as large as oak trees, and more than 3,000 smaller ones. The largest banyan tree known is on the island of Sri Lanka. It has 350 large trunks and over 3,000 small ones. The banyan often grows to a height of over 21 meters and lives through many ages.
Perhaps the most amazing part of this extraordinary tree is its flower. What we think of as the fruit is really a hollow, flower-bearing structure called a cyconia. The inside it is lined with hundreds of male and female flowers. The males carry pollen and the females bear seeds. Various parts of this plant are considered medicinal. The bark of this therapeutically valuable tree is attributed with tonic, astringent,cooling and diuretic properties in Ayurveda.

A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this tree.


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The Banayan tree in the Indian Botanic Garden of Calcutta has lost its main trunk many years ago. they are certainly numerous aerials roots that have turned into sold roots of their own. the authorities have also supported with bamboo contraptions and cement blocks. it is now cordoned off fro visitors to go under the tree…that is below the canopy. It is believed to be more than 225 years young and much older than the Botanical garden itself.

here is a photo taken in 2008.


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Arboreal Wonder (by VA Sayeed): Attachments (1) – Arboreal Wonder_VA Sayeed.pdf- 5 mb.

A very interesting article by Vikhar Ahmed Sayeed on Thimmamma Marrimanu in Andhra Pradeshthe largest banyan tree in the world with a canopy cover of 19,107 square meters. It appeared in the June 15 issue of the fortnightly magazine Frontline.


I was under the impression that the Kabir Vad is the biggest banyan of all. This is something new for me. It is an enjoyable article.


I was impressed by the article Kabir Vad is the biggest banyan. One such a big banyan in our area in Dibru-saikhowa National Park, Assam, India. Please go through the photo. I donot no what is the sp. It covers an area about 2 hactors.


The article in “ORIGINAL” who had actually used satellite techniques to comprehend the size of the banyans was published two months earlier in the GEO magazine and it has the satellite visuals also…get a copy. This article in Frontline mag is based on the original. it makes a very interesting read….
i suspect that there are some more to be discovered in our vast subcontinent and more importantly preserved as LIVING MONUMENTS.

Hunt them if you can.


In Karnataka there is one big banyan tree near Ramnagar (near Bangalore) occupying a space of 2 hectares.


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Giant Banyans (by YD Bar-Ness): Attachments (1) – Giant Banyans_GEO_Intl_March 2012.pdf- 4 mb.

Have attached the article by Yoav Daniel Bar-Ness on the giant banyans of India. It appeared in the March 2012 issue of GEO magazine. These trees are truly magnificent!


I have a special affection for the banyan tree so I really enjoyed reading this article. Thank you very much for sharing it.

It is interesting to learn about the wide scope of aplication of modern technology. I never imagined that one can use Google Earth to measure the size of trees.


Thanks for the soft copy PDF version of the article from GEO magazine. I had read it earlier but couldn’t find the article on net to share.



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SYMBIOSIS : 263:   Attaching an image of Orange-breasted Green Pigeon on the fruits of Ficus benghalensis.


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The Great Indian Banyan Tree at Sibpur near Howrah: 10 images. I have seen this tree in 1966


The Great Banyan is a banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) located in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, near Kolkata, India. It was the widest tree in the world in terms of the area of the canopy and is estimated to be about 200 to 250 years old. It became diseased after it was struck by lightning, so in 1925 the middle of the tree was excised to keep the remainder healthy; this has left it as a clonal colony, rather than a single tree. A 330 m long road was built around its circumference, but the tree continues to spread beyond it. 08 More images after the break…


History and Description: The Great Banyan tree is over 250 years old and in spread it is the largest known in India, perhaps in Asia. There is no clear history of the tree, but it is mentioned in some travel books of the nineteenth century. It was damaged by two great cyclones in 1884 and 1886, when some of its main branches were broken and exposed to the attack of a hard fungus. With its large number of aerial roots, The Great Banyan looks more like a forest than an individual tree. The tree now lives without its main trunk, which decayed and was removed in 1925. The circumference of the original trunk was 1.7 m and from the ground was 15.7 m. The area occupied by the tree is about 14500 square metres (about 1.5 hectares or 4 acres). The present crown of the tree has a circumference of about 1 kilometre and the highest branch rises to about 25 m; it has at present 2880 aerial roots reaching down to the ground. Via


Thanks for showing dis miraculous tree


Thats why Ficus benghalensis has been named that way, benghalensis.


