Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 313 1919. (syn. Fumaria parviflora var. indica (Hausskn.) Parsa; Fumaria vaillantii var. indica Hausskn.);
Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan (Sind, Swat, Baluchistan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Hazara), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Parwan, Takhar), ?Tajikistan, Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), New South Wales (I), Northern Territory (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Indian Fumitory • Garo: Pid-papra, शहतरा Shahtra • Hindi: पापड़ा Papara, पित्तपापड़ा Pit papra • Malayalam: Parpatakam • Nepali: धुकुरे Dhukure • Sanskrit: पर्पट Parpata, पर्पटकः Parpatakah • Telugu: Chatarashi ;
A pale green, diffuse, glaucous, annual herb. Leaves 2-3 pinnatisect, ultimate segments linear-lanceolate, entire, apiculate. Flowers in leaf-opposed racemes, 0.6-0.7 cm, pale pink. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, incised dentate. Fruit subglobose, rugose, 0.4 cm in diameter. This plant is very common during late winter and is found growing with other seasonal weeds in moist localities of the waste places as well as along field borders.
Keys from eFlora of Pakistan:
Bracts equalling or slightly longer than pedicel in fruits; corolla pale pinkish to white; fruits usually rounded or very obtuse at apex; leaf segments obscurely channelled or not …. Fumaria indica
+Bracts shorter than pedicel (1/2-3/4 as long) in fruits; corolla ± pink-violet with dark tips; fruits usually minutely apiculate (or obtuse); leaf segments flat …. Fumaria vaillantii
Fumaria indica from Kaithal-2012:
This one is Fumaria indica (Haussk.) Pugsley, Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 44: 313, 1919;
A pale green, diffuse, glaucous, annual herb. Leaves 2-3 pinnatisect, ultimate segments linear-lanceolate, entire, apiculate. Flowers in leaf-opposed racemes, 0.6-0.7 cm, pale pink. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, incised dentate. Fruit subglobose, rugose, 0.4 cm in diameter.
This plant is very common during late winter and is found growing with other seasonal weeds in moist localities of the waste places as well as along field borders. Shot from my village in Kaithal in January 2012.
Perhaps it would be interesting to know whether both F. indica and F. vaillantii grow in India or not, and what is this species. Here is key from eFlora of Pakistan
Thanks … Sir for the inputs and a new query which is very relevant and requires further research…
Date/Time- 11th March, 2012
Location- Place- Merrut, Uttar Pradesh
Plant Habit- Shrub/Herb
Fumaria indica think
Herb for identification 290412MK02:
Is this a Corydalis sp.?
Found growing in a private garden in Ooty of Nilgiris, TN.
Date: 12 Sep 2011
This can be Fumaria indica, and perhaps not Corydalis…
Fumaria indica from me too.
Fumaria species from Paddar valley J&K:
Kindly confirm this species
Bot name: Fumaria indica
Location: Paddar valley J&K
Altitude: 2000 meters asl
Date: 20th May 2012
Habit/Habitat: Wild herb
Yes …, This should be Fumaria indica…
Fumaria indica with dew-drops:
(Haussk.) Pugs. in the family Fumariaceae is a common weedy herb in Uttarakhand.
It is blooming nowadays (15.1.13).
Locally, it is known as “Pitt-papra or Khairua”.
The plant is diuretic.
In the chilly mornings of North India the entire plant remain covered with dew-drops which glitter in early sun.
That is splendid, …
Loved the close-up shot…splendid!!
It is a common plant but reveals its beauty only when watched very closely!
 AP1-Plant for id from Ambala Cantt Haryana : 4 images. 4 posts by 4 authors.
Please members help me to identify this plant..
height-about 10 to 15 cm
Fumaria indica (Fumariaceae/ Papaveraceae)!
Yes Fumaria indica
Flora from Srinagar weed for Id 09072013 CS4 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley
Thank you … for the ID . This is the link from flowersofindia
Fumaria parviflora Willd. ? from Hooghly:
I found this herb in a kitchen garden, well in villages it is hard to demark a kitchen garden with that of agri-land, on 19-12-12, in Hooghly.
Perhaps this should help
I read the discussion in Sir’s post while searching the ID of this plant.
efi link: /species/m—z/p/papaveraceae/fumaria/fumaria-indica
I think it is Fumaria parviflora subsp. vaillantii Loisel of F. B. I. i. 128., the current accepted name of which is Fumaria vaillantii Loisel., for its apiculate fruits and bracts shorter than pedicel.
We have KEy & distribution from BSI
I think we should go with F. indica. I have lot of specimens from Kashmir and Uttarakhand. In all bracts are significantly longer than pedicel in flower, even longer in fruit, fruit globose.
Agreed Sir, interestingly regarding flower colour BSI key and BSI descriptions do not match!
SK160OCT24-2016:ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Fumaria indica I hope.
Thank you for ID. Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley (accepted name)
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Soureni, Mirik, India
Date: 18 May 2017
Altitude: 4400 ft.
Nepali Names : धुकुरे Dhukure / कोइरे कुरो Koire Kuro / शम्पु फूल Shampu Phool
SD09 7 Feb 2020- Plant ID assistance : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help with plant ID.
Found in Neemrana, Rajasthan. Elevation 305 metres.
Identity herb CCG, Agra : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 mb or more.
Need id of herb from Agra, U.P.
19 Feb 20
Fumaria indica !
I too agree with …
Fumaria parviflora SN3132020 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Sahatbara medicinal herb seeds spread during transport of dry herb. Natural Remedies ware house near Hosur.
Fumaria parviflora Lam. is not distributed in India as per Catalogue of life;
Prostrate Herb for ID, Pushkar Rajasthan NAW-JAN21-01: 4 images.
Is it Fumaria parviflora?
I guess you may be right … ! Wikipedia
I too with you
I think it is Fumaria indica as per details and comparative images at Fumaria
Botanical name: Fumaria indica: 1 high res. image.
Location: Rajouri, j and k
Yes, good photograph.
Its common name is Fumitory meaning smoke of the earth. In England was used in olden days to exorcise evil spirits but today is used in herbal medicine as a blood purifier.
Yes, appears close to images at
These flowers were captured at the Tulip garden in Srinagar, J&K in April 2023.
Guessing them to be Fumaria indica based on eFI and FOI pics.
Requested to please confirm.
Yes Fumaria indica
Yes, as per images at