Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia (Syn: Bassialongifolia J.König ex L.Bassia villosa Wall. ex G.Don; Illipemalabarorum Gras; Illipemalabrorum subsp. alphonsae Dubard; Madhucalongifolia (J.König ex L.) J.F.Macbr.;  Vidoricumlongifolium (J.König ex L.) Kuntze);
Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
South Indian Mahua, Indian Butter Tree • Hindi: Mahua महुआ • Bengali: Maul • Marathi: Mohwa • Tamil: Kat-illipi • Malayalam: Illupa • Telugu: Ippa;
South Indian Mahua is a variety of Mahua which is predominently found in South India. It differs from the usual Mahua in that its leaves are narrower.
Mohua is one of the most important of Indian forest trees, not because it may possess valuable timber – and it is hardly ever cut for this purpose – but because of its delicious and nutritive flowers. It is a tree of abundant growth and, to the people of Central India, it provides their most important article of food as the flowers can be stored almost indefinitely.
It is large and deciduous with a thick, grey bark, vertically cracked and wrinkled. Most of the leaves fall from February to April, and during that time the musky-scented flowers appear. They hang in close bunches of a dozen or so from the end of the gnarled, grey branchlets. The reddish young leaves with the flower clusters look very attractive. The flower stalks are green or pink and furry, about 5 cm. long. The plum-coloured calyx is also furry and divides into four or five lobes; within them lies the globular corolla, thick, juicy and creamy white. Through small eyelet holes at the top, the yellow anthers can be seen. The stamens are very short and adhere to the inner surface of the corolla; the pistil is a long, protruding green tongue. It is at night that the tree blooms and at dawn each short-lived flower falls to the ground.
A couple of months after the flowering period the fruit opens. They are fleshy, green berries, quite large and containing from one to four shiny, brown seeds. (Ref. LOWERING TREES & SHRUBS IN INDIA – CSIR)
As per efi thread :
The ratio of breadth to length (Of a leaf) is more in Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia. (Say 50%)
(That’s why it is called as latifolia) Broader leaves
The ratio of breadth to length (Of a leaf) is less in Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia(Say 40%or less)… South Indian Mahua (That’s why it is called as longifolia) Longer than broader but often overall smaller than the other one)

Tree from BPT Garden identification request ID4:
Kindly identify this tree from BPT Garden/ Sagar Upavan. Date/Time-        15/04/2011       09:00AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-     BPT Garden/Sagar Upavan, Mumbai, Maharashtra. Altitude :Sea level
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-:  Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  : Medium tree
Height/Length- 15Mtrs approx
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-  as seen in picture
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in picture
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- as seen in picture
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- small green as seen in picture

This looks like South Indian Mohua [Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia].

Madhuca longifolia for sure…


efloraindia: Madhuca longifolia from Coimbatore:
Sharing the images of Madhuca longifoliafrom NBNP, Coimbatore.


Moha for id:
got this sapling as Madhuca indica. I think it is Madhuca longifolia var longifolia. Can anyone please confirm and also let me know the growth habit of this tree? How wide does its canopy get?

Affirmative. Managed to see the photographs. It is the South Indian Mohua [Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia].

Thanks for the id confirmation. I also assumed the same from the online pictures, but being first time introduction to the tree, wanted some seasoned pair of eyes to confirm.
Alco, can you and/or other members please provide more info on Madhuca longifolia var longifolia’s growth habit? How is its canopy (medium like 10-15 ft or very wide like 50ft), what kind of roots (lot of surface roots or deep roots, how about buttresses), fast or slow growing, branching habit.


Request Tree ID 0009:
National Public School, Indiranagar, Bangalore

This one appears to be Madhuca longifolia.

I also thought it was South Indian Mahua (Madhuca longifolia var longifolia).
I was not very sure as I missed the flowers

It doesnt look like M. longifolia.. may be some other species in Madhuca
someone posted same plant foto earlier from BPT garden, Mumbai but unidentified.

Could it be Madhuca indica, a common species in and around Bangalore?