Wow magnificent!! Ficus benghalensis The National tree of India


It is situated in The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden (previously known as Indian Botanic Garden) Shibpur, Howrah near Kolkata, commonly known as the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and previously as the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. The gardens exhibit a wide variety of rare plants and a total collection of over 12,000 specimens spread over 109 hectares. It is under Botanical Survey of India (BSI) of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.


Wow! great tree. I have seen this tree during my visit to Kolkata in 1993.


This is really nice to see the detailed pics of this giant tree. I am specially pleased because when I started as a Biology student, I saw a picture and description of this tree in NCERT Book. Nice to see this in detail through lens, hope to see it personally….


Saw this tree in Jan 2003. The disturbing part was that the gardeners of the Botanical Garden were assisting the tree in expanding its circumference by propping-up the peripheral branches using Bamboo poles.



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Ficus benghalensis, the National tree of India from Maldah & Howrah, West Bengal: SCFEB08 :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).

Ficus benghalensis  L. is the National tree of India.
Ficus benghalensis, the Indian Banyan, is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent.
It produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Other names are also known as ‘Bengal fig’, ‘Indian fig’. As it grows it starts to produces aerial roots from horizontal branches, which take root where they touch the ground. These “prop roots” will create a forest on their own. The fruit or fig is orange to red as it matures and contains many very small seeds.

Places and dates: Habit- Gour, Maldah (North Bengal), during Feb. 2012; fruits & prop roots- Shibpur, Howrah, West Bengal in Nov. 2013.


Thanks for sharing these pics …
a grand tree, deeply associated with our culture and heritage, I remember enjoying the soothing shade of banyan trees in hot summers as they are centre points of community gathering places..


Ficus benghalensis L. (Moraceae)
The garden is almost synonymous with this giant plant which attracts so many people around the world! Initially there was a single gate of the garden near B.E. College (which is called “College gate or 55 gate”). The Banyan tree is far away from this gate. So, during the completion of 200 years of the garden another gate was build near to this banyan tree on Andul Road and is called “The Bicentenary Gate”. Now most of the visitors enter through this gate to meet the Banyan tree.


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SYMBIOSIS : 352 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Yellow-footed Green Pigeon on the fruits of Ficus benghalensis.



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VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE: NYAGRODHA tree has been mentioned by Valmiki in his Ramayan.
This tre is commonly known as Banyan tree. Scientifically it is Ficus benghalensis. It is interesting to note the origin of the name Banyan.

D V Cowen in her book “FLOWERING TREES AND SHRUBS IN INDIA” states,
“The name Banyan, according to one authority, was given to a tree growing in the Persian Gulf, under which some banyas or Hindu traders built a pagoda.”
Attaching an image of NYAGRODHA. You may like it.


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2015april_sk30/30 : Ficus benghalensis L. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

This is not their fruiting/flowering time, yet some trees still bear.



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Flora of Madh: Ficus benghalensis L. : VG-APR-16 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing some images of Ficus benghalensis from Madh Hill (North Mumbai).
Outnumbered on this terrain by its more abundant congener Ficus exasperata, this Banyan has been evolving a singular grove-like character with its rambling network of secondary stems but these too are being mutilated under the frantic spell of construction in the vicinity.

Photographed in February 2015.


what this frantic pace of construction does to fauna when shelter and feed are gone … is beyond imagination

I am glad you are documenting the local flora as it tries to survive



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Names of Plants in India :: Ficus benghalensis L. : 3 posts by 2 authors.

