Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur. (syn: Morus alba Bur.; Morus cashmeriana Royle; Morus cuspidata Wall.; Morus indica L.; Morus laciniata Noronha; Morus latifolia Poir.; Morus parvifolia Royle) as per Catalogue of Life;
Laos, Myanmar [Burma], Jammu & Kashmir, N-India, ?Sikkim, Pakistan, trop.
Africa (introduced), Mauritius (introduced), Réunion (introduced)
as per Catalogue of Life

White Mulberry, Russian Mulberry, Silkworm Mulberry • Hindi: शहतूत Shahtoot • Tamil: கம்பிளிச Kambli chedi • Manipuri: কব্রঙচাক অঙৌবা Kabrangchak angouba;
 
Fruits eaten raw, in stews, juices and tarts. leaves cooked as vegetable; 
Grown for rearing silk worms in Karnataka, especially Ramanagara and Mysore district. Fruits are edible; 
 
Trees of Delhi, which differentiates the male [about 2 cms] and the female [half as long/ 1 cm] inflorescence on the basis of size;  
Male catkin looks much different. It would have four stamens in place of ovary and stigmas;   

Attaching flowers of Morus alba today morning Pune city. which I would like to share with you
Many members have sent these earlier.

Its a captivating sight to see this tree which is curently fruiting

In which part of the country does this beauty grow?


It’s through out warmer parts of india. See the link:http://www.motherherbs.com/morus-alba.html


I have also witnessed its flowering around Pune for last 2-3 weeks. 2 images.


Photos taken at ‘Zero Bridge’, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir.
Date – 10th August 2009.


looks like some Morus sp, may be M. alba


Broussonetia papyrifera


……….may be, i have not seen this tree.


Indeed, it looks like Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)


… your identification was correct. It is for sure Morus alba.


Date/Time- 20 Feb 2010 4:30pm

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Combatore Dist. ca. 450msl

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- garden

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub

Height/Length- up to 2m

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-  5-10cm length

Inflorescence Type/ Size- ca. 5cm in length


Some Morus sp. (Morus serrata) i guess…


To me it appears to be M. alba only. It is normal to find irregularly lobed leaves in this species. In M. serrata the leaves are characteristically biserrate, and leaves usually 3-lobed.


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Morus serrata ??? : 4 posts by 4 authors.

Date/Time- 23/02/10 time 11.00 am
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- NIPER, Sector 67, Mohali, approx. 400m
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree 
Height/Length- ~15 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Photo attached
Inflorescence Type/ Size- Catkin, ~half an inch
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Very small flower size, Greenish white, Calyx green, Bracts Green
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Not seen yet
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- used as fruit
My question is- the photos attached are that of Morus serrata ?

I consider it to be lobed leaf form of M. alba


I’m not familiar with M. serrata. Is that a valid name?
This appears likely to be M. alba.


Morus : 10 posts by 6 authors.
i have two questions concerning Mulberry.
Is there any difference between Morus alba and Morus Indica ? if yes what are the differences ?
what are the two most commonly growing species of Mulberrry in India esp North India ? and how can i differentiate between the two ? 


Morus indica L. is now treated as synonym of Morus alba L.
There are atleast three other species cultivated in North India: M. macroura (syn: M. laevigata) with catkins longer than 5 cm, rest having catkins shorter than 5 cm with biserrate leaves having acuminate-caudate lobes in M. serrata, uniserrate leaves lobes not caudate in rest two, of which M. nigra has leaves pubescent all over the lower surface including veinlets and styles densely white hairy. M. alba has leaves pubescent only on the midrib and principal veins of lower surface, secondary and ultimate veinlets glabrous, styles glabrous.


I had the idea that Morus alba is the white mulberry, the woods used for hockey stick, whereas M indica (Syn. M. autralis, M.acidosa etc.) is our common mulberry, leaves source of silk worm feed.


