Mesua ferrea L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 1: 734 734 1762. (Syn: Calophyllum nagassarium Burm.f. (Unresolved); Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm.);
¿ may-SEW-ah ? — named after Mesue, father-son, Arabian physicians and botanists … A Pocket Botanical Dictionary by Sir Joseph Paxton, John Lindley
FER-ee-uh — of iron … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Ceylon ironwood, cobra’s saffron, Indian rose chestnut • Assamese: নাহৰ nahor, নোক্তে nokte • Bengali: নাগেশ্বর nagesar • Garo: kimde • Gujarati: નાગકેસર nagkesar • Hindi: नागेसर nagesar • Kannada: ನಾಗಕೇಸರ nagakesara, ನಾಗಸಂಪಿಗೆ nagasampige• Kashmiri: नागकेसरः nagkesarah • Konkani: नाग चम्पो nag champo, व्हडलो चम्पो vhadlo champo • Malayalam: നാഗകേസരം nagakesaram •Manipuri: নাগেসৰ nageshor • Marathi: नागचाफा nag chafa, नागकेशर nagkeshar • Mizo: herh-sê • Nepali: नाग केशर nag keshar • Oriya: ନାଗ କେଶର naga keshara • Pali: नाग naga • Sanskrit: नागकेसर nagakesara • Tamil: நாகமரம் nakamaram • Telugu:నాగకేసరము naga-kesaramu • Tibetan: na ga ge sar • Tulu: ಬೈನಾವು bainavu, ಕೇಶರ keshara
… more names: poached egg tree • Assamese: নাগকেশৰ nagkexor, নাগেশ্বৰ nageswor • Hindi: दलाढक daladhak, द्विप dvipa, नागचंपा nag champa, नागकेसर nagkesar, फलक phalak, फणिकेशर phani-keshar, पुष्परोचन pushp-rochan, वज्रकाठ vajrakat • Malayalam: ചുരുളി churuli,നാഗചമ്പകം nagacampakam, നാഗപ്പൂ nagappu, നാങ്ക് nank, വയനാവ് vayanav • Marathi: थोरला चाफा thorla chafa, वज्रकाठ vajrakat• Nepali: रुख् केशर rukh keshar • Oriya: ଦଳାଢ଼କ dalardhaka, ଦେବ ବଲ୍ଲଭ deba ballabha, ଦେବ କେଶର deba kesara, ଦ୍ବିପ dwipa, ହେମ ପୁଷ୍ପ hema pushpa, ନାଗେଶ୍ବର ଗଛ nagesbara gacha, ନମେରୁ nameru, ପାଟଳ patala, ଫଳକ phalaka, ଫଣି କେଶର phani kesara, ପୁନ୍ନାଗ punnaga, ରାଜ ପୁଷ୍ପ raja pushpa, ରକ୍ତପୁଷ୍ପ raktapushpa, ରକ୍ତ ରେଣୁ rakta renu, ରକ୍ତ ଶେଖର rakta sekhara, ରୁକ୍ମ rukhma, ସ୍ବର୍ଣ୍ଣ swarnna, ସର୍ପାଖ୍ଯ sarpakhya, ଷଟ୍ପଦ ପ୍ରିଯ shatpada priya, ସୁଗନ୍ଧିକ sugandhika, ସୁପର୍ଣ୍ଣ suparnna, ସୁରପନ୍ନାଗ surapannaga • Tamil: ஐசிலம் aicilam, சிறுநாகம் ciru-nakam,சிறுநாகப்பூ ciru-nakappu, சுருளி curuli, இராசயுகம் iraca-yukam, நாங்கு nanku, பாலை palai
… several more names in Sanskrit: अहिपुष्प ahipuspa, भुजङ्गाख्य bhujangakhya, चाम्पेय champeya, दलाढक daladhaka, द्विप dvipa, हेमन् heman, हेमपुष्प hemapuspa, हीन hina, इभकेशर ibhakeshara, इभाख्य ibhakhya, जनकाह्वय janakahvaya, कनक kanaka, कनकाह्व kanakahva,कारुज karuja, केसर kesara, खरघातन kharaghatana, किञ्ज kinja, नागाह्वा nagahva, नागाख्य nagakhya, नागनामक naganamaka, नागपुष्प nagapushpa,नागीज nagija, पन्नगकेसर pannagakesara, फलक phalaka, फणिकेसर phanikesara, पिञ्जर pinjara, पुष्परोचन pushparochana,राजपुष्प rajapushpa,रुक्म rukma, सर्प sarpa, सर्पाख्य sarpakhya, षट्पदप्रिय satpadapriya, सुपर्णाख्य suparnakhya, सुवर्ण suvarna, सुवर्णाख्य suvarnakhya, वारणकेसर varanakesara, वराटकरजस् varatakarajas
botanical names: Mesua ferrea L. … synonyms: Calophyllum nagassarium Burm. f. • Mesua nagassarium (Burm. f.) Kosterm. • Mesua roxburghii Wight … Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal
– Mesua ferrea L. now belongs to a new family Calophyllaceae which was earlier considered as a tribe of family Clusiaceae.
