dyer’s rottlera, kamala dye tree, monkey face tree, orange kamala, red kamala, scarlet croton • Bengali: কমলা kamala • Hindi: कामला kamala, रैनी raini, रोहन rohan, रोहिनी rohini, सिन्धुरी sinduri • Kannada: ಕುಮ್ಕುಮದ ಮರ kunkuma-damara • Malayalam: ചെങ്കൊല്ലി cenkolli, കുങ്കുമപ്പൂമരം kunkumappuumaram, കുരങ്ങുമഞ്ഞശ് kurangumanjas, നാവട്ട naavatta, നൂറിമരം nuurimaram • Marathi: कपिला kapila, केशरी kesari, शेंदरी shendri • Sanskrit: काम्पिल्यक kampilyaka • Tamil: கபிலப்பொடி kapila poti, குரங்குமஞ்சணாறி kuranku-mañcanari • Telugu:కుంకుమ చెట్టు kunkuma-chettu;
The fruit is three-lobbed and is covered with a fine felt of red glands on the surface.These are collected and a powder known as Kamala extensively used for dyeing silk is prepared. 
Its dye is supplanted by newer synthetic dyes… the red “granular” substance on the seed covers is supposed to have been a dye used to color natural fibres…
Bark is much liked by Elephants.


It is my pleasure to share few images of Mallotus philippensis  (Euphorbiaceae 

Habit: Medium sized tree 

Habitat: Dry deciduous forest fringe. 

Sighting: Devarayanadurga and Belur in Tumkur and Hassan, Karnataka, about 900 msl. 

Date: 01-08-2014, 21-10-2014 and 02-08-2015


Mallotus Species for ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 29JUN16 : AK-49 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Mallotus Species seen in Lalbagh.
A medium sized tree.
Picture taken on 30th March.

Mallotus philippensis.

Croton spp : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Which Croton spp please Help
Plce. Horsley HIlls, Andra Pradesh, 2016, July

Croton scabiosus Bedd. – known only from AP.

This is male tree of Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.

You are right … I should have been more careful.

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.
at Karnala Bird Sanctuary on 09 FEB 08 
along Saphale Ghat on 05 JUL 08 
in Nagla forest on 20 MAR 10 
at Prabalgad on 28 FEB 12
at Karikan on 16 MAR 13


Amboli Ghat :: Mallotus philippensis :: DVJAN98 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
Amboli Ghat Maharashtra
Date: 23 DEC 2014 Altitude: from 400 m to 700 m asl
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. … (family: Euphorbiaceae)

Another set of good photographs.

Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight
syn: G. velutinum Wight
A shrub or tree with tomentose branches and undersurface of leaves; leaves on 3-4 mm long petiole; Flowers in axillary clusters; male flowers with 2-6 mm long pedicel, 6 sepals in two whorls, pubescent; 3 connate stamens; female flower on 1 mm long pedicel; style column shorter than ovary; capsules depressed globose, 4-7-locular.
Photographed from Kud in J & K

Whether the leaves were tomentose particularly on the undersurface. If so, then it is an excellent shot.

… here are the cropped close ups to show undersurface of leaves.

Glochidion heyneanum Sir.

This is not Glochidion heyneanum.
It is Mallotus philippinensis, as fruits are trilobate covered with removable reddish powder unlike G.heyneanum where seeds have shiny red colour and have 8- 14 lobes, leaves are also different from Glochidion heyneanum in newly appearing leaves we can see light pink colour shade which occurs in Mallotus philippinensis.

Which one?

…, its an old post by … in 2013, Please check it on the efloraofindia page on Glochidion heyneanum.

This appears to be a Mallotus. I will check.

= Mallotus philippensis.

To me also it appears to be Mallotus philippensis


Mallotus philippensis Muelt.-Arg. Fruiting:
Thought of sharing the winter fruiting and flowering seen today at the South end of the national park in Mumbai. Here’s the evergreen Mallotus philippensis in beautiful fruiting. According to ‘ Trees of Mumbai’, the colouring matter or a red dye, which is present in the glandular pubescence of ripe fruits is availble in Feb. and March.


Plant for ID SMP1 15/1/2011:
A large tree seen in Panhala near Kolhapur. Compound raceme inflorescences were observed. Leaves and flowers are seen in the pictures.

– Adding some more images of hopefully the same species but from another nearby tree.