Plants of M. alba and M. indica do show some differences. Style-arms are glabrous, short and free up to the base, fruit red or white when mature in M. alba. In M. indica style-arms are hairy, long, united for one fourth of length and fruit black when ripe, but the differences are not sufficient to to merit recognition as distinct species. My information is based on GRIN database, which is generally considered as reliable. Both GRIN as well as Eflora of Pakistan treat M. indica as synonym of M. alba.


Thought of adding an interesting fact of Himalayan Mulberry: Morus serrata Roxb. There is one tree dating back to  8th century A.D. in Garhwal, Joshimath. at  1900 metres. which is more than 1200 years old, as informed in the book ‘ The book of Indian trees’ by K.C. Sahni. 
Anyone who visits the valley of flowers gets to hear of it on the way. There was a lead article on this tree by Peter Smetacek on 20 th May 2007, TOI. Which is titled ” A tree created India”, where in he also mentions that it is believed to be the oldest tree in India.


Thanks for interesting information … I wish to arrange a visit to this tree with the Traditional Healers having expertise in use of Morus as medicine.


I tried to get a photo of the tree on the web. I had no luck. Can you help?


… attaching a scanned image of the pic that was along with the TOI article.


Here are some images of Morus alba.
Link1 Link2 Link3 Link4 Link5
It is really surprising that why Ecoport has kept these valuable pictures away from common people as these are not searchable through search engines.


 

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Fruits and Vegetables Week : Morus alba (Toot): 2 images. Fruits of Morus alba (Toot)


 

Morus alba, the white mulbery. Fruits eaten raw, in stews, juices and tarts. leaves cooked as vegetable.
Local names
Hindi: Tut, tutri, chinni
Beng: Tut
Mar: Tut, ambat
Guj: Shetur
Tel: Reshme chattu, pippalipandu chettu
Tam: Musukette, kamli chhedi

 

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Kindly validate this tree in a private garden at Pune
?Morus alba
Date/Time-Nov 2011
Height/Length-about 20 – 25 ft
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Not seen
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- whitish and reddish


yes … this is 100% Morus alba 


Grown for rearing silk worms in Karnataka, especially Ramanagara and Mysore district. Fruits are edible.


Yes. Tuti in Marathi


 

 

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Morus alba is flowering near my home in Kandivali, North Mumbai. Have been observing it since the last couple of years and it flowers twice in a year – once in the summer [February-April] and then in the monsoon [late July-September]. 
Have attached a picture of the inflorescence [around 1.5 to 2 cms] and the emerging fruit. I am not very sure if these are the male or the female flowers.


Yes they fruit and flower twice a year.
They are giving fruit in my garden too. Very good for birds but very bad if someone wants to rear butterflies in same vicinity. As it’s in our case.


Of course female. You can see fruits in second photograph and ovaries with stigmas in first.



The female spikes are around 2 cms long in the trees here; I was a bit confused after referring to Trees of Delhi, which differentiates the male [about 2 cms]
and the female [half as long / 1 cm] inflorescence on the basis of size [pg. 106].


Male catkin looks much different. It would have four stamens in place of ovary and stigmas. Here is mine from Delhi.
Pl. find the attached file contain photos of Mulberry plant for species confirmation.

I don’t have leaf or tree view photos.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti,Coimbatore
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Tree


This is Morus alba of Moraceae family.


Yes, it is mulberry.


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SYMBIOSIS :308: Attaching an image of a male KOEL on the fruits of Morus alba. This fruit is commonly known as mulberry.


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SYMBIOSIS : 310: Attaching an image of a Redvented Bulbul on the fruits of Morus alba. This tree is commonly known as mulberry.


 
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HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID :: ARKNOV-65 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) 

Requesting to please provide ID of this tree captured near Dharamshala, HP in October 2014.
This medium sized tree was frequently seen on the road from Dharamshala to Pathankot. Noticed it due to the peculiar leaf shape.
However, this is the solitary pic that I have, clicked from a moving vehicle.


