.
MAY-nuh — most likely from Hindi name of the plant mayan
laks-ih-FLO-ruh — open, loose flowering habit
.
commonly known as
: mayanAssamese: kutkura, moin • Garo: thitchkeong • Hindi: बहुवीज bahu-vij, दलामल dal-amal, मैन main, मयन mayan • Kannada: ಚೇಗು ಗೆಡ್ಡೆ chegu gedde • Khasi: soh mon • Jaintia: dieng samatan • Manipuri: হৈবী heibi • Marathi: अळू alu, हेळू helu • Sanskrit: नागकेशर nagakesarah, फेनिल phenil, पिचुक pichuk, पिण्डीतक pindi-tak, तस्कर taskar, शल्य shalya, वृश्चिक vrishchika • Telugu: చేగ chega, మంగ manga, వెలికి veliki, విచికిలము vichikilamu • Urdu: مين main
.
Native to: ¿ endemic to ? India
.

Small armed trees; spines 1.5-2 cm long. Leaves opposite, 4-7.5 x 2-4 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous on both surfaces; petiole 1-1.6 cm long; stipules 2-4 mm broad, triangular, with 3-5 mm long acumen. Flowers greenish-white, in axillary, cymose fascicles; pedicels 2-3 cm long. Calyx glabrous, tube 2-3 mm long, cupular; lobes 5, minute, triangular. Corolla tube 3-4 mm long, broad, throat hairy; lobes 5, equalling the tube, ovate, acute. Stamens 5, inserted on the throat of the corolla tube; filaments short; anthers to 1 mm or little longer. Ovary 5-locular, with solitary pendulous ovule in each locule. Drupe 2-2.5 cm across, globose, with 5 one seeded pyrenes; fruiting pedicel 1.6-2 cm long. 

Flowering and fruiting: March-May
Evergreen forests
Indo-Malesia
.

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Meyna laxiflora—-for sharing and validation : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2). Pics taken at ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in march 14.

new to me, nice pis, …

net says and flowers of india too that its native of ne india manipur

so is this planted in garden or did you find in roadside etc ie naturalised/escaped from garden/plantation?

net also says useful in throat infections..

diphtheria? mucolytic and or antibacterial properties… does someone know it?

No, this is growing wild.


so a manipur plant naturalised in the western ghats
I wonder if there is study out there has anybody written papers about it?



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ANDEC76 Please identify this shrub : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).

Agumbe, Karnataka
26th December 2014


Looks close to Meyna laxiflora from Rubiaceae


Thank you very much sir.


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Sharing some photographs of the leaves, bark, and spines of Meyna laxiflora. The spinous branches of this tree are home to the Pagoda Ant Nest of the tree ants [Crematogaster sp.] as seen in the last image.
Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in February 2015.


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The spinous Meyna laxiflora forms dense thickets in some portions of the hill in Madh.
The corolla lobes of the tiny flowers deflex almost immediately after unfurling in the morning. The corolla is usually five-lobed but it is not entirely uncommon to encounter a six- or a seven-lobed flower (have attached an instance of the latter).
I’ve noticed that the fruits are suspended from the twigs in two distinct ways. Either the stalk is completely exposed with the fruit hanging straight down [5th pic] or the stalks are coiled around the twigs in which case the fruits may appear deceptively sessile from a distance [6th pic]. There is a healthy population of pigs in the area and these animals polish off the fallen fruits in no time. In some published accounts, the fruit is said to be “yellow” / “yellowish” when ripe but I haven’t come across such coloration anywhere so far.
This, in my opinion, is the finest (until it lasts) population of Meyna laxiflora in Mumbai.

Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai), the flowers in February and the fruits in March 2015.


Excellent details …


very nice. does the coiling of the fruit stem occur in the same tree or different trees? different expression of the same genes?  if so, then,and why?


Thanks for your comments in all my posts. The fruiting pictures are from separate trees and there are plenty of these in the area. I have no clue about what might be prompting that quirky mannerism in the fruit stalks.


may be some infection? something is eating them up?


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GRAM 2016 Rubiaceae for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

2016.07.14

Please could you help with ID of this Rubiaceae member? Pictures were taken at Kasara, Maharashtra on July 2016.

Unfortunately I missed taking a habit shot of the plant, it seemed to be a big shrub/small tree.


Liked the 2nd one most.


Looks like Meyna laxiflora Robyns [Rubiaceae] to me.



