Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 466 466 1917. (Syn: Gratiola rugosa Lour.; Herpestis rugosa RothLimnophila rugosa (Lour.) Schltr.; Stemodia menthastrum Benth.);   

China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Bhutan, India,
Laos, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, Philippines (Luzon, Panay, Negros,
Mindanao), Palawan, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Ryukyu Isl., Fiji, Western Samoa,
peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi Isl., Perak), Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Malesia,
 as per Catalogue of Life
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- L. rugosa, connata & indica)

Stem simple or branched, rooting at lower nodes, then ascending up to 16 cm high, adpressed hispid. Leaves ovate-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, 1.6-4 x 0.7-1.7 cm, tapering to base, subacute at apex, entire to crenate-serrulate, penninerved, with nerves impressed above, glabrous to scabrid above, hirsute on nerves beneath; petiole 7-10 mm long, densely hirsute. Flowers solitary in leaf-axils, sessile. Calyx lobes divided to base, unequal, lanceolate, up to 7 x 1 mm, acuminate, minutely hispid without. Corolla upto 10 mm long, hirsute without. Capsule broadly ovoid, 5 mm long, invested by longer calyx lobes.

Flowering and fruiting: August-January

Wet, waterlogged areas

South East Asia

Image by D S Rawat 

Limnophylla rugosa (Roth) Merr. is a wild herb found in marshy land around Pantnagar.
Unlike other Limnophylla this species contain pleasing aroma.
Now it is in the family Plantaginaceae




Flora of CRF_5: Attachments (4). 6 posts by 5 authors.

This small herb was seen along a perrenial stream inside evergreen forest habitat. Please help me to identify this herb

Pl check it for Limnophila rugosa

Limnophila for sure!!

Yes it is Limnophylla rugosa (Roth) Merr.




Unknown sp. from Assam KD 06 Oct. 2017 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Attached images are unknown marshy herb sp. Please ID the Sp. 
Date :23.10.2017
Location: Assam
Family : Verbenaceae ?
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on marshy places
Habit : Herb

Please see under Scrophulariaceae.. 

If it is a sweet smelling herb of marshy areas it may be Limnophylla rugosa (Plantaginaceae).
L.rugosa in eFI.  






ID-16072013-PR-2 : Attachments (9). 4 posts by 3 authors.

Plants from gujarat
wetland plant
Habitat wild
Habit herb
Acanthaceae family

does it has variable leaves in the lower part. just a guess can be Limnophila  sps

This should be Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr. as per images and details herein.


Pls identify this plant species of Gujarat:

Kindly identify and confirm the plant found in Panchamahal District of Gujarat State.
Plant was collected from paddy field during August month.
Let me know the botanical name of the plant.
Plant locally known as VARIYALI.

Hygrophila sp.?

Is it Limnophilla indica

Can anyone have any idea about the family (with key charecters) ???????
i think this will give initial idea about the identification

Limnophila i thought was semi aquatic plant. The ground in the picture doesnt favour the habitat of the species.

Lots of confusion!
Please send us more information regarding the plant.
I think you have taken this picture away from the natural habitat of the plant, the nature of the stem gives an illusion that this could be semi aquatic (sometimes this might mislead and get in to wrong ID).

As the plant was collected from a paddy field, it may be Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth. as per details and references herein. 

On further checking, I think it should be Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr. as per images and details herein.

you are correct, we have reported first time in Gujarat. 



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