Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur. (syn: Morus alba Bur.; Morus cashmeriana Royle; Morus cuspidata Wall.; Morus indica L.; Morus laciniata Noronha; Morus latifolia Poir.; Morus parvifolia Royle) as per Catalogue of Life;
Laos, Myanmar [Burma], Jammu & Kashmir, N-India, ?Sikkim, Pakistan, trop. Africa (introduced), Mauritius (introduced), Réunion (introduced) as per Catalogue of Life;
White Mulberry, Russian Mulberry, Silkworm Mulberry • Hindi: शहतूत Shahtoot • Tamil: கம்பிளிச Kambli chedi • Manipuri: কব্রঙচাক অঙৌবা Kabrangchak angouba;
Fruits eaten raw, in stews, juices and tarts. leaves cooked as vegetable;
Grown for rearing silk worms in Karnataka, especially Ramanagara and Mysore district. Fruits are edible;
Trees of Delhi, which differentiates the male [about 2 cms] and the female [half as long/ 1 cm] inflorescence on the basis of size;
Male catkin looks much different. It would have four stamens in place of ovary and stigmas;
Morus alba – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 3 images.
Toot(morus alba) fruiting – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 1 image.
In which part of the country does this beauty grow?
It’s through out warmer parts of india. See the link:http://www.motherherbs.com/morus-alba.html
I have also witnessed its flowering around Pune for last 2-3 weeks. 2 images.
Request for ID 100809 Srinagar – 4 – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 4 images.
Photos taken at ‘Zero Bridge’, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir.
Date – 10th August 2009.
looks like some Morus sp, may be M. alba
……….may be, i have not seen this tree.
Indeed, it looks like Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)
… your identification was correct. It is for sure Morus alba.
Date/Time- 20 Feb 2010 4:30pm
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Combatore Dist. ca. 450msl
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length- up to 2m
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 5-10cm length
Inflorescence Type/ Size- ca. 5cm in length
Some Morus sp. (Morus serrata) i guess…
To me it appears to be M. alba only. It is normal to find irregularly lobed leaves in this species. In M. serrata the leaves are characteristically biserrate, and leaves usually 3-lobed.
Morus serrata ??? : 4 posts by 4 authors.
Date/Time- 23/02/10 time 11.00 am
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- NIPER, Sector 67, Mohali, approx. 400m
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- ~15 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Photo attached
Inflorescence Type/ Size- Catkin, ~half an inch
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Very small flower size, Greenish white, Calyx green, Bracts Green
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Not seen yet
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- used as fruit
My question is- the photos attached are that of Morus serrata ?
I consider it to be lobed leaf form of M. alba
I’m not familiar with M. serrata. Is that a valid name?
Morus : 10 posts by 6 authors.
i have two questions concerning Mulberry.
Is there any difference between Morus alba and Morus Indica ? if yes what are the differences ?
what are the two most commonly growing species of Mulberrry in India esp North India ? and how can i differentiate between the two ?
Morus indica L. is now treated as synonym of Morus alba L.
There are atleast three other species cultivated in North India: M. macroura (syn: M. laevigata) with catkins longer than 5 cm, rest having catkins shorter than 5 cm with biserrate leaves having acuminate-caudate lobes in M. serrata, uniserrate leaves lobes not caudate in rest two, of which M. nigra has leaves pubescent all over the lower surface including veinlets and styles densely white hairy. M. alba has leaves pubescent only on the midrib and principal veins of lower surface, secondary and ultimate veinlets glabrous, styles glabrous.
I had the idea that Morus alba is the white mulberry, the woods used for hockey stick, whereas M indica (Syn. M. autralis, M.acidosa etc.) is our common mulberry, leaves source of silk worm feed.
Plants of M. alba and M. indica do show some differences. Style-arms are glabrous, short and free up to the base, fruit red or white when mature in M. alba. In M. indica style-arms are hairy, long, united for one fourth of length and fruit black when ripe, but the differences are not sufficient to to merit recognition as distinct species. My information is based on GRIN database, which is generally considered as reliable. Both GRIN as well as Eflora of Pakistan treat M. indica as synonym of M. alba.
Thought of adding an interesting fact of Himalayan Mulberry: Morus serrata Roxb. There is one tree dating back to 8th century A.D. in Garhwal, Joshimath. at 1900 metres. which is more than 1200 years old, as informed in the book ‘ The book of Indian trees’ by K.C. Sahni.
Anyone who visits the valley of flowers gets to hear of it on the way. There was a lead article on this tree by Peter Smetacek on 20 th May 2007, TOI. Which is titled ” A tree created India”, where in he also mentions that it is believed to be the oldest tree in India.
Thanks for interesting information … I wish to arrange a visit to this tree with the Traditional Healers having expertise in use of Morus as medicine.
I tried to get a photo of the tree on the web. I had no luck. Can you help?
… attaching a scanned image of the pic that was along with the TOI article.
Here are some images of Morus alba.
Fruits and Vegetables Week : Morus alba (Toot): 2 images.
Fruits of Morus alba (Toot)
Morus alba, the white mulbery. Fruits eaten raw, in stews, juices and tarts. leaves cooked as vegetable.
Hindi: Tut, tutri, chinni
Mar: Tut, ambat
Tel: Reshme chattu, pippalipandu chettu
Tam: Musukette, kamli chhedi
Kindly validate this tree in a private garden at Pune
Height/Length-about 20 – 25 ft
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Not seen
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- whitish and reddish
yes … this is 100% Morus alba
Grown for rearing silk worms in Karnataka, especially Ramanagara and Mysore district. Fruits are edible.