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05082017BHAR2-2 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Found in another dry forest nearby vandalur forest.
Interesting geometry:
The four dots like square corner in a circle at bottom of fruit.

The fruiting plant is Meyna laxiflora.



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Meyna laxiflora: A Rubiaceae family member seen on 19-20March2011
Shrub with dark green opposite leaves: 5-10cm membranous elliptic oblong. Stipules present.
From Tamhini ghat On way to Phansad abhayaranya. Also seen inside Phansad.



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Please ID, wild sapota ?: Please ID this fruiting tree on my farm, the location is given below. at village: Pishvi
taluka: Velhe
district: Pune
Maharashtra.


i think this is Meyna laxiflora 

marathi name (अळू)

A better resolution picture will give you and us, a better knowledge of the plant.



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identification no 010511sn1: Kindly identify this fruit plant.taken at Mulshi,Pune in April11


This is Meyna laxiflora [Vangueria spinosa] locally called Alu / Aaliv.


Sending you my photographs taken at my farm at Shahapur


fruit is chopped and dry and eat in rainy season. 



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MEYNA LAXIFLORA: Attaching an image of Meyna laxiflora. It is known as MAINPHAL in Hindi.It is MAINAKANTA in Bangla and MON in Assamese.


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identification no 081212sn1: Kindly help in Id of this plant.
date/time:april12
location:lonavala/mulshi pune
habitat:wild
plant habit:tree?

height:about 5 ft.


This is Meyna laxiflora [Vangueria spinosa] locally called Alu / Aaliv. My photographs of this are available in the archives of this group.



MAY-nuh — most likely from Hindi name of the plant mayan
laks-ih-FLO-ruh — open, loose flowering habit
Jan 18, 2009 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane
commonly known as: mayanAssamese: kutkura, moin • Garo: thitchkeong • Hindi: बहुवीज bahu-vij, दलामल dal-amal, मैन main, मयन mayan • Kannada: ಚೇಗು ಗೆಡ್ಡೆ chegu gedde • Khasi: soh mon • Jaintia: dieng samatan • Manipuri: হৈবী heibi • Marathi: अळू alu, हेळू helu • Sanskrit: नागकेशर nagakesarah, फेनिल phenil, पिचुक pichuk, पिण्डीतक pindi-tak, तस्कर taskar, शल्य shalya, वृश्चिक vrishchika • Telugu: చేగ chega, మంగ manga, వెలికి veliki, విచికిలము vichikilamu • Urdu: مين main
Native to: ¿ endemic to ? India
References: Flowers of IndiaDDSAFurther Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Jan 18, 2009 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Thane

Feb 19, 2011 … at Dodhani near Matheran, Maharashtra
Apr 30, 2009 … at Koraigad near Amby Valley, Maharashtra


Superb close ups and complete set of pictures 



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Rubiaceae Week : Meyna laxiflora Tamhini Near Pune:  Meyna laxiflora
Tamhini Near Pune. Also observed in Phansad and Amboli. (Western ghats)

Another very good set of photographs


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Rubiaceae Week :: Meyna laxiflora in Matheran Hills: Small Tree from Matheran Hills.
Bot. name: Meyna laxiflora
Family: Rubiaceae.
Date/Time: 19-02-2011 / 09:30AM
Habitat: Wild.

Awesome. … if u have Meyna spinosa kindly post it. I am waiting to see its flowers.


 


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Shrub ID request – RK102 – 11-Feb-2013: Requesting identification of this shrub / small tree with stiff, woody spines in Chinchoti. It is around 5 feet tall. I did not see any flowers or fruits.


This is Alu / Aaliv [Meyna laxiflora, previously Vangueria spinosa]. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.



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Hooghly Today : seems to be Vangueria spinosa var. mollis Hook.f. : Attachments (12). 3 posts by 2 authors.

This small shrubby bush, with pubescent or tomentose leaves (both surface), might be the Vangueria spinosa var. mollis Hook.f. of the Flora of British India.
I am not sure what will be the current accepted botanical name of this species, provided the ID is correct. For i have two options –

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Hooghly Today : Vangueria spinosa Roxb. : Attachments (6).  2 posts by 2 authors.
Moyena (ময়না) in Bengali


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Plant for ID SMP2 17 May 2013 BR Hills :  Attachments (4 + 5).  3 posts by 2 authors.
A small tree. Thorny. Clusters of flowers green coloured of size of less than a cm. Is it Meyna laxiflora?