– Iron wood tree!!
It produced one of the strongest and heaviest woods in the world
– Here is one more confusing common name!
Mesua ferrea is well known as Nagkesar or Nagchapha. The plant is known as an important medicinal plants, particularly the flowers.
– this specific plant is called Nagchafa… in our konkan region vernacular names differ in different parts of country like for ex Brahma kamal for us is Epiphyllum oxypetalum while Brahma kamal in valley of flowers is Saussurea obovallata.. so to avoid this confusion either you should know all vernacular names of the plant or single botanical name…choice is yours:):)
– I have not visited Assam, however, here is some information on the tree.
Mesua ferrea of Calophyllaceae family. Would you please let us know the place of collection including approximate altitude and wild or cultivated?
Yes Mesua ferrea commonly know as the Iron wood
yes its Mesua ferrea and also planted in Mumbai gardens for its medicinal value and beautiful structure..
Please help me in identifying this plant found in coffee estate. The fruits measure 4-5cm longer and the tree height is about 7 metres. Leaves are 10-15 cm longer.
Place: Valparai, TN
Date: 19 06 2012|
Alt: c. 950 m ASL
… wild guess: could it be some species of Myristica ?
This is also a wild guess…. could it belong to the family Myrtaceae?
It is Mesua ferrea, I think.
Yes It is Mesua ferrea (Clusiaceae)
Requesting ID of this tree : 30032012 : ARK-02 : 3 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Mesua ferrea (nagkeshar)
Tree For ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 240813 : AK-2 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
SYMBIOSIS : 522 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of Honey bee on the flower of Mesua ferrea. (NAGKESAR/ NAHOR)
Mesua ferrea : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Fruiting of Mesua ferrea
Nice photos of Mesua ferrea
please id : 3 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
It is Mesua ferrea. Petals of Mesua ferrea is white but the in the image, the colour of the petal is light pink. May be it is an old flower where pollination has already been over.
Hypericaceae, Cluciaceae Dipterocarpaceae fortnight SN 10 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Mesua ferrea L., Nagakeshar, Iron wood, wild and cultivated tree, stamens are used in medicine.
It is the national tree of srlanka
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight: Clusiaceae :: Mesua ferra :: at Mumbai: -PKA-Nov-35 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)
This is one more set of Mesua ferra from Mumbai..
Extremely good photographs
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight: Clusiaceae :: Mesua ferra :: at Mumbai: -PKA-Nov-33 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Came across the fruits of Mesua ferrea at Veer Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.
Common name: Nag-Kesar
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight :: Clusiaceae :: Mesua ferrea :: Mumbai :: ARKNOV-06 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (10)
… thanks for showing the trees in their entirety
i really appreciate seeing them in toto
Mesua ferrea, L. <=> Ceylon Ironwood Tree – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (9)
Very good pictures of Mesua ferrea.
Very nice pictures … I am happy that finally you found it flowering.
What a perfect tree shape in your third picture, … id would be easy even without the fresh young leaves or the flowers thanks
would you be taking pictures of the fruits? that would be lovely
Names of Plants in India :: Mesua ferrea L. : 5 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
very nice, …
How many books did you end up collating this from, just a rhetorical question, because I know this needed
exhaustive searches and looking up.
This kind of list for one tree goes to show how diverse our culture// languages and usage is and how a binomial is so very useful to idying a tree esp. if it has medicinal value and uses … only the correct item is used in the pharmacology.
Thanks… For this plant, I referred 30 sites.
TSPNOV2015-60: Images of Mesua ferrea (Calophyllaceae) : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Mesua ferrea (Calophyllaceae)
The Digital Flora of Karnataka lists this sp under Clusiaceae….!
