Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines , Bot. Bihar Orissa 4: 635 635 1922. (syn. Bonnaya parviflora (Roxb.) Benth.; Gratiola parviflora Roxb. (unresolved); Ilysanthes parviflora (Roxb.) Benth.);
Common name: Small-Flowered Lindernia
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- L. pyxidaria (syn. of Lindernia procumbens (Krock.) Philcox as per The Plant List), parviflora, crustacea, hookeri, cordifolia (syn. of Lindernia anagallis (Burm. f.) Pennell as per The Plant List), nummularifolia, angustifolia (syn. of Lindernia micrantha D. Don as per The Plant List), verbenaefolia, anagalis & ciliata)
Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India (2000- Description & Keys- L. antipoda, parviflora & ciliata)
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998- Description & Keys- L. crustacea, parviflora & ciliata)
Decumbent herbs, 10-20 cm high; stems glabrous. Leaves to 1.5 x 0.7 cm, ovate, acute, entire, sessile; nerves 3 pairs. Flowers in terminal racemes or upper axillary; bracts 5 x 3 mm, ovate; pedicel deflexed in fruit, 1.5 cm long; sepals 3 mm long, connate at base; corolla 6 mm long; upper lip bifurcated at apex; lower lip obtusely 3-lobed; staminodes with lateral vermiform appendages. Capsule 5 x 2.5 mm, ovoid, glabrous; seeds 0.3 mm long, obovoid, yellow, glabrous.
Flowering and fruiting: August-December
Marshy areas in grasslands
Tropical Africa, India, South East Asia
The species has a wide distribution in tropical and sub-tropical Africa and Asia. Recorded from Africa (Botswana, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Sudan and Zimbabwe), and Asia (southern China (Yunnan), India (Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Megalaya, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal), Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Thailand, Myanmar, and Lao PDR (Cook 1996, Yasuyuki 2006
It is annual and mostly found in humid sandy places, rice fields, perennially moist areas and along river banks (Cook 1996).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) )
Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines:
So much variability?
Yes, … POWO says “Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2–5(–16) mm long, 1–5(–8) mm wide, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, or larger leaves occasionally minutely, shallowly dentate, 1–3(–5)-veined; petiole 0–2 mm long“.
I can’t remember now, Sir ji, why I drew your attention to this Lindernia!
The Plant List Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post Flowers of India IUCN Red List (LC) India Biodiversity Portal
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lindernia parviflora
Flower of Lindernia Parviflora Variegata – AAPE Forum
????? +++ into the Aqua +++ ???????? Lindernia parviflora “Variegated”