Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Brandis, Forest Fl. N.W. India: 263 (1874). (syn: Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale; Nauclea cordifolia Roxb.;Nauclea sterculiifolia A.Rich. ex DC.);
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Assam; Bangladesh; Cambodia; China South-Central; China Southeast; East
Himalaya; India; Laos; Malaya; Myanmar; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam
as per Catalogue of Life;
.
India to China (Yunnan) and Pen. Malaysia (Perlis) as per WCSP;
.
hal-DEE-na — Latinized form of the Indian vernacular name for this plant, haldu
kor-di-FOH-lee-uh — bearing heart-shaped leaf
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commonly known as: yellow teak, haldu, saffron teak, turmeric wood • Assamese: tarakchapa • Gujarati: હળદરવો haldarvo • Hindi: हलदु haldu, हेदी hedi, कदमी kadami • Kannada: ಅರಿಸಿನ ತೇಗ arisina tega, ಹೆತ್ತೇಗ hettega • Malayalam: മഞ്ഞക്കടമ്പ് manjakkatamp • Marathi: हेद hed, हेदू hedu • Mizo: lungkhup • Nepalese: करम karam, कर्मा karma • Oriya: holondo • Sanskrit: धाराकदम्ब dharakadambah, गिरिकदम्ब girikadambah, haridraka, नीप nipa • Tamil: மஞ்சட்கடம்பு mancatkatampu • Telugu: దాడుగచెట్టు dadugacettu, పసుపుకదంబ pasupukadamba
.
Native to: China, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indo-China
.
Deciduous tree reaching 35 m with trunk often fluted at base; leaves opposite, broadly ovate with cordate base, 8-20 cm long; densely puberulent beneath, sparsely above; petiole 3-10 cm long; stipules spathulate or ovate 10-12 mm long; Flowers yellowish in globose heads 15-20 mm across on 2-6 cm long peduncle each subtended by two small bracts; calyx and corolla hairy outside, corolla tube 5-6 mm long; stigma ovoid, exserted; fruiting heads 11-16 mm across.
.
Keys:
1a. Leaves cordate at base……………………..Haldina cordifolia
1b. Leaves rounded or cuneate at base…….2
2a. Flowering heads less than 2 cm across; fruiting head woody, leaves shorter than 12 cm……………Mitragyna parvifolia
2b. Flowering heads usually more than 3 cm across, fruiting heads fleshy, leaves longer than 15cm….. Neolamarckia cadamba
.

The leaves of Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdare heart shaped with long petiole, and crowded at the end of branches; flowers with pale yellowish lobes and pinkish tube..
where as, the leaves of Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth are variable, but never cordate; flowers with whitish-green lobes and same coloured tube

Haldina cordifolia was originally described by William Roxburgh which is characteristic by the orbicular -cordate leaves, orbicular-oblong stipules, yellow flowers and very peculiar calyx, which are 5-lobed.
Mitragyna parviflora also described by Roxburgh remarkably different from Haldinia cordifolia by the presence of 2 linear-oblong reduced leaves at the base of flower head, obovate stipules, entire calyx limb etc. Leaves are highly variable in later from orbicular, oblong,ovate or cordate hence are not a reliable character for species delimitation.
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Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale
hal-DEE-na — Latinized form of the Indian vernacular name for this plant, haldu
kor-di-FOH-lee-uh — bearing heart-shaped leaf
Aug 9, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
commonly known as: yellow teak, haldu, saffron teak, turmeric wood • Assamese: tarakchapa • Gujarati: હળદરવો haldarvo • Hindi: हलदु haldu, हेदी hedi, कदमी kadami • Kannada: ಅರಿಸಿನ ತೇಗ arisina tega, ಹೆತ್ತೇಗ hettega • Malayalam: മഞ്ഞക്കടമ്പ് manjakkatamp • Marathi: हेद hed, हेदू hedu • Mizo: lungkhup • Nepalese: करम karam, कर्मा karma • Oriya: holondo • Sanskrit: धाराकदम्ब dharakadambah, गिरिकदम्ब girikadambah, haridraka, नीप nipa • Tamil: மஞ்சட்கடம்பு mancatkatampu • Telugu: దాడుగచెట్టు dadugacettu, పసుపుకదంబ pasupukadamba
Native to: China, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indo-China
References: Flowers of IndiaWorld Agroforestry CentreNPGS / GRIN
more views: Feb 7, 2009 … at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra

Yes … I saw only two trees in Delhi


Another very nice upload, I have seen this tree only in Morni Hills (in Haryana) and no other place in our state. There the locals call it by name of Haldu.