– Yes Mallotus phillipinensis..Kunku phal in Marathi

– Also locally called Sindhuri from the Vermillion coloured powder on fruits.

– All the photos are of large trees and in a similar habitat near the so called botanical park of Panhala. The last ones with a picture of Iora are from the hotel premises.
To my knowledge the Colebrookea sp. is a shrub and not a tree. I agree that the flowers have similarity. I think the trees posted by me are in various stages of flowering and fruiting.

The first set of pictures show a male plant of Mallotus philippensis and the second set shows female flowers with 3 styles clearly leaving no doubt for ID.

– The photo MG_9501s.jpg is Colebrookea oppositifolia and all other photo belong to Mallotus philippensis (1st one (MG_9497s.jpg) looks to be male and others are female)


identification no 060311sn1: some plants for id., taken at my farm
plant habit:tree
height:full grown
other info:red fruits

– This one looks like fruiting tree of Mallotus philippensis from Family Euphorbiaceae.
Marathi name : Kunkuphal.  कुन्कुफळ


Tree I D request for Dsc_0266:
ID requested for the following attachment. (Dsc_0266)

Date/Time-: 12/03/11   –     1 1:20
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-    Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Tree

Mallotus philippinensis (Lam.) Muell .-Arg of  Euphorbiaceae family.
yes local name lalsinduria kapila tree

From red colour fruits & distinct red veins of lvs. it looks like Mallotus phipinnensis, It is source of kamala dye for fabrics.

FREE LUNCH: 1 correct image.

At this time of the year you can see numberof butterflies on different flowers and number of birds on flowers/fruits. Lunch is available free, one will have to search. Bluethroated Barbet is on Bullock’s Heart fruit (Annona Reticulata). Treepie is on Kumkum Tree or Kamala Tree ( Mallotus Philippensis ). This is what Dr Venkatesh Says about the fruit of this tree,”The fuit is three-lobbed and is covered with a fine felt of red glands on the surface.These are collected and a powder known as Kamala extensively used for dyeing silk is prepared.” If the tree is available in your locality, please rub the fruits and you will find orange colour on your hands. Common Rose butterfly is on Clerodendron and Leucas. The world is beautiful.


Flowers and Trees from Uttarakhan​d-ID requested_​DS24052011​_SN2:
Another fruit bearing tree with a slaty headed parakeet feeding on it. From Kakragad, Uttarakhand, in April 2011. Please identify this tree for me.

this is  Mallotus Philippinensis L
Family Name   Euphorbiaceae

Ruina‘ in Garhwali

bansinduria, kapila,


ID No.21082011_ Mallotus or Macaranga?:
Date/Time-20/08/2011- 09 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Assam,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Ovate
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in the photos,
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Minute (.5 cm),
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Not seen

Terminal inflorescence and the leaf shape points towards Mallotus sp.

Yes I too think that this is Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. of Euphorbiaceae family.

definitely it is Mallotus philippensis, a member of euphorbiaceae.


efloraindia: 171111 BRS172:
Sharing the images of Mallotus philippensis from NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore.
Habitat: garden Habit: Tree Fruiting season : Oct. Dec.

Yes the fruits of Mallotus फिलीप्पेन्सीस

Red Kamala. Kunkuphal. कुन्कुफळ 

This came to me only , so sending it in … for all to see…


Request Tree ID 54 – Bangalore – RA:
Lalbagh, Bangalore

May be Mallotus

I am pretty sure this is it- FOI


Request for Id- 021211- NS2 Flora of Dajiipur:
Photographed this shrub, in wild, in Dajjipur Wildlife Sanctuary in May 2010.


Tree for ID : Jammu & Kashmir : 200612 : AK-1:
Picture taken on the Jammu-Srinagar Highway, somewhere near Udhampur on 5/9/11.

A roadside tree, growing wild.
Unfortunately I have only one picture.
Mallotus ?
Kindly id.

A guess, Species of Mallotus of Euphorbiaceae family.

I think … is right, Mallotus philippinensis I suppose

On searching in flowersofindia, I had found Mallotus philippinensis or the Kamala Tree, to be the closest to my picture. Thanks for confirming the id.


Tree for ID : Bangalore : 071112 : AK-1:
Saw this tree in a private compound in Bangalore on 25/7/2012.
A medium sized tree, with buds.
Could this be a Mallotus species?

Yes, this looks like Mallotus phillipensis

Mallotus phillipensis.


Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. (Female plant). from Guwahati:

Attached images are Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. (Female plant).
Date :02/12/2012
Location: Guwahati [Dist- Kamrup(Metro)]
Habitat: Grows wild in hilly area
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.
Habit :Tree



04012013GS1: Euphorbiaceae Tree from Kud, J & K:
Please help in the ID of this small tree, about 12 feet tall, photographed along roadsides in Kud, J & K, alt. about 1200 m, in May, 2012. A member of Euphorbiaceae.

This is Mallotus philippensis, I think.

thanks … I had seen the tree earlier in Pachmari some 30 years back, and somehow remembered only the long inflorescence.

Another one of the trees which is fallen off the favorite list…
its dye is supplanted by newer synthetic dyes…
the red “granular” substance on the seed covers is supposed to have been a dye used to color natural fibres…

I do not see it in any catalogues of natural dyes..
look forward to seeing the flowers one of these days


I saw Mallotus philippensis (Kamala in Hindi and Bangla ) for the first time at Pachmarhi (1981). There are few trees at Cooch Behar also. Attaching an image of the plant.


tree with small red fruits for id, mm3 22012 2013:
tree with small red fruits for id

morni hills, first week of january this year
several small birds were feeding on these trees
growing commonly along the road side

kamala dye tree OR शेंदरी shendri, Mallotus philippensis (family: Euphorbiaceae).

ID request – RD1 – Mumbai – 29th March ’13 : 2 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.
I had seen this tree recently during the WWF outing in Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Borivli (Mumbai). I would really appreciate if somebody can identify this tree.

This is Mallotus philippensis … कुंकुम [Kumkum], शेंदरी [Shendri] etc. in Marathi.

Agree with …


Attaching an image of a Red Whiskered Bulbul on the fruits of Mallotus philippensis. This tree is known as KAMALA /KUMKUM in different Indian languages.

malltus philippensis :   Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
malltus philippensis in the months of may and june.
it was still fruiting in may with stunning red fruits and in june after the rains pink leaves appeared
it is one of the commoner plants in the foothills

Not only the fruits but young leaves too have fine colour.
It is common here in Uttarakhand. Bark is much liked by Elephants.
A little correction- it is Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg. [Euphorbiaceae).


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Mallotus philippensis, (Lam.) Muell. Arg. <=> Kamala Tree – Bangalore – RA : Attachments (10).  3 posts by 2 authors.

Kamala Tree (pronounced kaamlaa) is a tree found throughout India.
It has been in use as medicinal tree in India for ages.
The tree can grow up to 10 m tall.
Alternately arranged, ovate or rhombic ovate leaves are rusty-velvety. Male and female flowers occur in different trees. Female flowers are borne in lax spike like racemes at the end of branches or in leaf axils. Male flowers occur three together in the axils of small bracts. Capsule is trigonous-globular, covered with a bright crimson layer of minute, easily detachable reddish powder.
Kamala is supposed to be a very useful tree. It is source of Kamala dye which is used in colouring silk and wool. It is used as anti-oxidant for ghee and vegetable oils. Oil is used as hair-fixer and added in ointment. Seed oil is used in paints and varnishes. Seed cake is used as manure.


Euphorbiaceae fortnight::mallotus phillippensis::mm3 : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
mallotus phillippensis
on the road to Kasauli in Himachal Pradesh

Yes, a common plant of the foothills..


Euphorbiaceae fortnight : Mallotus philippensis :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
sharing pics of Mallotus phillipensis
from Sindhudurg MH

Right. Mallotus philippensis

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 02112013 ARK-03 : Mallotus phillipensis from Mumbai – February 2013 : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Attached are pictures of Mallotus phillipensis from Mumbai in February 2013.

You are right.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Mallotus philippensis from Coimbatore BRS 018 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the image of Mallotus philippensis from Anaikatti, Coimbatore.

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull.Arg. is a very common tree in Tarai to Mid hill forests in Uttarakhand.
Shot at Pantnagar.



EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT::Mallotus philippensis from Morni Hills NS-11 : Attachments (6).  3 posts by 2 authors. This is a common tree of medium size in the lower foothills of Siwaliks in Haryana… common elsewhere too in lower hills.. These shots were recorded from Morni Hills, Panchkula, Haryana… Mallotus philippensis…..

Good photos.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Mallotus philippensis : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 101113 : AK-68 :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing pictures of Mallotus philippensis from Jim Corbett.

