Floscopa scandens Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 193 1790. (Syn: Aneilema cymosum (Blume) Kunth ….);
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Common name: Climbing Flower Cup • Marathi: Badishep • Tamil: Vazhaparathi-pullu • Malayalam: Padathipullu • Telugu: Konda-amadikada • Kannada: Arale hullu, hatthi hullu • Assamese: kana himlu ;
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Perennial forming dense stands, with decumbent stems 30-60 cm tall much branched at the base. Leaves strongly reduced below the inflorescence, sheaths 0.3-1.2 cm long, glabrous to densely pubescent, long ciliate at the apex, lamina petiolate or at least strongly narrowed basally, lanceolate-elliptic, 3.5-12 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneata, petiole or narrow, basal portion ciliate on the margin and pillose above, expanded portion usually scabrous above (occasionally glabrous), glabrous below, margin scabrous. Inflorescence compound, dense to moderately dense, more or less sessile, composed of terminal thyrse and smaller, closely associated thyrses from the axils of the reduced, distal leaves, ovate or obovate, 2..5-6.5 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, densely glandular pubescent. Flowers 4-6 mm wide, pubescent; sepals 2-3.5 mm long, pink-purple, glandular-pubescent; petals pink to lilac, upper two elliptic, apex acute, lower one oblong, apex rounded; filaments of all but lower, medial stamen fused basally, upper 3 stamens with anthers with a broad connective and small distal anther sacs, yellow, lower 3 stamens with anthers with a narrow whitish connective and larger, blackish anther sacs; ovary stiptate, style long, slender pink, stigma small. Capsules dorsiventrally compressed, stiptate, broadly ellipsoid to obovoid, rostrate. Seeds hemispherical, elliptic in outline, testa grey to brown, ribbed with 12-16 ribs, sometimes farinose, hilum on the edge of a deep ventral furrow, embryotega white or whitish.
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Flowering and Fruiting: December to February.
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Distribution: India, China, Nepal, Sr Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vientam, Bornea, JAawa, Malaysia, Phillipines, Queensland.
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Ecology: Forest, especially along streams.

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Floscopa scandens Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 1: 193. 1790.
Synonyms (Govaerts et al. 2011 – Kew Checklist):
Tradescantia paniculata Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 2: 6 (1799).
Aneilema hispidum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 45 (1825).
Commelina cymosa Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 4 (1827).
Commelina densiflora Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 4 (1827).
Commelina hispida Ham. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(2): 25 (1827).
Commelina hamiltonii Spreng., Syst. Veg. 5: 186 (1828).
Tradescantia rufa C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 138 (1828).
Aneilema asperum Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List: 5204 (1831), nom. inval.
Tradescantia geniculata Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 232 (1837).
Aneilema cymosum (Blume) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 69 (1843).
Aneilema densiflorum (Blume) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 69 (1843).
Dithyrocarpus meyenianus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 78 (1843).
Dithyrocarpus paniculatus (Roxb.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 79 (1843).
Dithyrocarpus rufus (C.Presl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 79 (1843).
Floscopa paniculata (Roxb.) Hassk. in F.A.W.Miquel, Pl. Jungh.: 151 (1852).
Floscopa rufa (C.Presl) Hassk. in F.A.W.Miquel, Pl. Jungh.: 151 (1852).
Dithyrocarpus petiolatus Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: t. 2079 (1853).
Dithyrocarpus rothii Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: t. 2079 (1853).
Dithyrocarpus undulatus Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: t. 2079 (1853).
Lamprodithyros paniculatus (Roxb.) Hassk., Flora 46: 389 (1863).
Floscopa hamiltonii (Spreng.) Hassk., Commelin. Ind.: 166 (1870).
Floscopa meyeniana (Kunth) Hassk., Commelin. Ind.: 167 (1870).
Floscopa petiolata (Wight) Hassk., Commelin. Ind.: 167 (1870).
Floscopa undulata (Wight) Hassk., Commelin. Ind.: 166 (1870).
Floscopa scandens var. vaginivillosa R.H.Miau, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 1981(3): 116 (1981).
Location: Palode, Thiruvananthapuram
Date: 24.01.2011
Distribution: India, China, Nepal, Sr Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vientam, Bornea, JAawa, Malaysia, Phillipines, Queensland.
Camera: Nikon D300 + 60mm Nikor + Macro Ring Flash.

