Mesua ferrea L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 1: 734 734 1762. (Syn: Calophyllum nagassarium Burm.f. (Unresolved); Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm.); 
 
¿ may-SEW-ah ? — named after Mesue, father-son, Arabian physicians and botanists … A Pocket Botanical Dictionary by Sir Joseph Paxton, John Lindley
FER-ee-uh — of iron … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known asCeylon ironwoodcobra’s saffronIndian rose chestnut • Assameseনাহৰ nahorনোক্তে nokte • Bengaliনাগেশ্বর nagesar • Garokimde • Gujaratiનાગકેસર nagkesar • Hindiनागेसर nagesar • Kannadaನಾಗಕೇಸರ nagakesaraನಾಗಸಂಪಿಗೆ nagasampige• Kashmiriनागकेसरः nagkesarah • Konkaniनाग चम्पो nag champoव्हडलो चम्पो vhadlo champo • Malayalamനാഗകേസരം nagakesaram •Manipuriনাগেসৰ nageshor • Marathiनागचाफा nag chafaनागकेशर nagkeshar • Mizoherh-sê • Nepaliनाग केशर nag keshar • Oriyaନାଗ କେଶର naga keshara • Paliनाग naga • Sanskritनागकेसर nagakesara • Tamilநாகமரம் nakamaram • Telugu:నాగకేసరము naga-kesaramu • Tibetanna ga ge sar • Tuluಬೈನಾವು bainavuಕೇಶರ keshara 

… more namespoached egg tree • Assameseনাগকেশৰ nagkexorনাগেশ্বৰ nageswor • Hindiदलाढक daladhakद्विप dvipaनागचंपा nag champaनागकेसर nagkesarफलक phalakफणिकेशर phani-kesharपुष्परोचन pushp-rochanवज्रकाठ vajrakat • Malayalamചുരുളി churuli,നാഗചമ്പകം nagacampakamനാഗപ്പൂ nagappuനാങ്ക്‌ nankവയനാവ്‌ vayanav • Marathiथोरला चाफा thorla chafaवज्रकाठ vajrakat• Nepaliरुख् केशर rukh keshar • Oriyaଦଳାଢ଼କ dalardhakaଦେବ ବଲ୍ଲଭ deba ballabhaଦେବ କେଶର deba kesaraଦ୍ବିପ dwipaହେମ ପୁଷ୍ପ hema pushpaନାଗେଶ୍ବର ଗଛ nagesbara gachaନମେରୁ nameruପାଟଳ patalaଫଳକ phalakaଫଣି କେଶର phani kesaraପୁନ୍ନାଗ punnagaରାଜ ପୁଷ୍ପ raja pushpaରକ୍ତପୁଷ୍ପ raktapushpaରକ୍ତ ରେଣୁ rakta renuରକ୍ତ ଶେଖର rakta sekharaରୁକ୍ମ rukhmaସ୍ବର୍ଣ୍ଣ swarnnaସର୍ପାଖ୍ଯ sarpakhyaଷଟ୍ପଦ ପ୍ରିଯ shatpada priyaସୁଗନ୍ଧିକ sugandhikaସୁପର୍ଣ୍ଣ suparnnaସୁରପନ୍ନାଗ surapannaga • Tamilஐசிலம் aicilamசிறுநாகம் ciru-nakam,சிறுநாகப்பூ ciru-nakappuசுருளி curuliஇராசயுகம் iraca-yukamநாங்கு nankuபாலை palai 

… several more names in Sanskritअहिपुष्प ahipuspaभुजङ्गाख्य bhujangakhyaचाम्पेय champeyaदलाढक daladhakaद्विप dvipaहेमन् hemanहेमपुष्प hemapuspaहीन hinaइभकेशर ibhakesharaइभाख्य ibhakhyaजनकाह्वय janakahvayaकनक kanakaकनकाह्व kanakahva,कारुज karujaकेसर kesaraखरघातन kharaghatanaकिञ्ज kinjaनागाह्वा nagahvaनागाख्य nagakhyaनागनामक naganamakaनागपुष्प nagapushpa,नागीज nagijaपन्नगकेसर pannagakesaraफलक phalakaफणिकेसर phanikesaraपिञ्जर pinjaraपुष्परोचन pushparochana,राजपुष्प rajapushpa,रुक्म rukmaसर्प sarpaसर्पाख्य sarpakhyaषट्पदप्रिय satpadapriyaसुपर्णाख्य suparnakhyaसुवर्ण suvarnaसुवर्णाख्य suvarnakhyaवारणकेसर varanakesaraवराटकरजस् varatakarajas 

botanical namesMesua ferrea L. … synonymsCalophyllum nagassarium Burm. f. • Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm. • Mesua roxburghii Wight … Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 