Habit: A large evergreen tree.
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest.
Sighting: Mudigere, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl.
very nice pictures
Flower for Id- ID21052016SH1 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Sorry, Correction in subject -Fruit for Id
Any other pictures, …
Only this one.
It looks like Myristicaceae
Not Nutmeg by any chance … ?
Looks like Mesua ferrea L. (Clusiaceae)
Mesua ferrea Linn. with flower bub to of the branch
Yes … Quite likely these are Mesua fruits. I have seen Mesua’s tree (which we call नागकेशर in Marathi) in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai and distinctly remember its big white flowers. But somehow I don’t recollect the fruits.
Fruit for Id- ID09012018SH1 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Fruit for Id pl.
Location – Manas National Park, Assam
Date – Feb 2014
Trying a wild guess. Some Clusiaceae member?
Pre-flowering stage of Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston. ???
Budding Mesua ferrea. Clusiaceae.
ID please : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Please give the ID of this plant…From Coimbatore…
Fwd: RABINDRA SANGIT : BEE-5 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Hello here is another song translated by Rumela Sengupta.
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1119 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of bee visiting flowers of Mesua ferrea (IRON WOOD/ NAGKESHAR)
Mesua ferrea- Indain rose chestnut, Nagkesar. – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Clusiaceae (garcinia family) » Mesua ferrea
Synonyms: Calophyllum nagassarium, Mesua coromandalina, M. nagassarium, M. pedunculata, M. roxburghii, M. sclerophylla, M. speciosa
¿ may-SEW-ah ? — named after Mesue, father-son, Arabian physicians and botanists
FER-ee-uh — of iron
commonly known as: Ceylon ironwood, cobra’s saffron, Indian rose chestnut, ironwood tree, mesua, poached egg tree • Assamese: nahor, নোক্তে nokte • Bengali: নাগকেশর nagkesar, পুন্নাগ punnaga • Gujarati: નાગચંપા nagachampa • Hindi: नागचम्पा nagchampa, नागेसर nagesar, नागकेसर nagkesar • Kannada: ನಾಗ ಕೇಸರಿ nagakesari, ನಾಗ ಸಮ್ಪಿಗೆ nagasampige • Kashmiri: नागकेसरः nagkesarah • Malayalam: ചുരുളി churuli, മണിനാനങ്ക് maninaanank • Manipuri: নাগেসৰ nageshor • Marathi: नागचंपा nagchampa, नागकेशर nagakeshara, थोरलाचांपा thorlachampa • Mizo: nahar, herhse • Sanskrit: नागकेशर nagakesarah, नागपुष्प nagapuspah • Tamil: நாகப்பூ nagappu, நாகேசுரம் nakecuram • Telugu: నాగకేసరము nagakesaramu • Urdu: नर्मिश्क narmishka
Native to: Sri Lanka, India, Indo-China, Malaya
… ripe fruit eaten by tribal folk in Kerala … NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository
… State Tree of Mizoram, India
Dried fruit used as alternative fuel source in some areas in Assam.
– Mesua ferrea is the National tree of Sri Lanka.
– The tree is also very handsome to look. We have some trees in Ranibaug, Byculla.
– indeed Mesua ferrea is National Tree of Sri Lanka … and also: … the State Tree of Mizoram, India
– Whenever I go to Ranibaug I sit under this tree. Feel very refreshing.
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1120 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Bumble bee visiting flowers of Mesua ferrea(IRON WOOD/ NAG KESHAR).
requires id please : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)- 1 mb each.
Tree clicked in Tripura 2018 December
… just a wild guess: Mesua ferrea ?
yes looks like it sir thank you very much
Plant for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help me identify this tree. photos clicked from sector 5 Chandigarh. Flowers not seen.
Leaves elongated and very much like ficus longifolia. fruits with pointed tips.
No other details are there
MESUA FERREA ( IRON WOOD/ NAGKESAR ) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Mesua ferrea (IRON WOOD/ NAGKESAR). This tree is in bloom now.
Flower for Id -ID21022023 SH2:2 high res. images.
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Date – February 2023
Theaceae ?? Camellia ?? Schima ?? Cultivated ?? Leaf margin entire
I think close to images at
Yes … Looks like flowers of Mesua ferrea to me as well.
You are right