Keys as per BSI Flora of India:

1a. Ovary seated on a distinct gynophore 2
b. Ovary seated on a minute, annular, fleshy disk 6
2a. Ovary glabrous; gynophore tumid, lobulate, broader than ovary 3
b. Ovary rusty-puberulent or shortly to densely pilose; gynophore a narrow, short stipe 5
3a. Ovary 3-locular; leaves up to 10 cm long; leaflets up to 2 cm broad, obtusely acute at apex 1. Glycosmis angustifolia
b. Ovary 5-locular; leavel up to 40 cm long; leaflets up to 8 cm broad, obtusely acuminate or caudate at apex 4
4a. Sepals deltoid, less than 1 mm long; staminal filaments with a central ridge at inner face near apex; 4 style continuous with ovary, not clearly distinct, glabrous 4. Glycosmis macrocarpa
b. Sepall broadly ovate, 1.5 mm long; staminal filaments flat without a central ridge at inner race; style distinct, deciduously tomentose 2. Glycosmis boreana
5a. Ovary ellipsoid, minutely to densely rusty-pilose; style distinct, stigma subcapitate; berries ca 15 mm across 7. Glycosmis pilosa
b. Ovary ovoid-cylindric (rarely subglobose),minutely puberulous; style often scarcely distinct from ovary; stigma truncate; berries up to 10 mm across 5. Glycosmis mauritiana
6a. Berries creamy-white or salmon-reddish when ripe, outer rind mamillate 6. Glycosmis pentaphylla
b. Berries purplish-black when ripe, outer rind smooth or pitted glandular 7
7a. Berry solitary, axillary 8. Glycosmis singuliflora
b. Berries few to many on axillary or terminal paniculate imfrutescence 3. Glycosmis cyanocarpa


In Flora of India Vol-4 MALPIGHIACACEAE- DECHAPETALACEAE, edited by P.K. Hajra, V.J. Nair & P. Daniel (1997) account of Rutaceae is written by K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar.
In this document (Nair & Nayar, 1997) published by BSI, following species of Glycosmis are described from India-

  1. Glycosmis angustifolia Lindl. ex Wight & Arn. [line diagram given] (India: Semievergreen forests of southern W. Ghats, up to 800 m altitude. Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Sri Lanka)
  2. G. boreana Narayanaswami ex Tanaka (India: Evergreen forests of Balipara Frontier tracts (Aka hills) in Arunachal Pradesh; known so far from two original collections by N. L. Bor (Bor 1658,578 in CAL) in the above locality)
  3. G. cyanocarpa (Blume) Sprengel [var. simplicifolia (India: Evergreen forests up to 1200 m altitude. Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Nagaland; Sri Lanka); var. linearifolia (India: Evergreen forests, up to 1300 m. Assam (Brahmaputra plains), Meghalaya (Khasi and Garo hills) and Mizoram (Lushai hills)); var. fuscescens (India: Evergreen forests of S. Andaman Islands and Khasi hills (Meghalaya); Myanmar); var. cymosa (India: Evergreen forests, up to 1500 m altitude. Sikkim, W. Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh; Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Taiwan, and Philippines)];
  4. G. macrocarpa Wight [line diagram given] (India: Evergreen forests of southern W. Ghats, between 550 – 1800 m altitude. Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Endemic (Rare))
  5. G. mauritiana (Lam.) Tanaka [var. angustifolia (India: Evergreen forests of southernmost parts of peninsular India at altitudes between 300 – 660 m. Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli hills) and Kerala (Aryankavu, Bonaccord, Sabarigiri hills)) line diagram given; var. mauritiana (India: Mostly in coastal scrub forests from sea level to 400 m. occasionally also in semievergreen forests up to 900 m. Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malesia, Hainan. S.E. Borneo and Mauritius) line diagram given; var. andamenensis (India: Inland forests and thickets of South Andaman Islands at low altitudes from sea level to 50 m;
    Endemic) var. insularis (India: Wet evergreen forests from sea level to 30 m. Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Sri Lanka and Malaya)]
  6. G. pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. [var. pentaphylla (India: Evergreen or semi evergreen forests and also frequently in open places, between sea level to 900 m. Throughout mainland and Andman & Nicobar Islands; Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Philippines, Sumatra, Java and Sri Lanka); var. linearifoliola (A curious plant with wry narrow and minutely denticulate leaflets and abortive flowers; Known only as a garden cultivar)]
  7. G. pilosa Narayanaswami [line diagram given] (India: Coastal and inland forests of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Also doubtfully in Karnataka, S. India (Stone, 1985: 17))
  8. G. singuliflora Kurz (India. Assam)                                                                                                                                      

In addition to above eight species, one more is known from India which is described after publication of Flora of India Vol-4.

       9.  G. tirunelveliensis Murugan & Maickam [described in 2005 from Western Ghats of India and reported as endemic] 
Glycosmis macrocarpa is mentioned as ‘Rare’ in Red Data Book of Indian Plants 3: 234 (Nayar & Sastry, 1990).


Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Lindl.ex Wight & Arn.
Shrub Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Narayana swami, 1941
Kanniya kumari, Tirunelveli
Glycosmis cyanocarpa (Blume) Spreng. var. cymosa Kurz Shrub
or small Tree
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Tirunelveli, Virudhu nagar
Glycosmis macrocarpa Wight Shrub Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Glycosmis mauritiana (Lam.) Tanaka  Shrub Plains  Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. Shrub
or Small Tree
Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul, Madurai, Namakkal, Salem,
Theni,  Tirunelveli,
Tiruvanna malai, Vellore, Virudhu nagar

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Glycosmis mauritiana Limonia mauritiana, Rutaceae Orangeberry
Glycosmis pentaphylla Glycosmis arborea Rutaceae Ban Nimbu

Glycosmis lucida (syn. Glycosmis cyanocarpa (Blume) Sprengel var. cymosa Kurz; G. cymosa (Kurz) J. Narayanaswami ex Tanaka (1941))
Glycosmis pentaphylla



Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach By Kumudranjan Naskar (1993)- Details with keys


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
Glycosmis macrocarpa Wt. – Rare- Karela & Tamilnadu


Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys
Glycosmis cymosa (Kurz) V.Naray. is a synonym of Glycosmis cyanocarpa var. cymosa Kurz
Glycosmis pentaphylla


Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-
Glycosmis pentaphylla


Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details with keys
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar– Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science – 252 pages
Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Corr. var. insularis (Kurz.) Narayanaswamy : Small tree; Andaman Islands & Great Nicobarislands.
Glycosmis pilosa Narayanaswamy : Shrub; Andaman islands; Great Nicobar islands. …


Glycosmis : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Glycosmis

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added list of Indian species of Glycosmis based on Flora of India vol-4.

Thanks a lot, … Other links seems to be in concurrence with this.


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