Native to: Sri Lanka, India, Indo-China, Malaya
… ripe fruit eaten by tribal folk in Kerala …;  
Dried fruit used as alternative fuel source in some areas in Assam;
It produced one of the strongest and heaviest woods in the world;
The plant is known as an important medicinal plants, particularly the flowers; 
  

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Mesua ferrea: Mesua ferrea  Nag Kesar  नाग केशर
Family : Clusiaceae
Observed flowering in Rani Bag Mumbai on 27th Feb 2011. 


–  Mesua ferrea L. now belongs to a new family Calophyllaceae which was earlier considered as a tribe of family Clusiaceae.


Iron wood tree!!

It produced one of the strongest and heaviest woods in the world
National tree of Sri Lanka


– Here is one more confusing common name!

   Mesua ferrea is well known as Nagkesar or Nagchapha.  The plant is known as an important medicinal plants, particularly the flowers.
   However there is a spice used in many Indian recipes described as Nagkesar.  This cannot be Mesua ferrea. This spice Nagkesar (used in Goda Masala of Maharashtrian recipes) looks like cloves and some describe it as flower buds (dry) of Cinnamom.
   Since one Nagkesar (Mesua ferrea) is used in Ayurvedic medicines and the other Nagkesar (Cinnamom?) as a spice in Indian recipes it is likely create confusion / problems during its usage. Some time ago a friend of mine bought Nagkesar (Cinnamom) and tried to use it as Ayurvedic medicine!  Luckily a senior vaidya told him that it was not true Nagkesar (Mesua ferrea) and would not be effective.
   This needs clarification.  Can someone throw more light on this?


– this specific plant is called Nagchafain our konkan region vernacular names differ in different parts of country like for ex Brahma kamal for us is Epiphyllum oxypetalum while Brahma kamal in valley of flowers is Saussurea obovallata.. so to avoid this confusion either you should know all vernacular names of the plant or single botanical name…choice is yours:):)  


 

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NAAG-KESAR:  If you have visited Assam,you must have seen a tree known as IRON WOOD OF ASSAM in English( Nohar in Assamese, Naag-kesar in Bangla, scientifically it is known as Mesua Frrea ). At this time of the year the tree is conspicuous, with bunches of white fragrant flowers. I am sending an image of this flower with bees having feast on it. You may like it. 


–  I have not visited Assam, however, here is some information on the tree.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesua_ferrea
http://www.india-shopping.net/india-ayurveda-products/Mesuaferrea-nag…
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Nag%20Kesar.html
Nice pictures .. The perfume during blossom must be all over the place.


 

 

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Diospyros sp?:  Can some one identify this tree? Taken in Karnataka. My first take is –
Diospyros species.??


Mesua ferrea of Calophyllaceae family. Would you please let us know the place of collection including approximate altitude and wild or cultivated?


Yes Mesua ferrea commonly know as the Iron wood


yes its Mesua ferrea and also planted in Mumbai gardens for its medicinal value and beautiful structure..


 

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Tree for identification 220612MK03:

Please help me in identifying this plant found in coffee estate. The fruits measure 4-5cm longer and the tree height is about 7 metres. Leaves are 10-15 cm longer.
Place: Valparai, TN
Date: 19 06 2012
Alt: c. 950 m ASL


… wild guess: could it be some species of Myristica ?


This is also a wild guess…. could it belong to the family Myrtaceae?


It is Mesua ferrea, I think.


Yes It is Mesua ferrea (Clusiaceae)


 

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Requesting ID of this tree : 30032012 : ARK-02 : 3 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.