Mallotus philippensis.
Observed in Panhala



Attached images are Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. collected from Assam.
Date :02.12.2012
Location: Kamrup district(Metro), Assam

Lovely pictures again …

Yes. Correct.

EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT : RVS-9 :  2 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.
Collected from: Sirumalai hills, TN.

Excellent photos indeed.

Came across this climbing Shrub at “Sagargad, Alibaug”. (10-01-2010).
Bot. name: Mallotus philippensis
Family: Euphorbiaceae.

Correct identification.

ID this big shrub/tree :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Found in evergreen forest in Bhimashankar wild life sanctuary Maharashtra on 26 Dec 2013

Seems Mallotus sp (Euphorbiaceae).

… with … thoughts – Mallotus philippensis (Euphorbiaceae).

Requesting to please ID this tree captured in Lalbagh, Bangalore in November 2013.
Unfortunately, this is the only pic I have, is this enough to ID?

This looks like Mallotus philippensis to me…

Thank you … for the ID…


Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 291213 : AK-37 : Attachments (1).  6 posts by 4 authors.
A tree with tiny buds in Lalbagh on 21/11/13.
Mallotus philippensis?

Mallotus philippensis

Thanks for confirming the id.

The surface of leaves are not visible. Sorry.

Mallotus phillipensis – 240114 – RK : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Pics taken 12/01/2014 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – morning. Other beautiful pictures of the tree here
Common name – Red Kamala

Excellent photos.

Mallotus philippensis : female flowers & fruit : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Had been to Borivali National Park in Mumbai yesterday morning (22.1.14) and came across a beautiful specimen of Mallotus philippensis bearing female flowers and fruit. Individual female flowers are sessile or subsessile.

Indeed very beautiful … thanks again..


This is Mallotus philippensis, Euphorbiaceae
very beautiful pic

Yes Mallotus philippensis कुंकुफळ

Fwd: [efloraofindia:188244] Tree Id from Bangladesh 120514SM4 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Habit: Small Tree
Habitat: Plain land
Flowering: Monsoon
Location: Tatuli, Pancagar

Mallotus philipensis


Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. SN May 27 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg., Euphorbiaceae, from Gudalur, Ooty,
leaves seems longer in this tree, it is mere variation only.

It is a widespread and variable species.



Mallotus sp?? 19082014-PKA1 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3).

Seen this small tree at Toranmal (Dist. Nandurbar, Maharashtra). Looks like some Mallotus sp. (Family: Euphorbiaceae).
Date/Time: 16-08-2014 / 03:40PM
Tree was around 4 m in height.

Yes it is Mallotus philippensis

It is most likely Mallotus philippensis.
I have sometimes seen this bushy compact habit in exposed locations. The leaves are beaten about by the wind and lose their more recognisable shape and texture.

not many species are there of Mallotus in Maharashtra. could be M. phillipensis.

Yes, Mallotus philippensis.


ANSEPT68 Please identify (1) Mallotus sp.? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Charmady Ghat
September 2014

Mallotus philippensis


ANSEPT72 Please identify this tree : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Tharalu village Bangalore
26th September 2014

Looks like Mallotus phillipensis..nicely captured …

ANOCT04 Mallotus philippensis fruits : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4).
Nandi Hills, Bangalore
1st October 2014

ANOCT04 Mallotus philippensis fruits : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3 + 1).

Nandi Hills, Bangalore
1st October 2014

Very nice pics..

Requesting to please provide ID of this tree captured in the Kangra fort near Dharamshala, HP in October 2014.
This was abundantly found in the fort.

Is this some Mallotus species?

Yes looks like Mallotus philippensis

Yes, Mallotus phillipensis ..

Mallotus philippensis—for sharing and validation : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Pic taken at ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in may 14.



ID of tree from Assam KD 14 2015 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

Attached images are unknown sp. of Euphorbiaceae. Please ID the plant  
Date :23.01.15
Location: Assam
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild
Habit : Tree

Mallotus philippensis

Fwd: [efloraofindia:220731] ID please MK1 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Need ID for following:
Collection site: Kalsubai-Harishchandragarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Date: 15 February 2015
Collected by: …

Mallotus phillipensis, Euphorbiaceae

Mallotus philippensis—for sharing : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Lonavala,Pune in Feb 15

very nice. the little fruits kind of mimic little pumpkins on a tree. what set of mimicry by mother nature

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS: 1111 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Chestnut tailed Starling feeding on the fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KAMALA/ SINDUR TREE)

superb photography. i loved seeing the blue streak between the beak and the eyes clearly. the main coat color is authentic too.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1114 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Black-hooded oriole feeding on the fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KAMALA/ KUMKUM).

