Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. , Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. III, 10: 259 1848. (Syn. Ulmus integrifolia Roxb.);
Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China, E. Borneo: Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;
entire-leaved elm tree, jungle cork tree, south Indian elm tree • Bengali: নাটা করঞ্জা nata karanja • Gujarati: ચરલ charal, ચરેલ charel, કણઝો kanjho • Hindi: चिलबिल chilbil, कान्जू kanju, पपड़ी papri • Konkani: वांवळो vamvlo • Malayalam: ആവല് aaval • Marathi: ऐनसादडा ainasadada, वावळ or वावळा vavala • Nepalese: sano pangro • Oriya: dhauranjan • Sanskrit: चिरिविल्वः chirivilva • Tamil: ஆயா aya • Telugu: నాలి nali;
The fruits do look like those of Holoptelea however the leaves are confusion. Holoptelea has distichous leaves so if the phyllotaxy of the plant in picture is distichous then it could be Holoptelea.
Holoptelea integrifolia (Fruiting season Feb- March 2011) and Flowering Oct. 2011.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.,
GPS : 640 MSL
Interestingly during the fruits as well as flowering season the trees are covered with either fruits or flowers. No leafs at all.
yes Holoptelea integrifolia, here in Maharashtra it is called as Vawla..
In Maharashtra the flowering is late may be January or Dec
Here are a few pictures of Holoptelea integrifolia taken from the wild near Mannarkkad, Palakkad district, Kerala. Photographed on 16th August 2011.
Bangalore – RA – Holoptelea integrifolia – Indian Elm Tree – Kanju:
Alternately arranged leaves are elliptic-ovate, 8-13 cm long and 3.2-6.3 cm wide, smooth, with entire margins, and a pointed tip. Leaf base is rounded or heart-shaped. Stipules are lance-shaped. Crushed leaves emit an unpleasant odour.
Flowers are small, greenish-yellow to brownish, pubescent, borne in short racemes or fascicles at the scars of fallen leaves. Sepals are velvety, often 4. Fruit is an a circular samara, 2.5 cm in diameter, with membranous, net-veined wings, and flat seed
Ref. Flowers of India
Great Closeup!!! Amazing Shot
Holoptelia integrifolia leaves : 5 images. 1 post by 1 author.
Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 291113 : AK-2 : Attachments (2). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Seen at Lalbagh on 23/11/13.
No flowers or fruits.
Yes, rightly identified….
Pls help me identify.210914-RT-3 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
It is Holoptelea integrifolia Planch, a common fast growing tree.
Tree for identification : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Please identify this tree from Chinchoti, Maharashtra, May 2015.
Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch.
Orissa : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1) – 3 MB
ID Please: CR18052017 : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Could you please identify this tree?
Thanks, … Where and when was it clicked?
Looks Diospyros spp.
Sir, this was clicked on 17th may 2017 at Girawali Hill, Ghodegao, Near Pune, Maharashtra
Could you please tell its local name in India
The bark and the foliage in … photograph seem more in line with Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. [Ulmaceae].
Thanks, … I agree with you.
Holoptelea integrifolia : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Very strange seeds. Found in Vandalur forest. Chennai.
This tree is seen in Chennai in places especially Children’s park (Guindy National Park). Seeds are winged.
It was one of our favorite time pass as we used to eat it’s seed in our childhood. Good taste too.
Thanks for the Interesting information about childhood memories.
Tree for ID :: JJ – Disa, GJ, March 2018 :: ARKAPR-21 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Clicked this tree by the roadside near Disa, GJ in March 2018. Saw many such trees on the way.
Are they Holoptelea integrifolia?
Requested to please validate.
To me also appears so.
Yes, Holoptelea integrifolia
Holoptelea integrifolia- from Pune:
The seeds of this fruits are devoured by Parrots very much and I was told by the locals (TN) that the germination rate of these fruits are very minimal (owing to seeds eaten by birds). So a vernacular name for this tree is ‘Thappichan maram’, which translates in to ‘tree grew out of escaped seeds’
Oh! interesting information … Thanks for that.
Attaching pictures (not clear) of this.
Location: Moyar village, Nilgiris, TN
Altitude: 900 m ASL
Date: 05 March 2012
”For Id 18122011MR1’’ old tree with green leaves no flowers Pune:
appears to be a very old tree next to a small Hanumanji’s temple in the society
height about 50 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- green
no flowers or fruits
I could photograph some leaves fallen down
When I asked the care taker he said he has not seen flowers but pods
If I was to hazard a guess, it would be Vavla [Holoptelia integrifolia]. Have a few of these trees on my property. Sending 2 photographs of the leaves for comparison.
Many thanks … and … for a possible Id
…the tree is flowering . The flowering season is matching with this tree attaching pictures of the same. round globular brown flowers but also many light pink structures are seen. can somebody explain what are these?
