Leea guineense G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 712 1831. (Syn: Leea acuminata Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Leea acuminata Wall. ex C. B. Cl. (ambiguous synonym); Leea arborea Sieber ex Boj.; Leea aurantiaca Zoll. & Mor.; Leea bulusanensis Elmer; Leea coccinea Planch.; Leea cumingii C. B. Cl.; Leea cuspidifera Baker; Leea dentata Craib; Leea euphlebia Merrill; Leea guineensis var. cuspidifera (Baker) Desc.; Leea guineensis var. longifoliolata Desc.; Leea javanica Merr.; Leea laeta Wall.; Leea lucida Linden ex Hook.; Leea luzonensis Elmer; Leea manillensis Walp.; Leea negrosense Elmer; Leea palawanensis Elmer; Leea pallidifolia Kanehira; Leea papillosa Merrill; Leea parva Elmer; Leea parvifoliola Merrill; Leea robusta Wight ex C. B. Cl.; Leea sambucina Schum. & Thonn.; Leea sambucina var. arborea (Sieb. ex Boj.) Miq.; Leea sanguinea Wall.; Leea schomburgkii Craib; Leea staphylea Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Leea staphylea Wight (ambiguous synonym); Leea wightii C. B. Cl.) as per Catalogue of Life;           
Madagascar, Comores (Mayotte, etc.), Réunion, Mauritius, ?Senegal,
Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, SW-Mali, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo,
Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, SW-Central African Republic, Congo (Brazzaville),
Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,
W-Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, N-Zambia, South Sudan, Sao Tome, Bioko Isl. (Fernando
Poo), Bhutan, Nepal, India (Assam, Darjeeling, Uttar Pradesh, Manipur,
Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu), Sikkim, Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl.,
South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma],
Thailand, Vietnam,
Cambodia, Laos, Taiwan, peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Pahan, Selangor, Johor),
Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isl., Philippines, N-Sulawesi, Micronesia (Yap),
Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Ngarakabesang, Malakal, Angaur), Ryukyu Isl.
(introduced), Haiti (introduced), Dominican Republic (introduced), Puerto Rico
as per Catalogue of Life;
West Indian Holly, Red Leea, Hawaiian Holly;
A very attractive shrub with decorative foliage and large groups of colorful flowers with petals which are bright red outside and yellowish inside, followed by black fruit.
Origin: Burma  
Forest Plants of Eastern India  By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993- Brief Description- Leea macrophylla Roxb., Leea alata Edgew., Leea crispa L. (syn. of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale)Leea acuminata Wall. (syn. of  Leea guineense G.Don), Leea herbacea Ham.(syn. of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale), Leea aequata L., Leea robusta Roxb. (syn. of Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem. ), Leea bracteata C.B.Clarke (syn. of Leea compactiflora Kurz), Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. & Leea umbraculifera C.B. Clarke (syn. of Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.))    






Flora Picture of the Year 2012 – SK : 24 posts by 11 authors. Attachments (1).  

Never did i think of delving inside the unfathomable mystery of plant taxonomy. Since my childhood i hated books and relieved a deep sigh when i found myself engaged to a NAUKRI ! Thanks God, no more reading!
My initial days in eFI were very nice, just upload photographs and obtain ID of plants; very simple. Raju Sir changed it all. No sooner i met him in the Botanical Garden we became family and i started moulting, moulting into a student life, for one more time, with obedience.
Well, it was the 17th July, 2012 and Raju Sir drew my notice to this beautiful plant, a Leea sp., inside the Botanical Garden, Shibpore, Howrah. I can’t express my amazement when Raju Sir himself cleared a few weeds so that i could be able to take photographs without any obstruction before me.

Thanks, … You have become a source of encouragement to many of us now.

Thank you very much Sir, our group has an excellent capability to mould a commoner.

Lovely shot and nice story. I found … one as one meticulous taxonomist (Teacher) who provides key and minute details of each plant he came across and follows that from its flowering to fruiting. To me he is one of the fastest learner. No doubt he is a resource rich person in the group and the way he is exploring flora of Bengal, i am sure we will cover the Eastern Indian flora in the long run. Best of luck …

Thank you Sir, i am adding one more, for ID.

I always believed that the value of Howrah Botanic Garden is actually underestimated. Its a place of great resource of living as well as voucher specimens.

Hope it lasts long.
Thanks for sharing this pic. I thought there is only one species in lower plains of India. But if you got this from Sibpur then probably it may not be the local one. as many plants came to the garden from other parts of India and abroad. I think this is Leea macrophylla.

Thank you very much for the ID, i tried once and gave up.

