Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 1891. (syn: Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb.; Limnanthemum hydrophyllum Griseb.; Menyanthes cristata Roxb.; Menyanthes hydrophylla Lour.; Menyanthes sinarica Buch.-Ham. ex Steud.; Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze; Villarsia cristata (Roxb.) Spreng.; Villarsia hydrophyllum Roem. & Schult.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Nymphoides hydrophylla (Loureiro) Kuntze (syn: Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb.; Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) O.Kuntze) as per IUCN Red List (LC), India Biodiversity Portal, Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal, Wikipedia, Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha (2004- details with keys), Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998- Details) & An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys);
Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 1891. (Syn: Limnanthemum hydrophyllum (Lour.) Griseb.; Menyanthes hydrophyllum Lour.; Villarsia hydrophyllum (Lour.) Roem. & Schult.) as per The Plant List Ver. 1.1;
Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 429 1891. (Syn. Limnanthemum cristatum (Roxb.) Griseb.; Menyanthes cristata Roxb.; Villarsia cristata (Roxb.) Spreng.) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1;
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Sichuan), Taiwan, Java, E-India, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines (Luzon), Myanmar [Burma] (Shan), Darjeeling, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan (N.W.Frontier Prov.), USA (introduced) (Florida (introduced)) as per Catalogue of Life;
Crested Floatingheart • Hindi: कुमुदिनी Kumudini, Tagarmul • Marathi: कुमुदिनी Kumudini;
Nymphoides hydrophylla is reported from tropical Asia. In India it is reported throughout (Cook 1996).
Nymphoides hydrophylla (crested floatingheart, white water snowflake, white snowflake) is an aquatic plant of the family Menyanthaceae native to tropical Asia. It has cordate floating leaves that support a lax inflorescence of dainty white flowers with fringed petal margins. Its slim stem (spear) is edible, and is used as vegetable in Taiwan, mostly produced at Meinong District, Kaohsiung.
Flowers of N. hydrophylla are gynodioecious. The fruit is a capsule bearing many flattened seeds.
The plants are commonly sold for use in ornamental water gardens. Outside their native range they can escape cultivation and become nuisance weeds, particularly in Florida. They are not killed by freezing, and have been reported in Lake Marion, South Carolina.
(from Wikipedia on 24.4.16)
Rhizomatous annuals or perennials; rhizome 0.5-1.5 cm thick. Primary fertile shoots many, uniphyllous, arising from the axils of scales on the rhizome. Secondary shoots zig-zag, sympodial, many-jointed, each joint bearing a single floating leaf. Leaves all fertile, floating, 6-10 cm across, ovate to orbicular, base deeply cordate, gland-dotted below, membranous; petiole to 2.5 cm long. Flowers bisexual and female, in umbellate clusters of 10 -20 at the junction of the branch and petiole; pedicels 3-4.5 cm long. Calyx deeply 5-partite; lobes 3-5 mm long, narrowly lanceolate. Corolla white with a yellow throat; tube c. 2 mm long with a ring of glandular hairs at the throat; lobes 5, 7-8 x 3-4 mm, with flexuous, membranous wings on the margins and a similar median longitudinal crest within. Stamens 5, highly reduced in female flowers. Ovary bottle-shaped with 5, minute, orbicular, disc glands at the base; stigmas 2-lobed. Capsule to 14 mm long, oblong. Seeds 4-6 in each capsule, to 2 mm across, discoid, brown.
Flowering and fruiting: Throughout the year
Ditches in grasslands and ponds
Indo-Malesia and South China
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)
Unidentified aquatic herb- 130310Jm1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 9 posts by 5 authors.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- at Manjeera Dam, Sangareddy, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild in the lake
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- aquatic herb
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- White small flowers
This one is Nymphoides cristata with white flowers with yellow centre, lacking the fringed margin of N. indica.
the plant in the photo is Nymphoides cristata (Roxburgh) Kuntze
N. hydrophylla as per eflora of China has totally white flowers and campanulate corolla. Here yellow centre can be clearly seen as in N. cristata.
In Marathi called Kumud or Kumudini
in North India Kumudni is Neel Kamal. And the folk lore is that it blooms at moon rise.
If the two are synonyms then of course N. hydrophylla should be the correct because Lour. (1790) antedates Roxb (1798 or 1799) for basionym. Then of course our identifications match.
Nymphoides hydrophylla seems to be a synonym of Limnanthemum cristatum..or N.cristata
Nymphoides hydrophylla : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Posting some photos of Nymphoides hydrophyla taken near Vasai (Dist.-Palghar, Maharashtra) on 17.04.2016
yes. Nice pictures, … unlike the water snowflake (your other case, also from Vasai, ) this is on the RED LIST threatened (slightly). wonder why. some predators may be or perhaps over harvesting, since red list tells us its used as a medicine for stomach. I see it in WEST Bengal in the same ponds as the water snowflake, and in private homes, deliberately planted (both species)
Thanks … I was not aware of it’s Red List Status. Generally both the species N.indica and N.hydrophyla are seen growing together in the ponds/ lakes. Should ask locals where they are aware of it’s medicinal use.
As per the following links Nymphoides cristata & Nymphoides hydrophylla (Loureiro) Kuntze (although The Plant List Ver. 1.1 states them to be different) are same:
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/194158/0 (Least concern)
This view is also supported by:
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha (2004- details with keys)
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998- Details)
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys)
Water Lilies for ID : 311210 : AK-3: 1 image.
Taken at a resort in Kandy, Sri Lanka on the 17th of November, 2010.
Flowers were very tiny.
Nymphoides cristata (Roxburgh) Kuntze, photographed today, in Hooghly.
ID help :
Earlier group posts by members :-
ANMAY15/16 Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
in favourable situations chokes water bodies
also called snowflake by locals
But must not be too bad for water bodies ma’am.
I saw it in three different lakes in two districts and in both places, it occupied a specific part of the lake, near the edges and only in small numbers.
every eco system is different
also seasons make a difference
year to year changes occur
people who follow these can tell us more
who have carefully plotted laboriously compiled data sets
australians keep tabs on weeds
look them up
I will ma’am.
TSP-JAN2016-09-09:Images of Nymphoides cristata (Menyanthaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Nymphoides cristata (Menyanthaceae)
Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl
Date: 10-08-2014 and 17-03-2015
Pench NP, MP, March 2022 :: Nymphoides hydrophylla :: ARK2022-076: 5 high res. images.
Nymphoides cristata for validation: 2 high res. images.
Looks matching. Please check Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) Kuntze also.
Yes as per images at
The Plant List Ver. 1.1 (Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) Kuntze) IPNI (Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) Kuntze) The Plant List Ver.1.1
(Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze) IPNI (Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze) GRIN
(Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) Kuntze) GRIN (Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) O.Ktze) BSI Flora of India Flora of China (Nymphoides hydrophylla (Loureiro) Kuntze)
Flora of China (Nymphoides cristata (Roxburgh) Kuntze) Flora of Pakistan (Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) O.Ktze) Flowers of India