Yes. Tuti in Marathi
Morus alba flowering: 2 images.
Morus alba is flowering near my home in Kandivali, North Mumbai. Have been observing it since the last couple of years and it flowers twice in a year – once in the summer [February-April] and then in the monsoon [late July-September].
Have attached a picture of the inflorescence [around 1.5 to 2 cms] and the emerging fruit. I am not very sure if these are the male or the female flowers.
Yes they fruit and flower twice a year.
They are giving fruit in my garden too. Very good for birds but very bad if someone wants to rear butterflies in same vicinity. As it’s in our case.
Of course female. You can see fruits in second photograph and ovaries with stigmas in first.
The female spikes are around 2 cms long in the trees here; I was a bit confused after referring to Trees of Delhi, which differentiates the male [about 2 cms] and the female [half as long / 1 cm] inflorescence on the basis of size [pg. 106].
Male catkin looks much different. It would have four stamens in place of ovary and stigmas. Here is mine from Delhi.
efloraindia: 07122011 BRS 246: 3 images.
I don’t have leaf or tree view photos.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti,Coimbatore
This is Morus alba of Moraceae family.
Yes, it is mulberry.
SYMBIOSIS : 310:
HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID :: ARKNOV-65 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Requesting to please provide ID of this tree captured near Dharamshala, HP in October 2014.
This medium sized tree was frequently seen on the road from Dharamshala to Pathankot. Noticed it due to the peculiar leaf shape.
However, this is the solitary pic that I have, clicked from a moving vehicle.
Morus alba I hope
Agree with …
Thank you … for the ID.
Fruits & Vegetables :: Mulberry : 030111: AK-6:
I think this is american red mulberry or Morus rubra!! Very commonly seen as wild in north america and sweet fruits
To me appears close to images at Morus alba var. indica
to me also it is Morus alba.
Cultivated mulberry in Pachmarhi FOR ID :: 19 SEP 13 :: DV : 6 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.
Pachmarhi … about 3600 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 19 SEP 13 at 04:27 PM … Altitude: about 3529 ft asl
Morus ¿ alba ? … (family: Moraceae)
Habit: shrub, could become a small tree
Habitat: culivated in field
This could be a cultivar for certain; not sure of the Morus species. Please validate whether alba.
Very tasty we used to taste this in my hostel, Lonavala where behind the hostel there were many plants of this berry
Morus rubra. But I think both Morus alba and rubra same species only varietal difference. … are these being cultivated for fruits………….. I think for other purposes.
Many thanks … These are cultivated for making silk.
To me appears close to images at Morus alba var. indica
Morus rubra is a North American species.
plant for id xiii : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Found in Kashmir
My parents visited Kashmir recently and these photos have been clicked in and around areas where cultivated plants were seen.
Looks like a Morus species
Fruits and leaves indicates it to be some species of Morus.
HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Another ficus:: ARKNOV-48 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
No. this is not Anjeer, but can be Morus indica- Wild relative of Shahtoot i.e. Mulberry.
Is this also M. alba then? As per efi database, M. indica is a syn. of M. alba, but the plant list considers them as separate species.
SK1117 30 APR-2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Godawari, Nepal
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Morus australis Poir. ?? or M.alba ???
Its taxonomy seems quite confusing.
Flora of China gives Morus australis Poiret in Desrousseaux et al. with M. alba Linnaeus var. indica Bureau as syn. among others (with remarks that this species is closely related to Morus indica Linnaeus, and some authors have considered them conspecific. Varieties have been recognized on the basis of differences in leaf form, particularly the degree of division. Deeply divided leaves are characteristic of juvenile growth in a number of genera in the Moraceae and other families, and it does not seem advisable to give such material formal names, at least without more detailed population studies.)
Flora of China treats Morus alba Linnaeus as a distinct species.
Catalogue of Life gives as Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur. (syn: Morus alba Bur.; Morus cashmeriana Royle; Morus cuspidata Wall.; Morus indica L.; Morus laciniata Noronha; Morus latifolia Poir.; Morus parvifolia Royle)
Catalogue of Life gives Morus australis Poir. as a different species without giving M. alba Linnaeus var. indica Bureau as a syn.
In view of all this I prefer to take posted plant as Morus alba var. indica, to which it matches.
According to POWO, Morus indica L. is the accepted name. https://powo.science.kew.org/names:854652-1
HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Medium sized tree :: ARKNOV-56 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Requesting to please provide ID of this medium sized tree captured at Manikaran, HP in October 2014.
No flowers or fruits seen.
Some Morus species ?
Could be Morus alba, Moraceae.
Morus indica – efloraofindia | Google Groups
leaf of a tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Morus alba from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Plz identify the Tree?: 3 high res. images.
Habitat- Planted urban park
Habit- Tree, 15 m height
Loc- kota rajasthan
I think Morus species.
Yes it’s Morus …, Morus alba,
It is Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur., as per images and details herein.
J&K, Srinagar, April 2023 :: Plant for ID :: ARK2023-044: 4 high res. images.
Resembles with Morus sp.
Yes, may be (as per images herein):
Flora of China (Morus alba Linnaeus)
World agro forestery (pdf- Morus alba)
World agro forestery (pdf- Morus indica)