via Species‎ > ‎F‎ > Ficus benghalensis L. … family: Moraceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
FY-kus or FIK-us — from Latin for Ficus carica, an edible fig … Dave’s Botanary
ben-gal-EN-sis — of or from Bengal (India); sometimes spelled bengalensis … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asbanyanBengal figIndian fig • Assameseবড়গছ borgosবট-বৃক্ষ bot-brikkho • Bengaliবট গাছ bot-gacha • Gujarati:વડ vadવટ vat • Hindiबड़ barबर barबरगद bargadबट batवट vat • Kannadaಆಲದಮರ aaladamaraಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamaraವಟ vata • Kashmiriवर् war • Konkaniगोळी रूकु goli rookuवडा रूकु vada rooku • Malayalamപേരാൽ peraal • Manipurikhongnang taru • Marathiवड vadवट vat • Mizohmâwng • Nepaliबर bar • Oriyaବର baraବଟ ବୃକ୍ଷ bata-brksaଛାଯାତରୁ chhayataru • Paliनिग्रोध nigrodha,वटरुक्ख vatarukkha • Punjabiਬਡ਼ barਬੋਹਡ਼ bohar • Sanskritवटवृक्ष vatavrksha • Tamilஆல் aal • Teluguమర్రి marri • Tibetannya gro dha • Tuluಗೋಳಿದಮರ golidamaraವಟ vata • Urduبرگد bargad
and more names, most of them derived from Sanskrit: Assameseযক্ষতৰু jokhyotoruমহাচ্ছায় mohassayঐশানু oixanuশিফাৰুহ xipharuh • Gujaratiઅવરોહી avarohiબહુપાદ bahupadaભાંડીર bhandiraભૃંગી bhrngiધ્રુવ dhruvaજટાલ jatalaકર્મજ karmajaક્ષીરી kshiri,મહાચ્છાય mahacchayaન્યગ્રોધ nyagrodhaરક્તફલ raktaphalaસ્કંદરુહ skandaruhaસ્કંધજ skandhajaશૃંગી shrngiવૈશ્રવણાવાસ vaishravanavasaવિટપી vitapiવૃક્ષનાથ vrukshanathaયક્ષાવાસ yakshavasaયમપ્રિય yamapriya • Hindiभाण्डीर bhandirन्यगरोध nyagrodh,पादरोहण padarohanरौहिण rauhinवृक्षनाथ vrikshnath • Kashmiriवटवृक्षः vatavrkshah • Marathiन्यग्रोध nyagrodh • Oriyaନୀଳ nila,ନୈଯଗ୍ରୋଧ nyagrodha • Sanskrit:अवरोहशाखिन् avarohashakhinअवरोहिन् avarohinबहुपद् bahupadभण्डीर bhandiraभृङ्गिन् bhrunginभूकेश bhukeshaबृहत्पाद brhatpadaध्रुव dhruvaजटाल jatalaमहाछाय mahachayaमण्डलिन् mandalinनील nilaन्यग्रोध nyagrodhaपादरोहण padarohanaरक्तफल raktaphalaरोहिन् rohinशूलिन shulinaशुङ्ग shungaसिद्धार्थ siddharthaस्कन्धरुह skandharuhaउपस्थपत्त्र upasthapattraवैश्रवणावास vaishravanavasaवाजिविष्ठा vajivishtaवनस्पति vanaspatiवट vataविटपिन् vitapinवृक्षादन vrkshadanaवृक्षनाथ vrkshanathaवृक्षपाक vrkshapakaयज्ञवृक्ष yagyavrkshaयक्षतरु yakshataruयक्षावास yakshavasaयमप्रिय yamapriya • Tamilஅன்னபம் annapamஅவரோகி avarokiசம்புச்சயனம் campu-c-cayanamசடாலம் catalamசிபாருகம் ciparukamஏகவாசம் ekavacam,இரத்தப்பலம் iratta-p-palamஇயக்குரோதம் iyakkurotamககவசுகம் kaka-vacukamகாமரம் kamaramகாதவம் katavam,கோளி koliமகாச்சாயம் maka-c-cayamமுதுமரம் mutu-maramநிக்குரோதம் nikkurotamபாலி paliபழுமரம் palu-maram,பூகேசம் pu-kecamபூதவம் putavamதொன்மரம் ton-maramஉலூகலம் ulukalamவைச்சிரவனாலயம் vaicciravan-alayam,வானோங்கி van-onkiவடல் vatalவடம் vatam,விருகற்பாதம் virukar-patamயக்கதரு yakkataruயமப்பிரியம் yama-p-piriyamயட்சவாசம் yatca-vacam • Teluguబహుపాదము bahu-padamuభాండీరము bhandiramuవటము vatamuవిటపి vitapi
botanical namesFicus benghalensis L. … synonymsFicus indica L. • Ficus umbrosa Salisb. … NPGS / GRIN, and more at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.