It is Madhuca longifoliaIppe/ Hippe/ Iluppai. This is a heritage tree in S.Karnataka.
The fruit pulp is edible, tasty.
Seeds used for lamp oil in Tumkur, Mysore….
Seeds germinate easily in polybags when sown directly.

It started flowering looks very beautiful

Madhuca indica I think

If these pictures are of the same tree then it is not longifolia, for sure. M indica is the common Madhuca we see in Bangalore.

This looks like Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia to me.

From the leaf pattern it is Madhuca longifolia var longifolia. 

Just collect a flower and dissect it to observe how the anthers are
a)3 seriate…..var. latifolia
b) 2seriate….var. longifolia
Just check the earlier thread of Feb 2009.

Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (Roxb.) A.Chev. Syn: Madhuca indica of Sapotaceae family.

Madhuca longifolia is what we see commonly in and around Bangalore, mostly planted.
Madhuca indica is found quite rarely in the wild in forests around Bangalore (Turallibetta etc), the leaves are much broader, bark has horizontal fissures when tree is young. Fruits are 2 to 3 seeded,(compressed) with less pulp unlike M.longifolia.
M.indica and M.longifolia are different by leaves, bark, fruits and flowers.

I have added pictures of both madhuca in these two threads efi thread one and two.

Please help my friend to identify this small tree which is planted in Kerala.
It is a small tree belonging to the family Sapotaceae?
Cultivated, fruit is edible

It may be Madhuca neriifolia (?)

This looks like Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia to me.

Member of Sapotaceae. I think Madhuca neriifolia

Member of Sapotaceae. I think Madhuca neriifolia

This looks very much like Madhuca longifolia var longifolia (South indian Mahua) to me too. This does not look like Madhuca nerifolia because M. nerifolia fruit has a characteristic beaked strand like structure in the end of the fruit. Also the leaf apex of M. nerifolia is rounded and i can see in one of the leaf in the picture that that apex is not rounded.

Tree id for this Terminilia tree : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
This is taken in Nigdi, Pune, MH, India in this month.
Please id this tree.

Madhuca longifolia as per another thread.

Nigdi Pune, MH – Which terminilia tree is this? : 18 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (1).
This is taken in Nigdi, Pune, MH, India in this month.
Please id this tree.
Broken branches do give sticky white juice kind, no flowers to fruits etc.
Question was asked 3 weeks back as well! No reply yet.

Was it from a sapling ? It’s very difficult to Id with such photos.

Thanks you … for the prompt feedback.
No, its not from sapling, but it a big tree and I had taken a branch. Attached is a new photo showing full height and shape etc. Attachments (2)

Image is not clear to identify even genus.Branching pattern shows Alstonia

It is not Terminalia?

Because all leaves are “like” typical terminilia, it was my guess, not sure. I’m still waiting for the id.

I’ve attached close of of the leaves, good trunk photo, tree shape photo already. Here is one more taken today.  Attachments (1)

Pl. see other pictures in the same post.

It is Madhuca longifolia tree

It is Madhuca longifolia (mahua tree)

Still awaiting the id. Took few more pics. Two new pics are attached. Altearnatively, is there any expert in Nigdi, Pune, MH area to see it and help? Attachments(2).

it is our common mahua tree only Madhuca longifolia (J.Koenig ex L.) J.F.Macbr. (Sapotaceae), you can get characteristic horizontal branching pattern, odour from the leaves. even you will get latex from the tree, it is a tall tree, it is narrow leaved one, another species is with broader pubescent leaves, it is deciduous tree, flowers during summer. flowers and fruits are sweet, seed oil is having several uses.

Supporting … : Madhuca longifolia

I’m so happy that finally the mystery of this tree is over, I waited almost 2 months to get the id. Initially I was not convinced that it was “Madhuca longifolia” because I myself during our regular plantation have planted many “Moha” (Marathi name) trees and they have a different rounded shape and very broad leaves etc. Thanks all for helping out.
I’ve seen 3 such trees in this area, two close to post office and one at Durga Devi Hill, Nigdi.
BTW, we, Vasundhara Abhiyan ( do a lot of work on Soil and Water Conservation and have planted around 8000 native trees in last 8 years at Baner Hill, Pune, MH. We work there on every sunday morning from 7-10am. Some of them have started flowering now and have reached a height of 25-30 feet.
If someone is from Pune area, you are most welcome to see the project.

