— named for Thomas Millington, an English botanist
Dave’s Botanary
hor-TEN-sis — of or in gardens; cultivatedDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian cork tree, tree jasmine • Hindi: नीम चमेली neem chameli • Kannada: ಆಕಾಶ ಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ akasha mallige, ಬಿರಟುಮರ biratumara • Konkani: आकासनिम्ब akasnimb • Malayalam: കടെസമ് katesam • Marathi: आकाश चमेली akash chameli, बुच buch, कावळ निम्ब kaval nimb • Oriya: ବକେନୀ bakeni, ମଚ୍ ମଚ୍ mach-mach • Tamil: காட்டுமல்லி kattu-malli • Telugu: కవుకీ kavuki
Native to: s China, India, Indo-China, Malesia; also cultivated  
The tree flowers twice during the year.


Indian Cork Tree-251210MN:
Sending photos of Indian Cork tree.

Common name :  Indian Cork tree, tree jasmine
Botanical name : Millingtonia hortensis
Family              : Bignoniaceae
Place               : Anand Sagar, Shegaon, Buldhana Dt. Maharashtra
Date/time          : 28.12.10  10 a.m.

–  Etymology of the name Millingtonia hortensis

Millingtonia–  after Thomas Millington, English Botanist
hortensis– grown in garden.

Most common tree in South india , especially in Chennai and Mysore . It flowers twice during the year.

– Also occasionally found in Haryana, known locally as Akash Neem.

– I have seen this tree in Bangalore as Avenue tree.


images of Millingtonia hortensis:

Sharing the few images of Millingtonia hortensis from NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Date: Flowers: Sep. Oct. 2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Tree

Yes. A common avenue tree in Chennai and other cities like Bangalore and Mysore. The tree flowers twice during the year. Now it is in full bloom everywhere.




Bangalore – RA – Millingtonia hortensis – Indian Cork Tree – finally got the pod:
Finally got a snap of the pod

I have notice many trees in Coimbatore. But not the fruiting. Thanks for sharing the pictures.

I thought it never fruits in India.

saw a lot of these trees in flowers when visiting Hyderabad a few years ago… but no fruits… this is unusual… rare sight


Request for ID 07112012GD:
Large tree on roadside. Flowers falling down all around it. Couldn’t take pics of leaves as they were too high.

Please see whether there are fallen leaves. If not pictures, at least give details of leaves such as size and whether simple leaf or compound leaf

The flowers are from Millingtonia hortensis
the indian cork tree, or even tree jasmine, has nice fragrance early in the morning…
one caveat… most likely… just to cover myself , ha ha, but am pretty sure…
take a picture of the entire tree…. trunk , bark … leaves canopy… you dont need to pluck any of the leaves…

It’s indeed M. hortensis. I went back and had some photos, but somehow they aren’t uploading.


Millingtonia fruit – Is Millingtonia native to India ? :
“… i have downloaded the picture of the Millingtonia fruit as well. That too is frankly puzzling. In some books of Indian origin it is said to be bird pollinated and of Indian origin. At other places, the origin shows as Myanmar alone and that a specific Hawk Moth is the pollinator. If the tree is native, then the comment that the tree rarely fruits in India is entirely misplaced i suppose. Either it has been only transplanted through root suckers and the absence of the Hawk moth in urban areas could be possible explanation for not fruiting ??

Millingtonia hortensis Linn. f has Bignonia suberosa Roxb. as synonym. The ornamental tree which has a telugu name also. It is quite probable that species collected by Koenig much earlier in his voyage to Siam has been described by Linnaeus filius just like Tectona from Burma, Pterocarpus santalinus from Tirupati hills by Koenig who is mentor of Roxburgh describing plants from Coromanedl. Millingtonia is monotypic perhaps and Generic one should be studied to locate exct type locality instead of SE ASia. I used to call it as Turaka malli for tree jasmine but Kavadi of wikipedia I have to check from Elliot now under revision as Floraandhrika Blospot.in

One of the common name of Millingtonia hortensis is Indian Cork Tree. And its name exists in the Trees of India.

Millingtonia hortensis is probably from Burma or nearby regions and has been sought after by horticulturists for planting in parks and gardens.
It is pollinated well and fruits profusely in many places in Bangalore but the germination rate of seeds is very low, hence propagated by root suckers.
Another interesting fact is it flowers twice a year in Bangalore.
What about other places ?

Few more observations in this regard can be seen at efi site link:

Thank you … So is it safe to assume that at other places in India, pollinators are absent thereby preventing fruiting. I have seen flowers in the months of Aug till Nov in Panjim and on NH 4 till Pune,


I have not observed/recorded fruiting especially in Coimbatore region.