Very nice pictures … I would like to point out one thing.
The image 4780293954_a98cb48914.jpg. The first one in the attached images shows different leaves.
The leaves of Haldina I guess should be opposite (characteristic of Rubiaceae.) and decussate.
Is it some mix up?


Perfectly pointed out, …
While I remembered to remove from the embedded images in the message body – forgot to remove the picture from among the attachments.



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Rubiaceae Week:Haldina cordifolia from Coimbatore: Sharing the images of Haldina cordifolia from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore.


Awesome capture … Superb…………………………………



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Rubiaceae week:: Adina cordifolia at Silvassa: Thought of sharing few snaps of this huge tree photographed at the entrance of “Lion Safari” , Silvassa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
Flowers / Fruits were too far at the top.
Bot. name: Haldina cordifolia
Family: Rubiaceae
Local name: Hedu.


Really huge …, might be standing for ages there, never seen such a giant “haldu” tree…very nice



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Rubiaceae Week: Haldina sp from Dak Pathar:

Haldina sp from Dak Pathar
Can this be Haldinia cordifolia
pls validate

you, are correct


It is Haldina cordifolia (=Adina cordifolia) of Rubiaceae. We have only one species of Haldina in Uttarakhand.



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Haldu – leaf defoliation : Attachments (5). 7 posts by 5 authors.

A few photographs of Haldu.


Fantastic …, looks like art works!!!


Nice pictures …, this is an art piece from insects??


Thanks … Haven’t the foggiest. Maybe something akin to the Teak Defoliator Moth [Hyblaea puera].




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Plz id the tree: pa104 – 09may2013 : Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Plz id this tall tree from Thane.
I hope it is possible to id from this single photo.

Haldina cordifolia … हेद in Marathi.



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Requesting ID of this tree – Mumbai :28072013 : ARK-03 : May 2013 : Attachments (2). 6 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai in May 2013.


Haldina cordifolia




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Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale (= Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks, Fam: Rubiaceae
Dharmasthala, Karnataka altitude around 250m
tree wild/ cultivated, cultivated in some temples also,
wood is superior and highly valued, star tree of Satabhisha Nakshatra (Sadhaya), bark having medicinal properties.


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Haldina cordifolia (Roxb) Ridsdale : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Haldina cordifolia (Roxb) Ridsdale, (= Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Hook f, Fam : Rubiaceae,
Tree with nearly horizontal branches,
wood yellowish, good timber, it is a holy temple tree, Star tree of Shathabisha (Sadayam) star



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Fwd: Is it Adina cordifolia ? :  2 posts by 2 authors.
Is it Adina cordifolia ?

Yes, it is Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale (= Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.) of Rubiaceae, Kadam tree



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Haldina cordifolia : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5).
Saw this tree for the first time. It is at Guirim, District Bardez, North Goa. Approximate age 70 years. I have identified it as Haldina cordifolia from the Rubiaceae family. It is called Haldu in Marathi and Kadami in Hindi.



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Flora of Kaiga_ID_Plz_05082011 PJ1:  Flora of Kaiga_ID_Plz_05082011 PJ1
Date/Time-: 05/08/11   –    16:40
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 10m



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Haldina cordifolia from Chakrata Yamunanaga​r Road:
Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale syn: Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Hook. f. ex Brandis; Nauclea cordifolia Roxb.
Deciduous tree similar in appearance to Mitragyna but with larger ovate-cordate leaves, inflorescence a globose head, drying on maturity.
Photographed from Chakrata Yamunanagar Road.


Thanks Sir for showing real Haldinia
I think Forest Dept of Haryana, Himachal and Uttarakhand should organise a visit of eflora members to get their all id corrected



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Haldina cordifolia : Mumbai : 271011 : AK-1:
Adding my picture of Haldina cordifolia taken at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on the 15th of August,11.
Kindly validate.


Yes.. Haldina cordifolia 



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VOF Trek: Haldina cordifolia ?? en-route Devprayag:    Even though the location where i had seen this tree was far away from VOF, i thought of sharing these pics as these were photographed while we got stranded near Dev-Prayag due to Landslide. It took almost 3 hours before the road got cleared for on ward journey. Our entire journey till Joshimath was full of hick ups due to frequent land slides every now and then.
Even though we started from Rishikesh early morning by 04:00AM, we could just managed to reach Karna-Prayag by evening 06:00PM. Second day was bit easy going as we could reach Joshimath by 03:00PM.
Thanks to Land slide as i could capture some interesting plants like Ceropegia
Coming to the tree here, i think this looks like Haldina cordifolia, (Family: Rubiaceae).
Date/Time: 05-08-2012 / 10:40AM
Habitat: Wild.
Plant Habit: Tree.