Requesting ID of this tree
Captured in Mumbai in Mar 2013


Mesua ferrea (nagkeshar)


 

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Tree For ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 240813 : AK-2 :  Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.

A medium sized ornamental tree seen at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on 22/8/13.

Sorry for the bad quality pictures due to low light.

Id please.


This is the Ceylon Ironwood tree [Mesua ferrea].


Thanks for the id. Mesua ferrea is well known to me and seen a number of times at Jijamata Udyan.
This tree without flowers got me confused.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 522 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of Honey bee on the flower of Mesua ferrea. (NAGKESAR/ NAHOR)


 

 

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Mesua ferrea :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Fruiting of Mesua ferrea
Local Marathi name: Nagchapha
At Kolisare, Ratnagiri (Maharashtra)
17 May, 2014 


Nice photos of Mesua ferrea


 

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please id : 3 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.


It is Mesua ferrea. Petals of Mesua ferrea is white but the in the image, the colour of the petal is light pink. May be it is an old flower where pollination has already been over.


Yes looks like Mesua ferrea


 

 

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Hypericaceae, Cluciaceae Dipterocarpaceae fortnight SN 10 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Mesua ferrea L., Nagakeshar, Iron woodwild and cultivated tree, stamens are used in medicine.
It is the national tree of srlanka


 

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This is one more set of Mesua ferra from Mumbai..


Extremely good photographs

Came across the fruits of Mesua ferrea at Veer Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.
Common name: Nag-Kesar
Family: Clusiaceae


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Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight :: Clusiaceae :: Mesua ferrea :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV-06 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (10) 

Attached are pictures of Mesua ferrea captured in the different parks of Mumbai in April-May 2013.


… thanks for showing the trees in their entirety

i really appreciate seeing them in toto 

This eluded me for a long time, Thanks to … pointing to me.


Very good pictures of Mesua ferrea.


Very nice pictures …

I am happy that finally you found it flowering.


What a perfect tree shape in your third picture, …

id would be easy even without the fresh young leaves or the flowers thanks

would you be taking pictures of the fruits?

that would be lovely 


 

Names of Plants in India :: Mesua ferrea L. : 5 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.