Attachments: Three Images of plant and one image of protologue.


But Inflorescence is too whitish……..
Floscopa scandens Lour. Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 192. 1790; Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 323. 1864; Clarke in DC. Monogr. Phan. 3: 265. 1881; Hook. f., Fl. Br. Ind. 6: 390.1892; Lakshminarshiman in Sharma et al., Fl. Maharashtra (Monocot.) 169, 1996. Tradescantia paniculata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2: 6, t. 109. 1799; Moon. Cat. 24. 1824; Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 119. 1824. Type from India. Tradescantia paniculata Roth., Nov. Sp. Pl. 188. 1821, nom. illeg., non Roxb., 1799. Dithyrocarpus paniculatus (Roxb.) Kunth, Enum. 4: 79. 1843. Floscopa paniculata (Roxb.) Hassk. in Miq., Pl. Jungh. 151. 1852; Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 323. 1864. Dithyrocarpus petiolatus Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 6: 32, t. 2079. 1853.  Type from India. Dithyrocarpus rothii Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 6: 32, t. 2080. 1853. [Replacement name for Tradescantia paniculata Roth, non Roxb,] Type from India. Dithyrocarpus undulates Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 6: 32, t. 2080. 1853. Type probably from India.
Perennial forming dense stands, with decumbent stems 30-60 cm tall much branched at the base. Leaves strongly reduced below the inflorescence, sheaths 0.3-1.2 cm long, glabrous to densely pubescent, long ciliate at the apex, lamina petiolate or at least strongly narrowed basally, lanceolate-elliptic, 3.5-12 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneata, petiole or narrow, basal portion ciliate on the margin and pillose above, expanded portion usually scabrous above (occasionally glabrous), glabrous below, margin scabrous. Inflorescence compound, dense to moderately dense, more or less sessile, composed of terminal thyrse and smaller, closely associated thyrses from the axils of the reduced, distal leaves, ovate or obovate, 2..5-6.5 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, densely glandular pubescent. Flowers 4-6 mm wide, pubescent; sepals 2-3.5 mm long, pink-purple, glandular-pubescent; petals pink to lilac, upper two elliptic, apex acute, lower one oblong, apex rounded; filaments of all but lower, medial stamen fused basally, upper 3 stamens with anthers with a broad connective and small distal anther sacs, yellow, lower 3 stamens with anthers with a narrow whitish connective and larger, blackish anther sacs; ovary stiptate, style long, slender pink, stigma small. Capsules dorsiventrally compressed, stiptate, broadly ellipsoid to obovoid, rostrate. Seeds hemispherical, elliptic in outline, testa grey to brown, ribbed with 12-16 ribs, sometimes farinose, hilum on the edge of a deep ventral furrow, embryotega white or whitish.
Flowering and Fruiting: December to February.
Distribution:India and Sri Lanka to Australia.
Ecology: Forest, especially along streams.

Frankly speaking it was of that color only and at once I thought that its a different species all together. So I was even skeptic in sharing with wrong id. But while reading the protologue I realised that it is supposed to be very pale violet only (dilute violaceus) which to me is same as the colours of the petals in the pic. May be you have seen some more colour variants. Do share pics if possible.
Secondly, thanks a lot for the elaborate description.

Thirdly, you have mentioned “Type probably from India”. You are absolutely right because according to the protologue the type should be from Cochin only.


I had just now shared my photographs of this sp. from  Mizoram in a seperate link. Do have a look… efi thread


Doesn’t Cochinchinae refer to Vietnam  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochinchina) ? So I don’t think the type must be from India (Cochin).

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Commelinales and Zingiberales Week :: Commelinaceae :: Floscopa scandens- PKA1:  to me both looks the same, just that yours are a bit darker than mine. May be because my plant was growing in very shady area below bamboos.