Beautiful shot! Thanks for sharing … Would like to quote a famous TV advt…..’An idea can change your life’. 🙂

Wonder if it can be Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng (Vitaceae). Our W. Ghat Expert friends may confirm

Thank you very much for the probable ID. I tried last year and found the following info :-
Leea rubra
  1.  Leaf 2–4-pinnate, leaflet lamina ovate to ovate-oblong, apex acuminate, margin crenate to dentate, base rounded to cuneate, 3–10.5 cm by 2–4 cm, lamina chartaceous, minutely hairy along veins; rachis red …… = http://floraofsingapore.wordpress.com/2010/07/29/leea-rubra/ ….. source = http://floraofsingapore.wordpress.com/category/class-magnoliopsida/superorder-rosanae/order-vitale/family-vitaceae/
  2. pictures = http://www.natureloveyou.sg/Leea%20rubra/Main.html
  3. another pic = http://www.flickr.com/photos/phuonglovejesus2782010/5883039313/
  4. syn. = http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/tro-34000006
  5. no L. rubra in Flora of China = http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=117843#KEY-1-2
A close competitor = Leea guineensis –
1. Stipule a narrower wing, somewhat persistent, scar long and thin…….Leea rubra
1. Stipule obovate, caducous, leaving a broad scar…………………………Leea guineensis
Looking forward to see the stipule photographs from your good-self.


Thank you very much …, for the keys.

I will have to visit this plant again, presently i do not have any photo of the stipules or scar mark. Meanwhile, attaching rest of the photographs i have in my hard disk.



Photographed today (23.8.14), the same Leea in the garden.

Thanks … for revisiting the thread and digging out beautiful narration of your personal experience.. I would like to tell you that I have got almost similar Leea from Siliguri area, will share soon for id..

I think closer to images at Leea guineense G.Don


100713 ASP 94 : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Please ID this plant. Photo was taken
from a herbal garden in Sri Lanka in Dec 2012.

Leea sp., may be L. rubra.

Look like Leea guineensis G. Don

Looks more like Leea coccinea Rubra as in toptropicals.com (link)






SK546 06 JUN-2017:ID : 13 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location: Teesta, Kalimpong, India
Date: 24 May  2017
Altitude: 4000 ft.

Leea? Or Vitaceae?

Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng.   ??? or Leea robusta  

It is Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng. for me.  

This should be Leea alata Edgew.

I could not decide. Waiting for final validation.

I think the image is of Leea rubra.

Again confusion! 

You can decide on final I’d. 

I found the keys between these two species at Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993).
As petioles are not winged, it can not be Leea alata. I also feel it is close to images at Leea guineense (syn. Leea coccinea Planch.)


: Taken on the 22nd of June,2007 at Racca Nursery, Nasik, Maharashtra.
A garden plant. 

leea coccinea burgundy

yes this is garden plant, shade loving plant when it is in the shade plant color is burgundy but because of sunlight it become green.


Is it Leea coccinea ‘rubra’?: I saw a shrub in BPT (Bombay Port trust) garden, Mumbai with red flower buds in the 1st week of june 2011..
Is it Leea coccinea var. rubra?

I think the id is correct. If so, the new name is Leea guineense G.Don of Vitaceae family.





121011-MS – 60- Leea guineensis: Herewith enclosing the photographs of Leea guineensis planted as hedge in one of the public places.




121011-MS – 57- Leea coccinea “Rubra”:  

Herewith enclosing the photographs of Leea coccinea “Rubra”, planted as hedge in one of the public places.
A very attractive shrub with decorative foliage and large groups of colorful flowers with petals which are bright red outside and yellowish inside, followed by black fruit. 
Family: Leeaceae 
Red Leea, West Indian Holly, Hawaiian Holly 
Origin: Burma
Photos taken on 9.10.2011. Place: Sayyaji Rao Road , Mysore



Leea for ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 030812 : AK-3: Pictures taken on 25/7/12 at Lalbagh, Bangalore.

Leea with red leaves.
A small, ornamental plant.
Id please.

leea coccinea burgundy
Requesting to please ID this plant from captured in a cultivated garden in Mumbai in August 2013.
Is this some Leea species?

Leea guineensis ‘Burgundy’.


20092013GS1 a tree from Bangalore for ID : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 4 authors.

Kindly help in the ID of this tree photographed by my colleague at Bangalore

Can this be Leea guineensis ‘Burgundy’?

… had Id’ed a similar plant posted by me here:
Can I know where it was found in bangalore?

I had photographed a similar one at Lalbagh, Bangalore.
Posted on our group. It was identified by our Ornamental Expert, … as Leea coccinea Burgundy.
I am unable to give the link but I’m sure it will be easy to find on our ‘Search’.




ANAUG12 Ornamental tree for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
This tree was growing in my friend’s apartment complex.
Leaves look very glossy and almost unreal in their colour and texture.
August 8th 2014

Leea Species. Should be Leea coccinea ‘Rubra’ (Burgundy).

Thank you very much.



MS July, 2018/07 Sambucus or Leea sp. for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Ailawng, Mizoram

Date : 10-07-2018
Habit : Shrub ?
Habitat : Wild

Pl. check 

To me appears close to images at Leea guineense G.Don as per comparative images at Leea



MS Aug.,2018/12 Leea aequata for Id/confirmation : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram

Date : 02-08-2018
Habit :  Shrub
Habitat : Wild

Same Leea sp.

Pl. check 

I think close to images at Leea guineense G.Don as per comparativeimages at Leea



SK1699 05 Jan 2019 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 6 Mb.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Altitude  131 m.
Habit : Cultivated
Leea rubra Blume ex Spreng. ??

Pl. also check 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *