BSI Flora of India with detailskeys (Volume 3- 1993) (Distribution):

Heritiera dubia Wallich ex Kurz (India: Tropical evergreen forests at low elevations. Assam and Meghalaya)
Heritiera fomes Buch. – Ham. (India: Among mangroves in West Bengal (Sunderbans) and Orissa; Bangladesh and Myanmar (Irrawaddyy delta))
Heritiera Iittoralis Dryand. in Aiton (India: Mangrove forests of West Bengal, Orissa, extending inland up to Meghalaya, in south Western Ghats, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andaman and Nicobar Islands; Coasts of East Africa, S.W. Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Hongkong, Taiwan, Malesla, Tropical Australia, Pacific Islands up to Hawaii and New Caledonia)
Heritiera macrophylla Wallich ex Kurz (India: Tropical evergreen forests of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Meghalaya; Indo-China)
Heritiera papilio Beddome (India: Tropical evergreen forests of E. India and S. Western Ghats up to 1500 m. Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Bangladesh)


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name

Tree Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Venthekku, Choundarigai

Species with description &
pictures in Flowers of India
as on 18.7.15:


Botanical name Family Common name
Heritiera littoralis Sterculiaceae Looking Glass Mangrove
Heritiera macrophylla Sterculiaceae Large Leaf Looking Glass Tree

Heritiera littoralis Aiton [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; E Africa, Australia].
Heritiera parvifolia Merrill [India, Myanmar, Thailand].

Heritiera attenuata Wall. (This name is unresolved, but some data suggest that it is synonymous with Brownlowia tersa (L.) Kosterm.) 
Marine Faunal Diversity in India: Taxonomy, Ecology and Conservation By Krishnamoorthy Venkataraman, Chandrakasan Sivaperuman (2014)-
Heritiera (Malvaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Heritiera (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Pl. go through Heritiera (‎‎‎Malvaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.

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