India: Occasional in scrub jungles. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh Delhi, Assam, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Afghanistan, W. Asia and Tropical Africa as per BSI Flora of India;
Gagan, White Crossberry, Phalsa Cherry, Raisin bush • Hindi: गोंडनी Gondni • Telugu: Kaladi • Kannada: Kanger;
Sub erect to erect shrub. Flowers white (rarely yellowish white), solitary (rarely paired) on 1-2 cm long peduncles, 2-2.5 cm across; petals bilobed at the apex; fruit 5-7 mm, 2-4 lobed, orange-yellow with reddish tinge.



Malvaceae Fortnight- Post 27:: Grewia tenax from Punjab: NS August 12/12 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
This shrub is occasionally found along roadsides, not much common..
Present shots recorded from a place in Punjab..
Grewia tenax

Superb photographs!! Good collection of Grewia, including some interesting ones, Thank you very much for spreading and sharing these pictorial beauties.


Malvaceae Week: Grewia tenax from Delhi:
Grewia tenax (Forsk.) Fiori in Agric. Colon 5. Suppl. 23. 1912.
syn: Chadara betulaefolia Juss.
Local names: Kango, gwangi
Suberect to erect shrub. Flowers white (rarely yellowish white), solitary (rarely paired) on 1-2 cm long peduncles, 2-2.5 cm across; petals bilobed at the apex; fruit 5-7 mm, 2-4 lobed, orange-yellow with reddish tinge.
Common on old Delhi Ridge


Tree for ID : 23102013 : RV 1  : Attachments (3). 7 posts by 5 authors.
Please ID this very small tree, almost like a shrub, found on the slope of a hill near Hampi, Karnataka……. picture taken on 14th Oct,13.

… would it be Grewia tenax ?

Yes, … has IDd this correctly, yet giving size of at least one part seen in picture helps sure ID.

Agree with Grewia tenax.


ID request – 010115PC1  : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this shrub growing in JNU campus, Delhi. Flowers in July. Does not appear to be Grewia tenax as has larger leaves

same observation was also made for the Grewia tenex of Kachchh district of Gujarat.

I think this is Grewia tenax only

The leaves of Grewia tenax can be as large as 3 inches (long & wide) if the plant is watered frequently. Perhaps this plant is receiving a generous amount of moisture/water from a nearby source.
This plant thrives in the dry conditions of Kachchh where it is quite common. The leaves are polymorphic; the variation in both the size and the shape has been documented in detail by the great botanist Jayakrishna Indraji in his Vanaspati Sastra (published in 1910).

Thank you … But the plant is actually growing near the boundary wall in a rocky region of JNU campus.

That is interesting. There might be several variables at work behind this unusual leaf size. Usually, the larger leaves of this plant are also relatively thinner when induced by an increase in soil moisture.


Malvaceae Fortnight :: Grewia tenax ::Dhule :: PKAJUL64:: : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

These are the photos taken at “Laling fort, Dhule”. Its a shrub.
Local name: Gangi.
Bot. name: Grewia populifolia (Grewia tenax).
Family: Tiliaceae


Woody Shrub for ID, Rajasthan NAW-JUN16-03 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Kindly identify this woody shrub with orange fruit found fairly commonly in scrub forests. the photographs here are from 2 locations, Ranthambore forest and scrub forest on the border of Ajmer and Rajsamand districts south of Beawar. Photographed in May 2015.
The orange fruits are about 5-8 mm each, in some cases 2 to 4 fruits are joint together. A local name in Rajasthan is Ganguni, tho there are supposed to be many types of ganguni so it is not a name for a unique species.

Beautiful complete set, …

Thank you … tho Im missing the flowers here.

Name: Grewia tenex Family: Tiliaceae

Yes Grewia tenax as suggested by …


Is this Malvaceae? 010210MK3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
I found no flowers in this common shrub found on the exposed regions of Satyamangalam RF, yet could these fruits lead to identification?
Date: 18 Jan 2010

Grewia tenax

Its golden time to collect these fruits and prepare Shurbut/Sherbet. It is very good for general health.

Many thanks … for the id and information. Also the fruits of Grewia hirsuta tastes like honey.

i think, Except image no . E117, remanining all are Grewia tenex ??????????????


Grewia tenax – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Botanical names Grewia tenax
Local Name गागन
Family Tiliaceae 
Habit shrub
Status-  lc
Photo taken on-  7.12.2008
At-  Virat Nagar, Jaipur
Description Furit best for bulbul

Yes, this shrub is Grewia tenax (Forsk.) Fiori
Also refer: flowersofindia
and pics of ripe fruits at: efi thread

Nice image of the strange flower of Grewia tenax.
Is it endemic to Rajasthan??

Grewia tenax is not endemic to Rajasthan. It is also found in Tamil nadu.

Grewia tenax
Clicked these pics at the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, Rajasthan in March 2018.

Yes, it is. Beautiful pictures …


Grewia tenax : I’d confirm : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb or more.
Grewia tenax

Yes and superb pics of the flowers, In Kachchh Gujarat its an important ethnobotanical plant.
where are these pics from?

Yes. It is Grewia tenax. One of the rare Grewia species with solitary flowers.

Yes, it is Grewia tenax

Grewia tenax :: Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park :: 24 OCT 18 : 5 posts by 4 authors. 3 images.
Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park  Jodhpur
Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 300 m (980 feet) asl
Grewia tenax  (Forssk.) Fiori

proves desert life is tenacious

bush with 4 lobed fruit edible
Location : eastern Rajasthan, fruiting mid summer
Free seeds available-post for whom correctly identify – if want some.

Does not look like Berberis !

Grewia Species. Close to Grewia erythraea.

Berberis have different color fruit, and some have leaves like this

It is Grewia erythraea.

It’s very close to Grewia tenax

as per this link (page 3) Erythraea is upto 1 meter, while Tenax is upto 3 meters. the specimen at hand is 3 meters (second photo)

Thanks, …, for the id.
I agree for Grewia tenax as per images and details herein.
Grewia erythraea does not have distribution in India as per details herein.


I’m searching for grewia tenax:
I’m … Student in Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar Punjab 

I,m searching for Grewia tenax  plant
if anyone knows about the availability of that plant, please share’s information with me

Pl. check our observations at Grewia tenax, if it is useful to you.