 

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Commelinales and Zingiberales Week :: Commelinaceae :: Floscopa scandens (RD 01): “Floscopa scandens” photographed at Assam


– Single flower with dimorphic stamens



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[EfloraIndia_261212PD03_Floscopa scandens_Flora of Odisha]: please find the images of Floscopa scandens taken from Barbara RF

Name: Floscopa scandens
Family: commelinaceae
Place of collection: Barbara RF, Khurda, Odisha
Habit: herb

Habitat: Under the canopy of moist deciduous forests, Near streams


TFS (Thanks for sharing) a good Commelinaceae member


RF stands for Reserve Forest,. Like others, PRF: Proposed Reserve Forest, PF: Protected forest…..etc used in demarcation of Forest compartment by the Forest Department.



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Floscopa scandens Lour. from Kamrup district, Assam:

Attached images are Floscopa scandens Lour. collected from Kamrup district.
Date : 21.12.2012
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Commelinaceae
Genus & species : Floscopa scandens Lour.
Habitat: Grows wild near the streams



 

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Floscopa scandens – Climbing Flower Cup_Pooyamkutty, Kerala:

Floscopa scandens Lour.- Climbing Flower Cup of Commelinaceae family. Taken on 18-01-2012 from Pooyamkutty reserve forests, Kerala.

Habitat: Riparian-marshy-evergreen 

Habit: Herb kind of trailing

Aprox Height: 30cm


a new plant for me… why climbing? does it do so along a tree trunk?



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Herb Id from Bangladesh SM045 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2),

Habit: Herb
Habitat: Hill valleys

Location: Shabazpur, Tea garden, Maulvibazar
Flowering: December


Commelinaceae member


This is Floscopa scandens Lour. from Commelinaceae.



 

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ANDEC97 Floscopa scandens : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)

Identified by …
Growing by the side of a stream
Agumbe, Karnataka
25th December 2014


Beautiful and complete upload …


Thank you sir. It was an interesting find for me. There was one whole spot of these growing next to a stream and some had taken root even inside the stream.



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ANAPR30 Floscopa scandens Lour. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)

Family: Commelinaceae
Date: March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala

Habit: Herb
Habitat: Riparian


Excellent details …



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Flower ID requested : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Found this flower in Latpanchar, Darjeeling district, West Bengal

Altitude : Approx 3200 ft


Here again, habit of the plant is not mentioned.


Yes …, more info would have been helpful, however i feel this could be Floscopa scandens, Family: Commelinaceae“..


I think … is correct. Pl. see Floscopa scandens


Please validate the id of this herb, recorded from Tippi, Arunachal Pradesh..
I hope this can be Floscopa scandens

Yes, it is Floscopa scandens.



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IDENTITY : 62 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3) – around 850 kb each.

Attaching three images of a small plant which grew on a piece of land which remained water logged for few months.

Will you please identify the plant ?

Floscopa scandens Lour.


Indeed a beautiful motif with a lovey message.


yes, Floscopa scandens. sometimes springs up in urban areas’ muddy places too. I always think someone threw away their aquarium plants
commonly called Green mini bamboo sells fo 50 inr…. easy to throw away I think for the aquarium keepers
TRIBUTE TO FLOSCOPA SCANDENS : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

For me natural world is a reservoir of shapes, colours, fragrance. At times I use images of flowers, leaves  of plants, wings of butterflies and birds to arrange them in a particular fashion (I call them Aplpana. You can call it Rangoli). I use images of setting sun at times for this purpose. Yesterday I uploaded image of a flowering plant and … identified the plant as Floscopa scandens. To day I used image of this flower to make the background of an ALPANA. and liked it. If I forget about the name and other details of this plant, this beauty will always remind me this wonderful creation of nature. Uploading the same. There are other participants in the pattern. You may like to focus at the background.


 



.
Please identify the weed plant.
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               27.12.2020, 01.5 pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild/paddyfield ridge moisture
Plant habit:      erect weak stem annual
Height:             01 feet
Leaves:            oval long apex
Flower:             diameter:04mm, violet  non fragrant

Floscopa scandens


Yes!



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References:

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