The Banyan tree is the National Tree of India (bargad, Hindi: बरगद).


wonderful lot of work and nice photograph. in recent times we see lass and the vad, both ficus anywhere.

in Kolkata it seems they come and uproot them whenever one tries to grow in the street



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Ficus benghalensis ‘Variegata’ ATFEB2016/07 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Ficus benghalensis ‘Variegata’
Common Name: Variegated Indian Banyan
Chandigarh
July 2015


Thanks. Seeing for the first time.


…, variegated Ficus elastica is very common in nurseriesBut Ficus benghalensis is rare.


It really seems to be rare. Thanks for sharing.



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SYMBIOSIS : 849 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

In the attached collage a feast on the fruits of Ficus bengalensis (BANIAN TREE). Crimson -breasted Barbet, Black-hooded Oriole, Chestnut-tailed Starling, Blue-throated Barbet, Jungle Crow, Asian Pied Starling, Red vented Bulbul, Red whiskered Bulbul, Yellow footed Pigeon, Rufous Tree pie and Koel M are feasting.



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Ficus benghalensis L. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Nuwakot, Nepal
Altitude:  3300 ft.
Date: 25 April 2015

Nepali name: बर Bar 



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Plant for ID :: Devgad, Konkan :: May 2017 – ARKMAY07 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Saw this plant growing abundantly on the Devgad beach, MH in May 2017.
Requested to please provide ID.


This should be Ficus benghalensis.


Thank you … for the ID….. was not expecting to find this ficus on a beach.



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 973 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Blue throated Barbet and Crimson breasted feeding on the fruits of Ficus benghalensis (Banyan).



the MAUI banyan Tree is attached


MAUI BANYAN TREE

There is an enormous Banyan tree on Maui in Hawaii. This magnificent tree was brought from India in 1873, and it was only eight feet tall and had one trunk. Now, this tree is over 60 feet tall, has 12 major trunks, and covers 2/3 of an acre. During weekends, local artists display their paintings under the tree.The Photographs were taken on 6th Feb2008.  I have sent the pictures of this tree this morning

Here is link to over 500 pictures of Ficus benghalensis.
And over 60 research articles.



The Banyan – Life giver or life taker?
The banyan tree has provided many a shade to a weary traveller. As children, we have swung to and fro clinging to its strong roots/branches and sometimes even fall down! But the majestic banyan is also known to be a parasite! Holidaying in my hometown last week, we chanced to witness a banyan tree entangling an adult Gulmohar tree (host) in the premises of the now abandoned railway station (a century old) . Most of the southern railway stations in Mysore district have tall, huge and magnificient  trees (will post a small write-up on them soon).
 
 The banyan tree now seems to tower over the gulmohar for about 10 meters. Though it appears that it has still not been able to cut through the outer bark of the gulmohar, the aerial roots of the banyan have however pierced the ground below.
The gulmohar still bears hundreds of long seeds and looks beautiful with red flowers. But can we still see this natural spectacle or will the banyan smother the gulmohar? One needs to wait and watch.
Banyan – Ficus Bengalensis, Fam: Moraceae 
GulMohar – May flower – Delonix regia
07 Apr 2008

It’s in the nature of Ficus trees. See the link below as to how they strangle the others: http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/strangler_figs.htm

In my opinion strangler takes support on the host tree but no way kills the tree.
There are many strangler banyans in and around Mumbai on Tad (Tal, palm trees) The palms are comfortable years together. I have seen some 200 300 year old Mandirs with banyan on them. In fact some times it appears that banyan is holding together falling temple. Such a beautiful site was there near Baneshwar Pune. The name strangler is not making a justice. It is only hugging like a creeper.