Morus alba I hope


Agree with …


Thank you … for the ID.

I have not seen such lobed leaves for M. alba in Mumbai. 


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Fruits & Vegetables :: Mulberry : 030111: AK-6: Mulberry from our home garden at Nasik, Maharashtra.


I think this is american red mulberry or Morus rubra!! Very commonly seen as wild in north america and sweet fruits


To me appears close to images at Morus alba var. indica
Morus rubra is a North American species.

to me also it is Morus alba.


Images by (Dinesh Valke – Id by Balkar Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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Cultivated mulberry in Pachmarhi FOR ID :: 19 SEP 13 :: DV : 6 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.

Pachmarhi … about 3600 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 19 SEP 13 at 04:27 PM … Altitude: about 3529 ft asl

Morus ¿ alba ? … (family: Moraceae)
Habit: shrub, could become a small tree
Habitat: culivated in field

This could be a cultivar for certain; not sure of the Morus species. Please validate whether alba.

Very tasty we used to taste this in my hostel, Lonavala where behind the hostel there were many plants of this berry


Morus rubra. But I think both Morus alba and rubra same species only varietal difference. … are these being cultivated for fruits………….. I think for other purposes. 


Many thanks … These are cultivated for making silk.


To me appears close to images at Morus alba var. indica
Morus rubra is a North American species.


 

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plant for id xiii : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Found in Kashmir
June


My parents visited Kashmir recently and these photos have been clicked in and around areas where cultivated plants were seen.


Looks like a Morus species


Fruits and leaves indicates it to be some species of Morus.


May be Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur.


 

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HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Another ficus:: ARKNOV-48 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Requesting to please provide ID of this Ficus captured near Prini, Manali, HP in October 2014.
It was a biggish shrub. Is this the Anjeer ficus?


No. this is not Anjeer, but can be Morus indica- Wild relative of Shahtoot i.e. Mulberry.


Is this also M. alba then? As per efi database, M. indica is a syn. of M. alba, but the plant list considers them as separate species.


 

 

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SK1117 30 APR-2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location:  Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Cultivated
Morus australis Poir.  ?? or M.alba ???


Its taxonomy seems quite confusing.
Checklist of Nepal only gives Morus australis Poir. out of the two, with no syn.
Flora of China gives Morus australis Poiret in Desrousseaux et al. with M. alba Linnaeus var. indica Bureau as syn. among others (with remarks that this species is closely related to Morus indica Linnaeus, and some authors have considered them conspecific. Varieties have been recognized on the basis of differences in leaf form, particularly the degree of division. Deeply divided leaves are characteristic of juvenile growth in a number of genera in the Moraceae and other families, and it does not seem advisable to give such material formal names, at least without more detailed population studies.)
Flora of China treats Morus alba Linnaeus as a distinct species.
In view, Flora of Pakistan giving Morus alba L. with Morus indica L. as a syn. may not be correct.
Catalogue of Life gives as Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur. (syn: Morus alba Bur.; Morus cashmeriana Royle; Morus cuspidata Wall.; Morus indica L.; Morus laciniata Noronha; Morus latifolia Poir.; Morus parvifolia Royle) 
Catalogue of Life  gives Morus australis Poir. as a different species without giving M. alba Linnaeus var. indica Bureau as a syn.
In view of all this I prefer to take posted plant as Morus alba var. indica, to which it matches.


 

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HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – Medium sized tree :: ARKNOV-56 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).  

Requesting to please provide ID of this medium sized tree captured at Manikaran, HP in October 2014.
No flowers or fruits seen.


Some Morus species ?

Could be Morus alba, Moraceae.  
References:


GBIF (With type specimens- Morus indica syn. of Morus alba var. indica (L.) Bur.
Flora of Pakistan (Morus alba L. syn. Morus indica L.)
Flora of China (Morus alba Linnaeus)
World agro forestery (pdf- Morus alba)
World agro forestery (pdf- Morus indica)

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