Yes … These trees were much plenty enroute and we also observed them. Thanks for sharing!


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VoF week : Haldinia cordifolia (Haldu)-MN-27.08.2012:

Haldinia cordifolia (Haldu)

Place : Rudraprayag, Uttarakhand

17.08.2012


wonderful pictures



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VoF Week: 19092012 BS 16 Tree sp for id shot enroute Joshimath:
This large roadside tree (also plant there) was shot while coming back from Joshimath to Rishikesh
pls id


Should be Haldina cordifolia…..


Yes Haldinia cordifolia. Very good photographs.



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Rubiaceae Week: Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale from Delhi:  Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale, Blumea 24: 361 1978.

syn: Adina cordifolia (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.; Nauclea cordifolia Roxb.
Common names: Haldu
Hindi: Haldu
Beng: Petpuria, dakom
Mar: Heddi
Tel: Pasupukadamba
Tam: Manjakadamba
Deciduous tree reaching 35 m with trunk often fluted at base; leaves opposite, broadly ovate with cordate base, 8-20 cm long; densely puberulent beneath, sparsely above; petiole 3-10 cm long; stipules spathulate or ovate 10-12 mm long; Flowers yellowish in globose heads 15-20 mm across on 2-6 cm long peduncle each subtended by two small bracts; calyx and corolla hairy outside, corolla tube 5-6 mm long; stigma ovoid, exserted; fruiting heads 11-16 mm across. 
Photographed from Sunder Nursery in Delhi 
The three closely related species belonging to three different genera in Delhi can be separated as under
1a. Leaves cordate at base……………………..Haldina cordifolia
1b. Leaves rounded or cuneate at base…….2
2a. Flowering heads less than 2 cm across;
fruiting head woody, leaves shorter than 12 cm………………Mitragyna parvifolia
2b. Flowering heads usually more than 3 cm across,
fruiting heads fleshy, leaves longer than 15 cm………………Neolamarckia cadamba

Thanks sir for the distinguishing key. The tree is really beautiful, looks like it was high up and you captured this standing below this.



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Plant scientific name idetification_Mohanpur 2 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB.
I have collected some plant species for my study in Mohanpur, West Bengal. I am not able to identify these 4 plant species. Could you please help me out in the same?


The foliage in the image labelled ‘T14.jpg’ appears to be that of Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsdale [Rubiaceae].



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Goa, May 2019 :: Tree for ID :: ARK2019-32 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Requesting to please ID this tree captured on a cliff in South Goa in May 2019.
Is it some Hymenodictyon species?

Check it once Adenia cordifollia.


Thanks, …
On searching for Adenia, I got following results in our site:
Adenia cordifolia ?
Adenia hondala
Adenia trilobata
Adenia wightiana
Correct spelling should be Adina cordifolia

Haldina cordifolia…………?


Thank you … I take it as Adina cordifolia only.



Tholpetty Wildlife Sanctuary  Wayanad
Date: November 14, 2019 … Altitude range: about 650 to 1150 m (2,100 to 3,800 ft) asl
Adina cordifolia  (Roxb.) Brandis

Now 1st image is possibly correctly placed.


Yes, … Now the pictures are correctly put together.
They are, no doubt, of Adina cordifolia.



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Adina cordifolia :: Nagla block of SGNP :: 21 DEC 19 : 1 post by 1 author. 6 images.
Nagla forest  … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 21, 2019 … Altitude: sea level to about 600 ft asl
Adina cordifolia  (Roxb.) Brandis



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Adina cordifolia – bark & trunk :: Nagla block of SGNP :: 21 DEC 19 : 1 post by 1 author. 3 images.
Nagla forest  … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 21, 2019 … Altitude: sea level to about 600 ft asl
Adina cordifolia  (Roxb.) Brandis

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SK 2949 09 August 2021: 3 very high res. images.
Location: Far West, Nepal
Altitude: 792m.
Date: July 2021
Habit : Wild


It reminds me of Haldina cordifolia


I too agree with … for ID,



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References:

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