That’s really wonderful work, …

There are 2 types of Mahua tree. The one shown above is having longish leaves : Madhuca longifolia var longifolia. The other one, more common in Maharashtra is Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia with leaves more broader.

Thank you … Yes, actually I had read Mr. Mahajan sir’s book many times and had seen the broad leave one’s Mahua tree myself daily at our hill. However, after getting the ID I did read the info once again and then got the info that there are two types, This is really interesting, but very satisfied about the id. In fact, I did went to the person who lives next to this tree and told them about the id and importance of this tree.


Tree id for this Terminilia tree : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
This is taken in Nigdi, Pune, MH, India in this month.
Please id this tree.

Madhuca longifolia as per another thread.

Sapotaceae For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 19APR16 : AK-13 : 13/13 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Pictures taken on 3/4/16. A large tree.
Name suggests Bassia longifolia.
For validation or correction in id please.


Thanks, … Bassia longifolia is a syn. of Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia

yes … there a lot of these by the Dhakuria lakes. you probably have photographed them here?


Indian butter tree – difference : 4 posts by 2 authors.
I am interested to know the difference between Madhuca and bassia langifolia
How to identify 2 different species of Indian butter tree.
I studied a recent article that states one (நெட்டிலை இலுப்பை) needs to be conserved and listed in IUCN.
The local nurseries are not aware of two different species.

I think both are same with Bassia longifolia J.König ex L. being one of the synonyms. Pl. see Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia

Thanks for your reply.
You are correct. Madhuca and Bassia Longifolia are same. I should have asked the difference between Madhuca latifolia and longifolia?

Leaf shape. You will find the difference at the earlier given link.




Moha flowering:
Attached photos of Moha flowering from Melghat Tiger Reserve.

– Bassia longifolia species.


ID request-230511-PKA1:
Seen this tree at Sagar Upvan (Colaba, Mumbai).
Date/Time: 22-05-2011 / 08:00AM
Habitat: Garden, cultivated
Plant Habit: Tree

Could not spot any flowers..


you have not mentioned leaf size, attachment or presence of latex. In the present situation this can be guessed as fruiting Cerbera manghas of Apocynaceae.

Looks like Cerbera manghas.

Fruit no where closer to family Apocynaceae…. so it cant be Cerbera. Check in Sapotaceae

Closest I can go is Xantolis tomentosa as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Sapotaceae. Pl. check.

I think it is Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia

Thanks, … Yes, you seem to be right.

I agree with … to me also it looks as M. longifolia var. longifolia


Attaching images of MAHUA tree.

Species : Madhuca longifolia

Bengali name : MAHUA

Habit & Habitat : big tree, roadside plantation

Date : 24/03/2012, 10.00 a.m.

Place : Chanditala (Hooghly), WB

ID help : flowersofindia

more from my old collection….

Mahua fresh flower SN 32020 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 4 mb.
Aromatic sweet flowers of Madhuca longifolia.

id250913niju1 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
id pls ….
i think it is an exotic one, not flowered yet… from THRISSUR., KERALA

Resembles Madhuca longifolia


Different shapes of Madhuca longifolia var. longifolia seeds: 1 image.
Found in Thiruvadisoolam near Chennai in the month of July.


Swamy/New series/ID/63 – ID of a tree: 6 images.
I shall be thankful if you could kindly identify the tree from the attached photographs. Photos received for identification from a reader of Star of Mysore, Mysore. The tree was photographed near Tonnur Kere Temple, Mandya district, Karnataka.  I am forwarding the photos as received. I am sorry for the picture quality (not good).

Pl. ask him for high res. images, as details are not clear.

Madhuca longifolia, I guess.