Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 243 1895. (Syn. Bignonia quadrilocularis Roxb.; Heterophragma roxburghii (Spreng.) DC.; Spathodea roxburghii Spreng.);
Waras • Marathi: वारस Waras, Murus, Panlag • Tamil: Bara-kalagoru • Telugu: kapa-gargu, kala-goru, baray-kalikod, bondugu • Kannada: Bechadi mara, Kaligottu mara;
Native of: c & s India
Its a large tree around 10m high, stem erect and bark brown.
Flowers in terminal, many flowered, densely tomentose panicles.
Leaves pinnate, 30 to 60 cm long, crowded near ends of branches, elliptic.
het-er-oh-FRAG-muh — from the Greek hetero (different), phragma (fence)Dave’s Botanary
kwah-drih-lok-yoo-LAIR-ee — having four compartments … Dave’s Botanary


16042011NVR1 Tree for ID:
This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare]. A few flowers are also seen.

This tree is found in Goa along roads and highways. Is it a native tree?

Affirmative  …


Request for ID : 270411 : AK-1:
Taken at Dindori, Maharashtra on the 27th of Feb, 2011.
It was a tall tree with flowers on top.
Is it ‘Waras’?

This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare].

MS-020312 -79 ID requested – Bignoniaceae:
Herewith sending the photographs of a tree species taken in Mysore garden. The tree is blooming in leafless condition. Date 2.3.2012 Confirmation of ID requested.

This looks Dolichandrone spathacea, just a wild guess.

This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare].

I think this is Radermachera xylocarpa (Khadshing)

The tree in question here is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare]. Have both on my property. The main difference is in their barks and also Varas is generally never leafless while flowering.
Sending a few of my photographs. Will send photographs of Kharsing [Radermachera xylocarpa] for comparison in a separate mail.
My previous photographs of this are available at this link


Tree for ID : Lonavala, Maharashtra : 020512 : AK-1:
Picture taken on the 7th of March,12 on a mountain at Karla Caves, near Lonavala.

Tree of medium height.,white flowers
There were quite a few of these trees
…, is this Waras?

I think Waras.

Heterophragma quadriloculare.
But difficult to rule out Radermachera…..
Generally many leaves with flowers indicate it to be Waras only.

Affirmative. This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare].

Heterophragma quadriloculare

Trees of Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA – Dolichandrone atrovirens, (Heyne ex. Roth) Spr. <=> Wavy Trumpet Flower Tree:
Wavy Trumpet Flower is a deciduous tree, up to 16 m tall. Branchlets are velvet hairy. Leaves are pinnately compound, up to 10 cm long, carried on 5-5 cm long stalk. Leaflets are 5-7, elliptic, 3.2-6.5 cm long, 1.8-3.6 cm wide, tip long-pointed, base flat, nerves prominent on both sides. Flowers are white, borne in cymes in leaf axils. Stalk of the cyme is up to 8 cm long. Flowers are 4.5-5.2 x 0.8-1.2 cm. Fruit capsule is up to a foot long, brown, ribbed, seeds winged. Wavy Trumpet Flower is found in peninsular India. Flowering: April-June.

There must be some mistake. This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare]. Please check.

Definitely looks like Heterophragma quadriloculare
The name plate said Bignonia crispa, so categorized as above

Heterophragma quadriloculare-sharing my pics:
Sharing pic of Waras taken at Ambyvalley rd. Lonavala/Mulshi Pune in April12.


Heterophragma quadriloculare:
Heterophragma quadriloculare (Bignoniaeae) वारस Matheran feb 2012


Tree ID request – RK71 – 26-Dec-2012:
Request identification of this tree from Tungareshwer. The leaflets are velvety and I thought this is Garuga pinnata.
The tree no. RK66 that I had posted yesterday was also identified as Garuga pinnata … I’m confused because that tree had leaflets with prominent pointy tips which are lacking in this one.

It is Hterophragma quadriloculare (Bignoniaceae),

Agreed this is Varas [H.quadriloculare].


Bignoniaceae Week :: Natives :SMP: Heterophragma quadriloculare. Pune:
Bignoniaceae Week :: Natives
Heterophragma quadriloculare. वारस ” Pune

Bignoniaceae Week :: DV :: 20 MAR 10 :: Heterophragma quadriloculare at Sanjay Gandhi National Park:
Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum.

het-er-oh-FRAG-muh — from the Greek hetero (different), phragma (fence)Dave’s Botanary
kwah-drih-lok-yoo-LAIR-ee — having four compartments … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: warasKannada: adavi nuggi, bechadi mara, kaligottu mara • Marathi: वारस waras • Tamil: bara-kalagoru • Telugu: baray-kalikod, bondugu, kala-goru, kapa-gargu
Native of: c & s India
References: Flowers of IndiaForest Flora of Andhra PradeshFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai on 20 MAR  

love the bare branches, delightfully crooked branching pattern. rest is nice too!