Bignoniaceae Week :: DV :: 29 NOV 08 :: Millingtonia hortensis at Thane: Millingtonia hortensis L.f.
mill-in-TOH-nee-uh — named for Thomas Millington, an English botanistDave’s Botanary
hor-TEN-sis — of or in gardens; cultivatedDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian cork tree, tree jasmine • Hindi: नीम चमेली neem chameli • Kannada: ಆಕಾಶ ಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ akasha mallige, ಬಿರಟುಮರ biratumara • Konkani: आकासनिम्ब akasnimb • Malayalam: കടെസമ് katesam • Marathi: आकाश चमेली akash chameli, बुच buch, कावळ निम्ब kaval nimb • Oriya: ବକେନୀ bakeni, ମଚ୍ ମଚ୍ mach-mach • Tamil: காட்டுமல்லி kattu-malli • Telugu: కవుకీ kavuki
Native to: s China, India, Indo-China, Malesia; also cultivated
References: Flowers of IndiaTop Tropicals WikipediaNPGS / GRINFurther Flowers of Sahyadri
along Ghodbunder Road, Thane, Maharashtra on 29 NOV 08




Bignoniaceae Week :: Millingtonia hortensis, L.f. <=> Indian Cork Tree – Bangalore – RA:
Indian Cork Tree is cultivated in most parts of India, both in gardens and avenues. Tall and straight, with comparatively few branches, its popularity lies in its ornamental value. It is a fine tree, fast growing, but with brittle wood, liable to be damaged by storms. In favourable positions it can grow to 24 m tall. 

The ashy bark is cracked and furrowed and the numerous fissures make removal of the cork an easy matter. It is used as an inferior substitute for true cork. 
From April until the rains and again in November and December, a profusion of silvery-white, delightfully fragrant flowers crown the foliage. Upright open clusters with arching blooms terminate every branchlet. Each flower is a tiny bell-shaped calyx, a long slender tube of palest green dividing into four waxy, white petals and several conspicuous yellow anthered stamens. Many flowers are delicately tinted with rose. As the flowers are short-lived, the flower sprays mostly consist largely of long whitish buds, while the ground below is spangled with innumerable little stars. Between January and March the leaves are shed and renewed during April and May, although the tree is never quite naked.
The long leaves bear two or three widely spaced pinnae, each with five or seven smooth leaflets, oval, pointed and slightly round-toothed. Each is from 2.5 to 7.5 cm. long. Sometimes the lower pinnae, are again divided and bear one pair of three leaved pinnae, one or two pairs of leaflets and one leaflet at the end.
The fruit is very long and narrow, pointed at both ends and contains thin flat seeds. Trees do not seed very easily in India. The long, fragrant flowers are commonly woven into an ornamental braid called Veni in Maharashtra.

Thanks for the nice upload. First time I am seeing the fruit pad pictures.


Bignoniaceae Week :: Millingtonia hortensis : Indian Cork Tree : Muscat & Hyderabad : 100113 : AK: Adding pictures of Indian Cork Tree from Muscat & Hyderabad.
The fragrance of these white flowers is just amazing.


Bignoniaceae week:: Indian Cork Tree – Millingtonia hortnsis (NSJ-01 12/01/2013):
Flowers of Indian Cork Tree. Foto taken at Mumbai……

Attractive white flowers.



Millingtonia hortensis from Kolkata, West Bengal: SCFEB03 : Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Millingtonia hortensis L.f. (Bignoniaceae)

Synonym: Bignonia suberosa Roxb.
Pictures taken from Hedua Park (near Scottish Church College), Kolkata during 2010.

Yes a common avenue tree in Pune too. Very fragrant flowers fall on the ground just before rains.


Jamwa Ramgarh Road, Jaipur on 23/11/2007; 14th November, 2009- Borivali west of suburbs of Mumbai, Maharashtra; in Mumbai- Jan’10?; in Aundh Area- Pune Maharashtra- 4/3/10; Oman; at Sagar Upavan, Mumbai in Nov.10;


Millingtonia hortensis L.f. : 10 posts by 2 authors. 8 images- 4 to 7 mb each.
Location: Bangkok, Thailand
Date:  07  December 2019 
Elevation: MSL
Habitat: Cultivated


ID- Tall tree, UTC, Bangalore:
Date- May 25, 2012
Location- UTC, Bangalore
Tall trees, some growing very close to each other. Found it hard to get a closeup of leaves.

This could be a species of Melia.

Thanks … Will try to get better photos if possible on my next visit to the place. Will also look out for any flowers/ fruits though maybe I have to wait another year till that happens

Millingtonia hortensis only,


Millingtonia hortensis from Kaikondrahalli lake, Bangalore-GS25012022-5: 5 very high res. images.
Millingtonia hortensis photographed from near Kaikondrahalli lake, Bangalore, 17-9-2015.

Leaves look different although flowers look like M.hortensis.

I think leaves are all right as per images at Millingtonia hortensis


Bignoniaceae: Millingtonia hortensis L.f.: 3 images- 1 high res.
synonym: Bignonia suberosa Roxb.
location/date: (1: tree) Harisal village, Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994; (2 & 3: foliage & flowers) Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994