Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines , Bot. Bihar Orissa 4: 635 635 1922. (syn. Bonnaya parviflora (Roxb.) Benth.; Gratiola parviflora Roxb. (unresolved);                                 Ilysanthes parviflora (Roxb.) Benth.);
Common name: Small-Flowered Lindernia
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- L. pyxidaria (syn. of Lindernia procumbens (Krock.) Philcox as per The Plant List), parviflora, crustacea, hookeri, cordifolia (syn. of Lindernia anagallis (Burm. f.) Pennell as per The Plant List), nummularifolia, angustifolia (syn. of Lindernia micrantha D. Don as per The Plant List), verbenaefolia, anagalisciliata)

Decumbent herbs, 10-20 cm high; stems glabrous. Leaves to 1.5 x 0.7 cm, ovate, acute, entire, sessile; nerves 3 pairs. Flowers in terminal racemes or upper axillary; bracts 5 x 3 mm, ovate; pedicel deflexed in fruit, 1.5 cm long; sepals 3 mm long, connate at base; corolla 6 mm long; upper lip bifurcated at apex; lower lip obtusely 3-lobed; staminodes with lateral vermiform appendages. Capsule 5 x 2.5 mm, ovoid, glabrous; seeds 0.3 mm long, obovoid, yellow, glabrous.

Flowering and fruiting: August-December
Marshy areas in grasslands
Tropical Africa, India, South East Asia
The species has a wide distribution in tropical and sub-tropical Africa and Asia. Recorded from Africa (Botswana, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Sudan and Zimbabwe), and Asia (southern China (Yunnan), India (Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Megalaya, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal), Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Thailand, Myanmar, and Lao PDR (Cook 1996, Yasuyuki 2006
It is annual and mostly found in humid sandy places, rice fields, perennially moist areas and along river banks (Cook 1996).


Yes, … POWO says Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2–5(–16) mm long, 1–5(–8) mm wide, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, or larger leaves occasionally minutely, shallowly dentate, 1–3(–5)-veined; petiole 0–2 mm long“.
As far as photographic observations are concerned, GBIF is sourcing these from iNaturalist, which are wrong many times. About POWO,  I do not know.

I can’t remember now, Sir ji, why I drew your attention to this Lindernia!
I searched my sent folder for relevant context, but there was no discussion on Lindernia!!
Perhaps it was an effort to draw your attention about reliability of GBIF specimens of photographic representations of live plants, instead of herbarium specimens …….. on Leaa, Syzygium, Alocasia, and specially your reference of Uvaria fruits in GBIF and inaturalist.
I thank you very much for taking care of the thread, as you do, incessantly, for each and every one.


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