Sorry I forgot to add all the leaves are shed and are replaced by this round brown flowers
Affirmative. The tree is in flower. Will send my photographs of this later.
Some of my photographs.
Thank you … for the pictures of flowers and fruits. … if it is possible to understand from my not so clear photographs can you explain to me what are those light pink structures in bunches seen in my photographs. I cannot take a close up as they are very high
The ‘light pink structures’ are the flowers which are borne in fasicles in the scars of the fallen leaves.
Yes … At present Holoptela integrifolia is in bloom in Pune.
Superb … you are just great in photography . What are those bifid light pink structures attached to the fruit? Is it the stigma. I think these are the light pink structures I am seeing in my photographs and have been asking about it. On the net everywhere they have described flowers as green, yellow or brown and I was seeing brown and light pink and thus wanted to know about it. I will be grateful if you could explain
I have not studied this particular flower from botanical point of view but this has to be a bifid stigma with the ovary attached behind gradually getting converted to a fruit with winged surface around it .
Attaching pictures of the fruit and flowers of this tree as I see today
Plz id this tree: pa86 – 11jan2013:
Could be holoptelea integrifolia
Thank you …
ID Ahmedabad 8/9/2018 : 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 MB each.
This appears to be Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. [Ulmaceae]. Quite common in Ahmedabad.
Plenty of Holoptelia integrifolia in Mysore. This is known as Chira bilva in ayurveda and all the plant parts are of medicinal use. However, I have a doubt: leaves shape look slightly different. Is there any eco variation. Can you post a better habit photo (the present one is very hazy on enlarging) as well as those of flowers and especially fruits.
Please check my posting at: MS/2018/ September/1: Holoptelia inegrifolia. Just now posted. Perhaps it may appear in tomorrow’s abridged summary.
just saw it. nice pics, …
I too have a doubt. As … said the leaf shape seems different from that of Holoptelia.
From what I’ve seen, the anomalies depicted in the first image (IMG_20180908_064744.jpg) are not unusual in the leaves of Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. This is one of the rather common trees in Ahmedabad.
Holoptelia inegrifolia : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 2 Mb.
I am posting the pictures of the above tree. Photos taken in a park in Mysore a few months back (2018)
ID please-Tree with Simple Ovate Darkgreen Glabrous Alternate leaves SGNP Mumbai : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help identify tree with leaves in attached picture.
Location: Sanjay Gandhi National Park Near Gandhi Smarak
Please check for Holoptelea integrifolia
Thanks, … Efi page available at
Leaf shape, margin, phyllotaxy and venation matches. It is Holoptelea integrifolia.
Looking for id of this tree : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- 2 of 2 mb each.
It’s not Panjanelia longifolia;
It’s definitely Holoptelia integrifolia…. a common tree of Nashik. Which part of Nashik do you live in?
ID 1102 1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Aarey, Mumbai :: Plant for ID :: ARK2019-58 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
This climber/shrub was spotted in Aarey forest, Mumbai in November 2017.
Requested to please ID the same.
Holoptelea integrifolia from Delhi-GS26102020-1 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Holoptelea integrifolia Planch.
Photographed from Vikas Puri, Delhi, 19-3-2016
Tree from Sadasivakona Hills: 2 images.
Looks like Antidesma ghaesembilla
Holoptelea integrifolia only
(2021/May/08 ART 1) Is this Holoptelea integrifolia?: 10 images.
Yes it is!!
Yes, it’s only …
SK 2936 02 August 2021: 4 very high res. images.
Location: Far West, Nepal
Date: June 2021
Habit : Wild
Please check Ulmaceae member. It could be Holoptelea.
Yes, Holoptelea integrifolia…
Yes : Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch.
Yes, it’s I agree with you for ID,
Pench NP, MP, March 2022 :: Tree for ID :: ARK2022-075: 4 high res. images.
This was clicked near the Turia canteen in Pench National Park, MP in March 2022
Is this Pterocarpus marsupium?
Requested to please ID.
It seems to be Holoptelea integrifolia
Yes, it is … – Holoptelea integrifolia. Plenty here.
id Request: 1 high res. image.
Location — Bilaspur Chhattisgarh
Time – 11 AM
Diospyros melanoxylon….. Tendu……thanks.
Sir ….this tree is very different from Diospyros ….i will share more pictures of leaf and bark also
here i am sharing some more pictures ……
I concur with … Nevertheless , let us wait for its flowers and fruits.
Yes, I also agree.
Tree for id 090223JM1: 6 images + 2 high res. images.
Holoptelea integrifolia, the Indian elm or jungle cork tree.
Yes, it is Holoptelea.
Tree for ID- 020323AK2: 4 images- 2 high res.
Seems to be Holoptelea integrifolia
Yes for me.!
Yes, maybe as per images at
POWO Flora of Peninsular India Checklist of Nepal