via Species‎ > ‎M‎ > Mesua ferrea L. … family: Calophyllaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
¿ may-SEW-ah ? — named after Mesue, father-son, Arabian physicians and botanists … A Pocket Botanical Dictionary by Sir Joseph Paxton, John Lindley
FER-ee-uh — of iron … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asCeylon ironwoodcobra’s saffronIndian rose chestnut • Assameseনাহৰ nahorনোক্তে nokte • Bengaliনাগেশ্বর nagesar • Garokimde • Gujaratiનાગકેસર nagkesar • Hindiनागेसर nagesar • Kannadaನಾಗಕೇಸರ nagakesaraನಾಗಸಂಪಿಗೆ nagasampige• Kashmiriनागकेसरः nagkesarah • Konkaniनाग चम्पो nag champoव्हडलो चम्पो vhadlo champo • Malayalamനാഗകേസരം nagakesaram •Manipuriনাগেসৰ nageshor • Marathiनागचाफा nag chafaनागकेशर nagkeshar • Mizoherh-sê • Nepaliनाग केशर nag keshar • Oriyaନାଗ କେଶର naga keshara • Paliनाग naga • Sanskritनागकेसर nagakesara • Tamilநாகமரம் nakamaram • Telugu:నాగకేసరము naga-kesaramu • Tibetanna ga ge sar • Tuluಬೈನಾವು bainavuಕೇಶರ keshara 
… more namespoached egg tree • Assameseনাগকেশৰ nagkexorনাগেশ্বৰ nageswor • Hindiदलाढक daladhakद्विप dvipaनागचंपा nag champaनागकेसर nagkesarफलक phalakफणिकेशर phani-kesharपुष्परोचन pushp-rochanवज्रकाठ vajrakat • Malayalamചുരുളി churuli,നാഗചമ്പകം nagacampakamനാഗപ്പൂ nagappuനാങ്ക്‌ nankവയനാവ്‌ vayanav • Marathiथोरला चाफा thorla chafaवज्रकाठ vajrakat• Nepaliरुख् केशर rukh keshar • Oriyaଦଳାଢ଼କ dalardhakaଦେବ ବଲ୍ଲଭ deba ballabhaଦେବ କେଶର deba kesaraଦ୍ବିପ dwipaହେମ ପୁଷ୍ପ hema pushpaନାଗେଶ୍ବର ଗଛ nagesbara gachaନମେରୁ nameruପାଟଳ patalaଫଳକ phalakaଫଣି କେଶର phani kesaraପୁନ୍ନାଗ punnagaରାଜ ପୁଷ୍ପ raja pushpaରକ୍ତପୁଷ୍ପ raktapushpaରକ୍ତ ରେଣୁ rakta renuରକ୍ତ ଶେଖର rakta sekharaରୁକ୍ମ rukhmaସ୍ବର୍ଣ୍ଣ swarnnaସର୍ପାଖ୍ଯ sarpakhyaଷଟ୍ପଦ ପ୍ରିଯ shatpada priyaସୁଗନ୍ଧିକ sugandhikaସୁପର୍ଣ୍ଣ suparnnaସୁରପନ୍ନାଗ surapannaga • Tamilஐசிலம் aicilamசிறுநாகம் ciru-nakam,சிறுநாகப்பூ ciru-nakappuசுருளி curuliஇராசயுகம் iraca-yukamநாங்கு nankuபாலை palai 
… several more names in Sanskritअहिपुष्प ahipuspaभुजङ्गाख्य bhujangakhyaचाम्पेय champeyaदलाढक daladhakaद्विप dvipaहेमन् hemanहेमपुष्प hemapuspaहीन hinaइभकेशर ibhakesharaइभाख्य ibhakhyaजनकाह्वय janakahvayaकनक kanakaकनकाह्व kanakahva,कारुज karujaकेसर kesaraखरघातन kharaghatanaकिञ्ज kinjaनागाह्वा nagahvaनागाख्य nagakhyaनागनामक naganamakaनागपुष्प nagapushpa,नागीज nagijaपन्नगकेसर pannagakesaraफलक phalakaफणिकेसर phanikesaraपिञ्जर pinjaraपुष्परोचन pushparochana,राजपुष्प rajapushpa,रुक्म rukmaसर्प sarpaसर्पाख्य sarpakhyaषट्पदप्रिय satpadapriyaसुपर्णाख्य suparnakhyaसुवर्ण suvarnaसुवर्णाख्य suvarnakhyaवारणकेसर varanakesaraवराटकरजस् varatakarajas 
botanical namesMesua ferrea L. … synonymsCalophyllum nagassarium Burm. f. • Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm. • Mesua roxburghii Wight … Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 
The flower of the Indian Rose Chestnut tree is the State Flower of Tripura (nagkesar, Bengali: নাগকেশর).
The Indian Rose Chestnut is the State Tree of Mizoram locally called as nahar or herh-sê.


very nice, …

How many books did you end up collating this from, just a rhetorical question, because I know this needed
exhaustive searches and looking up.

This kind of list for one tree goes to show how diverse our culture// languages and usage is and how a binomial is so very useful to idying a tree esp. if it has medicinal value and uses … only the correct item is used in the pharmacology.

Thanks… For this plant, I referred 30 sites. 

I do have few books, but I did not refer them this time. The need arises when not much of the plant is discussed on internet. 
The important medicinal plants of our country are well covered on internet; and these are the ones that would have several names in Sanskrit and regional languages. Popular Sanskrit names are used in other languages, often spoken using accent of local language, thus having shift in their pronunciation and spelling.

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TSPNOV2015-60: Images of Mesua ferrea (Calophyllaceae) : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Mesua ferrea (Calophyllaceae)

The Digital Flora of Karnataka lists this sp under Clusiaceae….!  

Habit: A large evergreen tree. 

Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest. 

Sighting: Mudigere, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl. 

Date: 22-08-2015


very nice pictures


 

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Flower for Id- ID21052016SH1 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Id of a fruit pl.

Location –Manas NP, Aasam
Date – March, 2014


Sorry, Correction in subject -Fruit for Id


Any other pictures, …


Only this one.


It looks like Myristicaceae


Not Nutmeg by any chance … ?