I recount some spectacular formations I had seen in the Namdhapa Forests of Arunachal Pradesh bordering Myanmar. Ficus plants growing on
top of some palms 30-40 ft. high, sending their roots down ward like fingers, some already in contact with soil, killing the palms completely, some times with fine arches of roots, making aweful formations

In the tropical rain forests, strangler figs start their lives as epiphytes in the canopy approximately 200 feet above the ground. [Our
specimens in the Indian sub-continent are dwarfed by their tropical counterparts.] Once it has established itself it sends a root abruptly down to earth. Soon more roots are sent down the trunk of the support tree, plastered against its trunk. In extreme forms of stranglers the roots coalesce to form a cramped basket around the tree trunk. Then as the tree attempts to grow they crush it to death. The strangler also
affects the support tree by overshadowing it with its dense foliage thereby interfering with its photosynthesis and competing with its roots for
nutrients and water.
The strangler fig impedes expansion of the tree which is absolutely necessary for the trees survival as in the trunk new vessels must periodically replace dying ones. If rings of vessels cannot be added by increasing trunk girth, nutrients and water cease to flow.
This is why strangler figs seldom kill palm trees as palms have thick, hard barks and do not need to grow in diameter to replace their vessels.
The Pipal tree seems especially malicious. Starting as an epiphyte, it drives roots into the host, literally tearing it apart. The tree corpse,
cradled in the arms of its slayer then rots and falls away.
At my farm at Shahapur [near Bombay], I have an old Banyan tree that started life as a strangler as evidenced by the void left behind where the supporting tree once stood.
[Have not been able to establish the identity of the original tree though].
Am sending a few photographs as attachments.

Wonderful Observations & Explanations,
All the strangler I saw on Tad-palm were at mid height and hence they didn’t stopped the photosynthesis of the palm atall

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Both these trees are sacred. They belong to ‘Pancha Pallaba’ or Five leaves used in ritual rites. Hence well-known to our countrymen. Urban people may not be aware of this. Thus a note on Peepal evoked good response from members. … as his wont  provided complete references – wikipedia is the best because it gives illustration of the leaves, trunk/tree. Besides scientific data it gives interesting info. For example, seeing
traders (banias) doing transactions under its shade the English called it ‘banyan’ tree and started writing about it since 1634. The largest banyan tree is in Indian Botanical Garden,Howrah and is 250 years old. It is surrounded by a 330 metre road. However when it comes to sanskrit names it gives wrong data,e.g. “Plaksha is a possible sanskrit name for the Sacred Fig.” It is ‘Ashwattha’ referred to in Upanishads, the Geeta, Charak, Shushurata. It is said that Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment under this tree. So it is called Bodhi Briksha. In sanskrit Bodhi = enlightenment and Briksha= tree. Buddhists call it simply Bo tree. An interesting note from wiki – Thais call it Po but writes it Bodhi. This is why it is Sacred Fig or Ficus religiosa In Hindi it is called Pippal. Bengalees call it by sanskrit name Ashwattha.
Sanskrit name for Banyan is ‘Nyagrodh’ found in Atharbaveda. Wiki is again wrong here- “In Hinduism the banyan tree isconsidered sacred and is called ‘Aswath Briksha’. Bengalees call it ‘Bot’. In Hindi it is ‘Bod’. This tree is characterised by aerial prop roots  which develop the size of a trunk and thus grows horizontally covering many acres under it.

From a distance it appears circular. A circle is ‘Britta’ in sanskrit. From its corrupted Pali version ‘Bot’ arose. I have seen in the west a banyan tree is also called Pipul by some which is to be corrected.


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Panchgani, Mahabaleshwar, Satara District, Maharashtra– Jan’10?; Pix from Panchgani – pt 2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

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I would like have Banyan Tree full view high resolution image for publication purpose and the same will  be properly acknowledged.

… If any of these suits your purpose, you may click on the picture to reach photopage in flickr, and download the high resolution (original) photo.
3 images.


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I would like have Banyan Tree full view high resolution image for publication purpose and the same will  be properly acknowledged.

Pl. see if the following will serve your purpose from Wikimedia Commons:

Attaching some images taken by me in Bangalore.

Attachments (1) – 7 Mb.

… If any of these suits your purpose, you may click on the picture to reach photopage in flickr, and download the high resolution (original) photo.
3 images.