Affirmative … This is Meyna laxiflora [previously Vangueria spinosa]. Some of my photographs of this are available at these links

Will send some more photographs later.


My apologies. Could not find any photographs of the flowers of Meyna laxiflora. Only these.



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Hooghly Today : Vangueria spinosa Roxb. (possibly var. mollis) : Attachments (8).  1 post by 1 author.

ref. – Link


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Tree for ID : Mumbai : 240414 : AK-20 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).

I have been observing this tree for a while with only leaves. Recently (24.4.14) saw tiny flowers. Pictures taken today. Kindly id.


This is Meyna laxiflora [Vangueria spinosa]. My photographs of this are available at this link : Google Groups

Thanks a lot for identifying this tree which I have been observing for a while and was curious to know the id.
Thanks for your pictures, will watch out for the fruits later.


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Broad leaf tree with thorns at auxiliary position : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8) – around 700 kb each.

Please help identify tree in attached picture.

Location: Matheran, Maharashtra, Western Ghats.
Date: Mid December 2018.
Habit: Tree.
Leaf: Simple with entire margin.
Petiole: Petiolate.
Venetion: Unicostate, reticulate.
Could not get flower, fruit pictures.
May be tree is not yet reached to maturity age.

It is Meyna laxiflora, (Rubiaceae)

Thank you very much …! 🙏
It is matching with Meyna laxiflora leaves, spines, venation, phyllotaxy.


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MEYNA LAXIFLORA : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Meyna laxiflora (MAINAKANTA/ MAINPHAL)

I will upload images of fruits, once they come up.


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Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH :: Tree for ID :: ARK2019-89 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7)
This tree was seen in a forest next to a waterfall in the Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.

Requested to please ID.


Rubiaceae only,

Could be Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston,


Meyna laxiflora I think,


Thanks … It may be Meyna laxiflora, there was a suggestion to that effect at the time the pic was clicked.



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ID help request! : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 3 MB each. 

could you please help identify this plant.
1. Photo taken June 16, 2018
2. Location near Pokhara, 1000 m asl
3. Prominent spines seen.
Thank you for your cooperation.

I guess it is Randia or Xeromphis. Hope i will get expert help.


It is difficult to match with both.


Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng.  ??


Meyna laxiflora


I agree with …


I guess Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link !


There is a confusion between the two and their nomenclature. They may be the same as per

Biodiversity In India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (Meyna laxiflora Robyns withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Trees of Andhra Pradesh, India By Thamminen Pullaiah, S. Sandhya Rani (Description) (Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By P. J. Bora, Yogendra Kumar  (Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare  (Meyna laxiflora Robyns with Vangueria spinosa Hook f. as syn.) 
India Biodiversity Portal (Meyna laxiflora with Vangueria spinosa & Meyna laxiflora Robyns as syn.)
The Plant List 1 (Meyna laxiflora Robyns)

springer reference (Meyna laxiflora Robyns with Vangueria spinosa Hook. f. as syn.)  


Meyna laxiflora has got no distribution in Nepal . If both are same it is ok.
Otherwise it should be Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link !
Meyna  POWOGBIF  CoL

.


Fruit at Lonavala ( Maharashtra) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

June 2018


Rubiaceae member, Meyna laxiflora


.


Meyna laxiflora—for sharing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

pictures taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Off Lonavala in march 2019.



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spiny shrub1 Hooghly 22-01-13 sk2:

Found this shrub or sub-shrub today, in a village thicket.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : about 3 ft high; decussate leaves and spines
Date : 22/1/13

Place : Hooghly



Aren’t the leaves opposite?
Reminds me of Meyna

Only 2 sp. listed in India ? M. spinosa and M. laxiflora ??


I think though close, does not seem to match either of them as per details at Meyna laxiflora and


.

References:
Biodiversity In India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (Meyna laxiflora Robyns withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Trees of Andhra Pradesh, India By Thamminen Pullaiah, S. Sandhya Rani (Description) (Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By P. J. Bora, Yogendra Kumar  (Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link withVangueria spinosa Roxb. as syn.) 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare  (Meyna laxiflora Robyns with Vangueria spinosa Hook f. as syn.) 
India Biodiversity Portal (Meyna laxiflora with Vangueria spinosa & Meyna laxiflora Robyns as syn.)
The Plant List 1 (Meyna laxiflora Robyns)
springer reference (Meyna laxiflora Robyns with Vangueria spinosa Hook. f. as syn.)  

Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  DDSA  Encyclopedia of Life 

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