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The complete account of Anacardiaceae of India is available in FLORA OFINDIA VOL-5 published by BSI. This account is written by Dali Chandra and S.K.Mukerjee.

In this document (Chandra and Mukerjee, 2000) following wild species of Holigarna are mentioned growing in India-
1- Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f. (line diagram given)
2- H. beddomei Hook.f.
3- H. ferruginea Marchand
4- H. grahamii (Wight) Kurz
5- H. kurzii King
6- H. longifolia Roxb. is a synonym of Holigarna caustica (Dennst.) Oken
7- H. nigra Bourd.

Interestingly,Holigarna has only seven species in the world and all of them occur in India. No Holigarna seems threatened in India as no species is mentioned in Red Data Book of Indian Plants by Nayar and Sastry (1987-90).



 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name

 

Holigarna
arnottiana
Hook. f. 
Large tree Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Karuncharai
Holigarna beddomei Hook. f. Large
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri
Palvidiniyan
Holigarna ferruginea Marchand Large
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore Charai,
Karunchaarai
Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz. Large
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanniyakumari,
Nilgiri
Holigarna nigra Bourd. Large
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Tirunelveli,
Kanniyakumari



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Holigarna arnottiana Catutsjeron arnottianum, Holigarna longifolia Anacardiaceae Black Varnish Tree

 


Holigarna grahamii Hook.f. is a synonym of Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz (Holigarna grahamii)


Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-


Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-


Holigarna : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Holigarna

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.



 

Pl. go through Holigarna (Anacardiaceae) page with images of species (done by me & TSP Kumar ji) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


 

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