Looks like Mesua ferrea L. (Clusiaceae) 


Mesua ferrea Linn. with flower bub to of the branch


Yes … Quite likely these are Mesua fruits. I have seen Mesua’s tree (which we call नागकेशर in Marathi) in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai and distinctly remember its big white flowers. But somehow I don’t recollect the fruits.


 

Fruit for Id- ID09012018SH1 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Fruit for Id pl.
Location – Manas National Park, Assam

Date – Feb  2014


Trying a wild guess. Some Clusiaceae member?


Pre-flowering stage of Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston.  ???


Budding Mesua ferrea. Clusiaceae.

 

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ID please : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Please give the ID of this plant…From Coimbatore…


looks like Mesua ferrea


 

 

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Fwd: RABINDRA SANGIT : BEE-5 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Hello here is another song translated by Rumela Sengupta.


This flower is of Mesua ferrea (NAGKESAR).


 

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1119 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of bee visiting flowers of Mesua ferrea (IRON WOOD/ NAGKESHAR)

good pollinators

 

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Clusiaceae (garcinia family) » Mesua ferrea
Synonyms: Calophyllum nagassarium, Mesua coromandalina, M. nagassarium, M. pedunculata, M. roxburghii, M. sclerophylla, M. speciosa
¿ may-SEW-ah ? — named after Mesue, father-son, Arabian physicians and botanists
FER-ee-uh — of iron

commonly known as: Ceylon ironwood, cobra’s saffron, Indian rose chestnut, ironwood tree, mesua, poached egg tree • Assamese: nahor, নোক্তে nokte • Bengali: নাগকেশর nagkesar, পুন্নাগ punnaga • Gujarati: નાગચંપા nagachampa • Hindi: नागचम्पा nagchampa, नागेसर nagesar, नागकेसर nagkesar • Kannada: ನಾಗ ಕೇಸರಿ nagakesari, ನಾಗ ಸಮ್ಪಿಗೆ nagasampige • Kashmiri: नागकेसरः nagkesarah • Malayalam: ചുരുളി churuli, മണിനാനങ്ക് maninaanank • Manipuri: নাগেসৰ nageshor • Marathi: नागचंपा nagchampa, नागकेशर nagakeshara, थोरलाचांपा thorlachampa • Mizo: nahar, herhse • Sanskrit: नागकेशर nagakesarah, नागपुष्प nagapuspah • Tamil: நாகப்பூ nagappu, நாகேசுரம் nakecuram • Telugu: నాగకేసరము nagakesaramu • Urdu: नर्मिश्क narmishka
Native to: Sri Lanka, India, Indo-China, Malaya
Edible use:
… ripe fruit eaten by tribal folk in Kerala … NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository<http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/7837/1/NPR%206%281%29%…>
Symbolic status:
… State Tree of Mizoram, India
… State Flower of Tripura, India
… National tree of Sri Lanka
 


Dried fruit used as alternative fuel source  in some areas in Assam.


Mesua ferrea is the National tree of Sri Lanka.


– The tree is also very handsome to look.  We have some trees in Ranibaug, Byculla.


– indeed Mesua ferrea is National Tree of Sri Lanka … and also: … the State Tree of Mizoram, India
   … the State Flower of Tripura, India

   … these photos are of the trees found in Rani Baug …

– Whenever I go to Ranibaug I sit under this tree.  Feel very refreshing.


 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1120 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Bumble bee visiting flowers of Mesua ferrea(IRON WOOD/ NAG KESHAR).

 

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requires id please : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)- 1 mb each. 
Tree clicked in Tripura 2018 December 

… just a wild guess: Mesua ferrea ?

yes looks like it sir thank you very much 

 

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Plant for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help me identify this tree. photos clicked from sector 5 Chandigarh. Flowers not seen.
Leaves elongated and very much like ficus longifolia. fruits with pointed tips.
No other details are there

Very close to Mesua ferrea 


Thank you … you hit the bulls eye.


i think it is mesua ferrea


 

 

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MESUA FERREA ( IRON WOOD/ NAGKESAR ) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Mesua ferrea (IRON WOOD/ NAGKESAR). This tree is in bloom now.


References:

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