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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1088 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Koel (male) feeding on the fruits of Ficus benghalensis (BANYAN TREE/ BAT).



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1110 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul feeding on fruits of Ficus benghalensis (BANYAN TREE).



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1138 : Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Yellow footed Green pigeon feeding on fruits of Ficus bengalensis (BANYAN TREE/BOT/ BARGAD)



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS: 1139 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue throated Barbet feeding on the fruits of Ficus benghalensis (BANYAN/ BOT/ BARGAD).


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Tree (Ficus sp) Id from _SM 601 : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Habitat : Homestead

Location : Saint Martin’s Island, Bangladesh
Photo taken : Jan, 2018

Pl. check comparative images at efi site


and a parasitic vine has just started on it, second picture


I think these are the airy roots of the ficus plant.

i thought they come out from slightly older branches. here they seem to be on right on top ie houng shoots. but i keep an open mind. will keep a look out for such


Are not these threads  of other plant, something like pine leaves?

I guess … can highlight

All are dry leaf of C. equsitifolia. However, the plant seems to me  Ficus virens

My guess on dry threads was correct

To me looks different from images at Ficus virens

i give up. there should be more pictures taken. in this day of digital photography, there is almost no cost and its very quick to take the whole tree, its trunk or trunks and aerial roots, fruits and habitat pictures esp since this is a person in a job that perhaps requires these pictures and trees identified. may be his job depends on it???. i should be  done coddling incomplete inept depictions. but i cant give up because i love trees


This should be Ficus benghalensis, but without inflorescence difficult to say.

I guess … has rightly identified.


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SYMBIOSIS ; 1355 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Jungle Myna feeding fruits of Ficus benghalensis (BANIYAN  TREE)



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SYMBIOSIS : 1356 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Chestnut tailed starling feeding on fruits of Ficus Benghalensis (Banyan tree)


 

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on Aarey road, Mumbai on 31 Jan. ’10; 7th March- Bangalore; Trees of Delhi- Figs ripen in April- May, but on some trees in late Oct. Plant suded with Ruby – indiantreepix | Google Groups id please 250409vk1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

banyan tree – vat vraksha – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)- Female looking for ripe Banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis) figs – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Referred from Epaper.timesofindia.com – efloraofindia | Google Groups
a banyan – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Strangler figs – Banyan, Peepal on Palymra palm – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Ficus drupacea. – efloraofindia | Google Groups


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How to germinate Ficus benghalensis seeds : 6 posts by 4 authors.

How to germinate Ficus benghalensis seeds?


Ficus seeds are normally dormant if they have not gone thru a digestive system of a bird or bat. So the first task is to collect bird droppings with banyan seeds in them. These can then be sprinkled in a tray with sandy potting soil, lightly covered with sand, sprayed with water and kept shaded. On germination, the seedlings can then be separately transplanted into individual bags. 


Another method is to soak ripe seeds for a few hours in sulphuric acid diluted in lots of water. The acid simulates the digestive juices of the bird or bat! Then plant the seeds in light potting soil.


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Ficus Benghalensis Sub species : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Taken warm regards form Bangladesh.
I’m a ficus lover. I Want to know with great humility, how many sub species are including Ficus Benghalensis?
I know & see three species in Bangladesh. 
1. Oken/ ordenary
2.Audrey.
 3. Krishna.
I want to know:
👉Oken leaves are round & thik & spouting or new leaves are Pink to red? Ans: Worng or right
👉Are the Audrey leaves are long and the new leaves are orange? Ans: Worng or right
👉Krishina leaves are curly & thin. Ans: Worng or right
👉How to identyfi between Oken vs audrey for others difirences ?
👉Are there any other sub spaces?
👉Is there any discrepancy between their fruits?
Pls sir shere ur exprience or any link about this!
Awaiting for your reply


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Ficus from Talakona hills – 2
3 images.
Taken in the month of Feb in Talakona forests on the way to the waterfalls.


Ficus benghalensis


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(14/Apr/2021 ART 1) Is this a Banyan Tree?: 12 images.
Date: 2021/April/05

Location: Varathamanathi Dam, Palani, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu
Can you please confirm if this is a Banyan Tree?


I agree with …


Yes to me !



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References:

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