Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell, J. Arnold Arbor. 24(3): 253 253 1943. (syn. Gratiola ciliata Colsm. (Unresolved); Gratiola serrata Roxburgh; Ilysanthes ciliata (Colsm.) Kuntze; Ilysanthes serrata (Roxburgh) Urb.; Vandellia ciliata (Colsm.) T. Yamaz.;                                       Bonnaya brachiata Link & Otto);
lin-DERN-ee-uh — named for Franz Balthasar von Lindern, German botanist
sil-ee-ATE-uh or sil-ee-AH-tuh — meaning, fringed with hairs
commonly known as: fringed false pimpernel, hairy slitwort • Chinese: 刺齿泥花草 ci chi ni hua cao • Manipuri: কিহোম মান kihom man • Nepalese: ओनमुडिया oonmudia
Native to: China, Indian subcontinent, south-east Asia, tropical Australia
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- L. pyxidaria (syn. of Lindernia procumbens (Krock.) Philcox as per The Plant List), parviflora, crustacea, hookeri, cordifolia (syn. of Lindernia anagallis (Burm. f.) Pennell as per The Plant List), nummularifolia, angustifolia (syn. of Lindernia micrantha D. Don as per The Plant List), verbenaefolia, anagalisciliata)
Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India (2000- Description & Keys- L. antipoda, parviflora & ciliata)

Lindernia ciliata is a common stiff erect herb and widely distributed in tropical Asia to Australia. In India it is found in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996).
It is annual herb found along the banks of post-monsoon streams, in rice fields, moist ground, damp rocks, lateritic slopes and in wet grassland (Cook 1996). It is common in open grassy patches in moist deciduous forest (Sasidharan and Sivarajan 1996). It favours sunny, or lightly shaded, disturbed sites in light, sandy or gravelly, soils. It prefers moist sites and can tolerate several days of submergence (Singh et al. 1983). Habitats include rice fields, waste areas, fallow fields, roadsides and disturbed natural vegetation (Soerjani et al. 1987).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) )


Herb for ID from Morni Hills:
Please Id this small herb recorded from Morni Hills, Haryana. Is this Mazus surculosus?

Can it be Lindernia?
I thought Mazus will have long infl.

– Yes, it can be Lindernia ciliata, it has serrate margins of the leaves too.

Lindernia ciliata from me too

Yes, This is Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell of Scrophulariaceae.

Lindernia ciliata

Lindernia sp from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar (300 mts)
A small wild herb about 8-10 cm only
My guess Lindernia cilliata

Lindernia ciliata ?

Yes Sir, … is right. This is Lindernia ciliata.


Lindernia brachiata? ID from Hooghly 19/7/12 SK2:

The book, “Plant Groups” also mentions another Scrophulariaceae member as Bonnaya brachiata Link & Otto. = Linderia brachiata Link & Otto., a weed.
I found this small plant on the steps of a pond.
Species : Linderia brachiata (Link & Otto) Biswas ?
Habit & Habitat : wild herb, beside pond
Date : 29/6/12, 9.33 A.M.
Place : Hooghly

it looks very close to L. ciliata.
Please check…

Thank you for the correct ID of this herb. According to Flora of China & Flowers of India –

However, my flowers differ slightly.

This is Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennel

Gratiola ciliata Colsm.
Bonnaya brachiata Link & Otto
Gratiola serrata Roxb.
ilysanthes serrata (Roxb.) urb.
Vandelia brachiata (Link & Otto.)
Lindernia bracteoides (Blatt. & Hallb.) Mukherjee

A note from …-
Lindernia ciliata (Colsm) Pennell in Brittonia 2:182.1936;SK Mukerjee 133… Basi. Gratiola ciliata Colsm,Podr.Descr.Grat.t.14,1793….. Syn Bonnya brachiata Link @ Otto Ic Pl Sci 25 t.11,1820 ( Wallich editing Roxburgh Fl India )FBI 4: 418,…..
Also found at – book link …. the following description of the plant :-
“…Erect herbs, about 15 cm tall; branchlets glabrous, Leaves oblong-elliptic, 1-2 x 0.2 – 0.8 cm, glabrous, base cuneate, apex acute, margin sharply aristate-dentate, Flowers terminal, in racemes, white…..”

This small herb with incised leaves is a common herb of roadside shade and other moist places..
shot from Morni Hills, Chakrata and also from Gori Valley area..
Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell… Linderniaceae
I hope all the attached pics belong to same species..

Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell is a tiny wild herb during rainy late season in Pantnagar.
It is now in Linderniaceae.


Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Lindernia ciliata at Vaghbil :: DV05 : 3 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell.also placed in: Linderniaceae Plantaginaceae Veronicaceae
at Vaghbil, Thane on 02 AUG 08

I think the classic example of densely serrate leaf margin here showing forward pointing teeth


Requesting ID of this Scrophulariaceae member – Mumbai :: 30082013 :: ARK-03 :: August 2013 : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting to please ID this plant growing wild in a cultivated garden in Mumbai in August 2013.
Is this Lindernia ciliata?

I think you are right
Lindernia ciliata

Yes, this looks like Lindernia ciliata


Requesting ID of this Lindernia – Mumbai :: 22092013 :: ARK-02 :: September 2013 : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting to please ID this Lindernia captured at SGNP, Mumbai in September 2013.
Unfortunately, this is the only pic I have, is this enough to ID?

Pleace check with Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell

… me too with … thought, Lindernia ciliata.

ANAUG26 Herb for ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Found growing next to a lake
Bangalore outskirts
August 2014

A Lindernia sp.?

Some more photos- Attachments (3)

Please see if this can be Lindernia ciliata..

It seems to match …, Thank you very much.

Lindernia ciliata


Lindernia sp. from Assam KD 02 Sept.2015 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Attached images may be Lindernia sp. from Assam. Please ID the plant.
Date :
Location: Assam
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Genus & species : Lindernia sp (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on open wet places
Habit : Herb

Lindernia ciliata to me.

Thank you Sir for ID.


Lindernia ciliata?—-for validation : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
I think it is Lindernia ciliata but not sure. Please validate. Pictures taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Sept.16.

I also think matches with images at /species/a—l/l/linderniaceae/lindernia/lindernia-ciliata

This one is a small annual herb photographed at “Dukes nose- Khandala”.
Could this be some Lindernia sp..
Family: Scrophulariaceae

Seems Lindernia ciliata.. the larger leaves of any other plant..

efi page on Lindernia ciliata with keys

Yes matches with images at Lindernia ciliata

North Bengal flower ID Request 3 -25May09: SJ : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
here is my third post of today from North Bengal.

Can’t make out the original color of the flowers. To me it looks like one of the following:
Fringed False Pimpernel (Lindernia ciliata)
Duckbill Pimpernel (Lindernia ruellioides)

Looks closer to Duckbill. Thanks a ton.

Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell as per images herein.

04092013 BRS 511 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. confirmation.
Location: Chembarampakkam, Chennai
Date: 31.08.2013
Habitat: Rural
habit: Herb

Lindernia sp.

Lindernia species so far in efi with keys. 

Appears close to images at Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell


Fwd: Id requested? 240218DB2 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2) – 1 Mb & 2 Mb.
Lindernia sp??

Thanks, … Pl. check Lindernia

L. ciliata

Lindernia ciliata from Mahe : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching image of Lindernia ciliata from Mahe. Photographed in November 2019


118 ID wild plant Lindernia ciliata: 11 images.

Please confirm the ID of wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 17.07.2021, 03.20pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: small herb, erect, branches, slender weak rigid stem, annual
Height: 10cm
Leaves: opposite, ovate, apex, toothed margins, size:3×2cm or less
Flower: diameter:03mm, violet, non fragrant
Fruit: round beans, purple into brown, size:1×0.1cm
Seed: brown, numerous, nice
Camera: Samsung Galaxy A21s

Nice …, set of information,


Bonnaya ciliata (Colsm.) Spreng.: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude:  438m.
Date: 28 August 2021
Habit : Wild


Requesting I’d of Mazus sp: 1 high res. image.
Kindly help in the identification of a flowering herb that somewhat resambles mazus.
Location – East Sikkim (1100m)

Pl. check the attachment

Spot on. Thanks a lot.


Bonnaya ciliata (Colsm.) Spreng. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Sep 21, 2008 · JUN23 DV123: 2 images.

Bonnaya ciliata (Colsm.) Spreng.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Sep 21, 2008 · 1:23 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
popular synonym: Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist.


Bonnaya ciliata (Colsm.) Spreng. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Aug 2, 2008 · JUN23 DV148: 4 images.

Bonnaya ciliata (Colsm.) Spreng.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Aug 2, 2008 · 3:01 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl
popular synonym: Lindernia ciliata (Colsm.) Pennell.
Earlier uploaded at efloraofindia.