Bignoniaceae Week :: Heterophragma quadriloculare at Mahabaleshwar:: PKA12:::

This one was photographed at Parvat hill near Mahabaleshwar.
Local Marathi name: Waras
Bot name: Heterophragma quadriloculare (Bignoniaceae)
Its a large tree around 10m high, stem erect and bark brown.
Flowers in terminal, many flowered, densely tomentose panicles.
Leaves pinnate, 30 to 60 cm long, crowded near ends of branches, elliptic.


“Flora picture of the Year “2012:
My pic for “Flora picture of the year”. Just a new twist to a old story. Waras(Heterophragma quadriloculare).

Beautiful flower of a large native tree. I have added this to Flora Picture 2012


Waras is a large deciduous tree, 5-15 m tall, with brown bark. 
Compound leaves are 1-2 ft long, crowded near the end of branches. Each leaf has 3-5 pairs of leaflets, and a terminal one. The elliptic leaflets are 5-12 cm long, unequal sided at the base.
Flowers occur in panicles, which are densely velvet covered, at the end of branches. Flowers are 5-6 cm, white with a rosy tinge. The five petals are rounded with crinkled margins. Stamens are 4, with hairy filaments. Fruit is 20-30 cm long, and 3-5 cm broad, pointed. 
Flowering: February.
dropbox link


Bignoniaceae Week :: Heterophragma quadriloculare : Waras : Dindori & Karla : 090113 : AK:
Pictures of Waras taken in Dindori near Nasik, and in Karla near Lonavala.


Plz id this tree: pa88 – 11jan2013:
Plz id this tree from Yeoor region. I did not see any flower and fruits but one interesting thing is that the leaflet are soft and velvety.

what is this leaf type called and this attachement/outline as in this pic above:

This is Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare]. Some of my photographs of this are available at this link

Thank you …- your photos of this tree in different seasons are wonderful.

Imparipinnate compound leaf with leaflets having unequal base.


The mutation: Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Came across this white-leaved sapling of Heterophragma quadriloculare
Today (10.7.13) at Kanakeshwar, Alibag

Rather than mutation, it is complete lack of Chlorophyll a case of ‘Albino’.

Tree For ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 240813 : AK-1 :  Attachments (5). 4 posts by 3 authors.
A tree with young leaves seen at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on 22/8/13.
Id please.

Looks like Varas [Heterophragma quadriloculare].

Yes it is

Thanks for confirming the id of this tree.
I have seen Varas before, first time saw it at Jijamata Udyan.


Heterophragma quadriloculare—-for sharing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala in Feb15.


Dehuroad mh tree id : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Pl id this tree seen today at a dehuroad mh hill. It is on a fully rocky hill. Very hardy.

Heterophragma quadriloculare.
Lovely fragrant flowers around this time.

Thank you … for making a quick id.
It always give me happiness to meet a new tree and be able to recognize it.
What wondered me is that I’m visiting a near by similar hill since a decade now which do not have this “waras” tree. This new hill is barely two KM and it has some new/different tree varities like this one Waras and Bhutya tree. There was one more same tree having few flowers – but it was bit burnt by fire (deliberate).
Now, will be looking for it to bloom and see pods and bees on it – lets see how it goes.

Re: MS/23/10/2016 – 6 – Request for Id of a tree :Heterophragma quadriloculare ? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
I request the ID of the tree.  Photographs attached herewith.

Thanks, … I think matches with images at Heterophragma quadriloculare


ID…TREE….KD12N : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Sorry, I found sampling only. So i am uploading leaf picture only.
Location- Karde, Dapoli, MH
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height-I found sapling stage (4 meter)

Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum. [Bignoniaceae].


UNID17 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Location- Karnala bird sanctuary, MH
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height-8 meter
No fruiting and flowering stage observe.

Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum. [Bignoniaceae].


Heterophragma quadriloculare :: near Lion’s Point :: 07 APR 08 : 5 posts by 4 authors. 3 images.
Near Lion’s Point , off Lonavala
Date: April 7, 2008 … Altitude: about 760 m (2500 feet) asl
Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K.Schum. … (family: Bignoniaceae)

Tree for ID :: Lohagad, Pune :: ARKNOV22 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
This tree was seen at Lohagad near Pune on the mountain top in November 2016. There were quite some similar trees around.
No flowers or fruits seen. Requested to please ID.

The identification cannot be conclusive without more features. But looking at the overall appearance, it could be Heterophragma.

The leaves do look like Heterophragma quadriloculare

Yes, the id is correct


Tree for ID :: Hatgad near Saputara :: ARKFEB-07 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Saw this tree at Saptashrungi near Nashik, MH in Feb 2017.
Is this Heterophragma quadriloculare? Although the leaves look bigger.

To me appears close as per images at Heterophragma quadriloculare

Could be Heterophragma adenophyllum or roxburghii. But fruits photographs would help ID.

I do not think it matches with images at Fernandoa adenophylla

I guess ID is correct : https://www.gbif.org/species/4091635 !


Tree for I’d on trek to Matheran, Maharastra on 4.2.23: 4 high res. images.
This was the only tree seen at that height and gradient on the trek route.

Leaves are not in focus but it could be Heterophragma quadriloculare growing in such a place.

Yes, appears to be Ok as per images at



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