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1123 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of White eye feeding on the fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KUMKUM/ AMALA).

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1126 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Asiatic pied starling feeding on fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KUMKUM/ KAMALA)

Re: SYMBIOSIS : 1122 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red Whiskered Bulbul feeding on the fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KUMKUM/ KAMALA)

Fwd: MALLOTUS PHILIPPENSIS : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Mallotus philippensis (KUMKUM/ KAMALA)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1146 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Tree pie feeding on fruits of Mallotus philippensis (KUMKUM/ KAMALA)

Images by tspkumar, Satsih Nikam, J.M.Garg & Pravin Kawale (placed here by J.M.Garg & TSP Kumar)




at Yeoor Hills (14 NOV 09); At Vani, Nashik- 12Dec, 2009; at “Sagargad, Alibaug” (10-01-2010); 29 Nov 2009: Chandagal village, Mysore district; Panhalgad, (Near Kolhapur) Maharashtra;
mallotus philipensis – indiantreepix | Google Groups Three Plants from Morni Hills, Panchkula, Haryana (near Chandigarh) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Fruit of Malotus – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Tree for id:
These are the fruits and leaves of a medium height tree common in Kanha and other forests of MP; This one was taken from Samardha forest today. Fruit capsules leave orange pigment on rubbing and one of the local names is ‘roli’ tree but this is definitely not ‘sinduri’ or ‘bixa orellana.’

– Mallotus phillipensis (Euphorbiaceae) to me too. Common in Haryana Siwaliks.


ID of some species from dry-moist Subtropical Decidous region (MP) : (mixed thread): 5 posts by 3 authors. 1 correct aimeg as above.

Namaskar would like to id several species , some have photo of tree and some photo of seeds or pods With description. Seeds are available for the first person who identifies them (or another type on page instead) after confirm id will contact and ask which type seed want and will ship them free. and will update this post as soon as if /.when identifyed
the species are from elevation about 400 meters, central – East MP and photos are all from 2/2020
1.    Large tree black seeds covered by green pods which are covered in red powder, big red beatles roam the trees, fruits mature spring
2.       Leaves, yellow flowers, and thorns identical to babul / acacia nilotica but major Difference in Pods (photo) and in bark = babul : black rugged bark, this species : white smooth bark. (this was seen in a garden of former princely state in MP therefore it could have been brought from anywhere : in India or elsewhere)
3.       Leaves like seena (first photo) and pods-seeds like leucaneura leucocephala (subabul)
4.       Common seen growing in water, purple flower (seeds not available)
5.       Large tree, small fruit with 2 seeds (taste like raisin when black)

UPDATE : … has identified 1,2, ,4,5 >

1. Mallotes phillpensis
> 2. Acacia farnesianan
> 3. Cassia sulferea
> 4. polygonum glabrum
> 5. Bridelia retusa


What tree?/ABDEC39 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
This small tree with very pretty red christmassy berries is also common at lower altitudes. Please advise.
Dharamshala, HP
21 December 2014

Check for Mallotus philippensis..

Thank you … I had suspected it to be Kamala (Trees of Delhi, p121) too, but hadn’t seen a close up of its fruit before.


Mallotus philippensis/ABJAN06 : 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (6)

I believe this to be the male Mallotus philippensis. But then, I could be completely wrong as the leaf shapes do not match (Salix sp.?). I had posted the female tree with red berries on 21 December (the first picture–new for comparison).
Kamala Tree (Mallotus philippensis)–Please advise.
Dharamshala, HP
11 January 2015

The first picture of tree with fruits is of Mallotus philippensis.
All the other pictures of shrubs with flowers are of Colebrookia oppositifolia, I hope.

Yes, I too agree with …

Yes, I also agree the both ID suggested by …

Thank you … for correcting me. I was completely off the mark, as I had suspected. And thanks to … for confirmation too.

The first photograph is of  Mallotus philippinensis.  Remember to spell it correctly. All the above quoted spells are wrong. Other photos are of Colebrookia oppositifolia- an aromatic shrub under Lamiaceae /Labiatae.

