Helianthus annuus L. (Images by Satish PhadkeDinesh ValkeAarti KhaleAlka Khare and D S Rawat (Inserted by Gurcharan Singh))




Cultivar ‘Teddy Bear’ (Images by Gurcharan Singh and Aarti Khale, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)



Helianthus argophyllus Torr. & A.Gray (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)


Helianthus debilis subsp. cucumerifolius (Torr. & A.Gray) Heiser (Images by Gurcharan Singh, D S RawatAarti Khale and Prashant Awale, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)



Helianthus tuberosus L. (Images by Balkar Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)



Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name English name

Under shrub Plains to Low
Altitude,  Cultivated, Native of
Tropical America
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All districts Suryakanthi  
Helianthus debilis Nutt. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Helianthus tuberosus L. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri   Jerusalem


Botanical name Family Common name
Helianthus annuus ‘Ring of Fire’ Asteraceae Sunflower ‘Ring of Fire’
Helianthus annuus Asteraceae Sunflower
Helianthus annuus ‘Teddy Bear’ Asteraceae Teddy Bear Sunflower
Helianthus argophyllus Asteraceae Silverleaf Sunflower
Helianthus debilis (? Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius) Asteraceae Beach Sunflower

Agroecosystems of South India: Nutrient Dynamics, Ecology and Productivity By K. R. Krishna (2010)- Details- Annus species & hybrids-
Practical Gardening In India By R. Barton West – Details- Helianthus hybrids

Agroecosystems: Soils, Climate, Crops, Nutrient Dynamics and Productivity By K. R. Krishna  (2013)- Details- Annus species & hybrids-

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Helianthus cucumerifolius Torr. & A.Gray is a synonym of Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Helianthus : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Helianthus

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Pl. go through Helianthus (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

looks good