Thank you … for the correction. I assumed that the spellings given in Flowers of India website and the Trees of Delhi book by Pradip Krishen were the correct ones. Both these sources spell it as Mallotus philippensis and so does this article on Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mallotus_philippensis

I had made similar mistake in posting Mallotus philippinensis and Colebrookia oppositifolia as a same plant.
Both were recorded at same spot in Panhala near Kolhapur in Maharashtra at same time earlier.
… your point is noted as well that of … efi thread

To be correct it should be spelt as Mallotus philippinensis and not as M.philippensis. I as a professor while teaching Dendrology (Taxonomy of woody plants),
I used to make the erring students repeat the spelling 10 times, so that they may not commit the same mistake in exams and lose marks.

Please check the following links for updated and correct spelling.

IPNI (see the ‘remarks’)
There are several such instances of orthographic variations in botanical names found in various regional publications. Hopefully these variations are standardized now, thanks to the global online databases with great accuracy in nomenclature. Published old floras, however, still carry these errors.

The old floras spell the names correctle,but it is the made race for publication by copying from anywhere and publishibg floras by sitting in libraries and w\ithout verifying/confirming the updated Nomenclature from publications like Index Kewensis.

Kindly refer to the following literature:
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. in Linnaea 34: 196. 1865 & in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 980. 1866 (as philippinensis); Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 442. 1887 (as philippinensis).  Croton philippensis Lam., Encycl. 2: 206. 1786 (as philippense).
As per the ICBN, the original spelling of a taxon must be retained.  Hence we have to maintain the spelling “philippensis” here and not “philippinensis”.  Lamarck treated the gender of the genus as neuter, but now the gender of Mallotus is adopted and accepted to be masculine.
I hope that the above point clarifies the spelling of the species.

I photographed a tree at about 800m altitude yesterday where the red pouch like fruits were open showing the black seeds underneath. I suspect it to be the handiwork of some birds.

birds or the natural drying  of the capsule that then burst open and would release the seeds

First Mallotus phillipensis with fruits
Second Colebrookia oppositifolia

Thank you … They could of course be opening up as you suggested, .., and dropping the seeds in that manner. I will try and find out more.

The fruits are explosively dehiscent.


Identification VST6 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)

Kindly identify the plant.
Date/Time- 19 OCT 2019
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-  Shivgange Hill, Near Dabaspete, Karnataka, 13° 10′ 17.26” N 77° 13′ 22.52” E. Altitude 1229
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 2m.
Flowering season for this plant appears to be over. Only orange fruits are seen

Mallotus phillipensis

Yes Mallotus philippensis

AN important medicinal plant and the fruit capsules give a dye.
a very useful plant and becoming kind of parse nowadays, from what I gather in few write ups I could see. may be there should be a push to plant them in gardens and urban areas

Seen in the month of Dec, 2019 at the garden.


Mallotus phillipensis: 1 image.
Habit: Tree


SK 2935 02 August 2021: 3 very high res. images.
Location: Far West, Nepal
Altitude: 1050m.
Date: June 2021
Habit : Wild

Isn’t is Mallotus phillipensis…?

I guess Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg. is correct ID.

I too agree with you for ID


Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 1290 m.
Date: 27 July 2021
Habit : Wild


Tree from ID from Jim-Corbett Uttarakhand-GS10032022-3: 5 very high res. images.
Please help with ID of this tree photographed from Jim-Corbett, Nainital District, Uttarakhand, 5-10-2013

Mallotus philippensis

That came to my mind but could not decide


Again I am sharing Mallotus philippensis for validation from Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary Meerut: 3 high res. images.
Please Identify this plant species

I guess ID is correct !


Mallotus philippensis for validation from Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary Meerut: 1high res. image.
Please Identify this plant species

Looks good. Would be easier if more images of habitat and close ups of leaves separately.


Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull. Arg.: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Bhadrapur, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 02 January 2023
Elevation: 60 m.
Habitat: Cultivated
Nepali Name : सिन्दूरे Sindoore / रोहिणी Rohinee

Mallotus philippensis

Yes … I have given the ID.

Yes, appears close to images at


Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg. for confirmation: 1 high res. image.
Please confirm the Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.?

Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.


Mallotus philippensis from Jammu-GS28112023-1: 4 high res. images.
Mallotus philippensis, photographed from Jammu, J & K

1 high res. image.


Euphorbiaceae: Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.: 1 high res. image.
location/date: Kolkas, Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994



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